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  1. Charles IV, Holy Roman Emperor - Wikipedia,_Holy_Roman_Emperor

    On 11 July 1346, the prince-electors chose him as King of the Romans (rex Romanorum) in opposition to Emperor Louis IV. Charles was crowned on 26 November 1346 in Bonn. After his opponent died, he was re-elected in 1349 and crowned King of the Romans. In 1355, he was crowned King of Italy and Holy Roman Emperor.

    • Life

      Charles IV was born to King John of the Luxembourg dynasty...

    • Patronage of culture and the arts

      Prague became the capital of the Holy Roman Empire during...

    • Family

      Charles was married four times. His first wife was Blanche...

    • Legacy

      The reign of Charles IV was characterized by a...

    • Wenceslaus IV

      Biography. Wenceslaus was born in the Imperial city of...

    • Blanche of Valois

      Blanche of Valois (baptised Marguerite; 1317–1348) was a...

  2. Category:Charles IV, Holy Roman Emperor - Wikipedia,_Holy...

    Pages in category "Charles IV, Holy Roman Emperor" The following 13 pages are in this category, out of 13 total. This list may not reflect recent changes ().

  3. Charles IV, Haly Roman Emperor - Wikipedia,_Holy_Roman_Emperor

    Charles IV (Czech: Karel IV., German: Karl IV., Laitin: Carolus IV; 14 Mey 1316 – 29 November 1378), born Wenceslaus, wis the seicont Keeng o Bohemie frae the Hoose o Luxembourg, an the first Keeng o Bohemie an aa tae acome Haly Roman Emperor.

    • 26 August 1346 – 29 November 1378
    • John
  4. Talk:Charles IV, Holy Roman Emperor - Wikipedia,_Holy...

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  5. Charles IV, Holy Roman Emperor — Wikipedia Republished // WIKI 2,_Holy_Roman_Emperor
    • Life
    • Evaluation and Legacy
    • Patronage of Culture and The Arts
    • Family and Children
    • Castles
    • Named After Charles IV
    • Further Reading
    • External Links

    Charles IV was born to King John of the Lux­em­bourg dy­nasty and Queen Eliz­a­beth of Bo­hemia of the Czech Pre­mys­lid Dy­nasty in Prague. He was orig­i­nally named Wences­laus (Václav), the name of his ma­ter­nal grand­fa­ther, King Wences­laus II. He chose the name Charles at his con­fir­ma­tion in honor of his uncle, King Charles IV of France, at whose court he was res­i­dent for seven years. He re­ceived French ed­u­ca­tion and was lit­er­ate and flu­ent in five lan­guages: Latin, Czech, Ger­man, French, and Ital­ian. In 1331, he gained some ex­pe­ri­ence of war­fare in Italy with his fa­ther. At the be­gin­ning of 1333, Charles went to Lucca (Tus­cany) to con­sol­i­date his rule there. In an ef­fort to de­fend the city, Charles founded the nearby fortress and the town of Mon­te­carlo (Charles' Mountain). From 1333, he ad­min­is­tered the lands of the Bo­hemian Crown due to his fa­ther's fre­quent ab­sence and de­te­ri­o­rat­ing eye­sight. In 1334, Charles was named Mar­grave...

    The reign of Charles IV was char­ac­terised by a trans­for­ma­tion in the na­ture of the Em­pire and is re­mem­bered as the Golden Age of Bo­hemia. He pro­mul­gated the Golden Bull of 1356whereby the suc­ces­sion to the im­pe­r­ial title was laid down, which held for the next four cen­turies. He also or­ga­nized the states of the em­pire into peace-keep­ing con­fed­er­a­tions. In these, the Im­pe­r­ial cities fig­ured promi­nently. The Swabian Land­friede con­fed­er­a­tion of 1370 was made up al­most en­tirely of Im­pe­r­ial Cities. At the same time, the leagues were or­ga­nized and led by the crown and its agents. As with the elec­tors, the cities that served in these leagues were given priv­i­leges to aid in their ef­forts to keep the peace. He as­sured his dom­i­nance over the east­ern bor­ders of the Em­pire through suc­ces­sion treaties with the Hab­s­burgs and the pur­chase of Bran­den­burg. He also claimed im­pe­r­ial lord­ship over the cru­sader states of Prus­sia and Livo­nia.

    Prague be­came the cap­i­tal of the Holy Roman Em­pire dur­ing the reign of Charles IV. The name of the royal founder and pa­tron re­mains on many mon­u­ments and in­sti­tu­tions, for ex­am­ple Charles Uni­ver­sity, Charles Bridge, Charles Square. High Gothic Prague Cas­tle and part of the cathe­dral of Saint Vitus by Peter Par­ler were also built under his pa­tron­age. Fi­nally, the first flow­er­ing of man­u­script paint­ing in Prague dates from Charles' reign. In the pre­sent Czech Re­pub­lic, he is still re­garded as Pater Pa­triae (fa­ther of the coun­try or otec vlasti), a title first coined by Adal­ber­tus Ran­co­nis de Ericinioat his fu­neral. Charles also had strong ties to Nurem­berg, stay­ing within its city walls 52 times and thereby strength­en­ing its rep­u­ta­tion amongst Ger­man cities. Charles was the pa­tron of the Nurem­berg Frauenkirche, built be­tween 1352 and 1362 (the ar­chi­tect was likely Peter Par­ler), where the im­pe­r­ial court wor­shipped dur­ing its st...

