Theravāda (/ ˌ t ɛr ə ˈ v ɑː d ə /; Pāli, lit."School of the Elders") is the most commonly accepted name of Buddhism's oldest existing school. The school's adherents, termed Theravādins, have preserved their version of Gautama Buddha's teaching in the Pāli Canon.
Theravada today Recently this oldest-surviving denomination of Buddhism gaining popularity in Singapore and the Western world . Today Theravada Buddhists, who are also known as Theravadins , number over 100 million worldwide; in recent decades Theravada has begun to take root in the West  and in the Buddhist revival in Nepal.
Theravada Buddhism is a diverse tradition and thus includes different explanations of the path to awakening. However, the teachings of the Buddha are often encapsulated by Theravadins in the basic framework of the Four Noble Truths and the Eighthfold Path.
The Milindapanha (also -pañha or -pañhā) is a Buddhist scripture, sometimes included in the Pāli Canon of Theravada Buddhism as a book of the Khuddaka Nikaya. It is in the form of a dialogue between King Menander I (or Milinda) of Bactria , who reigned in the second century BCE, and a monk named Nagasena , not independently known.
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In Theravada Buddhism, the Pātimokkha is the basic code of monastic discipline, consisting of 227 rules for fully ordained monks and 311 for nuns (bhikkhuṇīs). It is contained in the Suttavibhaṅga , a division of the Vinaya Piṭaka .
Buddhism in Thailand is largely of the Theravada school, which is followed by 95 percent of the population.    Thailand has the third largest Buddhist population in the world, after China and Japan , with approximately 64 million Buddhists.
Theravada Buddhism has been the Cambodian state religion since the 13th century (except during the Khmer Rouge period). As of 2013 it was estimated that 97.9 percent of the population was Buddhist. The history of Buddhism in Cambodia spans a number of successive kingdoms and empires. Buddhism entered Cambodia via two different streams.
Theravada Buddhism Theravada Buddhist commentator Acariya Dhammapala describes paññā as the comprehension of the characteristics of the dhammas .  Sri Lankan Buddhist scholar David Kalupahana , translates dhammas as meaning "phenomena" or "things". 
Buddhism (Burmese: ထေရဝါဒဗုဒ္ဓဘာသာ) is practiced by 90% of the country's population, and is predominantly of the Theravada tradition. It is the most religious Buddhist country in terms of the proportion of monks in the population and proportion of income spent on religion.
Tibetan Buddhism. Gampopa (12th century), one of the main early masters of the Kagyu school of Tibetan Buddhism, followed the Indian Buddhist tradition, starting with the 3rd-century Hinayana texts of Vasubandhu, that oral and anal sex, whether with a man or a woman, are violations of the third precept regarding inappropriate sexual behavior.