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  1. Kyoto - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Kyoto

    Kyoto (/ ˈkjoʊtoʊ /; Japanese: 京都, Kyōto [kʲoꜜːto] (listen)), officially Kyoto City (京都市, Kyōto-shi, [kʲoːtoꜜɕi] (listen)), is the capital city of Kyoto Prefecture in Japan. Located in the Kansai region on the island of Honshu, Kyoto forms a part of the Keihanshin metropolitan area along with Osaka and Kobe.

    • 794
    • Japan
    • 971 m (3,186 ft)
    • Kansai
  2. Kyoto - Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

    simple.wikipedia.org › wiki › Kyoto
    • History
    • Geography
    • Related Pages

    After 794, the Japanese emperors lived in this city which was called Heian-kyō. In 1868, the city was called Saikyō ("Western capital") in order to distinguish it from Edo(Tokyo) which was the "Eastern capital".

    There are mountains around the city on the east, north, and west sides. Some people in Kyoto believe that these mountains make Kyoto's summer especially hot and humid, and Kyoto's winter very cold. We can see many temples and shrines built in traditional Japanese architectural styles here. Some of those buildings are registered as UNESCO World Heritage Sites. On the other hand, since Kyoto was one of biggest and richest Japanese cities in the middle of the 19th century; the citizens were eager to import Europeanstyle, and there are many European style buildings in the center of Kyoto for company offices and schools. Kyoto is one of oldest cities in Japan. Many tourists from all over the world come to Kyoto. Japanese people often come to Kyoto in the spring to see the cherry blossoms, and in the autumto see the leaves change color. Traditional Kyoto food often uses vegetables. McDonald'ssignboards in Kyoto are brown to preserve the traditional surroundings. The oldest novel in the wo...

  3. Kyoto Protocol - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Kyoto_Protocol

    The Kyoto Protocol was an international treaty which extended the 1992 United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) that commits state parties to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, based on the scientific consensus that (part one) global warming is occurring and (part two) that human-made CO 2 emissions are driving it.

    • Ratification by at least 55 states to the Convention
    • 11 December 1997
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  5. Kyoto - Wikipedia

    sco.wikipedia.org › wiki › Kyoto
    • Name
    • Geografie
    • Internaitional Relations
    • Freemit airtins

    In Japanese, the ceety haes been cried Kyō (京), Miyako (都) or Kyō no Miyako (京の都). In the 11t century, the ceety wis renamed Kyoto ("caipital ceety"), efter the Cheenese wird for caipital ceety, jingdu (京都). Efter Edo wis renamed Tokyo (meanin "Eastren Caipital") in 1868, Kyoto wis kent for a short time as Saikyō(西京, meanin "Wastren Capital"). An obsolete spellin for the ceety's name is Kioto; it wis umwhile kent tae the Wast as Meaco or Miako (Japanese: 都; miyako, meanin "the seat of Imperial palace" or "capital".). Anither term commonly uised tae refer tae the ceety in the pre-modren period wis Keishi (京師), meanin "metropolis" or "caipital".

    Kyoto is locatit in a valley, pairt o the Yamashiro (or Kyoto) Basin, in the eastren pairt o the muntainous region kent as the Tamba hielands. The Yamashiro Basin is surroondit on three sides bi muntains kent as Higashiyama, Kitayama an Nishiyama, wi a heicht juist abuin 1,000 metres (3,281 ft) abuin sea level. This interior positionin results in het simmers an cauld winters. Thare are three rivers in the basin, the Ujigawa tae the sooth, the Katsuragawa tae the wast, an the Kamogawatae the east. Kyoto Ceety takes up 17.9% o the land in the prefecture wi an aurie o 827.9 km² The oreeginal ceety wis arranged in accordance wi traditional Cheenese feng shui follaein the model o the auncient Cheenese caipital o Chang'an (present-day Xi'an). The Imperial Palace faced sooth, resultin in Ukyō (the richt sector o the caipital) bein on the wast while Sakyō (the left sector) is on the east. The streets in the modren-day wards o Nakagyō, Shimogyō, an Kamigyōstill follae a grid pattern. The day...

