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      • Casimir IV (in full Casimir IV Andrew Jagiellon; Polish: Kazimierz IV Andrzej Jagiellończyk [kaˈʑimi̯ɛʒ jaɡi̯ɛlˈlɔɲt͡ʃɨk] (listen); Lithuanian: Kazimieras Jogailaitis; 30 November 1427 – 7 June 1492) was Grand Duke of Lithuania from 1440 and King of Poland from 1447, until his death.
      en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Casimir_IV_Jagiellon#:~:text=Casimir%20IV%20%28in%20full%20Casimir%20IV%20Andrew%20Jagiellon%3B,King%20of%20Poland%20from%201447%2C%20until%20his%20death.
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  2. Casimir IV Jagiellon - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Casimir_IV_Jagiellon

    Casimir Jagiellon was the third and youngest son of King Władysław II Jagiełło and his fourth wife, Sophia of Halshany. His father was around 70 years old at the time of Casimir's birth, and his brother Władysław III, three years his senior, was expected to become king before his majority.

    • Sophia of Halshany

      Sophia of Halshany or Sonka Olshanskaya (Belarusian: Соф'я...

    • Youth

      Casimir Jagiellon was the third and youngest son of King...

    • Grand Duke of Lithuania

      The sudden death of Sigismund Kęstutaitis left the office of...

  3. Jagiellonian dynasty - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jagiellon_dynasty

    Casimir Jagiellon was the third and youngest son of King Władysław II Jagiełło and his fourth wife, Sophia of Halshany. His father was already 65 at the time of Casimir's birth, and his brother Władysław III, three years his senior, was expected to become king before his majority.

    • Youth
    • Grand Duke of Lithuania
    • King of Poland
    • Foreign Policies
    • Legacy and Opinion of Reign
    • Curse of The Royal Tomb
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    • Sources

    Casimir Jagiel­lon was the third and youngest son of King Władysław II Jagiełło and his fourth wife, Sophia of Hal­shany. His fa­ther was al­ready 65 at the time of Casimir’s birth, and his brother Władysław III, three years his se­nior, was ex­pected to be­come king be­fore his ma­jor­ity. Strangely, lit­tle was done for his ed­u­ca­tion; he was never taught Latin, nor was he trained for the re­spon­si­bil­i­ties of of­fice, de­spite the fact he was the only brother of the right­ful sovereign. He often re­lied on his in­stinct and feel­ings and had lit­tle po­lit­i­cal knowl­edge, but shared a great in­ter­est in the diplo­macy and eco­nomic af­fairs of the coun­try. Through­out Casimir's youth, Bishop Zbig­niew Oleśnickiwas his men­tor and tutor, how­ever, the cleric felt a strong re­luc­tance to­wards him, be­liev­ing that he would be an un­suc­cess­ful monarch fol­low­ing Władysław's death.

    The sud­den death of Sigis­mund Kęstu­taitis left the of­fice of the Grand Duchy of Lithua­nia empty. The Voivode of Trakai, Jonas Goštau­tas, and other mag­nates of Lithua­nia, sup­ported Casimir as a can­di­date to the throne. How­ever many Pol­ish no­ble­men hoped that the thir­teen-year-old boy would be­come a Vice-re­gent for the Pol­ish King in Lithuania. Casimir was in­vited by the Lithuan­ian mag­nates to Lithua­nia, and when he ar­rived in Vil­nius in 1440, he was pro­claimed as the Grand Duke of Lithua­nia on 29 June 1440 by the Coun­cil of Lords, con­trary to the wishes of the Pol­ish noble lords—an act sup­ported and co­or­di­nated by Jonas Goštautas. When the news ar­rived in the King­dom of Poland con­cern­ing the procla­ma­tion of Casimir as the Grand Duke of Lithua­nia, it was met with hos­til­ity, even to the point of mil­i­tary threats against Lithuania. Since the young Grand Duke was un­der­age, the supreme con­trol over the Grand Duchy of Lithua­nia was in the ha...

