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  1. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia A map of the Dutch Republic. The Dutch Republic was a confederation of seven provinces, which had their own governments and were very independent, and a number of so-called Generality Lands. These latter were governed directly by the States-General (Staten-Generaal in Dutch), the federal government.

    Politics and government of the Dutch Republic - Wikipedia

    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Politics_and_government_of_the_Dutch_Republic
  2. Dutch Republic - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dutch_Republic

    The United Provinces of the Netherlands, or United Provinces, commonly referred to in historiography as the Dutch Republic, was a federal republic which existed from 1581 to 1795. It was a predecessor state of the Netherlands and the first fully independent Dutch nation state. The republic was established after several Dutch provinces revolted against rule by Spain, as the Spanish Netherlands. The provinces formed a mutual alliance against Spain in 1579 and declared their independence in 1581. A

    • History

      Until the 16th century, the Low Countries—corresponding...

    • Economy

      During the Dutch Golden Age in the late-16th and 17th...

    • Religion

      In the Union of Utrecht of 20 January 1579, Holland and...

    • Decline

      Long-term rivalry between the two main factions in Dutch...

    • Batavian Republic

      The Batavian Republic (Dutch: Bataafse Republiek; French:...

    • Batavian Revolution

      The Batavian Revolution (Dutch: De Bataafse Revolutie) was a...

  3. Politics and government of the Dutch Republic - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Politics_and_government_of...

    From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia A map of the Dutch Republic. The Dutch Republic was a confederation of seven provinces, which had their own governments and were very independent, and a number of so-called Generality Lands. These latter were governed directly by the States-General (Staten-Generaal in Dutch), the federal government.

  4. Dutch Republic From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia The Dutch Republic — officially known as the Republic of the Seven United Netherlands, the Republic of the United Netherlands, or the Republic of the Seven United Provinces — was a republic in Europe. It was a confederacy of provinces,from 1581 to 1795.

  5. Financial history of the Dutch Republic - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Financial_history_of_the...

    The financial history of the Dutch Republic involves the interrelated development of financial institutions in the Dutch Republic. The rapid economic development of the country after the Dutch Revolt in the years 1585–1620 accompanied by an equally rapid accumulation of a large fund of savings, created the need to invest those savings profitably. The Dutch financial sector, both in its public and private components, came to provide a wide range of modern investment products beside the ...

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    The re­pub­lic was also known as the Re­pub­lic of the Seven United Netherlands (Dutch: Re­pu­bliek der Zeven Ver­e­nig­de Nederlanden), Re­pub­lic of the United Netherlands, Re­pub­lic of the Seven United Provinces (Re­pu­bliek der Zeven Ver­e­nig­de Provinciën), the United Provinces (Ver­e­nig­de Provinciën), Seven Provinces (Zeven Provinciën), Fed­er­ated Dutch Provinces (Latin: Foe­de­ra­tae Bel­gii Provinciae), or the Dutch Federation (Bel­gi­ca Foederata). Com­mon names in Dutch for the Re­pub­lic in of­fi­cial cor­re­spon­dence were: 1. De Republiek ("the Republic") 2. Republiek der Verenigde Nederlanden ("Republic of the United Netherlands") 3. Republiek der Verenigde Provinciën ("Republic of the United Provinces") 4. Republiek der Zeven Provinciën ("Republic of the Seven Provinces") 5. Republiek der Zeven Verenigde Nederlanden ("Republic of the Seven United Netherlands") 6. Republiek der Zeven Verenigde Provinciën ("Republic of the Seven United Provinces") 7. Verenigde Prov...

    Until the 16th cen­tury, the Low Coun­tries – cor­re­spond­ing roughly to the pre­sent-day Nether­lands, Bel­gium, and Lux­em­bourg – con­sisted of a num­ber of duchies, coun­ties, and prince-bish­oprics, al­most all of which were under the su­premacy of the Holy Roman Em­pire, with the ex­cep­tion of the county of Flan­ders, which was under the King­dom of France. Most of the Low Coun­tries had come under the rule of the House of Bur­gundy and sub­se­quently the House of Hab­s­burg. In 1549 Holy Roman Em­peror Charles V is­sued the Prag­matic Sanc­tion, which fur­ther uni­fied the Sev­en­teen Provinces under his rule. Charles was suc­ceeded by his son, King Philip II of Spain. In 1568 the Nether­lands, led by William I of Or­ange, re­volted against Philip II be­cause of high taxes, per­se­cu­tion of Protes­tants by the gov­ern­ment, and Philip's ef­forts to mod­ern­ize and cen­tral­ize the de­volved-me­dieval gov­ern­ment struc­tures of the provinces. This was the start of the Eigh...

    Dur­ing the Dutch Golden Age in the late 16th and 17th cen­turies, the Dutch Re­pub­lic dom­i­nated world trade, con­quer­ing a vast colo­nial em­pire and op­er­at­ing the largest fleet of mer­chant­men of any na­tion. The County of Hol­landwas the wealth­i­est and most ur­ban­ized re­gion in the world. The free trade spirit of the time was aug­mented by the de­vel­op­ment of a mod­ern, ef­fec­tive stock mar­ket in the Low Countries. The Nether­lands has the old­est stock ex­change in the world, founded in 1602 by the Dutch East India Com­pany, while Rot­ter­dam has the old­est bourse in the Nether­lands. The Dutch East-In­dia Com­pany ex­change went pub­lic in six dif­fer­ent cities. Later, a court ruled that the com­pany had to re­side legally in a sin­gle city, so Am­s­ter­damis rec­og­nized as the old­est such in­sti­tu­tion based on mod­ern trad­ing prin­ci­ples. While the bank­ing sys­tem evolved in the Low Coun­tries, it was quickly in­cor­po­rated by the well-con­nected Eng­...