    Twin touns — Sister ceeties

    The ceety o Kyoto haes a sister ceetyrelationship wi: 1. Boston, Unitit States 2. Paris, Fraunce(Friendship Pledge ceety) 3. Cologne, Germany 4. Cuzco, Peru 5. Konya, Turkey 6. Prague, Czech Republic 7. Florence, Italy 8. Kiev, Ukraine 9. Xi'an, Fowkrepublic o Cheenae(Friendship ceety) 10. Guadalajara, Mexico 11. Zagreb, Croatie

    Kyoto Archived 2005-07-16 at the Wayback MachineGuide includin interactive cairt & ower 1,300 pictures.
    Kyoto's temples & shrines Archived 2011-09-13 at the Wayback Machine— Information on 26 temples an shrines.
  6. Kyoto - Wikipedia

    ro.wikipedia.org › wiki › Kyoto

    Orașul Kyoto are un dialect aparte (kyō kotoba), cu o istorie lungă, reflectată în rafinata cultură a acestui oraș, capitală imperială a Japoniei pentru mai mult de o mie de ani (794 - 1868), sub numele de Heian-kyō („Capitala păcii și liniștitii”).

    • 1 aprilie 1889
    • 827,83 km²
  7. Kyoto Prefecture - Simple English Wikipedia, the free ...

    simple.wikipedia.org › wiki › Kyoto_Prefecture
    • History
    • Geography
    • Education
    • Shrines and Temples
    • Related Pages
    • Other Websites

    In the Meiji period, Kyoto Prefecture was made from the area of the former Yamashiro Province. From the 7th century through the late-19th century, the city of Kyoto was the Imperial capital of Japan.

    Kyoto Prefecture is almost in the center of Honshū and of Japan. To the north, it faces the Sea of Japan and Fukui Prefecture. To the south, it faces Osaka and Nara Prefectures. To the east, it faces Mie and Shiga Prefectures. To the west, it faces Hyōgo Prefecture.

    Universities

    1. Kyoto University 2. Kyoto University of Education 3. Kyoto Institute of Technology 4. Kyoto University of Foreign Studies 5. Doshisha University 6. Ritsumeikan University 7. Kyoto Sangyo University(Kyoto Industrial University) 8. Ryukoku University 9. Bukkyo University 10. Otani University 11. Kyoto Gakuen University 12. Hanazono University

    National Parks

    National Parks are established in about 6% of the total land area of the prefecture.

    The Kamo Shrines (Kamigamo jinja and Shimogamo jinja) are the chief Shinto shrines (ichinomiya) in the prefecture.

    Media related to Kyoto prefectureat Wikimedia Commons 1. Official Kyoto Prefecture website(in English) 2. Kyoto Prefectural International Center Archived 2012-02-04 at the Wayback Machine 3. Kyoto Prefecture Daily Living Guide Archived 2009-03-12 at the Wayback Machine 4. Kyoto Tourism Federation Archived 2010-11-12 at the Wayback Machine 5. Kyoto Visitors Guide

    • 4,612.71 km² (31st)
    • Kyoto
  8. Kyoto School - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Kyoto_School
    • Overview
    • History
    • Significance of its notable members
    • Criticism

    The Kyoto School is the name given to the Japanese philosophical movement centered at Kyoto University that assimilated Western philosophy and religious ideas and used them to reformulate religious and moral insights unique to the East Asian cultural tradition. However, it is also used to describe postwar scholars who have taught at the same university, been influenced by the foundational thinkers of Kyoto school philosophy, and who have developed distinctive theories of Japanese uniqueness. To

    Masao Abe writes in his introduction to a new English translation of Nishida's magnum opus that if one thinks of philosophy in terms of Kant or Hegel, then there is no philosophy taking place in Japan. But if it is instead thought of in the tradition carried out by Augustine and Kierkegaard, then Japan has a rich philosophical history, composed of the great thinkers Kūkai, Shinran, Dōgen, and others. The group of philosophers involved with the Kyoto School in its nearly 100-year history ...

    The significance of the group continues to grow, especially in American departments of religion and philosophy. Since the mid-1980s, there has been a growing interest in East/West dialogue, especially inter-faith scholarship. Masao Abe traveled to both coasts of the United States on professorships and lectured to many groups on Buddhist-Christian relations. Although Daisetz Teitaro Suzuki was closely connected to the Kyoto School and in some ways critical to the development of thought that occur

    Today, there is a great deal of critical research into the school's role before and during the Second World War. Hajime Tanabe bears the greatest brunt of the criticism for bringing his work on the "Logic of Species" into Japanese politics, which was used to buttress the militarist project to formulate imperialist ideology and propaganda. Tanabe's notion is that the logical category of "species" and nation are equivalent, and each nation or "species" provides a fundamental set of characteristics

