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  1. East Africa - Wikipedia › wiki › East_Africa

    East Africa or East of Africa is the eastern sub-region of the African continent, In the United Nations Statistics Division scheme of geographic regions, 19* territories make up Eastern Africa: Tanzania, Kenya, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi, and South Sudan are members of the East African Community EAC.

    • Geography and climate

      Some parts of East Africa have been renowned for their...

    • History

      According to the theory of the recent African origin of...

    • Popular depictions

      There are movies that have depicted East Africa in various...

    • Languages

      In the Horn of Africa and Nile Valley, Afroasiatic languages...

  2. East Africa - Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia › wiki › East_Africa

    East Africa is the most eastern region of the African continent. There are different ways to describe the area East Africa covers - it can be defined by geography or countries. It has some of the earliest found fossils of humans.

  3. East African Community - Wikipedia › wiki › East_African_Community

    The East African Community (EAC) is an intergovernmental organisation composed of six countries in the African Great Lakes region in eastern Africa: Burundi, Kenya, Rwanda, South Sudan, Tanzania, and Uganda. Paul Kagame, the president of Rwanda, is the EAC's chairman.

  4. East African campaign (World War II) - Wikipedia › wiki › East_African_campaign

    The East African campaign (also known as the Abyssinian campaign) was fought in East Africa during the Second World War by Allies of World War II, mainly from the British Empire, against Italy and its colony of Italian East Africa, between June 1940 and November 1941.

  5. East Africa Protectorate - Wikipedia › wiki › British_East_Africa
    • Overview
    • Administration
    • Development
    • Legislation
    • Stamps and postal history of British East Africa

    East Africa Protectorate was an area in the African Great Lakes occupying roughly the same terrain as present-day Kenya—approximately 639,209 km2 —from the Indian Ocean inland to the border with Uganda in the west. Controlled by Britain in the late 19th century, it grew out of British commercial interests in the area in the 1880s and remained a protectorate until 1920 when it became the Colony of Kenya, save for an independent 16-kilometre-wide coastal strip that became the Kenya...

    European missionaries began settling in the area from Mombasa to Mount Kilimanjaro in the 1840s, nominally under the protection of the Sultanate of Zanzibar. In 1886, the British government encouraged William Mackinnon, who already had an agreement with the Sultan and whose shipping company traded extensively in the African Great Lakes, to establish British influence in the region. He formed a British East Africa Association which led to the Imperial British East Africa Company being chartered i

    After 1896, immigrants from India came to the area as moneylenders, traders, and artisans. Racial segregation was normalised, with the Europeans assigning the Highlands to themselves. Other restrictions included commercial and residential segregation in the towns, and restrictions on Indian immigration. Nevertheless, the Indians rapidly grew to outnumber the Europeans by more than two to one by 1919. India was a crown colony whose citizens enjoyed certain privileges but it was unclear whether th

    In 1914 the British government banned cannabis in the Protectorate.

    The territory had its own mail system during the 1890s.

  6. East African campaign (World War I) - Wikipedia › wiki › East_African_campaign
    • Overview
    • Background
    • Initial fighting, 1914–1915
    • Allied offensives, 1916–1917
    • German offensives, 1917–18
    • Aftermath

    The East African campaign in World War I was a series of battles and guerrilla actions, which started in German East Africa and spread to portions of Portuguese Mozambique, Northern Rhodesia, British East Africa, the Uganda Protectorate, and the Belgian Congo. The campaign all but ended in German East Africa in November 1917 when the Germans entered Portuguese Mozambique and continued the campaign living off Portuguese supplies. The strategy of the German colonial forces, led by Lieutenant Colon

    German East Africa was colonized by the Germans in 1885. The territory itself spanned 384,180 square miles and covered the areas of modern-day Rwanda, Burundi and Tanzania. The colony's indigenous population numbered seven and a half million and was governed by just 5,300 Europea

