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  1. Sudan - Wikipedia › wiki › Sudan

    Sudan also has a territorial dispute with Egypt over the Hala'ib Triangle. Since 2003, the foreign relations of Sudan had centered on the support for ending the Second Sudanese Civil War and condemnation of government support for militias in the war in Darfur. Sudan has extensive economic relations with China.

    • Abdel Fattah al-Burhan

      Lt. Gen. Abdel Fattah Abdelrahman al-Burhan (Arabic: عبد...

    • Khartoum

      Khartoum or Khartum (/ k ɑːr ˈ t uː m / kar-TOOM; Arabic:...

    • Abdalla Hamdok

      Abdalla Hamdok (also transliterated: Abdallah, Hamdouk;...

    • Omar al-Bashir

      Omar Hassan Ahmad al-Bashir (Arabic: عمر حسن أحمد البشير ‎,...

    • Talk

      This is the talk page for discussing improvements to the...

    • Transitional Legislative Council

      The Transitional Legislative Council of Sudan, (Arabic:...

  2. Sudan (region) - Wikipedia › wiki › Sudan_(region)

    Sudan is the geographic region to the south of the Sahara, stretching from Western to eastern Central Africa. The name derives from the Arabic bilād as-sūdān (بلاد السودان), or "the lands of the Blacks ", referring to West Africa and northern Central Africa. The Arabic name was translated as Negroland on older English maps.

  3. History of Sudan - Wikipedia › wiki › History_of_Sudan
    • Prehistory
    • Antiquity
    • Medieval Nubia
    • Islamic Kingdoms
    • 19th Century
    • Post-Colonial History
    • See Also
    • References
    • External Links
    • Further Reading

    Nile Valley

    By the eighth millennium BCE, people of a Neolithic culture had settled into a sedentary way of life there in fortified mud-brick villages, where they supplemented hunting and fishing on the Nile with grain gathering and cattle herding. During the fifth millennium BCE, migrations from the drying Sahara brought neolithic people into the Nile Valley along with agriculture. The population that resulted from this cultural and genetic mixing developed social hierarchy over the next centuries becom...

    Eastern Sudan

    In eastern Sudan, the Butana Group appears around 4000 BC. These people produced simple decorated pottery, lived in round huts and were most likely herdsmen, hunters, but also consumed land snails and there is evidence for some agriculture.The Gash Group started around 3000 BC and is another prehistory culture known from several places. These people produced decorated pottery and lived from farming and cattle breeding. Mahal Teglinos was an important place about 10 hectare large. In the cente...

    Kingdom of Kush

    Northern Sudan's earliest historical record comes from ancient Egyptian sources, which described the land upstream as Kush. For more than two thousand years, the Old Kingdom of Egypt (c.2700–2180 BC) had a dominating and significant influence over its southern neighbour, and even afterward, the legacy of Egyptian cultural and religious introductions remained important. Over the centuries, trade developed. Egyptian caravans carried grain to Kush and returned to Aswan with ivory, incense, hides...


    Egypt's succeeding dynasty failed to reassert full control over Kush. Around 590 BC, however, an Egyptian army sacked Napata, compelling the Kushite court to move to a more secure location further south at Meroë near the Sixth Cataract. For several centuries thereafter, the Meroitic kingdom developed independently of Egyptian influence and domination, which passed successively under Iranian, Greek, and, finally, Roman domination. During the height of its power in the second and third centurie...

    On the turn of the fifth century, the Blemmyes established a short-lived state in Upper Egypt and Lower Nubia, probably centered around Talmis (Kalabsha), but before 450 they were already driven out of the Nile Valley by the Nobatians. The latter eventually founded a kingdom on their own, Nobatia. By the 6th century there were in total three Nubian kingdoms: Nobatia in the north, which had its capital at Pachoras (Faras); the central kingdom, Makuria centred at Tungul (Old Dongola), about 13 kilometres (8 miles) south of modern Dongola; and Alodia, in the heartland of the old Kushitic kingdom, which had its capital at Soba (now a suburb of modern-day Khartoum). Still in the sixth century they converted to Christianity.In the seventh century, probably at some point between 628 and 642, Nobatia was incorporated into Makuria. Between 639 and 641 the Muslim Arabs of the Rashidun Caliphate conquered Byzantine Egypt. In 641 or 642 and again in 652 they invaded Nubia but were repelled, mak...

