1943 was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1943rd year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 943rd year of the 2nd millennium, the 43rd year of the 20th century, and the 4th year of the 1940s decade.
- Battle of The Bismarck Sea
The Battle of the Bismarck Sea (2–4 March 1943) took place...
- Battle of Sidi Bou Zid
The Battle of Sidi Bou Zid (Unternehmen...
- Battle of The Bismarck Sea
January 4 – End of term for Culbert Olson, 29th Governor of California. Earl Warrenfollows him.January 11 – The United States and United Kingdom give up territorial rights in China.January 11 – General Juanto dies in Argentina – Ramon Castillosucceeds himJanuary 12 – Jan Campert, Dutchjournalist and writer, dies in Neuengamme concentration campApril 3 – Shipwrecked steward Poon Lim is rescued by Brazilianfishermen after he has been adrift for 130 daysApril 22 – Albert Hofmann writes his first report about the hallucinogenic properties of LSD, which he first synthesized in 1938.April 25 – Easter occurs on the latest possible date. Last time 1886 next time 2038.April 27 – The U.S. Federal Writers' Projectis shuttered.July 5 – World War II: Battle of Kursk– The largest tank battle in history begins.July 5 – World War II: An Allied invasion fleet sails to Sicily.July 6 – World War II: Americans and Japanese fight the Battle of Kula Gulf off Kolombangara.July 10 – World War II: The Allies begin their invasion of Axis-controlled Europe with landings on the island of Sicily, off mainland Italy by the U.S. Army 45th Infantry Division.October 6 – World War II: Americans and Japanese fight the naval Battle of Vella Lavella.October 13 – World War II: The new government of Italy sides with the Allies and declares war on Germany.October 22 – World War II: RAF delivers a highly destructive airstrike on the German industrial and population center of KasselNovember 1 – World War II: In Operation Goodtime, United States Marines land on Bougainville in the Solomon Islands.
- January - March
- April - June
- July - September
- October - December
January 23 – The film Casablanca is released nationally in the United States and becomes one of the top-grossing pictures of 1943. It goes on to win the Best Picture and Best Director awards at the...February 20 – American film studio executives agree to allow the United States Office of War Informationto censor films.June 1 – Veteran English actor Leslie Howard, best known to many for his role as Ashley Wilkes in Gone with the Wind, dies at the age of 50 in the crash of BOAC Flight 777 off the coast of Galicia,...November 23 – British Forces Broadcasting Servicebegins operationMickey Mouse (1928–1953)Looney Tunes (1930–1969)Terrytoons (1930–1964)Merrie Melodies (1931–1969)January 1 - Don Novello, American writer, film director, producer, actor, singer and comedianJanuary 13 – Richard Moll, actorJanuary 24 – Sharon Tate, actress and model (died 1969)January 25 – Tobe Hooper, director and screenwriter (died 2017)February 14 – Dora Gerson, 43, German actress, Caravan of Death, On the Brink of ParadiseFebruary 19 – Lynne Overman, 58, American actress, Little Miss Marker, Union Pacific, DixieFebruary 20 – Donald Haines, 23, American child actor, Skippy, A Tale of Two CitiesApril 3 – Conrad Veidt, 50, German actor, Casablanca, The Cabinet of Dr. Caligari, The Thief of Baghdad, The Spy in BlackJune Allyson – Best Foot ForwardJeanne Crain – The Gang's All HereHume Cronyn – Shadow of a DoubtRhonda Fleming – In Old Oklahoma
- Comedy Film Series
- Animated Short Film Series
- Film Debuts
1: German 1st Panzer Division withdraws from the Terek Riverarea in southern Russia to prevent encirclement.2: Americans and Australians recapture Buna, New Guinea.5: Eighteen countries issue a declaration in London stating their determination to "combat and defeat the plundering by the enemy Powersof the territories which have been overrun or brought under e...7: Japanese land more troops at Lae, New Guinea.2: In the Soviet Union, the Battle of Stalingrad comes to an end with the official surrender of the German 6th Army. The German public is informed of this disaster, marking the first time the Nazi...5: The Allies now have all of Libya under their control. : Essen is bombed, marking the beginning of a four-month attack on the Ruhr industrial area.7: In the United States, it is announced that shoe rationing will go into effect in two days.8: The Chindits (a "long range penetration group") under British General Orde Wingate begin an incursion into Burma. : Nuremberg is heavily bombed. : United States' VI Corpsarrives in North Africa.1: Heinz Guderianbecomes the Inspector-General of the Armoured Troops for the German Army.2: Battle of the Bismarck Sea. U.S. and Australian naval forces, over the course of three days, sink eight Japanese troop transports near New Guinea. : Wingate's Chindits continue their localised s...5: German advances around Kharkov threaten earlier Red Army gains. : Continued RAF bombing of the Ruhr valley, particularly Essen.6: Battle of Medenine, Tunisia. It is Rommel's last battle in Africa as he is forced to retreat.
