- 1. an instance of a particular situation; an example of something occurring: "a case of mistaken identity"
- ▪ the situation affecting or relating to a particular person or thing; one's circumstances or position: "I'll make an exception in your case"
- ▪ an incident or set of circumstances under police investigation: "a murder case"
- 2. an instance of a disease or problem: "200,000 cases of hepatitis B"
- ▪ a person or their particular problem requiring or receiving medical or welfare attention: "most breast cancer cases were older women"
- ▪ a person whose situation is regarded as pitiable or as having no chance of improvement: informal "Vicky was a very sad case"
- ▪ an amusing or eccentric person. informal, dated
- 3. a legal action, especially one to be decided in a court of law: "a libel case"
- ▪ a set of facts or arguments supporting one side in a legal action: "the case for the defense"
- ▪ a legal action that has been decided and may be cited as a precedent.
- ▪ a set of facts or arguments supporting one side of a debate or controversy: "the case against tobacco advertising"
- 4. any of the inflected forms of a noun, adjective, or pronoun that express the semantic relation of the word to other words in the sentence: "the accusative case"
- ▪ the relation of a grammatical case to other words in the sentence, whether indicated by inflection or not: "English normally expresses case by the use of prepositions"
Word Origin Middle English: from Old French cas, from Latin casus ‘fall’, related to cadere ‘to fall’; in case1 (sense 4) directly from Latin, translating Greek ptōsis, literally ‘fall’.
Scrabble Points: 6
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