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In 1443 the last member of the senior branch of the House of Luxemburg, Duchess Elisabeth, sold the Duchy of Luxembourg to Duke Philip the Good of Burgundy, a prince of the French House of Valois. In 1477 the duchy passed by marriage of Philip's granddaughter, Mary of Burgundy , to Archduke Maximilian I of Austria of the House of Habsburg .
After the Luxembourg Crisis of 1866 nearly led to war between Prussia and France, the Grand Duchy's independence and neutrality were again affirmed by the 1867 Second Treaty of London, Prussia's troops were withdrawn from the Fortress of Luxembourg, and its Bock and surrounding fortifications were dismantled.
Little wonder, then, that in the 14th century Luxembourg was elevated from a county (earldom) to a duchy. Around 1443, the ruling duchess, Elizabeth of Görlitz, sold Luxembourg to Duke Philip III of Burgundy.
History of Luxembourg The history of Luxembourg started with the construction of the Luxembourg castle. In 963, Siegfried I sold part of his ancestral lands and purchased a fort named Lucilinburhuc from monks of the Abbey of St. Maximin in Trier.
The Limburg-Luxemburg dynasty, one of several families from different periods known as the Luxembourg dynasty (French: Maison de Luxembourg; German: Haus Luxemburg) was a royal family of the Holy Roman Empire in the Late Middle Ages, whose members between 1308 and 1437 ruled as kings of Germany and Holy Roman emperors as well as kings of Bohemia and Hungary.
- Counts of Luxembourg
- Grand Dukes of Luxembourg
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Elder House of Luxembourg
1. Main article: House of Luxembourg
House of Hohenstaufen
1. Main article: House of Hohenstaufen
The Grand Duke of Luxembourg (or Grand Duchess in the event of a female monarch) is the head of state of Luxembourg. Luxembourg is the world's only sovereign extant Grand Duchy, a status to which Luxembourg was promoted in 1815 upon its unification with the Netherlands under the House of Orange-Nassau. The Luxembourgian constitution defines the Grand Duke's position:Coat of arms of LuxembourgDuchy of LuxembourgGrand Ducal Family of LuxembourgHistory of LuxembourgThewes, Guy (July 2003) (in French) (PDF). Les gouvernements du Grand-Duché de Luxembourg depuis 1848 (Édition limitée ed.). Luxembourg City: Service Information et Presse. Template:Citation/identi...Template:Fr icon/(de) "Archives of Mémorial A". Service central de législation. http://www.legilux.public.lu/leg/a/index.php. Retrieved 1 July 2007.
The county of Luxembourg became a duchy and was sold to Philip the Good Duke of Burgundy in 1443. In 1477 it came to the Habsburg Empire. In 1795 it became a department of France and in 1815 it was promoted to a grand duchy as a part of the new Kingdom of the Netherlands. In 1830 it lost half the grand duchy to the new Kingdom of Belgium.
The Grand Duke of Luxembourg (or Grand Duchess in the case of a female monarch) is the head of state of Luxembourg.Luxembourg is the world's only extant sovereign grand duchy, a status to which Luxembourg was promoted in 1815 upon its unification with the Netherlands under the House of Orange-Nassau.