    The re­pub­lic was a con­fed­er­a­tion of seven provinces, which had their own gov­ern­ments and were very in­de­pen­dent, and a num­ber of so-called Gen­er­al­ity Lands. The lat­ter were gov­erned di­rectly by the States Gen­eral (Staten-Gen­er­aal in Dutch), the fed­eral gov­ern­ment. The States Gen­eral were seated in The Hagueand con­sisted of rep­re­sen­ta­tives of each of the seven provinces. The provinces of the re­pub­lic were, in of­fi­cial feu­dal order: 1. The Duchy of Guelders (Gelderlandin Dutch) 2. The County of Holland 3. The County of Zeeland 4. The Lordship of Utrecht (formerly the Episcopal principality of Utrecht) 5. The Lordship of Overijssel 6. The Lordship of Frisia 7. The Lordship of Groningen and Ommelanden. In fact, there was an eighth province, the County of Dren­the, but this area was so poor it was ex­empt from pay­ing fed­eral taxes and as a con­se­quence was de­nied rep­re­sen­ta­tion in the States Gen­eral. Each province was gov­erned by the Provin­cia...

    In the Union of Utrecht of 20 Jan­u­ary 1579, Hol­land and Zee­land were granted the right to ac­cept only one re­li­gion (in prac­tice, Calvin­ism). Every other province had the free­dom to reg­u­late the re­li­gious ques­tion as it wished, al­though the Union stated every per­son should be free in the choice of per­sonal re­li­gion and that no per­son should be pros­e­cuted based on re­li­gious choice. William of Or­ange had been a strong sup­porter of pub­lic and per­sonal free­dom of re­li­gion and hoped to unite Protes­tants and Catholics in the new union, and, for him, the Union was a de­feat. In prac­tice, Catholic ser­vices in all provinces were quickly for­bid­den, and the Dutch Re­formed Churchbe­came the "pub­lic" or "priv­i­leged" church in the Republic. Dur­ing the Re­pub­lic, any per­son who wished to hold pub­lic of­fice had to con­form to the Re­formed Church and take an oath to this ef­fect. The ex­tent to which dif­fer­ent re­li­gions or de­nom­i­na­tions were per­...

    Long-term rivalry between the two main factions in Dutch society, the Staatsgezinden (Republicans) and the Prinsgezinden (Royalists or Orangists), sapped the strength and unity of the country. Joha...
    Wars to contain the expansionist policies of France in various coalitions after the Glorious Revolution, mostly including England, burdened the republic with huge debts, although little of the figh...
    Fierce competition for trade and colonies, especially from France and England, furthered the economic downturn of the country. The three Anglo-Dutch Wars and the rise of mercantilismhad a negative...
    Adams, Julia. The Familial State: Ruling Families and Merchant Capitalism in Early Modern Europe. Ithica: Cornell University Press, 2005
    Boxer, C. R.The Dutch Seaborne Empire 1600–1800. London: Penguin Books, 1990
    Ertl, Alan W. (2008). Toward an Understanding of Europe: A Political Economic Précis of Continental Integration. Universal-Publishers. ISBN 978-1-59942-983-0.
    Israel, J. I. The Dutch Republic: Its Rise, Greatness, and Fall 1477–1806Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1995
    Dutch Golden Age 1588–1702 – Documentary on YouTube
    (in English) (in Latin)The Dutch Republic, Enlarged and Edited: Produced with the Care and Work of Matthaeus Seutterfrom around 1730
  7. Patriottentijd - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Patriots_(Dutch_Republic)

    The Dutch "constitution" defined the Dutch Republic as a confederation of sovereign provinces with a republican character.

  8. States General of the Netherlands - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/States-General_of_the_Dutch...

    The States General originated in the 15th century as an assembly of all the provincial states of the Burgundian Netherlands.In 1579, during the Dutch Revolt, the States General split as the northern provinces openly rebelled against Philip II, and the northern States General replaced Philip II as the supreme authority of the Dutch Republic in 1581.

  9. Dutch Empire - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dutch_Empire

    The Dutch colonial empire (Dutch: Nederlandse koloniale rijk) comprised the overseas territories and trading posts controlled and administered by Dutch chartered companies —mainly the Dutch West India Company and the Dutch East India Company —and subsequently by the Dutch Republic (1581–1795), and by the modern Kingdom of the Netherlands after 1815.

  10. Suriname - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Suriname

    Coordinates. Suriname (/ ˈ sj ʊər ɪ n æ m /, US also /-n ɑː m /, sometimes spelled Surinam), officially known as the Republic of Suriname (Dutch: Republiek Suriname [reːpyˌblik syːriˈnaːmə]), is a country on the northeastern Atlantic coast of South America.