Lombardy (/ ˈ l ɒ m b ər d i, ˈ l ʌ m-/ LOM-bər-dee, LUM-; Italian: Lombardia [lombarˈdiːa]; Lombard: Lombardia, Western Lombard: [lũbɐ̞rˈdiːɑ], Eastern Lombard: [lombɐ̞rˈdiːɑ, -ˈdeːɑ]) is one of the twenty administrative regions of Italy, in the northwest of the country, with an area of 23,844 square kilometres (9,206 sq mi).
In the Italian language, Lombardy is called Lombardia. This name comes from an old German word: Langbardland and means "country of the Lombards".
In the north of Lombardy there are very high mountains, (40% of the territory is mountains) the highest mountains are almost 4.000 meters in the Bernina Range. In the south of the region flows the Po river, which is the longest river in Italy. The most important rivers are the Adda river, the Mincio and the Ticino river, all of them end in the Po river. There are also a lot of lakes, the largest are the lake Maggiore, the Lake of Varese, the lake Como, and the lake Garda.
Lombardy is divided into 12 provinces: 1. Bergamo 2. Brescia 3. Como 4. Cremona 5. Lecco 6. Lodi 7. Mantova 8. Milano 9. Monza e Brianza 10. Pavia 11. Sondrio 12. Varese
Lombardy (Italian: Lombardia Italian pronunciation: [lombarˈdiːa], Wastren Lombard: Lumbardìa, Eastren Lombard: Lombardia) is ane o the 20 regions o Italy. The caipital is Milan . Ane-saxt o Italy's population lives in Lombardy an aboot ane fift o Italy's GDP is producit in this region, makkin it the maist populous an richest region in the ...
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- Formative years
- Early career
- Semi-retirement from chess
- Later career
William James Joseph Lombardy was an American chess grandmaster, chess writer, teacher, and former Catholic priest. He was one of the leading American chess players during the 1950s and 1960s, and a contemporary of Bobby Fischer, whom he coached during the World Chess Championship 1972. He won the World Junior Championship in 1957, the only person to win that tournament with a perfect score. Lombardy led the U.S. Student Team to Gold in the 1960 World Student Team Championship in Leningrad.
Lombardy grew up at 838 Beck Street, Bronx, New York City, in an apartment with his parents and two other families. "Bill recalls that his family had financial problems when he was young. His parents both worked and they all shared an apartment with his grandmother, an aunt and a cousin, until his second year in grammar school, when they moved to their own apartment." Shortly after World War II, Lombardy and his family moved to 961 Faile Street. Lombardy recalled of his new apartment: I remember
According to Jack Collins, "Bill's chess ability developed rapidly." Lombardy won the 1954 New York State Championship with a score of 9/11, and tied for first with Larry Evans at the 1956 Canadian Open Chess Championship. He then played and lost a match versus grandmaster Samuel Reshevsky by the score of 3½–2½, and, in the same year, played second board for the World Student Team Championship in Uppsala, Sweden, going undefeated, and scoring 7/9. In 1957, Lombardy became the first ...
Lombardy finished second in the 1960–61 U.S. Championship behind Bobby Fischer and ahead of Raymond Weinstein in a star-studded field. With this result, Lombardy qualified to compete in the Interzonal tournament to be held in Stockholm for the right to advance to a match for the world championship. However, Lombardy decided to retire from tournament competition and become a Roman Catholic priest. Before retiring, he lost a match to Larry Evans by the score of 5½–4½. At the 1961 Zurich ...
In 1971, Lombardy gave a simultaneous exhibition and lecture at the U.S. Military Academy at West Point. In 1974, Lombardy tied for second in The USA Open Championship, with 9½/12, going undefeated. Lombardy tied for first with Pal Benko in The USA Open Championship in Lincoln, Nebraska, in 1975. Lombardy tied for fifth–sixth place with 6/9 in The Lone Pine Open in 1977. In 1978 and 1979, Lombardy served as the lead instructor at an "all day", week-long chess camp at Michigan State ...
The Kingdom of Lombardy–Venetia, commonly called the "Lombardo-Venetian Kingdom", was a constituent land of the Austrian Empire. It was created in 1815 by resolution of the Congress of Vienna in recognition of the Austrian House of Habsburg-Lorraine's rights to Lombardy and the former Republic of Venice after the Napoleonic Kingdom of Italy, proclaimed in 1805, had collapsed. It was finally dissolved in 1866 when its remaining territory was incorporated into the recently proclaimed...
In the Treaty of Paris in 1814 the Austrians had confirmed their claims to the territories of the former Lombard Duchy of Milan, which had been ruled by the Habsburg Monarchy since 1714 and together with the adjacent Duchy of Mantua by the Austrian branch of the dynasty from 1708 to 1796, and of the former Republic of Venice, which had been under Austrian rule intermittently upon the 1797 Treaty of Campo Formio.
Administratively the Kingdom of Lombardy–Venetia comprised two independent governments in its two parts, which officially were declared separate crown lands in 1851. Each part was further subdivided in several provinces, roughly corresponding with the départements of the Napoleonic Kingdom of Italy.
- Monuments and places of interest
Breno is an Italian comune of 4,986 inhabitants in Val Camonica, province of Brescia, in Lombardy.
