From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia A map of the Dutch Republic. The Dutch Republic was a confederation of seven provinces, which had their own governments and were very independent, and a number of so-called Generality Lands. These latter were governed directly by the States-General (Staten-Generaal in Dutch), the federal government.https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Politics_and_government_of_the_Dutch_Republic
The United Provinces of the Netherlands, or United Provinces, commonly referred to in historiography as the Dutch Republic, was a federal republic which existed from 1581 to 1795. It was a predecessor state of the Netherlands and the first fully independent Dutch nation state. The republic was established after several Dutch provinces revolted against rule by Spain, as the Spanish Netherlands. The provinces formed a mutual alliance against Spain in 1579 and declared their independence in 1581. A
Until the 16th century, the Low Countries—corresponding...
During the Dutch Golden Age in the late-16th and 17th...
In the Union of Utrecht of 20 January 1579, Holland and...
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia A map of the Dutch Republic. The Dutch Republic was a confederation of seven provinces, which had their own governments and were very independent, and a number of so-called Generality Lands. These latter were governed directly by the States-General (Staten-Generaal in Dutch), the federal government.
Dutch Republic From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia The Dutch Republic — officially known as the Republic of the Seven United Netherlands, the Republic of the United Netherlands, or the Republic of the Seven United Provinces — was a republic in Europe. It was a confederacy of provinces,from 1581 to 1795.
The financial history of the Dutch Republic involves the interrelated development of financial institutions in the Dutch Republic. The rapid economic development of the country after the Dutch Revolt in the years 1585–1620 accompanied by an equally rapid accumulation of a large fund of savings, created the need to invest those savings profitably. The Dutch financial sector, both in its public and private components, came to provide a wide range of modern investment products beside the ...
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The republic was also known as the Republic of the Seven United Netherlands (Dutch: Republiek der Zeven Verenigde Nederlanden), Republic of the United Netherlands, Republic of the Seven United Provinces (Republiek der Zeven Verenigde Provinciën), the United Provinces (Verenigde Provinciën), Seven Provinces (Zeven Provinciën), Federated Dutch Provinces (Latin: Foederatae Belgii Provinciae), or the Dutch Federation (Belgica Foederata). Common names in Dutch for the Republic in official correspondence were: 1. De Republiek ("the Republic") 2. Republiek der Verenigde Nederlanden ("Republic of the United Netherlands") 3. Republiek der Verenigde Provinciën ("Republic of the United Provinces") 4. Republiek der Zeven Provinciën ("Republic of the Seven Provinces") 5. Republiek der Zeven Verenigde Nederlanden ("Republic of the Seven United Netherlands") 6. Republiek der Zeven Verenigde Provinciën ("Republic of the Seven United Provinces") 7. Verenigde Prov...
Until the 16th century, the Low Countries – corresponding roughly to the present-day Netherlands, Belgium, and Luxembourg – consisted of a number of duchies, counties, and prince-bishoprics, almost all of which were under the supremacy of the Holy Roman Empire, with the exception of the county of Flanders, which was under the Kingdom of France. Most of the Low Countries had come under the rule of the House of Burgundy and subsequently the House of Habsburg. In 1549 Holy Roman Emperor Charles V issued the Pragmatic Sanction, which further unified the Seventeen Provinces under his rule. Charles was succeeded by his son, King Philip II of Spain. In 1568 the Netherlands, led by William I of Orange, revolted against Philip II because of high taxes, persecution of Protestants by the government, and Philip's efforts to modernize and centralize the devolved-medieval government structures of the provinces. This was the start of the Eigh...
During the Dutch Golden Age in the late 16th and 17th centuries, the Dutch Republic dominated world trade, conquering a vast colonial empire and operating the largest fleet of merchantmen of any nation. The County of Hollandwas the wealthiest and most urbanized region in the world. The free trade spirit of the time was augmented by the development of a modern, effective stock market in the Low Countries. The Netherlands has the oldest stock exchange in the world, founded in 1602 by the Dutch East India Company, while Rotterdam has the oldest bourse in the Netherlands. The Dutch East-India Company exchange went public in six different cities. Later, a court ruled that the company had to reside legally in a single city, so Amsterdamis recognized as the oldest such institution based on modern trading principles. While the banking system evolved in the Low Countries, it was quickly incorporated by the well-connected Eng...
