Romani people constitute one of Romania's largest minorities. According to the 2011 census, their number was 621,000 people or 3.3% of the total population, being the second-largest ethnic minority in Romania after Hungarians. There are different estimates about the size of the total population of people with Romani ancestry in Romania, varying from 4.6 percent to over 10 percent of the population, because many people of Romani descent do not declare themselves Roma.
The Romani people originate from northern India, presumably...
In Romani, the native language of the Romani, the word for...
The Romani(also spelled Romany/ˈroʊməni/, /ˈrɒ-/), colloquially known as Roma, are an Indo-Aryanethnic group, traditionally nomadic itinerantsliving mostly in Europe, and diaspora populations in the Americas. The Romani as a people originate from the northern Indian subcontinent,from the Rajasthan, Haryana, and Punjabregions of India.
- 205,007–825,000 (0.58%)
- 105,000 (0.13%)
- 225,000 (0.36%)
- Early records
- Arrival in Europe
- Romani nationalism
The Romani people, also referred to depending on the sub-group as Roma, Sinti or Sindhi, or Kale are an Indo-Aryan ethnic group, who live primarily in Europe. They originated in northwest regions of the India and left sometime between the 6th and 11th century to work in Middle Eastern courts of their own volition, or as slaves. A small number of nomadic groups were cut off from their return to the subcontinent by conflicts and moved west, eventually settling in Europe, the Byzantine Empire and N
The Romani have been described by Diana Muir Appelbaum as unique among peoples because they have never identified themselves with a territory; they have no tradition of an ancient and distant homeland from which their ancestors migrated, nor do they claim the right to national sovereignty in any of the lands where they reside. Rather, Romani identity is bound up with the ideal of freedom expressed, in part, in having no ties to a homeland. The absence of a written history has meant that the orig
Many ancient historians mention a tribe by the name of Sigynnae on various locations in Europe. Early records of itinerant populations from India begin as early as the Sassanid period. British linguist Donald Kenrick notes the first recorded presence of Zott in Baghdad in AD 420, Khaneikin in AD 834. Contemporary scholars have suggested one of the first written references to the Romanies, under the term "Atsingani",, dates from the Byzantine era during a time of famine in the 9th century. In the
In 1323 Simon Simeonis, an Irish Franciscan friar, described people in likeness to the "atsingani" living in Crete: We also saw outside this city a tribe of people, who worship according to the Greek rite, and assert themselves to be of the race of Cain. These people rarely or never stop in one place for more than thirty days, but always, as if cursed by God, are nomad and outcast. After the thirtieth day they wander from field to field with small, oblong, black, and low tents, like those of the
Romanies began immigrating to the United States in colonial times, with small groups in Virginia and French Louisiana. Larger-scale immigration began in the 1860s, with groups of Romnichal from Britain.
A small Roma nationalist movement exists. The first World Romani Congress was organized in 1971 near London, funded in part by the World Council of Churches and the Government of India. It was attended by representatives from India and 20 other countries. At the congress, the green and blue flag from the 1933 conference, embellished with the red, sixteen-spoked chakra, was reaffirmed as the national emblem of the Romani people, and the anthem, "Gelem, Gelem" was adopted. The International Romani
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Ronald Lee – (born 1934, in Montreal), Canadian Romani novelist, activist and U.N. delegate Mihály Lukács – (1954–2012) Hungarian politician Washington Luís – Brazilian president of Portuguese and Romani descent
Notable Romani people living or born in the area of present-day Slovakia Vierka Berkyová, a singer (1991–) Panna Cinka, a violinist (1711?–1772) Ondrej Rigo, a serial killer (1955–) Rytmus, a rapper (1977–)
The exact numbers of Romani people in France are not known, with estimates varying from 20,000 to 400,000. The French Romani rights group FNASAT reports that at least 12,000 Romani, who have immigrated from Romania and Bulgaria, live in unofficial urban camps throughout the country. French authorities often attempt to close down these encampments.
In the 2001 census 205,720 people called themselves Romani, but experts and Romani organisations estimate that there are between 450,000 and 1,000,000 Romani living in Hungary.   Studies from the 1990s show that the majority of Romani in Hungary grow up with Hungarian as their mother tongue.
There have been Romani people in Croatia for more than 600 years and they are concentrated mostly in the northern regions of the country. The 2011 Croatian census found 16,675 Romani in Croatia or 0.4% of the population. In 2001, more than half of the Romani population was located in the Međimurje County and the City of Zagreb. A considerable number of Romani refugees in Croatia are from the ethnic conflict in Bosnia. In the 2011 census, the largest religious groups among the Romani were ...
Romani people in Germany are estimated to around 170,000-300,000, constituting around 0.02-0.04% of the population.One-third of Germany Romani belong to the Sinti group. The majority of Romani in Germany lack German citizenship, having immigrated mostly from Hungary, Slovakia, Czech Republic, Romania, Albania, and Kosovo, and the other countries of former Yugoslavia, and few from Turkey.
Romanian väestöstä katso artikkeli romanialaiset. Romanit ovat pohjoisen Intian alueelta joskus vuosien 400–1100 välillä lähtenyt kansa, joka on levittäytynyt eri puolille maapalloa. Kaakkois-Eurooppaan romanit tulivat 1300-luvulla, ja 1400-luvulla heitä alkoi siirtyä Länsi-Eurooppaan ja myöhemmin myös Suomeen.