    Charles was mar­ried four times. His first wife was Blanche of Val­ois, (1316–48), daugh­ter of Charles, Count of Val­ois, and a half-sis­ter of Philip VI of France. They had three chil­dren: 1. son (b.1334), died young 2. Margaret of Bohemia (1335 - 1349); married Louis I of Hungary. 3. Catherine of Bohemia (1342–95); married Rudolf IV of Austria and Otto V, Duke of Bavaria, Elector of Brandenburg. He sec­ondly mar­ried Anna of Bavaria, (1329–53), daugh­ter of Rudolf II, Duke of Bavaria; they had one son: 1. Wenceslaus (1350–51). His third wife was Anna von Schwei­d­nitz, (1339–62), daugh­ter of Henry II, Duke of Świd­nica and Katha­rina of Anjou (daugh­ter of Charles I Robert, King of Hun­gary), by whom he had three chil­dren: 1. Elisabeth of Bohemia (19 April 1358 – 4 September 1373); married Albert III of Austria. 2. Wenceslaus (1361–1419); later elected King of Germany (formally King of the Romans) and, on his father's death, became King of Bohemia (as Wenceslaus IV) and Empero...

    Cas­tles built or es­tab­lished by Charles IV. 1. Karlstein Castle, 1348–55 in Central Bohemian Region for safekeeping the Imperial Regalia, especially the Imperial Crown of the Holy Roman Empire (later the Czech Crown Jewelswere also kept there) 2. Kašperk Castle (Karlsberg), 1356 in Klatovy District 3. Lauf (Wenzelsburg) - built on the way connecting Prague and Nuremberg in Bohemian Palatinate, inside survived 112 coats of arms of the Czech Kingdom 4. Montecarloin Italy 5. Radyně (Karlskrone) – around 1360 in Plzeň Region 6. Hrádek u Purkarce (Karlshaus) - around 1357 7. Tepenec(Twingenberg, Karlsburg) 8. Karlsfried Castle

    Other places named after Charles: 1. Karlštejncastle, Czech Republic 2. Karlštejn(town), Czech Republic 3. Charles Bridge, Prague (Karlův most) 4. Charles University, Prague (Karlova Univerzita) 5. Karlovy Varyspa, Czech Republic 6. Charles Square, Prague (Karlovo náměstí) 7. Montecarlo (Charles' Mountain) fort and village in Italy 8. 16951 Carolus Quartus(an asteroid)

    Charles IV (autobiography), edited by Balázs Nagy, Frank Schaer: Autobiography of Emperor Charles IV; And, His Legend of St. Wenceslas: Karoli IV Imperatoris Romanorum Vita Ab Eo Ipso Conscripta; E...
    This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Charles IV. (Roman Emperor)". Encyclopædia Britannica. 5(11th ed.). Cambridge University Pre...
    Boehm, Barbara Drake (2005). Prague : the Crown of Bohemia, 1347-1437. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art. ISBN 1588391612.
    Literature by and about Karl IV. in the German National Librarycatalogue
    Works by and about Charles IV, Holy Roman Emperor in the Deutsche Digitale Bibliothek(German Digital Library)
    Entry in the Residenzen-Kommission
  6. Category:Charles IV, Holy Roman Emperor - Wikimedia

    May 03, 2019 · Media in category "Charles IV, Holy Roman Emperor" The following 18 files are in this category, out of 18 total. 12254-Elbogen-1910-Auszug Kaiser Karl iV. zur Jagd-Brück & Sohn Kunstverlag.jpg 1,509 × 1,000; 739 KB

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  8. Holy Roman Empire - Wikipedia

    Lands of the Bohemian Crown since the reign of Holy Roman Emperor Charles IV The Kingdom of Bohemia was a significant regional power during the Middle Ages . In 1212, King Ottokar I (bearing the title "king" since 1198) extracted a Golden Bull of Sicily (a formal edict) from the emperor Frederick II , confirming the royal title for Ottokar and ...

  9. Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor - Wikipedia,_Holy_Roman_Emperor

    Charles inherited the Austrian hereditary lands in 1519, as Charles I of Austria, and obtained the election as Holy Roman Emperor against the candidacy of the French King. Since the Imperial election, he was known as Emperor Charles V even outside of Germany and the A.E.I.O.U. motto of the House of Austria acquired political significance.

  10. Charles VI, Holy Roman Emperor - Wikipedia,_Holy_Roman_Emperor

    Charles III, as he was known, disembarked in his kingdom in 1705, and stayed there for six years, only being able to exercise his rule in Catalonia, until the death of his brother, Joseph I, Holy Roman Emperor; he returned to Vienna to assume the imperial crown.

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