    The objective of the German forces in East Africa, led by Lieutenant-Colonel Paul von Lettow-Vorbeck, was to divert Allied forces and supplies from Europe to Africa. By threatening the important British Uganda Railway, Lettow hoped to force British troops to invade East Africa, w

    The governors of the British and German East Africa wanted to avoid war and preferred a neutrality agreement based on the Congo Act of 1885, against the wishes of the local military commanders and their metropolitan governments. The agreement caused confusion in the opening weeks

    To solve the raiding nuisance and to capture the northern, colonised region of the German colony, the British devised a plan for a two-pronged invasion. IEF "B" of 8,000 troops in two brigades, would carry out an amphibious landing at Tanga on 2 November 1914, to capture the city

    The Germans had controlled the lake since the outbreak of the war, with three armed steamers and two unarmed motor boats. In 1915, two British motorboats, HMS Mimi and Toutou each armed with a 3-pounder and a Maxim gun, were transported 3,000 mi by land to the British shore of La

    General Horace Smith-Dorrien was assigned with orders to find and fight the Schutztruppe but he contracted pneumonia during the voyage to South Africa, which prevented him from taking command. In 1916, General Jan Smuts was given the task of defeating Lettow-Vorbeck. Smuts had a

    The British conscripted 120,000 carriers to move Belgian supplies and equipment to Kivu between late 1915 and early 1916. The lines of communication in the Congo required c. 260,000 carriers, who were barred by the Belgian government from crossing into German East Africa and Belg

    Major-General Arthur Hoskins, formerly the commander of the 1st East Africa Division, took over command of the campaign. After four months spent reorganising the lines of communication, he was then replaced by South African Major-General Jacob van Deventer. Deventer began an offe

    British units forced the Schutztruppe south and on 23 November, Lettow-Vorbeck crossed into Portuguese Mozambique to plunder supplies from Portuguese garrisons. Lettow-Vorbeck divided his force into three groups on the march; a detachment of 1,000 men under Hauptmann Theodor Tafe

    The Germans returned to German East Africa and crossed into Northern Rhodesia in August 1918. On 13 November, two days after the Armistice was signed in France, the German Army took Kasama, which had been evacuated by the British. The next day at the Chambezi River, Lettow-Vorbec

    Nearly 400,000 Allied soldiers, sailors, merchant marine crews, builders, bureaucrats and support personnel participated in the East Africa campaign. They were assisted in the field by 600,000 African bearers. The Allies employed nearly one million people in their fruitless pursu

    The fighting in East Africa led to an export boom in British East Africa and an increase in the political influence of White Kenyans. In 1914, the Kenyan economy was in decline but because of emergency legislation giving white colonists control over black-owned land in 1915, expo

    In 2001, Hew Strachan estimated that British losses in the East African campaign were 3,443 killed in action, 6,558 died of disease and c. 90,000 African porters died. In 2007, Paice recorded c. 22,000 British casualties in the East African campaign, of whom 11,189 died, 9 percen

    • 3 August 1914 – 25 November 1918
    • German East Africa partitioned by Britain, Belgium and Portugal
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  8. German East Africa - Wikipedia › wiki › German_East_Africa
    • Overview
    • History
    • Economic development
    • Education
    • Population on the eve of World War I
    • World War I

    German East Africa was a German colony in the African Great Lakes region, which included present-day Burundi, Rwanda, the Tanzania mainland, and the Kionga Triangle, a small region later incorporated into Mozambique. GEA's area was 994,996 square kilometres, which was nearly three times the area of present-day Germany, and double the area of metropolitan Germany then. The colony was organised when the German military was asked in the late 1880s to put down a revolt against the activities of the

    Like other colonial powers, the Germans expanded their empire in the Africa Great Lakes region, ostensibly to fight slavery and the slave trade. Unlike other imperial powers, however, they never formally abolished either, preferring instead to curtail the production of new "recruits" and regulate the existing slaving business. The colony began when Carl Peters, an adventurer who founded the Society for German Colonization, signed treaties with several native chieftains on the mainland opposite Z