The republic was a confederation of seven provinces, which had their own governments and were very independent, and a number of so-called Generality Lands. The latter were governed directly by the States General (Staten-Generaal in Dutch), the federal government. The States General were seated in The Hagueand consisted of representatives of each of the seven provinces. The provinces of the republic were, in official feudal order: 1. The Duchy of Guelders (Gelderlandin Dutch) 2. The County of Holland 3. The County of Zeeland 4. The Lordship of Utrecht (formerly the Episcopal principality of Utrecht) 5. The Lordship of Overijssel 6. The Lordship of Frisia 7. The Lordship of Groningen and Ommelanden. In fact, there was an eighth province, the County of Drenthe, but this area was so poor it was exempt from paying federal taxes and as a consequence was denied representation in the States General. Each province was governed by the Provincia...
In the Union of Utrecht of 20 January 1579, Holland and Zeeland were granted the right to accept only one religion (in practice, Calvinism). Every other province had the freedom to regulate the religious question as it wished, although the Union stated every person should be free in the choice of personal religion and that no person should be prosecuted based on religious choice. William of Orange had been a strong supporter of public and personal freedom of religion and hoped to unite Protestants and Catholics in the new union, and, for him, the Union was a defeat. In practice, Catholic services in all provinces were quickly forbidden, and the Dutch Reformed Churchbecame the "public" or "privileged" church in the Republic. During the Republic, any person who wished to hold public office had to conform to the Reformed Church and take an oath to this effect. The extent to which different religions or denominations were per...Long-term rivalry between the two main factions in Dutch society, the Staatsgezinden (Republicans) and the Prinsgezinden (Royalists or Orangists), sapped the strength and unity of the country. Joha...Wars to contain the expansionist policies of France in various coalitions after the Glorious Revolution, mostly including England, burdened the republic with huge debts, although little of the figh...Fierce competition for trade and colonies, especially from France and England, furthered the economic downturn of the country. The three Anglo-Dutch Wars and the rise of mercantilismhad a negative...Adams, Julia. The Familial State: Ruling Families and Merchant Capitalism in Early Modern Europe. Ithica: Cornell University Press, 2005Boxer, C. R.The Dutch Seaborne Empire 1600–1800. London: Penguin Books, 1990Ertl, Alan W. (2008). Toward an Understanding of Europe: A Political Economic Précis of Continental Integration. Universal-Publishers. ISBN 978-1-59942-983-0.Israel, J. I. The Dutch Republic: Its Rise, Greatness, and Fall 1477–1806Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1995Dutch Golden Age 1588–1702 – Documentary on YouTube(in English) (in Latin)The Dutch Republic, Enlarged and Edited: Produced with the Care and Work of Matthaeus Seutterfrom around 1730
The Dutch "constitution" defined the Dutch Republic as a confederation of sovereign provinces with a republican character.
The States General originated in the 15th century as an assembly of all the provincial states of the Burgundian Netherlands.In 1579, during the Dutch Revolt, the States General split as the northern provinces openly rebelled against Philip II, and the northern States General replaced Philip II as the supreme authority of the Dutch Republic in 1581.
The Dutch colonial empire (Dutch: Nederlandse koloniale rijk) comprised the overseas territories and trading posts controlled and administered by Dutch chartered companies —mainly the Dutch West India Company and the Dutch East India Company —and subsequently by the Dutch Republic (1581–1795), and by the modern Kingdom of the Netherlands after 1815.
Coordinates. Suriname (/ ˈ sj ʊər ɪ n æ m /, US also /-n ɑː m /, sometimes spelled Surinam), officially known as the Republic of Suriname (Dutch: Republiek Suriname [reːpyˌblik syːriˈnaːmə]), is a country on the northeastern Atlantic coast of South America.