    Casimir suc­ceeded his brother Władysław III (killed at the Bat­tle of Varna in 1444) as King of Poland after a three-year in­ter­reg­num on 25 June 1447. In 1454, he mar­ried Elis­a­beth of Aus­tria, daugh­ter of the late King of the Ro­mans Al­bert II of Hab­s­burg by his late wife Elis­a­beth of Bo­hemia. Her dis­tant rel­a­tive Fred­er­ick of Hab­s­burg be­came Holy Roman Em­peror and reigned as Fred­er­ick III until after Casimir's own death. The mar­riage strength­ened the ties be­tween the house of Jagiel­lon and the sov­er­eigns of Hun­gary-Bo­hemia and put Casimir at odds with the Holy Roman Em­perorthrough in­ter­nal Hab­s­burg ri­valry. That same year, Casimir was ap­proached by the Pruss­ian Con­fed­er­a­tion for aid against the Teu­tonic Order, which he promised, by mak­ing the sep­a­ratist Pruss­ian re­gions a pro­tec­torate of the Pol­ish King­dom. How­ever, when the in­sur­gent cities re­belled against the Order, it re­sisted and the Thir­teen Years' War (1454–1466)...

    The in­ter­ven­tion of the Roman curia, which hith­erto had been hos­tile to Casimir be­cause of his steady and pa­tri­otic re­sis­tance to papal ag­gres­sion, was due to the per­mu­ta­tions of Eu­ro­pean pol­i­tics. The pope was anx­ious to get rid of the Hus­site King of Bo­hemia, George Pode­brad, as the first step to­wards the for­ma­tion of a league against the Turk. Casimir was to be a lead­ing fac­tor in this com­bi­na­tion, and he took ad­van­tage of it to pro­cure the elec­tion of his son Vladis­laus II as King of Bo­hemia. But he would not com­mit him­self too far, and his ul­te­rior plans were frus­trated by the ri­valry of Matthias Corv­i­nus, King of Hun­gary, who even went so far as to stim­u­late the Teu­tonic Orderto rise against Casimir. The death of Matthias in 1490 was a great re­lief to Poland, and Casimir em­ployed the two re­main­ing years of his reign in con­sol­i­dat­ing his po­si­tion still fur­ther.

    In do­mes­tic af­fairs Casimir was rel­a­tively pas­sive but anx­ious to pre­serve the pre­rog­a­tives of the crown, no­tably his right to nom­i­nate bish­ops. In the ques­tion of ter­ri­to­ries in dis­pute be­tween his two states (Vol­hy­nia and Podolia) he favoured Lithua­nia. Dur­ing the war against the Teu­tonic Order he was forced to grant the Pol­ish no­bil­ity sub­stan­tial con­ces­sions by the Priv­i­lege (statute) of Nieszawa (No­vem­ber 1454). These, how­ever, be­came im­por­tant only after his death, and royal power was not greatly di­min­ished dur­ing his life­time. The fea­ture of Casimir's char­ac­ter which most im­pressed his con­tem­po­raries was his ex­tra­or­di­nary sim­plic­ity and so­bri­ety. He, one of the great­est mon­archs in Eu­rope, ha­bit­u­ally wore plain cloth from Kraków, drank noth­ing but water, and kept the most aus­tere of ta­bles. His one pas­sion was the chase. Yet his lib­er­al­ity to his min­is­ters and ser­vants was prover­bial, and his van­qui...

    The re­mains of King Casimir IV and his wife Elis­a­beth were in­terred in a tomb sit­u­ated in the chapel of the Wawel Cas­tle in Kraków, Poland. With the con­sent of then Car­di­nal Karol Wojtyła (Arch­bishop of Kraków, who be­came Pope John Paul II), a team of sci­en­tists was given per­mis­sion to open the tomb and ex­am­ine the re­mains, with restora­tion as the ul­ti­mate ob­jec­tive. Casimir's tomb was opened on Fri­day 13 April 1973. Twelve re­searchers were pre­sent. In­side the tomb they found a wooden cof­fin that was heav­ily rot­ted. It con­tained what was left of the king's de­cayed corpse. Within a few days, four of the twelve sci­en­tists and re­searchers had died. Not long after, there were only two sur­vivors: Dr. Bolesław Smyk, a mi­cro­bi­ol­o­gist, and Dr. Ed­ward Roszy­cki. Smyk was to suf­fer prob­lems with his equi­lib­rium for the next five years. In the course of his mi­cro­bi­o­log­i­cal ex­am­i­na­tions, Dr. Smyk found traces of fungi on the royal in­sign...

