Tatami (畳具足), or tatami gusoku (from tatamu 畳む, "to fold") and gusoku (meaning full suit of armour), was a type of lightweight portable folding Japanese armour worn during the feudal era of Japan by the samurai class and their foot soldiers ().
A tatami (畳) is a type of mat used as a flooring material in traditional Japanese-style rooms. Tatami are made in standard sizes, twice as long as wide, about 0.9 m by 1.8 m depending on the region. In martial arts, tatami are the floor used for training in a dojo and for competition. Tatami are covered with woven soft rush (藺草, igusa) straw.
- Individual armour parts
Scholars agree that Japanese armour first appeared in the 4th century, with the discovery of the cuirass and basic helmets in graves. It is thought they originated from China via Korea. During the Heian period, the unique Japanese samurai armour ō-yoroi and dō-maru appeared. The Japanese cuirass evolved into the more familiar style of body armour worn by the samurai known as the dou or dō, with the use of leather straps, and lacquer for weatherproofing. Leather and/or iron scales were...
Earliest Japanese armour is thought to have evolved from the armour used in ancient China. Cuirasses and helmets were manufactured in Japan as early as the 4th century CE. Tankō, worn by foot soldiers and keikō, worn by horsemen were both pre-samurai types of early Japanese cuirass constructed from iron plates connected together by leather thongs.
Japanese armour was generally constructed from many small iron and/or leather scales and/or plates, connected to each other by rivets and macramé cords made from leather and/or braided silk, and/or chain armour. Noble families had silk cords made in specific patterns and colors of silk thread. Many of these cords were constructed of well over 100 strands of silk. Making these special silk cords could take many months of steady work, just to complete enough for one suit of armour. These ...
A full suit of traditional Samurai armour could include the following items: 1. Dou or dō, a chest armour made up of iron and or leather plates of various sizes and shapes with pendents 2. Kusazuri made from iron or leather plates hanging from the front and back of the dou to protect the lower body and upper leg. 3. Sode, large rectangular shoulder protection made from iron and or leather plates. 4. Kote, armoured glove like sleeves which extended to the shoulder or han kote which covered ...
Jan 14, 2020 · Tatami (畳具足), or tatami gusoku (from tatamu 畳む, to fold) and gusoku (meaning full suit of armour), was a type of lightweight portable folding Japanese armour worn during the feudal era of Japan by the samurai class and their foot soldiers (ashigaru). The Tatami dō (a foldable cuirass) or the tatami
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Japanese tatami armour (畳胴具足), or tatami gusoku (Tatami, from Tatamu 畳む, "To fold") and gusoku (meaning armour), was a type of lightweight portable folding Japanese armour worn during the feudal era of Japan by the samurai class and their foot soldiers (ashigaru). The Tatami dou (dō) (a folding type of chest armor) or the tatami katabira (an armoured jacket) were the main ...
The title of this page "Tatami (Japanese armour)" suggests that Tatami is the word for Japanese armour. Tatami means folding. The armour 'Tatami gusoku' cannot be separated in the title of the page. As with other pages in general the page should really be called 'Folding armour' in English and discuss folding armour in general, from various ...
A tatami (畳) is a type of mat used as a flooring material in traditional Japanese-style rooms. Traditionally made using rice straw to form the core, the cores of contemporary tatami are sometimes composed of compressed wood chip boards or polystyrene foam. With a covering of woven soft rush (igusa 藺草) straw, tatami are made in standard sizes, with the length exactly twice the width, an ...
Tatami-gusoku — Folding portable armour made from karuta armour (small square or rectangular plates) or kikko armour (small hexagon plates). Kusari gusoku (chain armour) is another form of tatami armour. Chochin kabuto (collapsible helmets) and hachi gane ( forehead protectors) that folded were also tatami armour.
Tatami dō (folding or foldable) were made from small square or rectangular armour plates (karuta) or hexagon armour plates (kikko) that were usually connected to each other by chain armour (kusari) and sewn to a cloth backing, tatami dō could also be made entirely from kusari.
Lightweight portable folding armour (kikko tatami gusoku) would have a kikko tatami dō"' (folding breastplate), and auxiliary armour items such as wakibiki, manchira, and manju no wa could be armoured with kikko. Kabuto (helmets) could have a neck guard (shikoro) made with kikko plates sewn to a cloth backing.