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    What was the relationship between Canada and China?

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    Who was the first Canadian prime minister to visit China?

    What kind of trade does Canada have with China?

  2. Canada–China relations - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Canada–China_relations
    • Prior to 1949
    • Trudeau-Mulroney Years
    • The Chretien Era
    • Harper Era
    • Justin Trudeau Era

    As part of the British Empire and later the Commonwealth of Nations, Canada did not establish a foreign ministry (External Affairs) until 1909 and developed an independent foreign policy only after the passage of the Statute of Westminster 1931. Canada posted one third of six battalions to Hong Kong before the Battle of Hong Kong, which was lost to the Japanese Imperial Army, from 25 December 1941 to 16 September 1945, more than a month after the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Canada established embassies overseas only in the 1940s, and in 1942, Canada posted its first ambassador in the Chinese wartime Nationalist capital of Chongqing. The embassy was moved to Nanjingin 1946. Canada faced a dilemma following the Communist victory in the Chinese Civil War in 1949. On many issues, Canada followed the lead of British and the United States, but those two governments followed different policies on China. The United Kingdom, under the control of a socialist government, extende...

    Diplomatic relations between the PRC and Canada were established on 13 October 1970. In October 1973, Pierre Trudeau became the first Canadian Prime Minister to pay an official visit to the PRC, meeting Mao Zedong. In that year, the trade balance was heavily weighted in Canada's favour. The Canadian government was optimistic about the PRC's market-oriented reforms of the 1970s and 1980s, but it was difficult to see much substantial improvement as the Cultural Revolution raged. It was not until the consolidation of reformers like Deng Xiaoping and Zhao Ziyangthat Chinese life began to calm. In October 1983, the Foreign Minister of PRC visited Canada and signed the Agreement on Developing Cooperation between China and Canada. In 1984, Chinese Premier Zhao Ziyang visited the second Trudeau government six months before it fell, and became the first Communist leader to address Parliament of Canada. Zhao signed the Agreement on the Protection of Investment between China and Canada. Zhao w...

    Early in their tenures under Jean Chretien, Ministers Allan Rock and André Ouellet felt it beneficial to sign a treaty with China that gave the Chinese access to the powers of the Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters Act (Canada), and in fact it was signed in Beijingby the latter in July 1994. Chretien accompanied to China about 300 business leaders on a trade mission in November 1994 who returned with an order book of $9 billion. Senior figures in government like International Trade Minister Roy MacLaren were convinced that Canada needed to diversify away from the United States and so adopted a "Four Pillars Policy." Canada believed that to engage the Chinese in more open trade and to support China's accession to World Trade Organization accession would help Canada's goals. In fact, Chrétien strongly endorsed Chinese accession: "With China's accession to the WTO, tariffs will drop and access by Chinese consumers and business to our products and services will increase.... WTO...

    In 2006, elections made Stephen Harper become Prime Minister of Canada, and he implemented a more activist foreign policy, emphasising ties with democracies and expressing criticism of nondemocratic regimes like China. Harper stated his belief in Canadian values such as human rights should not be trumped by the "almighty dollar."[citation needed] For example, the Harper government awarded an honorary Canadian citizenship to the Dalai Lama and criticized China's human rights record, accusing it of commercial espionage. Harper also delayed a planned meeting between the foreign ministers and increased the level of Canadian involvement in Taiwan, further displeasing Beijing.[citation needed] At the APEC Summit in November 2006, China initially appeared to back out of formal meeting between Harper and President Hu, but Hu instead opted for a brief informal meeting with Harper, who notably did not attend the opening ceremonies of the Beijing Olympicsin 2008. In 2005, Charles Burton, an as...

    Initial warming

    By 2015, roughly 460 Canadian companies were doing business in China. Justin Trudeaubecame the prime minister of Canada in October 2015, and relations between China and Canada improved, at least for two years. Trudeau paid an official visit to China from August 30 to September 7, 2016, days before the G20 meeting in Hangzhou. However, the visit failed to get a balanced relationship with China.Trudeau negotiated the release after a two-year Chinese imprisonment on espionage charges of Canadian...

    Gradual souring

    In August 2017, a The Globe and Mail journalist, Nathan VanderKlippe, was detained and had his computer seized while he was in Xinjiang Province. Editor-in-chief David Walmsley called what transpired "harassment" and said that it was "deeply disturbing." VanderKlippe described at length his preparations and experience in a November interview and remarked that he spoke directly to the Canadian Minister of Foreign Relations Chrystia Freeland. In December 2017, Trudeau visited China for the seco...

    Arrest of Meng Wanzhou

    On December 1, 2018, the chief financial officer of Huawei's deputy chair and CFO Meng Wanzhou was arrested in Vancouver at an extradition request by US authorities on suspicion of violating US sanctions against Iran. Trudeau said that the federal government was aware of the intended arrest but had no involvement in the process, but the Chinese government protested the arrest made by Canadian authorities.The arrest had ramifications for the bilateral ties of both countries. On December 10, 20...

    • Ambassador Cong Peiwu
  3. Canada - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Canada

    Canada is a country in North America.Its ten provinces and three territories extend from the Atlantic to the Pacific and northward into the Arctic Ocean, covering 9.98 million square kilometres (3.85 million square miles), making it the world's second-largest country by total area.

  4. Shame is on Canada not China: China Daily editorial ...

    global.chinadaily.com.cn › a › 202107

    Jul 22, 2021 · Shame is on Canada not China: China Daily editorial. Dancer Jennifer Murrin shows off her mask reading "Strong, Resilient, Indigenous" during a "No Pride in Genocide" anti-Canada Day event in Toronto, Ontario, Canada, July 1, 2021, to encourage reflection on Canada's treatment of indigenous people following the discovery of unmarked graves at ...

  5. Jul 04, 2021 · Shame is on Canada not China: China Daily editorial. Dancer Jennifer Murrin shows off her mask reading "Strong, Resilient, Indigenous" during a "No Pride in Genocide" anti-Canada Day event in ...

  6. CN Rail Is Canada's Gateway to China | The Motley Fool

    www.fool.com › investing › general

    Aug 21, 2013 · CN Rail Is Canada's Gateway to China | The Motley Fool CN Rail Is Canada's Gateway to China CN Rail is not an oil company, but it holds a key for Canada's oil industry.

    • Joshua Bondy
  7. Soaring Commodities Give CN a Boost as It Awaits Takeover ...

    www.bloomberg.com › news › articles

    Jul 20, 2021 · CP. CANADIAN PACIFIC. 91.11. CAD. +0.77 +0.85%. Canadian National Railway Co. is cashing in on a commodities boom that’s fueling demand for exports from Canada. Strong orders for goods such as ...

  8. Canada-China ties need reset, experts urge - Chinadaily.com.cn

    global.chinadaily.com.cn › a › 202103

    Apr 28, 2021 · Canada-China ties need reset, experts urge. Chinese and Canadian national flags are seen during an exhibition in Shanghai, Sept 6, 2018. [Photo/IC] Canada-China relations have hit "rock bottom" and are at "freezing point" since Chinese telecom executive Meng Wanzhou was arrested in 2018, and Canada's recent actions over the Xinjiang region ...

  9. China's new plan offers opportunity for Canada - World ...

    www.chinadaily.com.cn › a › 202105

    May 27, 2021 · China's new plan offers opportunity for Canada. Canadian businesses and services can benefit from China's current 14th Five-Year Plan (2021-25), said China's ambassador in Ottawa, Cong Peiwu. The ...

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