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  1. Newton (unit) - Wikipedia › wiki › Newton_(unit)

    The newton (symbol: N) is the International System of Units (SI) derived unit of force.It is named after Isaac Newton in recognition of his work on classical mechanics, specifically Newton's second law of motion.

  2. Isaac Newton - Wikipedia › wiki › Isaac_Newton

    Isaac Newton was born (according to the Julian calendar, in use in England at the time) on Christmas Day, 25 December 1642 (NS 4 January 1643) "an hour or two after midnight", at Woolsthorpe Manor in Woolsthorpe-by-Colsterworth, a hamlet in the county of Lincolnshire. His father, also named Isaac Newton, had died three months before.

  3. Isaac Newton (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) › entries › newton
    • Newton's Early Years
    • Newton's Years at Cambridge Prior to Principia
    • Newton's Final Years at Cambridge
    • Newton's Years in London and His Final Years

    Newton was born into a Puritan family in Woolsthorpe, a small villagein Linconshire near Grantham, on 25 December 1642 (old calendar), a fewdays short of one year after Galileo died. Isaac's father, afarmer, died two months before Isaac was born. When his motherHannah married the 63 year old Barnabas Smith three years later andmoved to her new husband's residence, Isaac was left behind with hismaternal grandparents. (Isaac learned to read and write from hismaternal grandmother and mother, both of whom, unlike his father, wereliterate.) Hannah returned to Woolsthorpe with three new children in1653, after Smith died. Two years later Isaac went to boardingschool in Grantham, returning full time to manage the farm, not verysuccessfully, in 1659. Hannah's brother, who had received an M.A.from Cambridge, and the headmaster of the Grantham school thenpersuaded his mother that Isaac should prepare for theuniversity. After further schooling at Grantham, he enteredTrinity College in 1661, som...

    Newton's initial education at Cambridge was classical, focusing(primarily through secondary sources) on Aristotlean rhetoric, logic,ethics, and physics. By 1664, Newton had begun reaching beyond thestandard curriculum, reading, for example, the 1656 Latin edition ofDescartes's Opera philosophica, which included theMeditations, Discourse on Method, theDioptrics, and the Principles of Philosophy. Byearly 1664 he had also begun teaching himself mathematics, takingnotes on works by Oughtred, Viète, Wallis, and Descartes— the latter via van Schooten's Latin translation, withcommentary, of the Géométrie. Newton spent allbut three months from the summer of 1665 until the spring of 1667 athome in Woolsthorpe when the university was closed because of theplague. This period was his so-called annusmirabilis. During it, he made his initial experimentaldiscoveries in optics and developed (independently of Huygens'streatment of 1659) the mathematical theory of uniform circular motion,in the proce...

    The years between the publication of the Principia andNewton's permanent move to London in 1696 were marked by hisincreasing disenchantment with his situation in Cambridge. In January1689, following the Glorious Revolution at the end of 1688, he waselected to represent Cambridge University in the ConventionParliament, which he did until January 1690. During this time heformed friendships with John Locke and Nicolas Fatio de Duillier, andin the summer of 1689 he finally met Christiaan Huygens face to facefor two extended discussions. Perhaps because of disappointment withHuygens not being convinced by the argument for universal gravity, inthe early 1690s Newton initiated a radical rewriting of thePrincipia. During these same years he wrote (but withheld)his principal treatise in alchemy, Praxis; he correspondedwith Richard Bentley on religion and allowed Locke to read some of hiswritings on the subject; he once again entered into an effort to puthis work on the calculus in a form sui...

    Newton thus became a figure of imminent authority in London over therest of his life, in face-to-face contact with individuals of power andimportance in ways that he had not known in his Cambridge years.His everyday home life changed no less dramatically when hisextraordinarily vivacious teenage niece, Catherine Barton, the daughterof his half-sister Hannah, moved in with him shortly after he moved toLondon, staying until she married John Conduitt in 1717, and after thatremaining in close contact. (It was through her and her husbandthat Newton's papers came down to posterity.) Catherine wassocially prominent among the powerful and celebrated among the literatifor the years before she married, and her husband was among thewealthiest men of London. The London years saw Newton embroiled in some nasty disputes, probablymade the worse by the ways in which he took advantage of his positionof authority in the Royal Society. In the first years of hisPresidency he became involved in a disput...

  4. Isaac Newton - Quotes, Facts & Laws - Biography › scientist › isaac-newton

    Nov 05, 2020 · Isaac Newton was a physicist and mathematician who developed the principles of modern physics, including the laws of motion and is credited as one of the great minds of the 17th-century Scientific...

    • 4 min
  5. newton | Definition & Facts | Britannica › science › newton-unit-of

    One newton is equal to a force of 100,000 dynes in the centimetre-gram-second (CGS) system, or a force of about 0.2248 pound in the foot-pound-second (English, or customary) system. The newton was named for Sir Isaac Newton, whose second law of motion describes the changes that a force can produce in the motion of a body.

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  7. Newton (unit) - Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia › wiki › Newton_(unit)

    1 Newton is equal to the amount of force required to accelerate an object at a rate of 1 metre per second, every second. One newton is the force needed to accelerate one kilogram of mass at the rate of one metre per second squared in direction of the applied force.

  8. Newton News; JUNE 8, 2021 PRIMARY ELECTION INFORMATION SHEET . Read on... 5/22 - SCMUA E-WASTE COLLECTION EVENT . Read on... /CivicAlerts.aspx. Calendar of Events

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