- As a means of recording the passage of time, the 14th century was a century lasting from January 1, 1301, through December 31, 1400. The term is often used to refer to the 1300s, the century between 1300 and 1399. What is the same year as 14 BC? 14 BC
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Some Important Events in the Fourteenth Century 1338 The beginning of the 100 Years’ War. Isabella of France Received at Paris. The Coronation of Edward III. The Battle of Crecy. The Battle of Poitiers. The Battle of Nicropoli. 1381 The Peasants’ Revolt. The Death of Wat Tyler.
As a means of recording the passage of time, the 14th century was a century lasting from January 1, 1301, through December 31, 1400. The term is often used to refer to the 1300s, the century between 1300 and 1399.
April 16, 1409 BC Lunar Saros 38 begins. 1400 BC —Palace of Minos destroyed by fire. 1400 BC —Estimation: Thebes, capital of Egypt becomes the largest city of the world, taking the lead from Memphis in Egypt. 1400 BC – 1350 BC – Garden of Nebamum (Pond in a Garden) wall painting from the tomb of Nebamum, Thebes.
The period saw major technological advances, including the adoption of gunpowder, the invention of vertical windmills, spectacles, mechanical clocks, and greatly improved water mills, building techniques (Gothic architecture, medieval castles), and agriculture in general (three-field crop rotation).
Edward I (17/18 June 1239 – 7 July 1307), also known as Edward Longshanks and the Hammer of the Scots (Latin: Malleus Scotorum), was King of England from 1272 to 1307.
Middle Ages, the period in European history from the collapse of Roman civilization in the 5th century ce to the period of the Renaissance (variously interpreted as beginning in the 13th, 14th, or 15th century, depending on the region of Europe and other factors).
The 13th century was the century which lasted from January 1, 1201 through December 31, 1300 in accordance with the Julian calendar. The term is often used to refer to the 1200s, the century between 1200 and 1299. In the history of Maya civilizations, the 13th century marks the beginning of the Late Postclassic period.
The 21st ( twenty-first) century is the current century in the Anno Domini era or Common Era, in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. It began on January 1, 2001 (MMI), and will end on December 31, 2100 (MMC).
Genghis Khan invades China, captures Peking (1214), conquers Persia (1218), invades Russia (1223), dies (1227). Children’s Crusade. King John forced by barons to sign Magna Carta at Runneymede, limiting royal power. Fifth Crusade.
Hungary was established in 1000 as a Christian state. In the next centuries, the Kingdom of Hungary became the pre-eminent cultural power in the Central European region. On December 25, Stephen I was crowned as the first King of Hungary in Esztergom. Sancho III of Navarre became King of Aragon and Navarre.
- 191st Olympiad, year 3
Paul the Venetian — could not have known that in just a few short years the great port city on the lagoon would be swamped by the Black Death. Venice was the largest, richest trading city of ...
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Middle Ages, the period in European history from the collapse of Roman civilization in the 5th century ce to the period of the Renaissance (variously interpreted as beginning in the 13th, 14th, or 15th century, depending on the region of Europe and other factors). A brief treatment of the Middle Ages follows.
The Islamic Golden Age ( Arabic: العصر الذهبي للإسلام , romanized : al-'asr al-dhahabi lil-islam ), was a period of cultural, economic, and scientific flourishing in the history of Islam, traditionally dated from the 8th century to the 14th century. This period is traditionally understood to have begun during the reign of ...
[better source needed] The mortality rate of the Black Death in the 14th century was far greater than the worst 20th-century outbreaks of Y. pestis plague, which occurred in India and killed as much as 3% of the population of certain cities.
- Eurasia, North Africa
- 75,000,000–200,000,000 (estimate)
- Bubonic plague
- Natural Events
- Measuring Time by The Sun, The Moon and The Stars
- Inventions For Measuring and Regulating Time
- The Division of The Day and The Length of The 'Hour'
- Earliest Mechanical Clock
- More Accurate Mechanical Clocks
- Supporting Notes
- Some Useful Links
The earliest natural events to be recognised were in the heavens, but during the course of the year there were many other events that indicated significant changes in the environment. Seasonal winds and rains, the flooding of rivers, the flowering of trees and plants, and the breeding cycles or migration of animals and birds, all led to natural divisions of the year, and further observationand local customs led to the recognition of the seasons.
