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  1. 1242 - Wikipedia › wiki › AD_1242

    1369 or 988 or 216 Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1242. Year 1242(MCCXLII) was a common year starting on Wednesday(link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

  2. 1240 - Wikipedia › wiki › AD_1240

    1240 in various calendars; Gregorian calendar: 1240 MCCXL: Ab urbe condita: 1993: Armenian calendar: 689 ԹՎ ՈՁԹ: Assyrian calendar: 5990: Balinese saka calendar: 1161–1162

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  4. 1242 - Wikipedia bahasa Indonesia, ensiklopedia bebas › wiki › 1242

    1242 () adalah tahun biasa yang diawali hari Rabu dalam kalender Julian, tahun ke-1242 dalam sebutan Masehi (CE) dan Anno Domini (AD), tahun ke-242 pada Milenium ke-2, tahun ke-42 pada Abad ke-13, dan tahun ke- 3 pada dekade 1240-an.

  5. Mongol invasion of Europe - Wikipedia › wiki › Mongol_invasion_of_Europe

    Saint Margaret (January 27, 1242 – January 18, 1271), a daughter of Béla IV and Maria Laskarina, was born in Klis Fortress during the Mongol invasion of Hungary-Croatia in 1242. Invasion of German lands. On 9 April 1241, Mongol detachments entered Meissen and Lusatia following a decisive Mongol victory at the Battle of Liegnitz in Poland.

    • Numerous European political entities destroyed, subjugated, or raided and forced to pay tribute. Devastation of the populations, cultures, and political structures in most of Eastern Europe and the Caucasus and in much of Central Europe. Eventual Mongol withdrawal from Central Europe (1242).
    • Volga Bulgaria, Cumania, Alania, and the Kievan Rus' principalities conquered and become vassals of the Mongol Empire. The Kingdom of Georgia subjugated. Parts of the Kingdom of Hungary temporarily controlled by Mongol Empire. Eastern and Central Europe and the North Caucasus repeatedly subject to raids and invasions.
  6. 1793 - Wikipedia › wiki › AD_1793

    1793 was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar, the 1793rd year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 793rd year of the 2nd millennium, the 93rd year of the 18th century, and the 4th year of the 1790s decade.

  7. Livonian Crusade - Wikipedia › wiki › Livonian_Crusade

    The Livonian Crusade refers to the various Christianization campaigns in the area constituting modern Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia during the Papal-sanctioned Northern Crusades. It was conducted mostly by Germans from the Holy Roman Empire and Danes. It ended with the creation of the Terra Mariana and Duchy of Estonia.

  8. Nicaea - Wikipedia › wiki › Nicaea

    Nicaea or Nicea (/ n aɪ ˈ s iː ə /; Greek: Νίκαια, Níkaia) was an ancient Greek city in northwestern Anatolia and is primarily known as the site of the First and Second Councils of Nicaea (the first and seventh Ecumenical councils in the early history of the Christian Church), the Nicene Creed (which comes from the First Council), and as the capital city of the Empire of Nicaea ...

  9. Mamluk - Wikipedia › wiki › Mamluk

    Mamluk (Arabic: مملوك mamlūk (singular), مماليك mamālīk (plural), translated literally as "thing possessed", meaning "slave", also transliterated as Mameluke, mamluq, mamluke, mameluk, mameluke, mamaluke, or marmeluke) is a term most commonly referring to non-Arab, ethnically diverse (mostly Turkic, Caucasian, Eastern and Southeastern European) slave-soldiers and freed slaves to ...

  10. Baghdad - Wikipedia › wiki › Baghdad

    Baghdad (/ ˈ b æ ɡ d æ d, b ə ɡ ˈ d æ d /; Arabic: بَغْدَاد ‎ [baɣˈdaːd] ()) is the capital of Iraq and one of the largest cities in the Arab world.Located along the Tigris, near the ruins of the ancient Akkadian city of Babylon and the ancient Iranian capital of Ctesiphon, Baghdad was founded in the 8th century and became the capital of the Abbasid Caliphate.

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