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    • Who was the first person to create a map of the world?

      • Anaximander (died c. 546 BCE) is credited with having created one of the first maps of the world, which was circular in form and showed the known lands of the world grouped around the Aegean Sea at the center. This was all surrounded by the ocean. Hecataeus of Miletus (c. 550–476 BCE) Reconstruction of Hecataeus' map
  1. In Medieval Latin poetry, the name Walter Map became more a marker of genre than of authorship. It is hard to know what exactly Walter would have thought about this development, but it seems that the man who could craft exquisite monastic and curial satire would not have been entirely displeased with some of his more biting pseudepigrapha.

  2. "Walter Map and the Matter of Britain is an impressive book that draws on considerable expertise in the study of Welsh and Latin literature . . . Smith's work stands in an interesting dialogue with scholarship in this area—for certainly, he makes a strong claim for the value of high medieval Latin literature as a source for study in the ...

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  4. Matthew Paris’ map of Great Britain. A high-quality version of this image can be purchased from British Library Images Online. For more information email This is the most comprehensive and artistically successful of four maps of Great Britain drawn by the 13th-century historian Matthew Paris, who was a monk at St Alban’s ...

  5. Remarkably little is known about the earliest surviving separate-sheet medieval map of Britain that takes its name from its former owner, Richard Gough (1735–1809), and that has been variously dated to between 1300 and 1400, and later.

    • Catherine Delano-Smith, Peter Barber, Damien Bove, Christopher Clarkson, P. D. A. Harvey, Nick Mille...
    • 9
    • 2017
  6. English: The Gough Map or Bodleian Map is a road map of Great Britain, dating from around 1360. The Gough Map is the oldest extant map of the roads of medieval Britain. It is about 115 x 56cm large and was made around 1360. It is named after Richard Gough, who donated the map to the Bodleian Library in 1809. East is on the top. . 1370s.

    • Antiquity
    • Middle Ages
    • After 1492
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    Bronze Age “Saint-Bélec slab”

    The Saint-Bélec slab discovered in 1900 by Paul du Châtellier, in Finistère, France, is dated to between 1900 BCE and 1640 BCE. A recent analysis, published in the Bulletin of the French Prehistoric Society, has shown that the slab is a three-dimensional representation of the River Odet valley in Finistère, France. This would make the Saint-Bélec slab the oldest known map of a territory in the world. According to the authors, the map probably wasn’t used for navigation, but rather to show the...

    Babylonian Imago Mundi

    A Babylonian world map, known as the Imago Mundi, is commonly dated to the 6th century BCE.The map as reconstructed by Eckhard Unger shows Babylon on the Euphrates, surrounded by a circular landmass including Assyria, Urartu (Armenia) and several cities, in turn surrounded by a "bitter river" (Oceanus), with eight outlying regions (nagu) arranged around it in the shape of triangles, so as to form a star. The accompanying text mentions a distance of seven berubetween the outlying regions.The d...


    Anaximander (died c. 546 BCE) is credited with having created one of the first maps of the world, which was circular in form and showed the known lands of the world grouped around the Aegean Seaat the center. This was all surrounded by the ocean.

    Cosmas Indicopleustes' Map

    Around 550 Cosmas Indicopleustes wrote the copiously illustrated Christian Topography, a work partly based on his personal experiences as a merchant on the Red Sea and Indian Ocean in the early 6th century. Though his cosmogony is refuted by modern science, he has given a historic description of India and Sri Lanka during the 6th century, which is invaluable to historians. Cosmas seems to have personally visited the Kingdom of Axum in modern Ethiopia and Eritrea, as well as India and Sri Lank...

    Isidore of Sevilla's T and O map

    The medieval T and O maps originate with the description of the world in the Etymologiae of Isidore of Seville (died 636). This qualitative and conceptual type of medieval cartography represents only the top-half of a spherical Earth. It was presumably tacitly considered a convenient projection of the inhabited portion of the world known in Roman and Medieval times (that is, the northern temperate half of the globe). The T is the Mediterranean, dividing the three continents, Asia, Europe and...

    Albi Mappa Mundi

    The Albi Mappa Mundi is a medieval map of the world, included in a manuscript of the second half of the 8th century, preserved in the old collection of the library Pierre-Amalric in Albi, France. This manuscript comes from the chapter library of the Sainte-Cécile Albi Cathedral. The Albi Mappa Mundi was inscribed in October 2015 in the Memory of the World Programme of UNESCO. The manuscript bearing the card contains 77 pages. It is named in the eighteenth century "Miscellanea" (Latin word mea...

    Juan de la Cosa Map

    The Juan de la Cosa, a Spanish cartographer, explorer and conquistador, born in Santoña in the northern autonomous region of Cantabria, made several maps of which the only survivor is the Mappa Mundi of 1500. It is the first known European cartographic representation of the Americas. It is now in the Museo Naval in Madrid. Reproductions of it are given by Humboldt in his Atlas géographique et physique.

    Cantino Planisphere

    The Cantino planisphere or Cantino world map is the earliest surviving map showing Portuguese discoveries in the east and west. It is named after Alberto Cantino, an agent for the Duke of Ferrara, who successfully smuggled it from Portugal to Italy in 1502. It shows the islands of the Caribbean and the Florida coastline, as well as Africa, Europe and Asia. The map is particularly notable for portraying a fragmentary record of the Brazilian coast, discovered in 1500 by Portuguese explorer Pedr...

    Caverio Map

    The Caverio Map, also known as the Caveri Map or Canerio Map, is a map drawn by Nicolay de Caveri, circa 1505. It is hand drawn on parchment and coloured, being composed of ten sections or panels, measuring 2.25 by 1.15 metres (7.4 by 3.8 ft). Historians believe that this undated map signed with "Nicolay de Caveri Januensis" was completed in 1504–05. It was probably either made in Lisbon by the Genoese Canveri, or copied by him in Genoa from the very similar Cantino map. It shows the east coa...

    Brodersen, Kai. 2012. "Cartography." In Geography in Classical Antiquity.By Daniela Dueck, 99–110. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge Univ. Press.
    Edson, Evelyn. 1993. "The Oldest World Maps: Classical Sources of Three Eighth Century Mappaemundi." Ancient World24.2: 169–184.
    Fox, Michael, and Stephen R Reimer. 2008. Mappae Mundi: Representing the World and Its Inhabitants In Texts, Maps, and Images In Medieval and Early Modern Europe.Edmonton, Alberta: Department of En...
    Goffart, Walter. 2003. Historical Atlases: The First Three Hundred Years, 1570–1870.Chicago: Univ. of Chicago Press.

    Media related to Maps of the world before Columbusat Wikimedia Commons 1. Index of Maps of the Early Medieval Period 400-1300 A.D 2. Mapping History- a learning resource from the British Library 3. Geography And Map Reading Room at the Library of Congress 4. Ancient World Maps 5. The Peutinger Map 6. Virtual Mappa: Digital Editions of Early Medieval Maps of the World, edit. Martin Foys, Heather Wacha, et al. (Philadelphia, PA: Schoenberg Institute of Manuscript Studies, 2018): DOI: 10.21231/ef21-ev82. 7. A list of readings and resources related to medieval cartographic history can be found at: Medieval Maps and Mapping Resources

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