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  1. Church of Alexandria - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Church_of_Alexandria

    The Church of Alexandria in Egypt is the Christian Church headed by the Patriarch of Alexandria. It is one of the original Apostolic Sees of Christianity, alongside Rome, Antioch, Constantinople and Jerusalem.

  2. Coptic Orthodox Church of Alexandria - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Coptic_Orthodox_Church_of

    The Coptic Orthodox Church of Alexandria (Coptic: Ϯⲉⲕ̀ⲕⲗⲏⲥⲓⲁ ̀ⲛⲣⲉⲙ̀ⲛⲭⲏⲙⲓ ⲛⲟⲣⲑⲟⲇⲟⲝⲟⲥ, romanized: ti.eklyseya en.remenkimi en.orthodoxos, lit. 'The Egyptian Orthodox Church') is an Oriental Orthodox Christian church based in Egypt, Africa and the Middle East.

  3. Greek Orthodox Church of Alexandria - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Greek_Orthodox_Church_of
    • Overview
    • History
    • Offikialoi of the Throne

    The Greek Orthodox Patriarchate of Alexandria and all Africa, also known as the Greek Orthodox Church of Alexandria, is an autocephalous patriarchate that is part of the Eastern Orthodox Church. Its seat is in Alexandria and it has canonical responsibility for the entire African continent. It is commonly called the Greek or Eastern Orthodox Patriarchate of Alexandria to distinguish it from the Coptic Orthodox Patriarchate of Alexandria, which is part of Oriental Orthodoxy. Members of the Greek O

    The history of the Patriarchate of Alexandria includes some of the greatest and most renowned fathers of the Church, especially the histories of Athanasius and Cyril, who were patriarchs of Alexandria at the ecumenical councils of Nicaea and Ephesus respectively. In the schism that was created by the political and Christological controversies at the Council of Chalcedon in 451, the Church of Alexandria split in two. The majority of the native population did not accede to the Council of Chalcedon

    The institution of the Offikialoi has its roots in the Hierarchy of the Byzantine Empire and primarily came into the ecclesiastical world around the 9th century, beginning with the Ecumenical patriarchate in Constantinople, where the offices existed hierarchically in three pentads. There are ecclesiastical offices, both for the clergy as well as for lay people. However, the offices for lay people acquired greater validity and dissemination during the Ottoman period whence they were gradually dis

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  5. Patriarch of Alexandria - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Patriarch_of_Alexandria

    The Alexandrian episcopate was revered as one of the three major episcopal sees before Constantinople or Jerusalem were granted similar status. Alexandria was elevated to de facto archiepiscopal status by the Councils of Alexandria, and this status was ratified by Canon Six of the First Council of Nicaea, which stipulated that all the Egyptian episcopal provinces were subject to the metropolitan see of Alexandria. In the sixth century, these five archbishops were formally granted the title of "p

  6. Greek Orthodox Church of Alexandria - Simple English ...

    simple.wikipedia.org › wiki › Greek_Orthodox_Church

    From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia The Orthodox Church of Alexandria (Greek: Πατριαρχεῖο Ἀλεξανδρείας καὶ πάσης Ἀφρικῆς) is one of the Eastern Orthodox Churches. It is sometimes called the Greek Orthodox Patriarchate of Alexandria to distinguish it from the Coptic Orthodox Patriarchate of Alexandria.

  7. Coptic Orthodox Church of Alexandria — Wikipedia Republished ...

    wiki2.org › en › Coptic_Orthodox_Church_of_Alexandria
    • History
    • Present Day
    • Demographics
    • Persecution
    • Jurisdiction Outside Egypt
    • Daughter Churches
    • Coptic Orthodox Churches Around The World
    • Official Titles of The Patriarch of Alexandria
    • Administration
    • Cathedrals

    Apostolic foundation

    Egypt is iden­ti­fied in the Bible as the place of refuge that the Holy Fam­ily sought in its flight from Judea: The Egypt­ian Church is tra­di­tion­ally be­lieved to be founded by St Mark at around AD 42, re­gards it­self as the sub­ject of many prophe­cies in the Old Tes­ta­ment. Isa­iahthe prophet, in Chap­ter 19, Verse 19 says "In that day there will be an altar to the LORD in the midst of the land of Egypt, and a pil­lar to the LORD at its border." The first Chris­tians in Egypt were com...

    Coptic Language in the Church

    The cop­tic lan­guage is a uni­ver­sal lan­guage used in any church in any coun­try. It is de­rived from an­cient Egypt­ian and Greek let­ters. Many of the hymns used in the liturgy are done in Cop­tic that has been passed down fro thou­sands of years. The lan­guage is used to be pre­served and not com­pletely for­got­ten after the Arab in­va­sion of Egypt abol­ished the use of the lan­guage and brought in Ara­bic in­stead. Ex­am­ples of these hymns are Epooro,Ekesmar'oot,Tai Shori, and many...