    Vladislaus II of Bohemia and Hungary combined the thrones of Hungary and Bohemia.
    Hedwig Jagiellon married George the Rich, of the Wittelsbach dynasty of Bavaria. Delegates had gone to Kraków to negotiate the marriage, and their "Landshut Wedding" took place in Bavariawith much...
    Saint Casimir was to have married the daughter of Emperor Frederick III, but instead chose a religious life, eventually being canonized as St. Casimir.
    Sophie, married to Margrave Frederick V of Brandenburg-Ansbach
    Casimir IV in an ad­vanced age, by Jan Mate­jko
    Por­trait of King Casimir, by Alek­sander Lesser, 1860
    Tomb of Casimir IV in the Wawel Cathe­dral, late Gothic mas­ter­piece by Veit Stoss

    Frost, Robert (2015). The Making of the Polish-Lithuanian Union 1385-1569, Volume 1. Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0191017872.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)

  4. Talk:Casimir IV Jagiellon - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Talk:Kazimierz_IV_Jagiellon

    Poland's Casimir IV, or just Casimir IV, are names well seen in English materials. Shilkanni 10:20, 24 June 2006 (UTC) Casimir IV Jagiellon is very consistent with his son Alexander Jagiellon, who was Alexander of Lithuania from 1492 to 1501, while his brother John Albert was John of Poland.

  5. Casimir IV Jagiellon - Wikipedia

    vls.wikipedia.org/wiki/Casimir_IV_Jagiellon

    Casimir IV Jagiellon (Kraków, Pooln 30 november 1427 - Grodno, Wit-Rusland 7 juni 1492), van 't Huus Jagiello, was Grôothertog van Litouwn van 1440, en keunienk van Pooln van 1447 tout an zyn dôod. Je was de derde en joungste zeune van Władysław II Jagiełło me zyn vierde vrouwe Sophia Holszanski.

    • Sigismund Kęstutaitis
    • 1440-1492
  6. Casimir IV Jagiellon – Wikipedia tiếng Việt

    vi.wikipedia.org/wiki/Casimir_IV_Jagiellon

    Năm 1468, Casimir IV ban hành bộ luật mới - gọi là Quy chế của Casimir Jagiellon (Sudiebnik), gồm 25 chương và chủ yếu nhấn mạnh các hình thức xét xử cho tội trộm cắp. Xã hội Ba Lan - Lithuania bắt đầu phân hóa mạnh dưới thời Casimir.

  7. Kazimierz IV Jagiellon - Wikipedia bahasa Indonesia ...

    id.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kazimierz_IV_Jagiellon

    Kazimierz IV KG (bahasa Polandia: Kazimierz IV Andrzej Jagiellończyk pengucapan bahasa Polski: [kaˈʑimi̯ɛʒ jaɡi̯ɛlˈlɔɲt͡ʃɨk] (); bahasa Lituania: Kazimieras Jogailaitis; 30 November 1427 – 7 November 1492) berasal dari Wangsa Jagiellon merupakan seorang Adipati Agung Lithuania dari tahun 1440 dan Raja Polandia dari tahun 1447 sampai kematiannya.

  8. ファイル:Casimir IV of Poland.PNG - Wikipedia

    ja.wikipedia.org/wiki/ファイル:Casimir_IV_of...

    Oct 17, 2020 · Casimir IV Jagiellon; hu.wikipedia.org での使用状況 IV. Kázmér lengyel király; Litvánia uralkodóinak listája; id.wikipedia.org での使用状況 Kazimierz IV Jagiellon; is.wikipedia.org での使用状況 1454; pl.wikipedia.org での使用状況 Wizerunki królów polskich; ru.wikipedia.org での使用状況 Казимир IV; tr ...

  9. Alexander Jagiellon - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alexander_Jagiellon

    Alexander Jagiellon (Polish: Aleksander Jagiellończyk; Lithuanian: Aleksandras Jogailaitis; 5 August 1461 – 19 August 1506) of the House of Jagiellon was the grand duke of Lithuania and later also king of Poland. He was the fourth son of Casimir IV Jagiellon.

  10. Barbara Jagiellon - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Barbara_Jagiellon

    Barbara Jagiellon (15 July 1478 – 15 February 1534) was a Polish princess member of the Jagiellonian dynasty and by marriage Duchess of Saxony.