May 23, 2017 · No, Bill, it is impossible to be both Roman Catholic and Orthodox at the same time. The rite is not all that important. After all, the Latins were Western Rite Orthodox for many centuries.
- History of The Roman Catholic Church and Eastern Orthodox
- The Great Schism of Ad 1054
- Hierarchy of The Two Churches
- Pope (and Papal Primacy) Versus Patriarch
- Doctrinal Differences and Similarities
- Holy Spirit
- The One True Church of Christ
- Confessing Sins
- The Doctrine of The Immaculate Conception
- Scriptures and Books
Roman Catholics and Eastern Orthodox were originally one church, claiming the “apostolic line of succession” from Peter down through the bishops (or popes). The church was led by five patriarchs in Rome, Constantinople, Alexandria, Antioch, and Jerusalem. Rome’s patriarch (or pope) held authority over the other four patriarchs. Alexandria, Antioch, and Jerusalem all fell to Muslim conquest in the early 600s, leaving Constantinople and Rome as the two main leaders of Christianity, with a rivalry between the Patriarch of Constantinople and the Pope of Rome. The Eastern church (Constantinople) and the Western church (Rome) disagreed on doctrinal issues. Rome said unleavened bread (like Passover bread) must be used for communion, but the East used leavened bread to represent the risen Christ. They disputed changes to the wording of the Nicene Creed and whether priests should be unmarried and celibate.
This dissension and rivalry led to the Pope of Rome excommunicating the Patriarch of Constantinople, followed by the Patriarch promptly excommunicating the Pope. The Roman Catholic Church and the Eastern Orthodox Church split in 1054. The Eastern Orthodox Church no longer recognized the authority of the Roman Pope to rule them.
Eastern Orthodox (Orthodox Catholic Church) Hierarchy
Most people belonging to the Eastern Orthodox churches live in eastern Europe, Russia, the Middle East, and northern Africa, with 220 million baptized members. They are divided into regional groups (patriarchates), which are either autocephalous – having their own leader, or autonomous– self-governing. They all share the same basic doctrine. The largest regional group is the Greek Orthodox Church, which includes Greece, the Balkans, Albania, the Middle East, and the Greek diaspora in North Am...
Roman Catholic Hierarchy
The Roman Catholic church has 1.3 billion baptized members around the world, predominantly in South America, North America, southern Europe, and southern Africa. The church also has a large presence in Asia and Australia. The Roman Catholic church has a worldwide hierarchy, with the pope in Rome as the supreme leader. Under the pope is the College of Cardinals, who advise the pope and elect a new pope whenever the current one dies. Next are archbishops who govern regions around the world, and...
The Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople is the bishop of Constantinople, equal to all the other bishops in the Orthodox Church but given the honorific title of primus inter pares(first among equals). The Eastern Orthodox Church believes Jesus Christ is the head of their church. Roman Catholics consider the Bishop of Rome (Pope) as having Papal Primacy – all the cardinals, archbishops, and bishops give him respect as the supreme authority in church government and doctrine.
The Doctrine of Justification
Both the Roman Catholic Church and Eastern Orthodox Church reject the Protestant doctrine of justification through faith alone. Catholic and Orthodox churches believe salvation is a process. Roman Catholicsbelieve salvation begins with baptism (usually in infancy, by pouring or sprinkling water on the head) and continues by cooperating with grace through faith, good works, and receiving the sacraments of the church (especially confirmation at around age eight, confession of sins and penance,...
Both the Roman Catholic and Eastern Orthodox churches believe that the Holy Spirit is the third Person of the Trinity. However, the Eastern Orthodox Church believes that the Holy Spirit originates from God the Father alone. Catholics believe the Holy Spirit proceeds from the Father together withJesus the Son. The Nicene Creed, when first written in AD 325, stated “I believe . . . in the Holy Spirit.” In AD 381, it was changed to “the Holy Spirit proceeding from the Father.” Later, in AD 1014, Pope Benedict VIII had the Nicene Creed with the phrase “the Holy Spirit proceeding from the Father and the Son” sung at mass in Rome. The Roman Catholics accepted this version of the creed, but the Eastern Orthodox Church believed “proceeding from the Son” implied that the Holy Spirit was created by the Jesus. This became known as The Filioque Controversy. In Latin, filioque means child, so the controversy was whether the Jesus was an originator of the Holy Spirit. The Filioque Controversy was...
The Eastern Orthodox Church believes it is the one, holy, catholic, and apostolic church, established by Christ and His apostles. They reject the idea that the Orthodox Church is simply one branch or expression of Christianity. “Orthodox” means “true worship” and the Orthodox church believes they have maintained the true faith of the undivided church as the one remnant of the true church. The Eastern Orthodox church believe they continued as the “true church” at the Great Schism of 1054. The Roman Catholic Church likewise believes it is the one true church– the only church founded by Christ and the continuing presence of Jesus on earth. The Fourth Lateran Council of AD 1215 declared, “There is one universal Church of the faithful, outside of which there is absolutely no salvation.” However, the Second Vatican Council (1962-65) recognized that the Catholic church is “linked with” baptized Christians (Orthodox or Protestant), which they call “separated brethren,” “though they do not p...
