- Casimir IV (in full Casimir IV Andrew Jagiellon; Polish: Kazimierz IV Andrzej Jagiellończyk [kaˈʑimi̯ɛʒ jaɡi̯ɛlˈlɔɲt͡ʃɨk] (listen); Lithuanian: Kazimieras Jogailaitis; 30 November 1427 – 7 June 1492) was Grand Duke of Lithuania from 1440 and King of Poland from 1447, until his death.
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Casimir Jagiellon was the third and youngest son of King Władysław II Jagiełło and his fourth wife, Sophia of Halshany. His father was around 70 years old at the time of Casimir's birth, and his brother Władysław III, three years his senior, was expected to become king before his majority.
- Sophia of Halshany
Sophia of Halshany or Sonka Olshanskaya (Belarusian: Соф'я...
Casimir Jagiellon was the third and youngest son of King...
- Grand Duke of Lithuania
The sudden death of Sigismund Kęstutaitis left the office of...
- Sophia of Halshany
Casimir Jagiellon was the third and youngest son of King Władysław II Jagiełło and his fourth wife, Sophia of Halshany. His father was already 65 at the time of Casimir's birth, and his brother Władysław III, three years his senior, was expected to become king before his majority.
- Grand Duke of Lithuania
- King of Poland
- Foreign Policies
- Legacy and Opinion of Reign
- Curse of The Royal Tomb
- See Also
Casimir Jagiellon was the third and youngest son of King Władysław II Jagiełło and his fourth wife, Sophia of Halshany. His father was already 65 at the time of Casimir’s birth, and his brother Władysław III, three years his senior, was expected to become king before his majority. Strangely, little was done for his education; he was never taught Latin, nor was he trained for the responsibilities of office, despite the fact he was the only brother of the rightful sovereign. He often relied on his instinct and feelings and had little political knowledge, but shared a great interest in the diplomacy and economic affairs of the country. Throughout Casimir's youth, Bishop Zbigniew Oleśnickiwas his mentor and tutor, however, the cleric felt a strong reluctance towards him, believing that he would be an unsuccessful monarch following Władysław's death.
The sudden death of Sigismund Kęstutaitis left the office of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania empty. The Voivode of Trakai, Jonas Goštautas, and other magnates of Lithuania, supported Casimir as a candidate to the throne. However many Polish noblemen hoped that the thirteen-year-old boy would become a Vice-regent for the Polish King in Lithuania. Casimir was invited by the Lithuanian magnates to Lithuania, and when he arrived in Vilnius in 1440, he was proclaimed as the Grand Duke of Lithuania on 29 June 1440 by the Council of Lords, contrary to the wishes of the Polish noble lords—an act supported and coordinated by Jonas Goštautas. When the news arrived in the Kingdom of Poland concerning the proclamation of Casimir as the Grand Duke of Lithuania, it was met with hostility, even to the point of military threats against Lithuania. Since the young Grand Duke was underage, the supreme control over the Grand Duchy of Lithuania was in the ha...
Casimir succeeded his brother Władysław III (killed at the Battle of Varna in 1444) as King of Poland after a three-year interregnum on 25 June 1447. In 1454, he married Elisabeth of Austria, daughter of the late King of the Romans Albert II of Habsburg by his late wife Elisabeth of Bohemia. Her distant relative Frederick of Habsburg became Holy Roman Emperor and reigned as Frederick III until after Casimir's own death. The marriage strengthened the ties between the house of Jagiellon and the sovereigns of Hungary-Bohemia and put Casimir at odds with the Holy Roman Emperorthrough internal Habsburg rivalry. That same year, Casimir was approached by the Prussian Confederation for aid against the Teutonic Order, which he promised, by making the separatist Prussian regions a protectorate of the Polish Kingdom. However, when the insurgent cities rebelled against the Order, it resisted and the Thirteen Years' War (1454–1466)...
The intervention of the Roman curia, which hitherto had been hostile to Casimir because of his steady and patriotic resistance to papal aggression, was due to the permutations of European politics. The pope was anxious to get rid of the Hussite King of Bohemia, George Podebrad, as the first step towards the formation of a league against the Turk. Casimir was to be a leading factor in this combination, and he took advantage of it to procure the election of his son Vladislaus II as King of Bohemia. But he would not commit himself too far, and his ulterior plans were frustrated by the rivalry of Matthias Corvinus, King of Hungary, who even went so far as to stimulate the Teutonic Orderto rise against Casimir. The death of Matthias in 1490 was a great relief to Poland, and Casimir employed the two remaining years of his reign in consolidating his position still further.
