The Franco-Spanish War of 1635 to 1659 was fought between France, and their Habsburg rivals in Spain and the Holy Roman Empire.It consists of two segments, the first as a connected conflict of the Thirty Years War, ended by the 1648 Treaty of Westphalia, the second continuing until the 1659 Treaty of the Pyrenees.
In fact, the last battle of the war, fought at Camprodón, in Catalonia, ended with the destruction of the French army of the province. As I've tried to portray in the article, the war's result was inconclusive and neither side was able to gain a decisive advantage. It was some sort of 'to be continued'. Weymar Horren 05:21, 26 April 2015 (UTC)
Franco-Spanish War (1595–98) 1595-1598 First Genoese-Savoyard War: 1625 War of the Mantuan Succession: 1628-1631 Franco-Spanish War (1635–59) 1635-1659 Catalan Revolt: 1640-1659 Portuguese Restoration War: 1641-1659 War of Devolution: 1667-1668 Franco-Dutch War: 1672-1678 War of the Reunions: 1683-1684 Nine Years' War: 1688-1697 War of the ...
- During The Thirty Years' War
- Later War
For years, the Kingdom of France, under the Valois and Bourbon dynasties, had been the rival of the House of Habsburg, whose two branches ruled Spain and the Holy Roman Empire, respectively. For much of the 16th and 17th centuries, France faced Habsburg territory on three sides – the Spanish Netherlandsto the north, the Franche-Comté on its eastern border, and Spain to the south. The Habsburgs thus stood in the way of French territorial expansion, and during a time of conflict, France faced the possibility of invasion from multiple sides. France therefore sought to weaken Habsburg control over these border possessions. During the Thirty Years' War, in which various Protestant forces battled Imperial armies, France provided subsidies to the enemies of the empire. France generously supported a Swedish invasion of the Empire after 1630. After a period of extraordinary success, the Swedish-led forces were decisively defeated in 1634 by a combined Spanish-Imperial army in the Battle of N...
During the last decade of the Thirty Years' War, the Spanish forces in the Spanish Netherlands were sandwiched between French and Dutch forces and the French won a major victory at Lens but Franco-Dutch forces could not decisively crush the embattled Army of Flanders. When the peace treaty was negotiated, France insisted upon Spain being excluded, but the demand was rejected by other parties to the talks. In the Peace of Westphalia, France gained territory in the Alsace, thus interrupting the Spanish Road; at the signing of the treaty, Spain recognized the independence of the Dutch republic but gave up little else; indeed the Spanish had to be paid to leave positions they had seizedon the Rhine. In Italy, France fought with the more or less reluctant support of its client state Piedmont against the Spanish in the Duchy of Milan. Confusion was added from 1639–1642 by the Piedmontese Civil War. The siege of Turin in 1640 was a famous event in both this war and the Franco-Spanish confl...
The year 1648 witnessed the eruption of a major revolt against royal authority in France, known as the Fronde. Civil war in France continued until 1653, when royal forces prevailed. At the Fronde's conclusion, the whole country, wearied of anarchy and disgusted with the princes, came to look to the king's party as the party of order and settled government, and thus the Fronde prepared the way for the absolutism of Louis XIV. The general war that had been initiated by the French nobles continued in Flanders, Catalonia and Italy, wherever a Spanish and a French garrison were face to face, and Condé, with the wreck of his army, openly and definitely entered the service of the king of Spain. This "Spanish Fronde" was almost purely a military affair and, except for a few outstanding incidents, dull to boot. Spain's condition was itself no better than France's as in addition to her own "fronde" and fighting in Italy she was still battling the revolt in Portugal and the French-backed Catal...
The Peace of the Pyrenees was signed on November 5, 1659. France gained the territory of Roussillon and territories along its border with the Spanish Netherlands. In return, France agreed to end its support for the breakaway kingdom of Portugal in the Portuguese Restoration War. On January 27, 1660 the Prince de Condé asked and obtained at Aix-en-Provencethe forgiveness of Louis XIV. The later careers of Turenne and Condé as great generals were as obedient subjects of their sovereign.Barante, Le Parlement de Paris et vie de M. Molé(Paris, 1859)Pardoe, Louis XIV and the Court of France(1847; London, 1888)Memoirs of Cardinal de RetzGordon, The Fronde, (Oxford, 1905)This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911) Encyclopædia Britannica(11th ed.) Cambridge University PressThis article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Gilman, D. C.; Thurston, H. T.; Moore, F., eds (1905). "article name needed". New International Encyclopedia(1st ed.). Ne...
The Piedmontese Civil War was a conflict in northern Italy, connected with the Franco-Spanish War of 1635-59.
The Fronde (French pronunciation: ) was a series of civil wars in France between 1648 and 1653, occurring in the midst of the Franco-Spanish War, which had begun in 1635. King Louis XIV confronted the combined opposition of the princes, the nobility, the law courts ( parlements ), and most of the French people, and yet won out in the end.
This is now the generally accepted view, with related conflicts such as the 1568–1648 Eighty Years War, the 1635-59 Franco-Spanish War, and the 1629–31 War of the Mantuan Succession.  The conflict can be split into two main phases.
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The conflict extended beyond the Peace of Westphalia, which concluded the Thirty Years' War in 1648 but remained part of the Franco-Spanish War (1635-1659) with the confrontation between two sovereigns and two Generalitats, one based in Barcelona, under the control of Spain and the other in Perpinyà , under the occupation of France.