    Germans promoted commerce and economic growth. Over 100,000 acres were put under sisal cultivation, which was the largest cash crop. Two million coffee trees were planted, rubber trees grew on 200,000 acres, and there were large cotton plantations. To bring these agricultural products to market, beginning in 1888, the Usambara Railway was built from Tanga to Moshi. The Central Railroad covered 775 miles and linked Dar es Salaam, Morogoro, Tabora, and Kigoma. The final link to the eastern shore o

    Germany developed an educational program for Africans that included elementary, secondary, and vocational schools. "Instructor qualifications, curricula, textbooks, teaching materials, all met standards unmatched anywhere in tropical Africa.":21 In 1924, ten years after the beginning of the First World War and six years into British rule, the visiting American Phelps-Stokes Commission reported, "In regards to schools, the Germans have accomplished marvels. Some time must elapse before education

    The most populous colony of the German Empire, there were more than 7.5 million locals, around 30% of whom were Muslim and the remainder belonging to various tribal beliefs or Christian converts, compared to around 10,000 Europeans, who resided mainly in coastal locations and official residences. In 1913, only 882 German farmers and planters lived in the colony. About 70,000 Africans worked on the plantations of GEA.

    General Paul von Lettow-Vorbeck, who had served in German South West Africa and Kamerun, led the German military in GEA during World War I. His military consisted of 3,500 Europeans and 12,000 native Askaris and porters. Their war strategy was to harry the British/Imperial army of 40,000, which was at times commanded by the former Second Boer War commander Jan Smuts. One of Lettow-Vorbeck's greatest victories was at the Battle of Tanga, where German forces defeated a British force more than eigh

  9. Italian East Africa - Wikipedia › wiki › Italian_East_Africa

    From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Italian East Africa (Italian: Africa Orientale Italiana, AOI) was an Italian colony in the Horn of Africa. It was formed in 1936 through the merger of Italian Somalia, Italian Eritrea, and the newly occupied Ethiopian Empire, conquered in the Second Italo-Ethiopian War.

  10. East Africa University - Wikipedia › wiki › East_Africa_University
    • Summary
    • Overview
    • Branches
    • Programs and degrees
    • Faculties/Departments
    • Virtual Distance Electronic Learning Center

    East Africa University is a non-for-profit institution university in the autonomous Puntland state in northeastern Somalia, as well as in neighbouring Somaliland. Founded in the commercial capital of Bosaso, it has additional branches in Buhodle, Galdogob, Galkayo, Garowe and Qardho and in Erigavo in Somaliland. The college offers courses in seven core departments including: Medicine, engineering, veterinary, Business Admin, Sharia studies, It also operates distance learning center. East Africa

    A former Bender Qassim University institution, East Africa University was established in 1999 in Bosaso by a group of Somali. It began offering courses in October of the year to around 500 students.

    East Africa University was initially based in the suburbs of Bosaso, situated in the far northeastern Bari province. However, it has since expanded operations and opened up new branches in Erigavo, Galdogob, Galkayo, Buhoodle, Garowe and Qardho. On 18 April 2012, the university opened a seventh branch in Buhodle to serve pupils from the Ayn region.

    As of 2013, the university's Bosaso campus focuses on business and social sciences. Its Galkayo branch concentrates on computer science and engineering, in addition to health science.

    EAU provides bachelor's degree courses in nine undergraduate faculties. These departments include: Core faculties

    Besides classroom-based education, the university offers distance learning through its Virtual Distance Electronic Learning Center. The VDEL program aims to facilitate access to an international pool of knowledge; offer standard education through information technology; fulfil local demands in terms of education, professional courses and training; offer online classes to complete and enhance extant courses; simplify delivery of additional learning materials to undergraduate and postgraduate stud

    • Dr.Adam Sheikhdon Ali
    • Mohamed Mahamud Isse (Admin and Finance), Prof. Abdisalam Issa-Salwe (Academic Affairs)
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