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    Canada Coordinates: 60°N 110°W Canada is a country in North America. Its ten provinces and three territories extend from the Atlantic Ocean to the Pacific Ocean and northward into the Arctic Ocean, making it the world's second-largest country by total area, with the world's longest coastline.

    • Senate

      The Senate of Canada (French: Sénat du Canada) is the upper...

    • Talk

      Canada portal; This article is within the scope of...

    • Demographics of Canada

      Statistics Canada conducts a country-wide census that...

    • House of Commons

      The House of Commons of Canada (French: Chambre des communes...

    • Quebec

      Quebec (/ k (w) ɪ ˈ b ɛ k / k(w)ih-BEK; French: Québec ())...

    • Geography
    • History
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    • Climate and Its Influence
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    By total land and water area, Canada is the second-largest country in the world. It is only smaller than Russia. By land area alone, Canada ranks fourth. It has the longest border with water (coastline) of any country in the world. It is next to the Pacific, Arctic, and Atlantic Oceans. It is the only country in the world to be next to three oceans...

    Aboriginal peoples

    Indigenous peoples lived in what is now Canada for thousands of years before the first Europeans arrived. The indigenous groups that live in Canada are the First Nations, the Inuit, and the Métis. The Métis are people that come from both First Nations and European families.Together, these three groups are called "Indigenous," "Aboriginal," or "First Peoples." They used to be called "Indians" by the Europeans, but this is now considered rude. Many people think the first people to live in Canad...

    European colonization

    The Vikings were the first Europeans to land in Canada, in what is now Newfoundland. The exploration was led by the Viking explorer Leif Erikson. They did not stay for a long time. In the early 16th century, Europeans started exploring Canada's eastern coast. The first of these explorers was John Cabot from England, in 1497, and later Jacques Cartier from France, in 1534. Alexander Mackenzie later reached the Pacific coast over land, where captains James Cook and George Vancouver went by sea....

    Confederation and expansion

    On July 1, 1867, Canada was united under a federal government. At first, Canada was only made up of the provinces Ontario, Quebec, New Brunswick, and Nova Scotia. Sir John A. Macdonald was the first prime minister. Manitoba, the Yukon territory, and the Northwest Territories became part of Canada in 1870. British Columbia joined in 1871, and Prince Edward Islandin 1873. There were two Red River Rebellions, in 1869-70 and 1885, both led by Louis Riel. He fought for more rights for the Métis pe...

    Canada has a government called a constitutional monarchy. It has a monarch (meaning a king or queen is the head of that country), and is a democracy (meaning the people of that country rule it). The head of state is King Charles III, who is officially the King of Canada. He appoints a Governor Generalto represent him in the country, however, the ch...

    Because Canada is very far north, and most people cannot survive the conditions, most Canadians live in the southern parts, where the weather is much milder. In some cities, the temperature gets very cold in the winter, especially inland.Warm air systems, moving in from the Pacific Ocean, bring more rain than snow to the Pacific coast. The colder t...

    Canada has lots of natural resources. Its large amounts of fish have been used for centuries for food and money. Hydroelectric power (electricity by water) is abundant because of Canada's many rivers. Forests in the west are used for wood. Besides these renewable resources, Canada has metal ores and oil deposits. Canada is the leading exporter of z...

    Around 38 million people live in Canada. About 80% of the Canadian population live in the southern parts of Canada because the climate is warmer than the north of Canada. Many immigrants, who come from almost every part of the world, live in Canada. One example is the former Governor General of Canada, Michaëlle Jean, who came to Canada as a young ...

    The Canadian government provides universal health care. The provinces are responsible for health insurance. Five provinces prohibit all extra-billing, while Alberta, British Columbia and Newfoundland allow it in a small number of circumstances, and Prince Edward Island and New Brunswickdo not restrict it at all. In 2020, the Canadian Broadcasting C...

    CIA World Factbook - Canada Archived 2019-04-30 at the Wayback Machine
  3. Canada is a country in North America. Its ten provinces and three territories extend from the Atlantic Ocean to the Pacific Ocean and northward into the Arctic Ocean, making it the world's second-largest country by total area, with the world's longest coastline. Its border with the United States is the world's longest international land border.

  4. 1914–1945 1945–1960 1960–1981 1982– present Historically significant Events Sites People Topics Cultural Constitutional Economic Former colonies Immigration Indigenous Military Monarchical Population Territorial evolution Women By provinces and territories Alberta British Columbia Manitoba New Brunswick Newfoundland and Labrador Nunavut

  5. Territories There are three territories in Canada. Unlike the provinces, the territories of Canada have no inherent sovereignty and have only those powers delegated to them by the federal government.

  6. Crown Monarch Charles III, King of Canada, the country's head of state Mary Simon, Governor General of Canada, the monarch's representative Canada is a constitutional monarchy, wherein the role of the reigning sovereign is both legal and practical, but not political. [17]

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  8. Canadá (en inglés: Canada, AFI: /ˈkænədə/; en francés: Canada, AFI: /kanadɔ/ o /kanada/) es un país soberano ubicado en América del Norte, cuya forma de gobierno es la monarquía parlamentaria federal. Su territorio está organizado en diez provincias y tres territorios.

  9. Canada is a country and sovereign state in the north of North America. It is made up of thirteen administrative divisions: ten provinces and three territories. The different levels of government in Canada are based on the principles of a federation: the governments of each province and territory share power with the federal government.

  10. This is a list of incorporated cities in Canada, in alphabetical order categorized by province or territory. More thorough lists of communities are available for each province. Capital cities [ edit] Alberta [ edit] Distribution of Alberta's 19 cities and 12 other communities eligible for city status

  11. April 5 – 2023 Canada ice storm: Two people are killed and over a million people are without power after an ice storm strikes Ontario and Quebec. [19] April 9 – The 2023 Canadian Ringette Championships are held in Regina, Saskatchewan. National champions are decided in U16, U19, and National Ringette League divisions.

  12. Canada’s earliest legal traditions can be traced to both France and England. Quebec city followed the early models of French cities and created a watchman system in 1651. Upper Canada, later renamed Ontario, adopted English traditions and established both a constabulary and a watch-and-ward…. Read More.

  13. There were 12 major language groups among the peoples living in what is now Canada: Algonquian, Iroquoian, Siouan, Athabascan, Kootenaian, Salishan, Wakashan, Tsimshian, Haidan, Tlinglit, Inuktitut, and Beothukan. Within each language group there were usually political and cultural divisions.

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