    In 1504 the Funj are recorded to have founded the kingdom of Sennar, in which Abdallah Jamma's realm was incorporated. By 1523, when Jewish traveller David Reubeni visited Sudan, the Funj state already extended as far north as Dongola. Meanwhile, Islam began to be preached on the Nile by Sufi holymen who settled there in the 15th and 16th centuries and by David Reubeni's visit king Amara Dunqas, previously a Pagan or nominal Christian, was recorded to be Muslim. However, the Funj would retain un-Islamic customs like the divine kingship or the consummation of alcohol until the 18th century. Sudanese folk Islampreserved many rituals stemming from Christian traditions until the recent past. Soon the Funj came in conflict with the Ottomans, who had occupied Suakin around 1526 and eventually pushed south along the Nile, reaching the third Nile cataract area in 1583/1584. A subsequent Ottoman attempt to capture Dongola was repelled by the Funj in 1585. Afterwards, Hannik, located just sou...

    Turkish Sudan

    In 1820–21, an Ottoman force conquered and unified the northern portion of the country. The new government was known as the Turkiyah or Turkish regime. They were looking to open new markets and sources of natural resources. Historically, the pestilential swamps of the Sudd discouraged expansion into the deeper south of the country. Although Egypt claimed all of the present Sudan during most of the 19th century, and established a province Equatoria in southern Sudan to further this aim, it was...

    Mahdism and condominium

    In 1881, a religious leader named Muhammad Ahmad proclaimed himself the Mahdi ("guided one") and began a war to unify the tribes in western and central Sudan. His followers took the name "Ansars" ("followers") which they continue to use today, in association with the single largest political grouping, the Umma Party (once led by a descendant of the Mahdi, Sadiq al Mahdi). Taking advantage of conditions resulting from Ottoman-Egyptian exploitation and maladministration, the Mahdi led a nationa...

    British control

    In 1896, a Belgian expedition claimed portions of southern Sudan that became known as the Lado Enclave. The Lado Enclave was officially part of the Belgian Congo. An 1896 agreement between the United Kingdom and Belgium saw the enclave turned over to the British after the death of King Leopold IIin December 1909. At the same time the French claimed several areas: Bahr el Ghazal, and the Western Upper Nile up to Fashoda. By 1896 they had a firm administrative hold on these areas and they plann...

    Independence and the First Civil War

    During February 1953, the United Kingdom and Egypt concluded an agreement providing for Sudanese self-government and self-determination. The transitional period toward independence began with the inauguration of the first parliament in 1954. On 18 August 1955 a revolt in the army in Torit Southern Sudan broke out, which although quickly suppressed, led to a low level guerrilla insurgency by former Southern rebels, and marked the beginning of the First Sudanese Civil War. On 15 December 1955 t...

    Second Civil War

    In 1983, the civil war in the south was reignited following the government's Islamification policy which would have instituted Islamic law, among other things. After several years of fighting, the government compromised with southern groups. In 1984 and 1985; after a period of drought, several million people were threatened by famine, particularly in western Sudan. The regime is trying to hide the situation internationally. In March 1985, the announcement of the increase in the prices of basi...

    Recent history

    On 31 August 2006, the United Nations Security Council approved Resolution 1706 to send a new peacekeeping force of 17,300 to Darfur. In the following months, however, UNMISwas not able to deploy to Darfur due to the Government of the Sudan's steadfast opposition to a peacekeeping operation undertaken solely by the United Nations. The UN then embarked on an alternative, innovative approach to try to begin stabilize the region through the phased strengthening of AMIS, before transfer of author...

