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  1. Xerxes I - Wikipedia › wiki › Xerxes_I

    Xerxes I is notable in Western history for his failed invasion of Greece in 480 BC. His forces temporarily overran mainland Greece north of the Isthmus of Corinth until losses at Salamis and Plataea a year later reversed these gains and ended the second invasion decisively. However, Xerxes successfully crushed revolts in Egypt and Babylon.

    • Etymology

      Xérxēs is the Greek and Latin transliteration of the Old...

    • Historiography

      Much of Xerxes' bad reputation is due to propaganda by the...

    • Early life

      Xerxes' father was Darius the Great, the incumbent monarch...

    • Consolidation of power

      At Xerxes' accession, trouble was brewing in some of his...

    • Campaigns

      Darius died while in the process of preparing a second army...

    • Darius I

      Xerxes, the eldest son of Darius and Atossa, succeeded to...

    • Artaxerxes I of Persia

      Artaxerxes had to face a revolt in Egypt in 460–454 BC led...

    • Artabanus

      Artabanus of Persia (or Artabanus the Hyrcanian; Ancient...

  2. Xerxes I. – Wikipedia › wiki › Xerxes_I

    Xerxes wurde um 519 v. Chr. als Sohn des persischen Großkönigs Dareios I. und der Atossa, einer Tochter Kyros’ II., geboren. 486 v. Chr. trat er als Großkönig die Nachfolge seines Vaters an, obwohl er drei ältere Brüder aus der Ehe des Dareios mit einer Tochter des Gobryas hatte.

  3. Xerxes - Wikipedia › wiki › Xerxes

    Xerxes I of Persia, "Xerxes the Great", reigned 486–465 BC Xerxes II of Persia, briefly reigned 424 BC Xerxes of Sophene, ruler of Sophene and Commagene, 228–201 BC Xerxes (Sasanian prince), 6th-century prince and general

  4. Jar of Xerxes I - Wikipedia › wiki › Jar_of_Xerxes_I
    • Overview
    • Description
    • Similar jars

    The Jar of Xerxes I is a jar in calcite or alabaster, an alabastron, with the quadrilingual signature of Achaemenid ruler Xerxes I, which was discovered in the ruins of the Mausoleum at Halicarnassus, in Caria, modern Turkey, at the foot of the western staircase. It is now in the British Museum.

    The jar contains the same short inscription in Old Persian, Egyptian, Babylonian, and Elamite

    A few similar alabaster jar exist, from the time of Darius I to Xerxes, and to some later Achaemenid rulers, especially Artaxerxes I.

  5. Xerxes I - Wikipedia › wiki › Xerxes_I

    Xerxes I Frae Wikipedia, the free beuk o knawledge The "Scots" that wis uised in this airticle wis written bi a body that's mither tongue isna Scots. Please impruive this airticle gin ye can.

    • October 486 BC
    • Darius I
  6. Xerxes I inscription at Van - Wikipedia › wiki › Xerxes_I_inscription_at_Van
    • Overview
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    The Xerxes I inscription at Van, also known as the XV inscription, is a trilingual cuneiform inscription of the Achaemenid King Xerxes I. It is located on the southern slope of a mountain adjacent to the Van Fortress, near Lake Van in present-day Turkey. When inscribed it was located in the Achaemenid province of Armenia. The inscription is inscribed on a smoothed section of the rock face near the fortress, approximately 20 metres above the ground. The niche was originally carved out by Xerxes'

    The inscription consists of 27 lines of writing in Old Persian, Elamite and Babylonian. The inscription reads the same in each language. A translation into English reads

    Placed high off the ground, in a region where there was very little literacy, the text had an additional meaning for those who were able to read, or to whom it was read aloud. In the opening sentence, Xerxes I mentions Ahuramazda, thus connecting himself to the religion of his father Darius, making use of language similar to that his father used for his imperial inscriptions in Iran proper. In this inscription, Xerxes I makes it clear that he reigns through the legitimation of his god Ahuramazda

    The inscription at Van carries numerous messages. Being one of only few attested Old Persian inscriptions outside Iran, it "overtly extends kingly reach into the "mountains and valleys of Anatolia" according to Dusinberre. According to Dusinberre, by making use of only "Mesopotamian and Persian languages", the Achaemenid kings made a firm statement about that kingly reach: "This is a conquering overlord, a foreigner of power, who now exerts authority over the ancient lands of Urartu". The fact t

    Xerxes I inscription at Van, copy by Friedrich Eduard Schulz in 1827

  7. Xerxes' Pontoon Bridges - Wikipedia › wiki › Xerxes&

    Xerxes' Pontoon Bridges were constructed in 480 BC during the second Persian invasion of Greece upon the order of Xerxes I of Persia for the purpose of Xerxes’ army to traverse the Hellespont (the present day Dardanelles) from Asia into Thrace, then also controlled by Persia (in the European part of modern Turkey).

  8. Battle of Thermopylae - Wikipedia › wiki › Battle_of_Thermopylae

    Xerxes found the scout's reports of the size of the Greek force, and that the Spartans were indulging in callisthenics and combing their long hair, laughable. Seeking the counsel of Demaratus , an exiled Spartan king in his retinue, Xerxes was told the Spartans were preparing for battle, and it was their custom to adorn their hair when they ...

    • 20 August or 8–10 September 480 BC
    • Persian victory
  9. Ahasuerus - Wikipedia › wiki › Ahasuerus

    Ahasuerus is also given as the name of a King of Persia in the Book of Ezra. Modern commentators associate him with Xerxes I who reigned from 486 BC until 465 BC. Other identifications have been made for Cambyses II or with Bardiya (Greek Smerdis) who reigned (perhaps as an imposter) for seven months between Cambyses II and Darius I.

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