It is bounded by other communes of Niardo, Bagolino, Bienno, Braone, Ceto, Cividate Camuno, Condino, Daone, Losine, Malegno, Niardo, Prestine. The town of Breno stands in a north-south gorge, between the castle hill and the Corno Cerreto, on the left bank of the river Oglio. According to professor Fedele the gorge was once the bed of the Oglio.
On top of the castle hill a house dating back to the Neolithic was discovered. In the locality Spinera, at the river Oglio, there is the Sanctuary of Minerva of the first century CE, which was ruined in the fifth century. In the Middle Ages the Castle of Breno had two towers, one belonging to the Guelph family Ronchi, the other to the Ghibelline family Alberzoni. In the 1397 peace of Breno between Guelphs and Ghibellines, the representatives of the community of Breno sided both with the Ghibelli
The Castle of Breno rises over a hill inhabited already in prehistoric times. It was the main bastion for the control of Valle Camonica until the seventeenth century.
The scütüm are in camunian dialect nicknames, sometimes personal, elsewhere showing the characteristic features of a community. The one which characterize the people of Breno is Maia càrte or Pèla pàsser
The Museo Archeologico della Valle Camonica is located in Breno, also known as the Museo Camuna, and contains artifacts and artworks documenting the history of the region. Among the painting collection, are works by: 1. Emilian 14th century master - I sette dormienti nella spelon
- Main sights
- Twin towns
Dongo is a comune in the Province of Como in the Italian region Lombardy. It lies on the northwestern shore of Lake Como between Gravedona and Musso at the mouth of the Albano. It is 70 kilometres north of Milan and about 40 kilometres northeast of Como. It was in Dongo, on 27 April 1945, that Benito Mussolini and other fascists, fleeing from Milan towards Valtellina, were captured by Urbano Lazzaro and other partisans. Dongo borders the following municipalities: Colico, Consiglio di Rumo, Garze
The Palazzo del Vescovo was erected in the 17th century by the family of the Marquis Cossoni. In 1854, Carlo Romanò, the Bishop of Como, acquired the building from the Cossoni family. In 1983 the Town of Dongo purchased the building. The citizens of Dongo, assisted ...
The Palazzo Manzi, facing across the main square on the lake front, now serves as the Municipio for the comune. Its ground floor houses the Museo della Fine della Guerra, reopened after refurbishment in April 2014 and formerly known as the Museo della Resistenza. The museum provi
Dongo is twinned with Arromanches-les-Bains in Normandy.
Lombard nationalism is a nationalist, but primarily regionalist, movement active primarily in Lombardy, Italy. It seeks more autonomy or even independence from Italy for Lombardy and, possibly, all the lands that are linguistically or historically Lombard. During the 1990s, it was strictly connected with Padanian nationalism .
- Pambangsang Monumentu
- Larawan Galleria
- Suglung Palwal
Ing Lombardy makadake ya kareng labingaduang lalawigan: 1. Bergamo 2. Brescia 3. Como 4. Cremona 5. Lecco 6. Lodi 7. Mantova 8. Milano 9. Monza e Brianza 10. Pavia 11. Sondrio 12. Varese
Lalawigan ning Bergamo 1. Bergamo 1.1. Casa natale di Gaetano Donizetti(r.d. n. 338 del 28/01/1926) 2. Capriate San Gervasio 2.1. Cimitero di Crespi d'Adda 100px 3. Credaro 3.1. Chiesetta di San Fermo di Valcalepio 4. Pontida 4.1. Abbazia di Pontida (d.p.r. n. 1488 del 24/12/1954) 5. Tavernola Bergamasca 5.1. Chiesetta di San Michele a Cambianica 6. Trescore Balneario 6.1. Torre del castello Suardi al Niardo 7. Viadanica 7.1. Chiesetta, canonica e cimitero di Sant'Alessandro in Canzanica Lalawigan ning Brescia 1. Breno 1.1. chiesa di Sant'Antonio 2. Carpenedolo 2.1. Torre Vecchia (1917) 3. Darfo Boario Terme 3.1. Ponte di Montecchio, 3.2. Chiesa dell'Oratorio di Montecchio 4. Gardone Riviera 4.1. Vittoriale degli Italiani(r.d. n. 1050 del 28/05/1925 Lalawigan ning Como 1. Cantù 1.1. Basilica di San Vincenzo di Galliano e battistero di San Giovanni 2. Como 2.1. Camnago Volta, Casa natale di Alessandro Volta(r.d. n. 1089 del 17/08/1942) 2.2. Camnago Volta, Tomba di Alessandro Volta(r....
1. Provincia di Bergamo 2. Provincia di Brescia 3. Provincia di Como 4. Provincia di Cremona 5. Provincia di Lecco 6. Provincia di Lodi 7. Provincia di Mantova 8. Provincia di Milano 9. Provincia di Pavia 10. Provincia di Varese 11. Provincia di Sondrio
1. Università degli Studi di Milano 2. Università degli Studi Milano Bicocca(Milan-Monza) 3. Milan's Politecnic 4. Università Bocconi(Milan) 5. Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore(Milan) 6. Università degli Studi di Bergamo 7. Università degli Studi di Brescia 8. Università degli Studi di Mantova 9. Università degli Studi di Pavia 10. Università Carlo Cattaneo LIUC(Castellanza) 11. Università degli Studi dell'Insubria(Varese-Como)