In domestic affairs Casimir was relatively passive but anxious to preserve the prerogatives of the crown, notably his right to nominate bishops. In the question of territories in dispute between his two states (Volhynia and Podolia) he favoured Lithuania. During the war against the Teutonic Order he was forced to grant the Polish nobility substantial concessions by the Privilege (statute) of Nieszawa (November 1454). These, however, became important only after his death, and royal power was not greatly diminished during his lifetime. The feature of Casimir's character which most impressed his contemporaries was his extraordinary simplicity and sobriety. He, one of the greatest monarchs in Europe, habitually wore plain cloth from Kraków, drank nothing but water, and kept the most austere of tables. His one passion was the chase. Yet his liberality to his ministers and servants was proverbial, and his vanqui...
The remains of King Casimir IV and his wife Elisabeth were interred in a tomb situated in the chapel of the Wawel Castle in Kraków, Poland. With the consent of then Cardinal Karol Wojtyła (Archbishop of Kraków, who became Pope John Paul II), a team of scientists was given permission to open the tomb and examine the remains, with restoration as the ultimate objective. Casimir's tomb was opened on Friday 13 April 1973. Twelve researchers were present. Inside the tomb they found a wooden coffin that was heavily rotted. It contained what was left of the king's decayed corpse. Within a few days, four of the twelve scientists and researchers had died. Not long after, there were only two survivors: Dr. Bolesław Smyk, a microbiologist, and Dr. Edward Roszycki. Smyk was to suffer problems with his equilibrium for the next five years. In the course of his microbiological examinations, Dr. Smyk found traces of fungi on the royal insign...Vladislaus II of Bohemia and Hungary combined the thrones of Hungary and Bohemia.Hedwig Jagiellon married George the Rich, of the Wittelsbach dynasty of Bavaria. Delegates had gone to Kraków to negotiate the marriage, and their "Landshut Wedding" took place in Bavariawith much...Saint Casimir was to have married the daughter of Emperor Frederick III, but instead chose a religious life, eventually being canonized as St. Casimir.Sophie, married to Margrave Frederick V of Brandenburg-AnsbachCasimir IV in an advanced age, by Jan MatejkoPortrait of King Casimir, by Aleksander Lesser, 1860Tomb of Casimir IV in the Wawel Cathedral, late Gothic masterpiece by Veit Stoss
Frost, Robert (2015). The Making of the Polish-Lithuanian Union 1385-1569, Volume 1. Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0191017872.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
Poland's Casimir IV, or just Casimir IV, are names well seen in English materials. Shilkanni 10:20, 24 June 2006 (UTC) Casimir IV Jagiellon is very consistent with his son Alexander Jagiellon, who was Alexander of Lithuania from 1492 to 1501, while his brother John Albert was John of Poland.
Casimir IV Jagiellon (Kraków, Pooln 30 november 1427 - Grodno, Wit-Rusland 7 juni 1492), van 't Huus Jagiello, was Grôothertog van Litouwn van 1440, en keunienk van Pooln van 1447 tout an zyn dôod. Je was de derde en joungste zeune van Władysław II Jagiełło me zyn vierde vrouwe Sophia Holszanski.
Năm 1468, Casimir IV ban hành bộ luật mới - gọi là Quy chế của Casimir Jagiellon (Sudiebnik), gồm 25 chương và chủ yếu nhấn mạnh các hình thức xét xử cho tội trộm cắp. Xã hội Ba Lan - Lithuania bắt đầu phân hóa mạnh dưới thời Casimir.
Kazimierz IV KG (bahasa Polandia: Kazimierz IV Andrzej Jagiellończyk pengucapan bahasa Polski: [kaˈʑimi̯ɛʒ jaɡi̯ɛlˈlɔɲt͡ʃɨk] (); bahasa Lituania: Kazimieras Jogailaitis; 30 November 1427 – 7 November 1492) berasal dari Wangsa Jagiellon merupakan seorang Adipati Agung Lithuania dari tahun 1440 dan Raja Polandia dari tahun 1447 sampai kematiannya.
Oct 17, 2020 · Casimir IV Jagiellon; hu.wikipedia.org での使用状況 IV. Kázmér lengyel király; Litvánia uralkodóinak listája; id.wikipedia.org での使用状況 Kazimierz IV Jagiellon; is.wikipedia.org での使用状況 1454; pl.wikipedia.org での使用状況 Wizerunki królów polskich; ru.wikipedia.org での使用状況 Казимир IV; tr ...
Alexander Jagiellon (Polish: Aleksander Jagiellończyk; Lithuanian: Aleksandras Jogailaitis; 5 August 1461 – 19 August 1506) of the House of Jagiellon was the grand duke of Lithuania and later also king of Poland. He was the fourth son of Casimir IV Jagiellon.
Barbara Jagiellon (15 July 1478 – 15 February 1534) was a Polish princess member of the Jagiellonian dynasty and by marriage Duchess of Saxony.