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  1. › wiki › ArgentinaArgentina - Wikipedia

    Argentina ( Spanish pronunciation: [aɾxenˈtina] ( listen) ), officially the Argentine Republic [A] (Spanish: República Argentina ), is a country in the southern half of South America. Argentina covers an area of 2,780,400 km 2 (1,073,500 sq mi), [B] making it the largest Spanish-speaking nation in the world by area.

    • Argentina

      Argentina, oficialmente República Argentina, [h] es un país...

    • Eva Perón

      María Eva Duarte de Perón (Spanish pronunciation: [maˈɾi.a...

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    The name Argentina comes from the Latin argentum (silver) as the Spanish conquistadors believed the area had silver. In the Americas (South and North), Canada, US, Brazil and Argentina are the largest countries (in that order). The oldest signs of people in Argentina are in the Patagonia (Piedra Museo, Santa Cruz), and are more than 13,000 years ol...

    Argentina is a federal republic. The people of Argentina vote for a President to rule them and Senators and Deputiesto speak for them and make laws for them. The President is Alberto Fernández since December 2019.

    Argentina is divided into 23 provinces (provincias; singular: provincia), and 1 city (commonly known as capital federal):

    Argentina is almost 3,700 km long from north to south, and 1,400 km from east to west (maximum values). It can be divided into three parts: the Pampas in the central part of the country, Patagonia in the southern part down to Tierra del Fuego; and the Andes mountain range along the western border with Chile, with the highest point in the province o...

    The majority of the Argentineans are descendants of Europeans mainly from Spain, Italy, Germany, Ireland, France, other Europeans countries and Mestizo representing more than 90% of the total population of the country. More than 300,000 Roma gypsieslive in Argentina. Since the 1990s, Romanian, Brazilian and Colombian gypsies arrived in Argentina. F...

    Gobierno Electrónico Archived 2017-09-03 at the Wayback Machine- Official government website
    Presidencia de la Nación Archived 2010-11-13 at the Wayback Machine- Official presidential website
    • Pre-Columbian Era
    • Spanish Colonial Era
    • War of Independence
    • Historical Map
    • Argentine Civil Wars
    • Liberal Governments
    • Conservative Republic
    • Radical Governments
    • Infamous Decade
    • Revolution of '43

    The area now known as Argentina was relatively sparsely populated until the period of European colonization. The earliest traces of human life are dated from the Paleolithic period, and there are further signs in the Mesolithic and Neolithic.However, large areas of the interior and Piedmont were apparently depopulated during an extensive dry period...

    Europeans first arrived in the region with the 1502 Portuguese voyage of Gonçalo Coelho and Amerigo Vespucci. Around 1512, João de Lisboa and Estevão de Fróis discovered the Rio de La Plata in present-day Argentina, exploring its estuary, contacting the Charrúa people, and bringing the first news of the "people of the mountains", the Inca empire, o...

    The May Revolution ousted the viceroy. Other forms of government, such as a constitutional monarchy or a Regency were briefly considered. The viceroyalty was also renamed, and it nominally became the United Provinces of the Río de la Plata. However, the status of the different territories that had belonged to the viceroyalty changed many times duri...

    The map below is based on a wide range of antique maps for the periods shown and is intended to give a broad idea of the changes in the State of Argentina in the nineteenth century. The periods are broad and plus or minus about a decade around each date. The hatched areas are disputed or subject to change during the period, the text in this article...

    The defeat of the Spanish was followed by a long civil war between unitarians and federalists, about the organization of the country and the role of Buenos Aires in it. Unitarians thought that Buenos Aires should lead the less-developed provinces, as the head of a strong centralized government. Federalists thought instead that the country should be...

    The presidency of Bartolomé Mitre saw an economic improvement in Argentina, with agricultural modernization, foreign investment, new railroads and ports and a wave of immigration from Europe. Mitre also stabilized the political system by commanding federal interventions that defeated the personal armies of caudillos Chacho Peñaloza and Juan Sáa. Ar...

    After his surge in popularity due to his successful desert campaign, Julio Roca was elected president in 1880 as the candidate for the National Autonomist Party (Partido Autonomista Nacional – PAN), a party that would remain in power until 1916. During his presidency, Roca created a net of political alliances and installed several measures that hel...

    Conservative forces dominated Argentine politics until 1916, when the Radicals, led by Hipólito Yrigoyen, won control of the government through the first national elections under universal male suffrage. 745,000 citizens were allowed to vote, of a total population of 7.5 million (immigrants, who represented much of the population, were not allowed ...

    In 1929, Argentina was wealthy by world standards, but the prosperity ended after 1929 with the worldwide Great Depression. In 1930, a military coup, supported by the Argentine Patriotic League, forced Hipólito Yrigoyen from power, and replaced him with José Félix Uriburu. Support for the coup was bolstered by the sagging Argentine economy, as well...

    The civilian government appeared to be close to joining the Allies, but many officers of the Argentine armed forces (and ordinary Argentine citizens) objected due to fear of the spread of communism. There was a wide support to stay neutral in the conflict, as during World War I. The government was also questioned for domestic policy reasons, namely...

  2. › wiki › ArgentinaArgentina - Wikipedia

    L' Argentina, ufficialmente Repubblica Argentina (in spagnolo: República Argentina, AFI: [reˈpuβlika aɾxenˈtina] ), è una repubblica federale, situata nella parte meridionale del Sud America. Il suo territorio è suddiviso in 24 province e una città autonoma, Buenos Aires, che è la capitale della nazione e sede del governo federale ...

    • Repubblica Argentina
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    • (ES) República Argentina
    • Spagnolo
  3. Argentina Wikipédia, a enciclopédia livre [ ocultar] 281 línguas Аԥсшәа Acèh Адыгабзэ Afrikaans Alemannisch አማርኛ Pangcah Aragonés Ænglisc العربية الدارجة مصرى অসমীয়া Asturianu Авар Kotava अवधी Aymar aru Azərbaycanca تۆرکجه Башҡортса Basa Bali Boarisch Žemaitėška Bikol Central Беларуская Беларуская (тарашкевіца) Български भोजपुरी Bislama

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