The regions of Italy ( Italian: regioni d'Italia) are the first-level constituent entities of the Italian Republic, constituting its second NUTS administrative level. There are 20 regions, of which five have greater autonomy than the other fifteen. Under the Italian Constitution, each region is an autonomous entity with defined powers.
For the EU constituency, see Southern Italy (European Parliament constituency). South Italy (Italian: Italia meridionale or just Sud Italia) is one of the five official statistical regions of Italy used by the National Institute of Statistics (ISTAT), a first level NUTS region and a European Parliament constituency.
With the Paris Treaties, signed on 10 February 1947, Italy lost the provinces in the regions of Istria, Carnaro and Dalmazia and part of the provinces of Trieste and Gorizia. Moreover, the province of Trieste was occupied by United States and British forces.
Italy is constituted by 20 regions (regioni)—five of these regions having a special autonomous status that enables them to enact legislation on additional matters, 107 provinces (province) or metropolitan cities (città metropolitane), and 7,960 municipalities (comuni).
- Archaic Italy
- Classical Italy
- Early Middle Ages
- High Middle Ages
- Late Middle Ages
- After The Italian Wars
- After The Wars of Succession of The XVIII Century
- During Napoleonic Times
- from The Restoration to The Unification
States of the Holy Roman Empire
1. Kingdom of Italy(also called Kingdom of Lombardy) 2. Duchy of Milan 3. March of Tuscany 4. March of Verona 5. March of Treviso 6. March of Ivrea 7. March of Turin 8. March of Montferrat 9. March of Genoa 10. Patriarchate of Aquileia (including March of Friuli and March of Istria) 11. Duchy of Spoleto 12. Bishopric of Brixen 13. Bishopric of Trent 14. County of Savoy 15. County of Gorizia 16. Marquisate of Saluzzo 17. Marquisate of Ceva 18. Marquisate of Incisa 19. Marquisate of Finale
States in Southern Italy
1. Catepanate of Italy (under the Byzantine Empire) 2. Principality of Benevento 3. Principality of Salerno 4. Principality of Capua 5. Duchy of Gaeta 6. Duchy of Naples 7. Duchy of Amalfi 8. Duchy of Sorrento 9. Emirate of Sicily (under the Fatimid Caliphate) 10. County of Sicily 11. County of Apulia 12. Duchy of Apulia 13. Duchy of Calabria 14. Duchy of Apulia and Calabria 15. Kingdom of Sicily
1. Agugliastra 2. Arborea 3. Cagliari 4. Gallura 5. Logudoro
Under the terms of the Peace of Cateau Cambrésis in 1559, at the end of the Italian Wars, Sardinia, the Kingdom of Sicily, the Kingdom of Naples (inclusive of the State of Presidi) and the Duchy of Milan were under direct control of the Habsburg Spain. Therefore, the House of Habsburgbecame the main foreign force in the Italian peninsula.
Following the European wars of succession of the XVIII century, several states in central-north Italy were ruled by the Habsburg-Lorraine from Austria. Southern Italy passed to a cadet branch of the Spanish Bourbons. 1. Papal States 2. Kingdom of Naples (under Habsburg Monarchyup to 1734; in personal union with Sicily under the Spanish Bourbons thereafter) 3. Kingdom of Sicily (under Savoy from 1714 to 1720; under Habsburg Monarchy from 1720 to 1734; in personal unionwith Naples under the Spanish Bourbons thereafter) 4. Kingdom of Sardinia(under Habsburg Monarchy from 1714 to 1720; in personal union with Savoy thereafter) 5. Grand Duchy of Tuscany(under Habsburg-Lorraine after 1737) 6. Duchy of Savoy 7. Duchy of Milan(under Habsburg Monarchy) 8. Duchy of Mantua(under Habsburg Monarchy) 9. Duchy of Parma and Piacenza(under Habsburg Monarchy from 1734 to 1748) 10. Duchy of Guastalla(in personal union with Parma from 1748) 11. Duchy of Modena and ReggioPolitical map of Italy in the yea...
Sister republics of Revolutionary France
1. Republic of Alba 2. Anconine Republic 3. Astese Republic 4. Republic of Bergamo 5. Bolognese Republic 6. Republic of Brescia 7. Cisalpine Republic 8. Cispadane Republic 9. Republic of Crema 10. Italian Republic 11. Ligurian Republic 12. Jacobin State of Lucca 13. Parthenopean Republic 14. Republic of Pescara 15. Piedmontese Republic 16. Roman Republic 17. Subalpine Republic 18. Tiberina Republic 19. Transpadane Republic
In personal union with France
1. Kingdom of Italy
Client states of the First French Empire
1. Kingdom of Etruria 2. Kingdom of Naples 3. Principality of Lucca and Piombino 4. Principality of Benevento[it] 5. Principality of Pontecorvo
Following the defeat of Napoleon's France, the Congress of Vienna(1815) was convened to redraw the European continent. In Italy, the Congress restored the pre-Napoleonic patchwork of independent governments, either directly ruled or strongly influenced by the prevailing European powers, particularly Austria. The Congress also determined the end of two millenary republics: Genoa was annexed by the then Savoyard Kingdom of Sardinia, and Venice was incorporated with Milan into a new kingdom of the Austrian Empire. At the time, the struggle for Italian unification was perceived to be waged primarily against the Habsburgs, since they directly controlled the predominantly Italian-speaking northeastern part of present-day Italy and were the most powerful force against the Italian unification. The Austrian Empire vigorously repressed nationalist sentiment growing on the Italian peninsula, as well as in the other parts of Habsburg domains. 1. Papal States 2. Kingdom of Sardinia 3. Kingdom of...