Roman Catholicsgo to their priest to confess sins and receive “absolution” or forgiveness of their sins. The priest will often assign a “penance” to help internalize repentance and forgiveness – such as repeating the “Hail Mary” prayer or doing kind acts for someone they sinned against. Confession and penance is a sacrament in the Catholic church, necessary for one to continue in the faith. Catholics are encouraged to go to confession often – if they die without confessing a “mortal sin,” they will go to hell. Greek Orthodox also believe they need to confess their sins to God before a “spiritual guide” (usually a priest but can be any male or female carefully chosen and given a blessing to hear confessions). After confession, the repentant person will have the parish priest say the prayer of absolution over them. Sin is not considered a stain on the soul requiring punishment, but a mistake that provides opportunity to grow as a person and in the faith. Sometimes an act of penance is...
Roman Catholics believe in the Immaculate conception:the idea that Mary, the mother of Jesus, was free of original sin when she was conceived. They also believe she remained a virgin and sinless throughout her life. The idea of immaculate conception is a relatively new theology, becoming official dogma in 1854. The Eastern Orthodox Church doesn’t believe in the immaculate conception, calling it a “Roman novelty,” as it was a Catholic teaching that gained traction after the split between the Catholics and Orthodox. The Eastern Orthodox Church does believe Mary remained a virgin through her life. They revere her and refer to her as Theotokos – the birth-giver of God.
Both Roman Catholics and Eastern Orthodox have the Apocrypha books in their Old Testaments: 1 and 2 Maccabees, Tobit, Judith, Sirach, Wisdom, and Baruch. These seven books are not in the Bibles that most Protestants use. Eastern Orthodox also have a small number of writings from the Septuagint that aren’t in the Catholic Bibles, but that is not considered a big issue between the churches. The Eastern Orthodox Church believes the Bible is a verbal icon of Christ, containing the foundational truths of faith. They believe these truths were revealed by Christ and the Holy Spirit to divinely inspired human writers. The Bible is the primary and authoritative source for holy tradition and the basis for teaching and belief. The Roman Catholic Church believes the Bible was written by men inspired by the Holy Spirit and is without error and authoritative for life and doctrine. Neither the Orthodox nor the Roman Catholic Church believe that the Bible is the only authority for faith and practic...
- Papal Supremacy. Papal supremacy is the teaching that the Pope of Rome has immediate, supreme, universal jurisdiction over every Christian. In effect, he is the physical head of the Church.
- Papal infallibility. Papal infallibility teaches that the pope cannot err in questions of faith and morals when speaking ex cathedra (“from the throne”; this doesn’t make the pope sinless or perfect).
- The Filioque. The filioque (Latin: “and the Son”), is an addition to the Nicene Creed. This phrase changes the nature of the Holy Spirit’s procession, stating that He proceeds eternally from the Father and the Son, rather than from the Father only.
- Absolute Divine Simplicity. Another difference between the Orthodox and Catholic understanding of God is absolute divine simplicity. This can get a bit complex, but we will try to simplify the differences here as much as possible.
Orthodox Christians and Roman Catholics see the answer to this question quite differently. From the Orthodox point of view, Roman Catholics would be expected to return to the Orthodox faith that the Church of Rome professed during the period before it broke from Orthodoxy in roughly the 11th century (the Great Schism).
People also ask
What is the difference between Catholicism and Orthodox?
Is the true Church Catholic or Orthodox?
Can an Orthodox marry a Catholic?
How does Orthodox Christianity differ from Catholic?
Apostolic succession and sacraments Most Orthodox Churches allow marriages between members of the Catholic Church and the Orthodox Church. Catholic canon law allows marriage between a Catholic and an Orthodox only if permission is obtained from the Catholic bishop. What came first Catholic or Orthodox?
May 10, 2012 · As a box to be checked on applications and questionnaires, where religious affiliation means Protestant, Catholic, Jewish, Muslim, or other, Orthodoxy barely exists at all. My first glimpse of Orthodoxy was at the 1964-1965 New York Worlds Fair.
Apostolic succession and sacraments Most Orthodox Churches allow marriages between members of the Catholic Church and the Orthodox Church. Catholic canon law allows marriage between a Catholic and an Orthodox only if permission is obtained from the Catholic bishop. Is Orthodox older than Catholic?
Sep 06, 2020 · 27: Name one sure way or method, that a new believer in Christ, can know that the Roman Catholic church is the one true church. (The challenge: make sure this method cannot apply also to the Orthodox church.)
Answered 1 year ago · Author has 185 answers and 77.2K answer views I don’t know what you mean by “Orthodox” — Jews, other Christian Orthodox churches such as the Greek, Lebanese, Russian or others. Anyone can become a Roman Catholic.
- related to: Can one be Roman Catholic and Orthodox?
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