The Spanish American wars of independence (1808–1826) resulted in the independence of the Spanish Empire's most valuable components. The reinstatement of the constitution was a major factor in propelling New Spain's elites to support independence in 1821.
The Spanish Empire was the first global empire in world history and was scattered all over the world. It was constantly fighting with other powers about territories, trade, or religion. For example, the Spanish Empire fought: In the Mediterranean against the Ottoman Empire that threatened Europe and supported Barbary piracy in the Mediterranean.
The Spanish conquest of the Aztec empire (1519-1521) was an epic event in history. Spaniards found the bonanza they long sought: great material wealth. Unlike Spanish expansion in the Caribbean, which involved limited armed combat and sometimes the participation of indigenous allies, the conquest of central Mexico was protracted and necessitated indigenous allies who chose to participate for ...
The Spanish progressively restricted and outright forbade the enslavement of Native Americans in the early years of the Spanish Empire with the Laws of Burgos of 1512 and the New Laws of 1543. The latter led to the abolition of the Encomienda , private grants of groups of Native Americans to individual Spaniards and their Mestizo descendants. 
The Spanish conquest of the Inca Empire, also known as Conquest of Peru, was one of the most important campaigns in the Spanish colonization of the Americas.After years of preliminary exploration and military skirmishes, 168 Spanish soldiers under conquistador Francisco Pizarro, his brothers, and their native allies captured the Sapa Inca Atahualpa in the 1532 Battle of Cajamarca.
The Spanish conquest of the Aztec Empire is the subject of an opera, La Conquista (2005) and of a set of six symphonic poems, La Nueva España (1992–99) by Italian composer Lorenzo Ferrero. Cortés's conquest has been depicted in numerous television documentaries.
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(Redirected from Flag of the Spanish Empire) This is a list of Spanish flags , with illustrations. For more information about the national flag, visit the article Flag of Spain .UseDescriptionThe Arbonaida, the Flag of Andalusiathree equal horizontal bands of green (top), white and green, there is an Andalucian coat of arms in center the white band.Flag of Aragonnine equal horizontal stripes of yellow (top, double width) and red, there is an Aragon coat of arms in left the red and yellow bands, the coat of arms featured a gold crown have four green small diamonds and three red small disk, the shield means four corner, first corner means (yellow field with a red cross in upper tree), second corner means (violet field with white cross in hoist-side left corner, third corner means (red St. George and St. Andrew cross have four corners have four man heads) and fourth corner means (nine equal vertical bands of yellow (top, double width) and red).Flag of the Principality of Asturiasblue field with the Victory Cross in center, hanging from the horizontal axis on either side of the cross are an upper-case Greek letter Alpha (Α) on the left and a lower-case Omega (ω) on the right.Flag of the Balearic Islandsnine equal horizontal stripes of yellow (top, double width), and red, there is a Balearic castle in purple hoist-side upper left corner.
Viceroyalty of New Spain and its relationship to the crown. The Kingdom of New Spain was established on August 18, 1521 following the Spanish conquest of the Aztec Empire as a New World kingdom dependent on the Crown of Castile, since the initial funds for exploration came from Queen Isabella.
Empire size in this list is defined as the dry land area it controlled at the time, which may differ considerably from the area it claimed. For example: in the year 1800, European powers collectively claimed approximately 20% of the Earth's land surface that they did not effectively control. 
Spanish is the primary language of 20 countries worldwide. It is estimated that the combined total number of Spanish speakers is between 470 and 500 million, making it the second most widely spoken language in terms of native speakers. Spanish is the third most spoken language by total number of speakers (after Mandarin and English).