1: Allies continue to squeeze the Germans into the corner of Tunisia. 3: Racial tensions between American Marines and New Zealand troops of Māori origin result in the Battle of Manners Street, a small-scale riot in which no lives were lost. 4: The only large-scale escape of Allied prisoners-of-war from the Japanese in the Pacific takes place when ten American POWs and two Filipino convicts break out of the Davao Penal Colony on the island of Mindanao in the southern Philippines. The escaped POWs were the first to break the news of the infamous Bataan Death Marchand other atrocities committed by the Japanese to the world. 7: Hitler and Mussolini come together at Salzburg, mostly for the purpose of propping up Mussolini's fading morale. : Allied forces–the Americans from the West, the British from the East–link up near Gafsa in Tunisia. : Boliviadeclares war on Germany, Japan, and Italy.1: Allies close in on the cornered Germans in the Tunis area.2: Japanese aircraft again bomb Darwin, Australia.7: Tuniscaptured by British First Army. Meanwhile, the Americans take Bizerte.9: The Japanese begin a three-day massacre of civilians; about 30,000 Chinese are killed in the Changjiao massacre.4: General Henri Giraud becomes Commander-in-Chief of the Free Frenchforces.8: Japanese forces begin to evacuate Kiska Island in the Aleutians, their last foothold in the Western hemisphere. The event is almost to the year of their landing.11: British 1st Division takes the Italian island of Pantelleria, between Tunisia and Sicily, capturing 11,000 Italian troops.12: The Italian island of Lampedusa, between Tunisia and Sicily, surrenders to the Allies.4: Exiled Polish leader General Władysław Sikorskidies in an air crash in Gibraltar.5: Operation Citadel (the Battle of Kursk) begins. : Conclusion of the National Bands Agreement in occupied Greece, which is to coordinate the actions of the Resistance movement in Greece.6: U.S. and Japanese ships fight the Battle of Kula Gulfin the Solomons.7: Walter Dornberger briefs the V-2 rocketto Hitler, who approves the project for top priority.1: Operation Tidal Wave: Oil refineries at Ploiești, Romania, are bombed by U.S. IX Bomber Command. : Japan declares independence for the State of Burma under Ba Maw.2: 2,897 Romani are gassed when their camp at Auschwitz is liquidated. : John F. Kennedy's PT-109 is rammed in two and sunk off the Solomon Islands.3: The first of two "George S. Patton slapping incidents" occurs in Sicily.5: Swedish government announces it will no longer allow German troops and war material to transit Swedish railways. : Russians recapture Orel and Belgorod.
1: 22,750,000 British men and women are either in the services or Civil Defence or doing essential war work, according to the U.K. Ministry of Labour. 3: A secret Italian Armistice is signed and Italy drops out of the war. Mainland Italy is invaded when the British XXIII Corps lands at Reggio Calabria. : Nazi Germany begins the evacuation of civilians from Berlin. 4: Soviet Union declares war on Bulgaria. : The 503rd Parachute Regiment under American General Douglas MacArthur lands and occupies Nadzab, just west of the port city of Lae in northeastern New Guinea. Lae falls into Australian hands and Australian troops take Salamaua. 8: Eisenhower publicly announces the surrender of Italy to the Allies. The Germans enact Operation Achse, the disarmament of Italian armed forces. :The USAAF bombs the German General Headquarters for the Mediterranean zone at Frascati.This month: Ruzagayura famine starts (until December 1944) in the Belgian African colony of Ruanda-Urundi.1: Neapolitans complete their uprising and free Naples from German military occupation.3: Churchill appoints Lord Louis Mountbatten the commander of South East Asia Command.3: The Germans conquer the island of Kos.