    *History of Africa
    *History of Egypt
    *History of North Africa
    *History of South Sudan
    Adams, William Y. (1977). Nubia. Corridor to Africa. Princeton University. ISBN 978-0691093703.
    Edwards, David (2004). The Nubian Past: An Archaeology of the Sudan. Routledge. ISBN 978-0415369879.
    Hasan, Yusuf Fadl (1967). The Arabs and the Sudan. From the seventh to the early sixteenth century. Edinburgh University. OCLC 33206034.
    Hesse, Gerhard (2002). Die Jallaba und die Nuba Nordkordofans. Händler, Soziale Distinktion und Sudanisierung (in German). Lit. ISBN 978-3825858902.
    Abbas, Mekki. The Sudan question: the dispute over the Anglo-Egyptian condominium, 1884–1951(1952)
    Duncan, J.S.R. The Sudan: a record of achievement(1952), from the British perspective
    Gee, Martha Bettis (2009). Piece work/peace work : working together for peace and Sudan : mission study for children and teacher's guide. Women’s Division, General Board of Global Ministries, Unite...
    Holt, P.M., and M.W. Daly. History of the Sudan: From the Coming of Islam to the Present Day(6th es. 2011)
  4. Sudan - Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia › wiki › Sudan

    Sudan has a sea to the northeast called the Red Sea. Sudan used to have the largest area of all the countries in Africa. However, on July 9, 2011, the southern part of the country left and became a new country, South Sudan. Sudan now has an area of 1,861,484 square kilometres (718,723 square miles).

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  6. South Sudan - Wikipedia › wiki › South_Sudan

    South Sudan (/ suːˈdɑːn, - ˈdæn /), officially known as the Republic of South Sudan, is a landlocked country in east / central Africa.

  7. Sudan - Wikipedia › wiki › Sudan

    Sudan (pronounced /suːˈdæn/ (deprecatit template)), offeecially the Republic o the Sudan, is a kintra in northeastren Africae an the third lairgest kintra in Africae an the Arab warld.

  8. Sudan - Wikipedia › wiki › Sudan

    Sudan — Race, Religion and Violence. Oneworld Publications ( Oxford ). ISBN 978-1-85168-366-6. Mwakikagile, Godfrey (2001). Slavery in Mauritania and Sudan — The State Against Blacks, in The Modern African State — Quest for Transformation. Nova Science Publishers ( Huntington, New York ). ISBN 978-1-56072-936-5.

    • Sudanese
    • Arabic and English
  9. Sudan - Wikipedia › wiki › Sudan

    Chef-urbe: Kartum: Maxim grandi urbe: Chefe de state {{{chefe de state}}} Lingues: Area: 2 505 810 km² Populatione: 37 090 298 (2002) Monete Tempe-sone

    • 2 505 810 km²
    • 37 090 298 (2002)
    • {{{chefe de state}}}
    • Kartum
  10. Sudan, Texas - Wikipedia › wiki › Sudan,_Texas
    • Overview
    • History
    • Geography
    • Education

    Sudan is a city in Lamb County in Texas, United States. The population was 958 at the 2010 census.

    According to The Handbook of Texas, the area where the town is now located was once granted to the county in 1892 by the 77 Ranch, owned by S.B. Wilson and Wilson Furneaux. The town developed in 1917–18 with a hotel and service from the Santa Fe railroad, which had built a branch line from Lubbock, Texas, to Texico, New Mexico, in 1913. The land company manager and first postmaster, P.E. Boesen, suggested the town's name in 1918. A gin was built in 1922 and a bank established a year later ...

    Sudan is located at 34°04′04″N 102°31′28″W / 34.06778°N 102.52444°W / 34.06778; -102.52444. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 0.9 square miles, all of it land.

    The City of Sudan is served by the Sudan Independent School District. Sudan High School is a U.S. Department of Education National Blue Ribbon School. SHS is one of 48 high schools in the United States to receive this award for 2014 and one of four in Texas. Sudan ISD is a Texas Education Agency Exemplary ranked campus, and has received multiple Bronze designations in U.S. News and World Report's annual "America's Best High Schools" feature. Sudan High School continues to have success in both cu

    • 3,757 ft (1,145 m)
    • Lamb
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