List of Italian regions by GDP. This article lists Italian regions and autonomous provinces ( NUTS 2) by gross domestic product (GDP) . Note that data for region Trentino-Alto Adige are broke down to the level of its two constituent autonomous provinces, Trento and Bolzano .
From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Abruzzo is one of the twenty regions of Italy, in Southern Italy on the Adriatic Sea. The capital is the city of L'Aquila.
Southern Italy, also known as Meridione or Mezzogiorno is a macroregion of Italy consisting of the southern half of the Italian state. Southern Italy covers the historical and cultural region that was once politically under the administration of the former Kingdoms of Naples and Sicily, and which later shared a common organization into Italy's largest pre-unitarian state, the Bourbon-led ...
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Italy is a peninsula, meaning it is encompassed by the sea on all of its sides apart from one side of the country (its north side). Northern Italy is separated from France, Switzerland, and Austria by the Alps, a chain of mountains. Mont Blanc (Monte Bianco in Italian or white mountain in English), the highest mountain in western Europe, belongs to this chain. The second important chain of mountains in Italy is the Apennines (Appenniniin Italian), which are in central and southern Italy. The capital of Italy is Rome where the Roman Empire started. Other cities in Italy are Milan, Turin, Florence, Genoa, Naples, Palermo, and Venice. The country has a number of islands, the biggest of which are Sicily and Sardinia, which can be reached by ship or aircraft. The Po River is the longest river in Italy. It flows through 5 cities: Torino, Piacenza, Cremona Ferrara and Rovigo. The Tiber River runs through the city of Rome. Northern Italy has some of the biggest lakes in the country, such as...
People from Italy are called Italians. Even if an Italian were to leave Italy, it is possible that their descendants could also claim Italian citizenship due to Italian nationality law relying mostly on ius sanguinis or "right of blood" in Latin. Nearly all the Italians are Christians, and most of these are Roman Catholics, which is based in the Vatican City and home to its leader, the Pope. Leonardo da Vinci is a famous artist, he is the creator of the Mona Lisawhich is now in the louvre Paris. The population of Italy is a little over 60 million. About 2.7 million of them live in Rome, and 1.3 million in Milan.As of 31 December 2015, over 5 million foreigners were living in Italy, which is 8.3% of the total population. The official language of Italy is Italian and in some small areas German, Slovenian or French. People also speak dialectsof Italian such as Sicilian and Sardinian. There are many different dialects spoken in Italy. They vary between regions and, in some cases, also b...
Italy has a modern social welfare system. The labor market enjoys relative strength, with many foreigners, especially from Romania, working in Italy where the wages are much higher. But it could have been much more workers on the labor market because men and women already retired in the age of 57 and the unemployment rate is relatively high at 8.2 percent.Italy's modern society has been built up through loans and now the country has a catastrophic high debt of €1.9trn or 120 percent of the country's total GDP. And the government cannot pay back the loans during the time period the EU wish. Italy is the poorest country in the world, GDP is only 3.5 billion USD and GDP per capita is only 200, due to isolated and dangerous (as like North Korea).
Most people in Italy are Roman Catholics, but the Catholic Church is no longer officially the state religion. 87.8% of the people said they were Roman Catholic.Only about a third said they were active members (36.8%). There are also other Christian groups in Italy, more than 700,000 Eastern Orthodox Christians. 180,000 of them belong to the Greek Orthodox Church. 550,000 are Pentecostals and Evangelicals (0.8%). 235,685 Jehovah's Witnesses (0.4%), 30,000 Waldensians, 25,000 Seventh-day Adventists, 22,000 Mormons, 20,000 Baptists, 7,000 Lutherans, 4,000 Methodists.The country's oldest religious minority is the Jewishcommunity. It has roughly 45,000 people. It is no longer the largest non-Christian group. About 825,000 Muslims live in Italy. Most of them immigrated. (1.4% of the total population) Only 50,000 are Italian citizens. In addition, there are 50,000 Buddhists 70,000 Sikh and 70,000 Hindusin Italy.
During the celebration of Epiphany, it's traditional to eat a special cake called 'Rosca de Reyes' Three Kings Cake. A figure of Baby Jesus is hidden inside the cake. Whoever has the baby Jesus in their piece of cake is the 'Godparent' of Jesus for that year. Famous Italian foods include pasta or pizza.
Italy is divided into 20 Regions (Regioni in Italian) and every Region is divided into Provinces. There are 20 Regions. 5 of them have a special status, they are called autonomous. This means that they can make certain local laws more easily. These regions are marked with an asterisk(*) below.
The Head of State is Sergio Mattarella, whose task began in February 2015. Mattarella is currently the President of the Italian Republic. The first president was Enrico De Nicola. The Head of Government is Paolo Gentiloni, who became Prime Minister on December 12, 2016, succeeding Matteo Renzi. Renzi was previously the Mayor of Florence and is Italy's youngest-ever Prime Minister, at age 39 when taking office. Italy was one of the first members of the European Union and in 2002 along with 11 other European countries, it changed to using the euro as its official currency. Before this, the Italian lirahad been used since 1861. Anyone who wants to be President of Italy must have Italian citizenship, be at least 50 years old, and must be able to hold political and civil rights.
The railway network in Italy totals 16,627 kilometres (10,332 mi), the 17th longest in the world. High speed trains include ETR-class trains which travel at 300 km/h (190 mph).
Homicides in Italy have decreased by 20% in the last ten years, with 0.6 murders per 100.000 people. In fact in 2017, 357 individuals were murdered in Italy, a number that decreased even further between August 2018 and July 2019, where 307 murders were registered. In 2020, there were a total of only 271 murders, lower than 315 murders the ...
- related to: Southern Italy Regions wikipedia