Shamanism is a religious practice that involves a practitioner who is believed to interact with a spirit world through altered states of consciousness, such as trance.   The goal of this is usually to direct these spirits or spiritual energies into the physical world, for healing or another purpose.
Shamanism is a practice where a practitioner reaches altered states of consciousness. Supposedly, the shaman perceives and interacts with a spirit world, and channels these energies into this world. A shaman is a person regarded as having access to, and influence in, the world of good and bad spirits.
Traditional Sámi spiritual practices and beliefs are based on a type of animism, polytheism, and what anthropologists may consider shamanism. The religious traditions can vary considerably from region to region within Sápmi. Traditional Sámi religion is generally considered to be Animism.
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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Wikimedia Commons has media related to Shamanism. The main article for this category is Shamanism.
- Types and roles of shamans
- Myths about the origin of the shamans
Korean shamanism or Korean folk religion, also known as Shinism or Sinism or Shindo, is the polytheistic and animistic ethnic religion of Korea which dates back to prehistory and consists of the worship of gods and ancestors as well as nature spirits. When referring specifically to the shamanic practice, the term Muism is used. The general word for "shaman" in Korean is mu. In contemporary terminology, they are called mudang if female or baksu if male, although other terms are used locally. The
Besides "Shinism" and "Muism", other terms used to define Korean shamanism include Goshindo, used in the context of the new religious movement of Daejongism, and Pungwoldo, used by the Confucian scholar Choe Chiwon between the 9th and the 10th century. Shamanic associations in mo
The Korean word 무 mu is related to the Chinese term 巫 wu, which defines shamans of either sex, and likely also to the Mongolic "Bo" and Tibetan "Bon". Already in records from the Yi dynasty, mudang has a prevalent usage. Mudang itself is explained in relation to Chinese ...
There are four basic categories of Korean shamans, referred to by the dominant local name for shamans. The mudang-type shamans are traditionally found in northern Korea: the provinces of Hamgyong, Pyongan, Hwanghae, and northern Gyeonggi, including the capital of Seoul. They are
People who become shamans are believed to be "chosen" by gods or spirits through a spiritual experience known as shinbyeong, a form of ecstasy, which entails the possession from a god and a "self-loss". This state is said to manifest in symptoms of physical pain and psychosis. Be
Korean shamanic narratives include a number of myths that discuss the origins of shamans or the shamanic religion. These include, the Princess Bari myth, the Gongsim myth, and the Chogong bon-puri myth.
The gut or kut are the rites performed by Korean shamans, involving offerings and sacrifices to gods and ancestors. They are characterised by rhythmic movements, songs, oracles and prayers. These rites are meant to create welfare, promoting commitment between the spirits and huma
Purity of both the body and the mind is a state that is required for taking part in rituals. Purification is considered necessary for an efficacious communion between living people and ancestral forms. Before any gut is performed, the altar is always purified by fire and water, a
Korean shamanism goes back to prehistoric times, pre-dating the introduction of Buddhism and Confucianism, and the influence of Taoism, in Korea. It is similar to Chinese Wuism. Vestiges of temples dedicated to gods and spirits have been found on tops and slopes of many mountains in the peninsula. Although many Koreans converted to Buddhism when it was introduced to the peninsula in the 4th century, and adopted as the state religion in Silla and Goryeo, it remained a minor religion compared to K
- Songs, music
- Grouped by linguistic relatedness
A large minority of people in North Asia, particularly in Siberia, follow the religio-cultural practices of shamanism. Some researchers regard Siberia as the heartland of shamanism. The people of Siberia comprise a variety of ethnic groups, many of whom continue to observe shamanistic practices in modern times. Many classical ethnographers recorded the sources of the idea of "shamanism" among Siberian peoples.
Siberian shamans' spirit-journeys were conducted in, e.g., Oroch, Altai, and Nganasan healing séances.
As mentioned above, shamanistic practice shows great diversity, even if restricted to Siberia. In some cultures, the music or song related to shamanistic practice may mimic natural sounds, sometimes with onomatopoeia. This holds true for the practices of the noaidi among Sami groups. Although the Sami people live outside of Siberia, many of their shamanistic beliefs and practice shared important features with those of some Siberian cultures. The joiks of the Sami were sung on shamanistic rites.
Uralic languages are proven to form a genealogical unit, a language family. Not all speakers of these languages live in Siberia or have shamanistic religions. The largest populations, the Hungarians and Finns, live outside Siberia and are mostly Christian. Saami people had kept s
Traditional culture of Ket people was researched by Matthias Castrén, Vasiliy Ivanovich Anuchin, Kai Donner, Hans Findeisen, Yevgeniya Alekseyevna Alekseyenko. Shamanism was a living practice in the 1930s yet, but by the 1960s almost no authentic shaman could be found. Ket ...
Turkic peoples spread over large territories, and are far from alike. In some cases, shamanism has been widely amalgamated with Islam, in others with Buddhism, but there are surviving traditions among the Siberian Tatars, Tuvans and Tofalar. The Altai Turks may be related to neig
- Meaning of wu
- Early history
- Qing period
- Northeast shamanism
Chinese shamanism, alternatively called Wuism, refers to the shamanic religious tradition of China. Its features are especially connected to the ancient Neolithic cultures such as the Hongshan culture. Chinese shamanic traditions are intrinsic to Chinese folk religion. Seal script Great Seal script Bronzeware script Ideograms of wu 巫 in different ancient Chinese scripts. Various ritual traditions are rooted in original Chinese shamanism: contemporary Chinese ritual masters are sometimes...
The Chinese word wu 巫 "shaman, wizard", indicating a person who can mediate with the powers generating things, was first recorded during the Shang dynasty, when a wu could be either sex. During the late Zhou dynasty wu was used to specify "female shaman; sorceress" as opposed to xi 覡 "male shaman; sorcerer". Other sex-differentiated shaman names include nanwu 男巫 for "male shaman; sorcerer; wizard"; and nüwu 女巫, wunü 巫女, wupo 巫婆, and wuyu 巫嫗 for "female shaman ...
The Chinese religion from the Shang dynasty onwards developed around ancestral worship. The main gods from this period are not forces of nature in the Sumerian way, but deified virtuous men. The ancestors of the emperors were called di, and the greatest of them was called Shangdi. He is identified with the dragon, symbol of the universal power.
The Manchu rulers of the Qing dynasty introduced substantial elements of Tungusic shamanism to China. Hong Taiji put shamanistic practices in the service of the state, notably by forbidding others to erect new shrines for ritual purposes. In the 1620s and 1630s, the Qing ruler conducted shamanic sacrifices at the tangse of Mukden, the Qing capital. In 1644, as soon as the Qing seized Beijing to begin their conquest of China, they named it their new capital and erected an official shamanic shrine
Shamanism is practiced in Northeast China and is considered different from those of central and southern Chinese folk religion, as it resulted from interaction of Han religion with folk religion practices of other Tungustic people such as Manchu shamanism. The shaman would perform various ritual functions for groups of believers and local communities, such as moon drum dance and chūmǎxiān.
Manchu folk religion is the ethnic religion practiced by most of the Manchu people, the major-Tungusic group, in China.It can also be called Manchu shamanism by virtue of the word "shaman" being originally from Tungusic šamán ("man of knowledge"), later applied by Western scholars to similar religious practices in other cultures.
Yellow shamanism is the term used to designate a particular version of shamanism practiced in Mongolia and Siberia which incorporates rituals and traditions from Buddhism. "Yellow" indicates Buddhism in Mongolia, since most Buddhists there belong to what is called the "Yellow sect" of Tibetan Buddhism , whose members wear yellow hats during ...
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