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  1. Alfonso VIII of Castile - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Alfonso_VIII_of_Castile

    Alfonso VIII, called the Noble or the one of Las Navas, was the King of Castile from 1158 to his death and King of Toledo. He is most remembered for his part in the Reconquista and the downfall of the Almohad Caliphate. After having suffered a great defeat with his own army at Alarcos against the Almohads in 1195, he led the coalition of Christian princes and foreign crusaders who broke the power of the Almohads in the Battle of Las Navas de Tolosa in 1212, an event which marked the arrival of a

    • Henry I

      Henry I of Castile (14 April 1204 – 6 June 1217) was king of...

    • Blanche of Navarre

      Blanca (Basque: Blanka Garzeitz, Spanish: Blanca Garcés;...

    • Sancho III of Castile

      Sancho III (c. 1134 – 31 August 1158), called the Desired...

    • Berengaria

      Berengaria (Castilian: Berenguela; nicknamed the Great...

  2. Alfonso VII of León and Castile - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Alfonso_VII_of_León_and

    Alfonso VII, called the Emperor, became the King of Galicia in 1111 and King of León and Castile in 1126. Alfonso, born Alfonso Raimúndez, first used the title Emperor of All Spain, alongside his mother Urraca, once she vested him with the direct rule of Toledo in 1116. Alfonso later held another investiture in 1135 in a grand ceremony reasserting his claims to the imperial title. He was the son of Urraca of León and Raymond of Burgundy, the first of the House of Ivrea to rule in the ...

    • 1126 – 1157
    • Urraca
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  4. Talk:Alfonso VIII of Castile - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Talk:Alfonso_VIII_of_Castile

    Thus i'm afraid the name "Alfonso VIII of Castile" is a mistake. Please have a look and tell me your conclusions. should we call him Alfonso IV of Castile ? — Preceding unsigned comment added by 213.37.30.13 ( talk ) 14:26, 28 May 2012 (UTC) = the number VIII comes from Leon and Galicia.

  5. Alfonso VIII of Castile - WikiMili, The Best Wikipedia Reader

    wikimili.com › en › Alfonso_VIII_of_Castile

    Alfonso VIII (11 November 1155 – 5 October 1214), called the Noble (El Noble) or the one of Las Navas (el de las Navas), was the King of Castile from 1158 to his death and King of Toledo. He is most remembered for his part in the Reconquista and the downfall of the Almohad Caliphate.

  6. Alfonso VI of León and Castile - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Alfonso_VI_of_León_and

    Alfonso VI (c. 1040/1041 – 1 July 1109), nicknamed the Brave (El Bravo) or the Valiant, was king of León (1065–1072) and of Galicia (1071–1109), and then king of the reunited Castile and León (1072–1109).

  7. Alfonso VIII of Castile - The Reader Wiki, Reader View of ...

    thereaderwiki.com › en › Alfonso_VIII_of_Castile

    Alfonso VIII (11 November 1155 – 5 October 1214), called the Noble (El Noble) or the one of Las Navas (el de las Navas), was the King of Castile from 1158 to his death and King of Toledo. He is most remembered for his part in the Reconquista and the downfall of the Almohad Caliphate.

  8. Eleanor of England, Queen of Castile - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Eleanor_of_England,_Queen

    In 1170 Eleanor married King Alfonso VIII of Castile in Burgos at the age of 12. Her parents' purpose in arranging the marriage was to secure Aquitaine's Pyrenean border, while Alfonso was seeking an ally in his struggles with Sancho VI of Navarre. In 1177, this led to Henry overseeing arbitration of the border dispute.

  9. Alfonso X of Castile - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Alfonso_X_of_Castile
    • Overview
    • Life
    • Court culture
    • Family

    Alfonso X was the king of Castile, León and Galicia from 30 May 1252 until his death in 1284. During the election of 1257, a dissident faction chose him to be king of Germany on 1 April. He renounced his claim to Germany in 1275, and in creating an alliance with the Kingdom of England in 1254, his claim on the Duchy of Gascony as well. Alfonso X fostered the development of a cosmopolitan court that encouraged learning. Jews, Muslims, and Christians were encouraged to have prominent roles in his

    Born in Toledo, Kingdom of Castile, Alfonso was the eldest son of Ferdinand III and Elizabeth of Swabia. His mother was the paternal cousin of Holy Roman Emperor Frederick II, to whom Alfonso is often compared. His maternal grandparents were Philip of Swabia and Irene Angelina. L

    Alfonso succeeded his father as King of Castile and León in 1252. The following year he invaded Portugal, capturing the region of the Algarve. King Afonso III of Portugal had to surrender, but he gained an agreement by which, after he consented to marry Alfonso X's daughter ...

    King Alfonso X developed a court culture that encouraged cosmopolitan learning. Alfonso had many works previously written in Arabic and Latin translated into vernacular Castilian in his court. Alfonso "turned to the vernacular for the kind of intellectual commitments that formerly were inconceivable outside Latin." He is credited with encouraging the extensive written use of the Castilian language instead of Latin as the language used in courts, churches, and in books and official documents. Thi

    Violante was ten years old at the time of her marriage to Alfonso; she produced no children for several years and it was feared that she was barren. Alfonso almost had their marriage annulled, but they went on to have eleven children

  10. Alfonso XI of Castile - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Alfonso_XI_of_Castile

    Alfonso XI, called the Avenger, was the king of Castile, León and Galicia. He was the son of Ferdinand IV of Castile and his wife Constance of Portugal. Upon his father's death in 1312, several disputes ensued over who would hold regency, which were resolved in 1313. Once Alfonso was declared adult in 1325, he began a reign that would serve to strengthen royal power. His achievements include the victory in the Battle of Río Salado over Granadans and Marinids and the Castilian control over ...

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