- February 1, 1943
- February 3, 1943
- February 4, 1943
- February 5, 1943
- February 6, 1943
- February 7, 1943
- February 8, 1943
- February 9, 1943
- February 10, 1943
- February 11, 1943
Japanese forces on Guadalcanal began the actual withdrawal phase of Operation Ke. The Americans mistakenly believed the naval activity signaled a new offensive and put up little opposition.The U.S. troop transport Dorchester, with 904 men on board, was torpedoed 150 miles off of the coast of Greenland by the German submarine U-233. Among the 605 people who died were the "Four Chaplai...The German submarine U-265 was sunk in the Atlantic Ocean by a B-17 of No. 220 Squadron RAF.The Howard Hawks-directed war film Air Forcepremiered in New York City.Born: Blythe Danner, American film, TV and stage actress, in PhiladelphiaWith the British Eighth Army's success in its African campaign, the remaining German forces in modern-day Libya, along with their commander, Field Marshal Erwin Rommel, withdrew across the border i...The German submarine U-187was depth charged and sunk in the Atlantic Ocean by British destroyers.Died: Frank Calder, 65, President of the National Hockey Leaguesince its founding in 1917Italian Prime Minister Benito Mussolini fired his Foreign Minister, Count Galeazzo Ciano, who was also Mussolini's son-in-law, along with most of the other cabinet ministers. The new Foreign Minist...U.S. Army Air Forces Lt. General Frank M. Andrews was named as the new commander of all U.S. forces in Europe, taking over a command formerly held by Lt. General Eisenhower, who had also commanded...At a meeting between shoe manufacturers and U.S. Army generals, Lt. Col. Georges Doriot (who would pioneer the business of venture capital) persuaded General George Marshall to approve the acquisit...Born:The arrest of 600 students was conducted on campuses across the Netherlands by the occupying German forces, after a fatally wounded Nazi officer said that he had been shot by students. The 600 were...Field Marshal Erich von Manstein flew to see Adolf Hitler seeking permission to fall back on the Eastern Front. Hitler agreed to allow German forces to withdraw to new defensive positions along the...Lt. General Dwight D. Eisenhowerwas named commander of the Allied armies in the African theater of operations (Tunisia, Algeria and Morocco), based on a decision made by President Roosevelt and Pri...The Canadian corvette Louisburg was bombed and sunk off Oran, Algeriaby Italian aircraft.Operation Ke was completed when the remaining 10,000 Japanese troops on the island of Guadalcanal were secretly evacuated from to rescuing ships "before U.S. forces realized what had occurred". The...German Führer Adolf Hitler brought top-ranking officials of both Germany and the Nazi Party to his headquarters to reassure them despite the devastating defeat suffered on the Russian front. One of...The American troopship USS Henry R. Mallory was torpedoed by the U-402, a German U-boat, killing 272 Americans.The German submarines U-609 and U-624were both lost in the Atlantic Ocean to enemy action.After touring Germany as a guest of the Third Reich to give anti-British speeches, Indian nationalist Subhas Chandra Boseand his assistant, Abid Hasan, were given safe passage from Kiel by the Germ...The U.S. Territory of Hawaii, under American military authority since the 1941 attack on Pearl Harbor, was partially restored to civilian control by its Military Governor, Lt. General Delos Emmons,...German forces, retreating from the Soviet Union, liquidated the remaining Jews in the Byelorussian S.S.R. city of Slutsk. Commander Eduard Strauch directed his soldiers from Minskto oversee the dep...Nazi forces in Belarus began Operation Hornung, a counterattack against Belarusan partisans."Tokyo Express no longer has a terminus on Guadalcanal" was the nine-word message sent by U.S. Army Major General Alexander Patch to U.S. Navy Admiral William Halsey, Jr., as the strategic South Pa...With 1,481 people aboard (1,283 troops and 198 crew), the Japanese Imperial Navy ship Tatsuta Maru, an ocean liner converted to military use, was torpedoed and sunk east of Mikura-jima, by the Amer...The Rue Sainte-Catherine Roundup took place in the Jewish section of the French city of Lyon, as Klaus Barbie directed the Gestapo's arrest of 86 Jews for deportation to the Drancy internment camp....U.S. President Roosevelt issued an Executive Order establishing "a minimum war time work week of 48 hours" in 32 American cities that had a shortages of employees. However, employees would still re...Mrs. Vesta Stoudt, an ordnance factory worker from Sterling, Illinois, and the mother of two sons who were in the U.S. Navy, wrote to President Roosevelt with her idea for what would become duct ta...The year-long Battle of Timorended with a Japanese tactical victory, but an Allied strategic victory.The Battle of Krasny Borbegan in the Leningrad sector.The 13th Waffen-SS Division began recruiting troops, primarily from the Bosnian Moslem community in the Nazi German-created Independent State of Croatia. The 13th was the first SSformation to emplo...The Soviet Union began its nuclear weapons research program, by State Defense Committee resolution signed by Josef Stalin. Physicist Igor Kurchatovwas appointed as the program's director.U.S. Army Lieutenant General Dwight D. Eisenhower was promoted to the four-star rank for the first time. Coincidentally, Nikita Khrushchev, who would lead the Soviet Union at the same time that Dwi...Died: Bess Houdini(Wilhelmina Rahner Weiss), 67, wife and stage assistant to magician Harry Houdini
Year 1943 wis a common year stairtin on Friday (airtin will display the full calendar) o the Gregorian calendar.. See awso. Category:1943 births; Category:1943 daiths
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The Bengal famine of 1943 was a famine in the Bengal province of British India (now Bangladesh and eastern India) during World War II.An estimated 2.1–3 million, out of a population of 60.3 million, died of starvation, malaria, and other diseases aggravated by malnutrition, population displacement, unsanitary conditions and lack of health care.
Eventes Naskos. 29 de septembre - Lech Wałęsa, presidante de Polonia; Morios. 30 de aprile Otto Jespersen, dani linguisto
1943. u temama. Ovaj odlomak potrebno je proširiti. Rođeni. 15. januar – Rifat Hadžiselimovi ć, bosanskohercegovački biolog i ...