  9. Kyoto - Wikipedia bahasa Indonesia, ensiklopedia bebas

    id.wikipedia.org › wiki › Kyoto
    • Sejarah
    • Geografi
    • Distrik
    • Demografi
    • Kebudayaan
    • Perekonomian
    • Universitas Di Kyoto
    • Transportasi
    • Pariwisata
    • Kota Kembar

    Sejarah Kyoto dimulai sejak Kaisar Kammu (kaisar Jepang ke-50) memindahkan ibu kota dari Nagaoka-kyō ke Heian-kyō, akibat Fujiwara Tanetsugu yang menjadi penanggung jawab pembangunan Nagaoka-kyō tewas dibunuh. Ada penjelasan yang mengatakan ibu kota harus dipindahkan ke Kyoto untuk mengatasi pengaruh agama Buddha di Nara yang kekuatannya terpusat di sejumlah kuil-kuil yang disebut Nanto-jiin(南都寺院). Penjelasan lain mengatakan ibu kota perlu dipindahkan dari ibu kota kekaisaran milik garis keturunan Kaisar Temmu ke ibu kota baru untuk kaisar dari garis keturunan Kaisar Tenji. Heian-kyō dibangun dengan mematuhi prinsip feng shui. Kyoto dikelilingi gunung-gunung di empat penjuru angin. Di sebelah timur terdapat Sungai Kamo, di sebelah barat terdapat Sungai Katsura yang alirannya meliuk-liuk ke sebelah selatan. Istana didirikan di tengah kota dan wilayah kota dibagi ke dalam blok-blok berbentuk persegi empat meniru model ibu kota istana di Tiongkok. Di tengah-tengah kota terdapat jalan r...

    Kyoto terletak di bagian selatan dari Prefektur Kyoto. Di dalam kota mengalir beberapa sungai seperti Kamogawa (alirannya bersatu dengan Takanogawa di tengah) di timur, Katsuragawa di barat, dan Ujigawa di selatan. Posisinya berada di Lembah Kyoto (disebut juga Lembah Yamashiro). Lembah Yamashiro sendiri dikelilingi oleh tiga buah gunung, yaitu Higashiyama, Kitayama, dan Nishiyama, dengan ketinggian sekitar 1000 m di atas permukaan laut. Karena letaknya yang dikelilingi pegunungan ini, iklimnya bersifat iklim darat, menyebabkan perbedaan suhu antara siang dan malam, antara musim dingin dan musim panaslumayan besar. Bagian pusat kota didesain terkotak-kotak seperti papan catur, dengan bentuk jalan yang sebagian besar lurus. Setiap jalan memiliki nama-nama tersendiri, dan sebagian besar persimpangan diberi nama sesuai dengan nama jalan yang bertemu. Saat ini pusat bisnis berada di bagian selatan dari Kyoto Gosho, dengan bagian utara yang lebih tidak berpenduduk memiliki suasana lebih...

    Kyoto mempunyai 11 distrik (ku): 1. Fushimi-ku 2. Higashiyama-ku 3. Kamigyo-ku 4. Kita-ku 5. Minami-ku 6. Nakagyo-ku 7. Nishikyo-ku 8. Sakyo-ku 9. Shimogyo-ku 10. Ukyo-ku 11. Yamashina-ku

    Hingga 2017, kota Kyoto mempunyai jumlah penduduk sebesar 1.472.027 jiwa dan kepadatan penduduk sebesar 1.778,18 orang per km². Total luas wilayahnya adalah 827,83 km².

    Meskipun mengalami banyak perang, kebakaran, dan gempa bumi pada saat menjadi ibu kota pada abad ke-11, Kyoto selamat dari pengeboman pada perang dunia II. Memiliki sekitar 2000 kuil Shinto dan Budha, ditambah lagi dengan istana, taman, dan peninggalan arsitektur lainnya, Kyoto dikenal sebagai salah satu kota paling terjaga budayanya di Jepang. Beberapa kuil di Kyoto yang terkenal di seluruh Jepang antara lain Kiyomizu-dera, Kinkaku-ji, Ginkaku-ji, dan Ryoan-ji. Heian-Jingu, sebuah kuil Shinto, didirikan pada tahun 1895untuk merayakan keluarga kerajaan yang untuk pertama dan terakhir kalinya tinggal di Kyoto. Warisan sejarah Kyoto kuno merupakan salah satu peninggalan bersejarah yang ditetapkan UNESCO sebagai salah satu warisan budaya dunia. Yang termasuk di dalamnya antara lain Kuil Kamo (Kami dan Shimo), Kyō-ō-Gokokuji (Tō-ji), Kiyomizu-dera, Daigo-ji, Ninna-ji, Saihō-ji (Kokedera), Tenryū-ji, Rokuon-ji (Kinkaku-ji), Jishō-ji (Ginkaku-ji), Ryōan-ji, Hongan-ji, Kōzan-ji dan Istana...