The earliest Egyptian Star Map is about 3,500 years old and shows the most unusual conjunction of the planets (Venus, Mercury, Saturn and Jupiter) in the constellation of Orion and the occurrence of a solar eclipse that happened in 1534 BCE. From about 700 BCE the Babylonians began to develop a mathematical theory of astronomy, but the equally divided 12-constellation zodiac appears later about 500 BCE to correspond to their year of 12 months of 30 days each. Their base 60 fraction system which we still use today (degrees / hours, minutes and seconds) was much easier to calculate with than the fractions used in Egypt or Greece,and remained the main calculation tool for astronomers until after the 16th century, when decimal notation began to take over. The earliest archaeological evidence of Chinese calendars appears about 2,000 BCE. They show a 12 month year with the occasional occurrence of a 13th month. However, traditional Chinese records suggest the origin of a calendar of 366 d...
The early inventions were made to divide the day or the night into different periods in order to regulate work or ritual, so the lengths of the time periods varied greatly from place to place and from one culture to another.
There are various theories about how the 24 hour day developed. The fact that the day was divided into 12 hours might be because 12 is a factor of 60, and both the Babylonian and Egyptian civilisations recognised a zodiac cycle of 12 constellations. On the other hand, (excuse the pun) finger-counting with base 12 was a possibility. The fingers each have 3 joints, and so counting on the jointsgives one 'full hand' of 12. In classical Greek and Roman times they used twelve hours from sunrise to sunset; but since summer days and winter nights are longer than winter days and summer nights, the lengths of the hours varied throughout the year. In about 50 BCE Andronikos of Kyrrhestes, built the Tower of Winds in Athens. This was a water clock combined with Sundials positioned in the eight principal wind directions. By then it was the most accurate device built for keeping time. Hours did not have a fixed length until the Greeks decided they needed such a system for theoretical calculation...
Mechanical clocks replaced the old water clocks, and the first clock escapement mechanism appears to have been invented in 1275. The first drawing of an escapement was given by Jacopo di Dondi in 1364. In the early-to-mid-14th century, large mechanical clocks began to appear in the towers of several cities. There is no evidence or record of the working models of these public clocks that wereweight-driven. All had the same basic problem: the period of oscillation of the mechanism depended heavily on the driving force of the weights and the friction in the drive. In later Mediaeval times elaborate clocks were built in public places. This is the Astronomical clock in Prague, parts of which date from about 1410. The earliest surviving spring driven clock can be found in the science museum in London and dates from about 1450. Replacing the heavy drive weights with a spring permitted smaller and portable clocks and watches.
N.B. Pedagogical notes related to measurement and time can be found by clicking on the " Notes " tab at the top of this article.
Up to about 1,900 BCE the Celestial Pole was Thuban a star in the 'tail' of the constellation Draco. By 1,000 BCE it was Thuban in the constellation Ursa Minor. Today Polaris is the last star in the 'tail' of Ursa Minor. Note 2 'Sun time' and 'clock time' are different. Sun time is based on the fact that the sun reaches its highest point (the meridian), in the middle of the day, and on the next day at its highest point, it will have completed a full cycle. However, the time between the sun re...
This site gives very good examples of the development of time measurement with pictures and brief explanations http://www.britannica.com/clockworks/main.html Make your own sundial at http://www.bbc.co.uk/norfolk/kids/summer_activities/make_sundial.shtml Many interesting sundial designs http://www.sundials.co.uk/newdials.htm Sundials on the internet has many examples from all over the world http://www.sundials.co.uk/ Precession of the Equinoxes explains the way the Earth's rotation changes. This site has a good explanation and a useful animation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Precession For Galileo, Huygens and Harrison go to the MacTutor website: http://www-history.mcs.st-and.ac.uk/history/ National Maritime Museum: https://www.rmg.co.uk/national-maritime-museum Jackie Carson wrote in to us to recommend this article too: http://www.timecenter.com/articles/when-time-began-the-history-and-science-of-sundials/ Hereis a PDF version of this article.
Due to the long time spans, the first plague pandemic (6th century–8th century) and the second plague pandemic (14th century–early 19th century) are shown by individual outbreaks, such as the Plague of Justinian (first pandemic) and the Black Death (second pandemic).
Jun 11, 2014 · In the 14th century, four centuries of mild weather came to an abrupt halt in Europe. Famine and frigid temperatures ensued, and roughly 10 percent of the population died.
Dec 12, 2019 · The Black Death of the 14th century is well known. When historians discuss "the plague" they are usually referring to this epidemic of bubonic plague caused by the bacterium Yersinia pestis.In his ...
The Black Death was a devastating global epidemic of bubonic plague that struck Europe and Asia in the mid-1300s. Explore the facts of the plague, the symptoms it caused and how millions died from it.