The Duchy of Luxemburg (Dutch: Luxemburg; French: Luxembourg; German: Luxemburg; Luxembourgish: Lëtzebuerg) was a state of the Holy Roman Empire, the ancestral homeland of the noble House of Luxembourg.
The first known reference to the territory was made by...
- Proto-Duchy (963–1353)
By the 959 partition of Lotharingia, the Luxembourg region...
Luxembourg (/ ˈ l ʌ k s əm b ɜːr ɡ / LUK-səm-burg; Luxembourgish: Lëtzebuerg [ˈlətsəbuə̯ɕ] ; French: Luxembourg; German: Luxemburg), officially the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg, is a landlocked country in Western Europe.
- Habsburg (1477–1795) and French (1795–1815) rule
- Developing independence (1815–1890)
The history of Luxembourg consists of the history of the country of Luxembourg and its geographical area. Although its recorded history can be traced back to Roman times, the history of Luxembourg proper is considered to begin in 963. Over the following five centuries, the powerful House of Luxembourg emerged, but its extinction put an end to the country's independence. After a brief period of Burgundian rule, the country passed to the Habsburgs in 1477. After the Eighty Years' War, Luxembourg b
The history of Luxembourg properly began with the construction of Luxembourg Castle in the High Middle Ages. It was Siegfried I, count of Ardennes who traded some of his ancestral lands with the monks of the Abbey of St. Maximin in Trier in 963 for an ancient, supposedly Roman, fort named Lucilinburhuc, commonly translated as "little castle". Modern historians link the etymology of the word with Letze, meaning fortification, which may have referred to either the remains of a Roman watchtower or
From the Early Middle Ages to the Renaissance, Luxembourg bore multiple names, depending on the author. These include Lucilinburhuc, Lutzburg, Lützelburg, Luccelemburc, and Lichtburg, among others. The Luxembourgish dynasty produced several Holy Roman Emperors, Kings of Bohemia, and Archbishops of Trier and Mainz. Around the fort of Luxembourg, a town gradually developed, which became the centre of a small but important state of great strategic value to France, Germany and the Netherlands ...
In the 17th and 18th centuries, the electors of Brandenburg, later kings of Prussia, advanced their claim to the Luxembourg patrimony as heirs-general to William of Thuringia and his wife Anna of Bohemia, the disputed dukes of Luxembourg in the 1460s. Anna was the eldest daughter of the last Luxembourg heiress. From 1609 onward, they had a territorial base in the vicinity, the Duchy of Cleves, the starting-point of the future Prussian Rhineland. This Brandenburger claim ultimately produced some
Luxembourg remained more or less under French rule until the defeat of Napoleon in 1815. When the French departed, the Allies installed a provisional administration. Luxembourg initially came under the Generalgouvernement Mittelrhein in mid-1814, and then from June 1814 under the Generalgouvernement Nieder- und Mittelrhein. The Congress of Vienna of 1815, gave formal autonomy to Luxembourg. In 1813, the Prussians had already managed to wrest lands from Luxembourg, to strengthen the Prussian-poss
1815 - Luxembourg became a grand duchy. It was ruled by the king of the Netherlands. 1815-1866 - Luxembourg became a member of the German Confederation. 1890 - After the death of William III, Luxembourg passed to the House of Nassau-Weilburg.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia The Order of Merit of the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg (French: Ordre de Mérite du Grand-Duché de Luxembourg) is an order of merit of Luxembourg, instituted on 23 January 23 1961 by Grand Duchess Charlotte. Grand Master of the order is the Grand Duke of Luxembourg.
Luxembourg, an independent and sovereign nation with a history dating back as far as the 8th century, is the only remaining independent grand duchy, with the Grand Duke Henri (dynasty of Luxembourg-Nassau) as its head of state since the year 2000.
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The grand duke of Luxembourg (Luxembourgish: Grand-duc de Luxembourg, French: Grand-duc de Luxembourg, German: Großherzog von Luxemburg) is the monarchical head of state of Luxembourg. Luxembourg has been a grand duchy since 15 March 1815, when it was created from territory of the former Duchy of Luxembourg.
In 1443 the last member of the senior branch of the House of Luxemburg, Duchess Elisabeth, sold the Duchy of Luxembourg to Duke Philip the Good of Burgundy, a prince of the French House of Valois. In 1477 the duchy passed by marriage of Philip's granddaughter, Mary of Burgundy , to Archduke Maximilian I of Austria of the House of Habsburg .
英語： Grand Duchy of Luxembourg （グランド・ダチィ・オヴ・ラクセンバーグ）通称・形容詞ともLuxembourg、国民はLuxembourger。 日本語：一般的な表記はルクセンブルク大公国、通称ルクセンブルク。外務省もこの表記を用いている。これはドイツ語読みに由来する ...
The duchy originated from the realm of Wartislaw I, a Slavic Pomeranianduke, and was extended by the Lands of Schlawe and Stolpin 1317, the Principality of Rügenin 1325, and the Lauenburg and Bütow Landin 1455. During the High Middle Ages, it also comprised the northern Neumarkand Uckermarkareas as well as Circipaniaand Mecklenburg-Strelitz.