    Aspek paling penting pada perekonomian Kyoto adalah pariwisata. Peninggalan kebudayaan yang terletak di kota ini merupakan tujuan wisata favorit bagi rombongan pelajar dari seluruh Jepang, selain banyak turis dari luar Jepang. Pada tahun 2007, pemerintah kota mengumumkan jumlah pelancong yang mengunjungi Kyoto, yang selalu mencetak rekor baru untuk 6 tahun berturut turut. Selain itu, kota ini juga terpilih sebagai kota terindah kedua di Jepang menurut survey lokal. Perindustrian di kota ini sebagian besar ditopang oleh industri kecil, yang kebanyakan merupakan pengrajin benda-benda tradisional. Kimonoproduksi terkenal merupakan salah satu kimono yang terkenal, dan Kyoto saat ini merupakan produsen utama kimono. Bisnis benda-benda tradisional seperti ini terus menurun pada beberapa tahun terakhir, seiring dengan menurunnya minat akan benda-benda tradisional. Industri besar yang ada di Kyoto hanyalah elektronik. Kota ini merupakan pusat dari beberapa produsen elektronik raksasa sepert...

    Kyoto dikenal sebagai kota pelajar di Jepang. Di Kyoto terdapat lebih dari 37 universitas dan akademi. Tiga universitas terbesar dan paling terkenal yang ada di Kyoto adalah Universitas Kyoto, Universitas Dōshisha dan Universitas Ritsumeikan. Universitas Kyoto dianggap sebagai salah satu perguruan tinggi negeri yang paling prestisius di Jepang dan telah menghasilkan beberapa penerima hadiah Nobel.

    Stasiun kereta api Kyoto merupakan pusat dari transportasi untuk seluruh kota. Stasiun ini merupakan stasiun kereta api terbesar kedua di Jepang, dengan dilengkapi pusat perbelanjaan (yang paling besar adalah ISETAN), hotel, bioskop, dan beberapa bagian dari kantor pemerintahan lokal, semuanya terletak di satu atap dalam bangunan setinggi 15 lantai. Stasiun ini dihubungkan dengan Shinkansendan beberapa jalur lokal serta kereta bawah tanah. Kyoto dapat dicapai dengan kereta Shinkansen, dua jam lebih dari Tokyo dan sekitar 15 menit dari Osaka. Jaringan kereta JR, Keihan, Hankyu, dan Kintetsu menghubungan Kyoto dengan kota-kota lain di daerah Kansai. Kereta ekspress JR Haruka menghubungkan Bandar Udara Internasional Kansai dengan Stasiun JR Kyoto. Untuk transportasi dalam kota, bus lebih banyak digunakan karena jaringannya yang luas dan menjangkau hampir seluruh kota, meski ada juga beberapa jalur kereta api dan kereta bawah tanah. Terminal bus terletak di depan Stasiun kereta api Kyot...

    Kyoto yang sarat dengan peninggalan budaya merupakan tujuan pariwisata budaya paling utama di Jepang. Kyoto selalu indah sepanjang tahun, salju di musim dingin, mekarnya bunga Sakura di musim semi, bukit-bukit yang sejuk di musim panas, dan pemandangan warna-warni daun musim gugur.

    Kyoto mempunyai hubungan kota kembar dengan: 1. Boston, Massachusetts, Amerika Serikat 2. Paris, Prancis 3. Cologne, Jerman 4. Firenze, Italia 5. Kiev, Ukraina 6. Xi'an, Republik Rakyat Tiongkok 7. Guadalajara, Meksiko 8. Zagreb, Kroasia 9. Praha, Republik Ceko

  10. Kyoto Animation arson attack - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Kyoto_Animation_arson_attack
    • Background
    • Incident
    • Victims
    • Suspect
    • Aftermath
    • Reactions
    • See Also

    Kyoto Animation is one of Japan's most acclaimed anime studios, known for titles such as The Melancholy of Haruhi Suzumiya, K-On! and Clannad. It has several different locations in Kyoto: Studio 1 (in Fushimi ward); Studio 2 (the head office), and Studio 5. Their merchandise development division is in Uji, one train station away from Studio 1. The building was used mainly by the animation production staff, and was constructed in 2007. A few weeks before the attack, Kyoto Animation had received a number of death threats. Company president Hideaki Hatta said they did not know if the threats were related to the incident, as they were sent anonymously, but he had informed police and lawyers of them. They reportedly received up to 200 threats in the year before the attack. After the policewere informed of these threats in October 2018, they temporarily patrolled the head office at the time.

    The fire began with an explosion at around 10:31 a.m. (01:31 UTC) when the perpetrator walked into Studio 1 and set the building on fire with 40 litres (8.8 imp gal; 11 US gal) of gasoline. The perpetrator bought the gasoline 10 km (6.2 mi) away from the building, and it was believed that he walked to the building with the gasoline being carried on a platform trolley. The police believed that the gasoline planted on site mixed with the air, causing the explosion at the start. He is reported to have been shouting "Die!"(Japanese: 死ね, Hepburn: shi-ne)as he carried out the attack. The perpetrator also poured gasoline over some individuals before setting them alight—setting himself on fire in the process—causing them to run out into the street in flames. As the fire grew by the entrance, staff members were trapped inside the building. 20 bodies were found on the stairs from the third floor to the roof, evidently indicating that the victims were attempting to escape. Dr. Tomoaki Nishino,...

    There were 70 people inside the building at the time of the fire. Initially it was reported that 34 people had been killed before two more later died at a hospital.[b] Some victims were difficult to identify, according to the Kyoto police, because they had been burned beyond recognition. Autopsy results released on 22 July 2019 revealed that a majority of victims had succumbed to burns (rather than carbon monoxide poisoning) due to the quick-spreading fire. DNA testing was done to aid in identifications, which lasted up to a week after the arson attack. It was reported that two-thirds of the victims (at least 20) were women, as the studio was known for hiring female animators. The president of Kyoto Animation asked the media through the police not to release the names of the victims out of respect for their families, stating that "releasing their names does nothing to serve the public good."On 25 July, the Kyoto police said they had identified all 34 victims and had started to retur...

    Shinji Aoba(Japanese: 青葉 真司, Hepburn: Aoba Shinji), an unemployed 41-year-old man, was identified as the suspect by police and a warrant was quickly issued for his arrest. According to locals, a man who resembled Aoba was spotted near the studio days before the incident. He was also reported to have visited several places of interest related to Sound! Euphonium around the city in days prior to the attack. Following the attack, Aoba fled the scene after being chased by employees of the studio but was apprehended by the Kyoto Prefectural Police near Rokujizō Station of Keihan Electric Railway, about 100 metres (330 ft) from the studio;Aoba was then taken to a hospital with severe burns to the legs, chest, and face. During his transport to the hospital, he admitted to having started the fire, possibly for revenge, accusing the studio of "ripping off" or "plagiarising"(Japanese: パクリ やがって, Hepburn: pakuri yagatte) his novels.[d] In spite of this, Hatta had initially stated that there is...

    One month after the arson attack, the victims began to return to work at the other Kyoto Animation studio.As of October 2019, while the number of Kyoto Animation employees decreased from 176 to 137, 27 of the surviving 33 victims returned to work with several having decided to take extended breaks to cope with the stress and anxiety brought by the attack. The company has issued an official statement, requesting respect for the victims and their family members, and also stating that all future statements will be either through the police or their lawyers. The demolition process of the building was completed on 28 April 2020, with no further plans for the site revealed. In an earlier interview, Kyoto Animation's president Hideaki Hatta stated that he was considering replacing the building with a green public park and a memorial monument.However, residents in the neighbourhood did not wish for a memorial to be built as it would destroy "the peaceful lifestyle [of local residents]". Due...

    Kyoto Animation accepted direct donations through a local bank account to help the victims of the attack from 23 July 2019 to 27 December 2019. Eventually, the bank account had accumulated approximately ¥3.3 billion. The donations included separate ¥10 million donations from Japanese musician Yoshiki and game developer Key. It was estimated that the company would require as much as ¥10 billion to cover the cost of supporting the victims and affected families and company-related business operating recovery expenses.As of November 2019, the company has begun the process of distributing the funds raised to the victims, with each victim receiving an appropriate amount after factoring various considerations such as severity of injuries, whether the victim is a sole breadwinner, etc.

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