    On 17 March 2012, the Cop­tic Or­tho­dox Pope, Pope Shenouda III died, leav­ing many Copts mourn­ing and wor­ry­ing as ten­sions rose with Mus­lims. Pope Shenouda III con­stantly met with Mus­lim lead­ers in order to cre­ate peace. Many were wor­ried about Mus­lims con­trol­ling Egypt as the Mus­lim Broth­er­hoodwon 70% of the par­lia­men­tary elections. On 4 No­vem­ber 2012, Bishop Tawadros was cho­sen as the 118th Pope. In a rit­ual filled with prayer, chants and in­cense at Ab­basiyacathe­dral in Cairo, the 60-year-old bishop's name was picked by a blind­folded child from a glass bowl in which the names of two other can­di­dates had also been placed. The en­throne­ment was sched­uled on 18 No­vem­ber 2012. In 1959, the Ethiopian Or­tho­dox Tewa­hedo Church was granted its first own Pa­tri­arch by Pope Cyril VI. Fur­ther­more, the Er­itrean Or­tho­dox Tewa­hedo Church sim­i­larly be­came in­de­pen­dent of the Ethiopian Or­tho­dox Tewa­hedo Church in 1994, when four bish­ops were c...

    There are about 20 mil­lion Cop­tic Or­tho­dox Chris­tians in the world. Be­tween 15 and 18 mil­lion of them are found in Egypt under the ju­ris­dic­tion of the Cop­tic Or­tho­dox Church of Alexandria. Since Egypt does not have an of­fi­cial gov­ern­ment cen­sus on re­li­gion, es­ti­mates of the size of Egypt's Chris­t­ian pop­u­la­tion vary from the es­ti­mated low pre­vi­ous gov­ern­ment fig­ures of 6 to 7 mil­lion to the 12 mil­lion re­ported by some Chris­t­ian lead­ers in 2008. The ac­tual num­bers may be in the 15 to 18 mil­lion range, out of an Egypt­ian pop­u­la­tion of more than 90 million. How­ever, in 2011, the Pew Re­search Cen­ter an­nounced that Copts in Egypt con­sti­tute 4.5% of the pop­u­la­tion, while the Catholic Holy See puts Copts at 6 to 8%. Then in 2017 gov­ern­ment owned news Al Ahram es­ti­mated the per­cent­age of Copts at 10 to 15%. How­ever, in 2012 after the Egypt­ian rev­o­lu­tion the Mus­lim Broth­er­hood was draft­ing new con­sti­tu­tion then Ma­jor-G...

    While Copts have cited in­stances of per­se­cu­tion through­out their his­tory, Human Rights Watch has noted "grow­ing re­li­gious in­tol­er­ance" and sec­tar­ian vi­o­lence against Cop­tic Chris­tians in re­cent years, and a fail­ure by the Egypt­ian gov­ern­ment to ef­fec­tively in­ves­ti­gate prop­erly and pros­e­cute those responsible. Over a hun­dred Egypt­ian copts have been killed in sec­tar­ian clashes from 2011 to 2017, and many homes and busi­nesses de­stroyed. In just one province (Minya), 77 cases of sec­tar­ian at­tacks on Copts be­tween 2011 and 2016 have been doc­u­mented by the Egypt­ian Ini­tia­tive for Per­sonal Rights.The ab­duc­tion and dis­ap­pear­ance of Cop­tic Chris­t­ian women and girls also re­mains a se­ri­ous on­go­ing problem.

    Be­sides Egypt, the Church of Alexan­dria has ju­ris­dic­tion over Pen­tapo­lis, Libya, Nubia, Sudan, Ethiopia, Er­itreaand all Africa. Both the Pa­tri­ar­chate of Addis Ababa and all Ethiopia, and the Pa­tri­ar­chate of As­mara and all Er­itrea do ac­knowl­edge the su­premacy of honor and dig­nity of the Pope and Pa­tri­arch of Alexan­driaon the basis that both Pa­tri­ar­chates were es­tab­lished by the Throne of Alexan­dria and that they have their roots in the Apos­tolic Church of Alexan­dria, and ac­knowl­edge that Saint Mark the Apos­tlic is the founder of their Churches through the her­itage and Apos­tolic evan­ge­liza­tion of the Fa­thers of Alexan­dria. In other words, the Pa­tri­ar­chates of Ethiopia and Er­itrea are daugh­ter Churches of the Holy Apos­tolic Pa­tri­ar­chate of Alexan­dria. In ad­di­tion to the above, the coun­tries of Uganda, Kenya, Tan­za­nia, Zam­bia, Zim­babwe, the Congo, Cameroon, Nige­ria, Ghana, Botswana, Malawi, An­gola, Namibia and South Africa are...

    Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church

    Ethiopia re­ceived Chris­tian­ity next to Jerusalem, through Jesus's own apos­tle, only a year after Jesus was cru­ci­fied (Acts 8: 26–39). Chris­tian­ity be­came a na­tional re­li­gion of Ethiopia, under the do­min­ion of the Church of Alexan­dria, in the 4th cen­tury. The first bishop of Ethiopia, Saint Fru­men­tius, was con­se­crated as Bishop of Axum by Pope Athana­sius of Alexan­dria in AD 328. From then on, until 1959, the Pope of Alexan­dria, as Pa­tri­arch of All Africa, al­ways named...

    Eritrean Orthodox Tewahedo Church

    Fol­low­ing the in­de­pen­dence of Er­itrea from Ethiopia in 1993, the newly in­de­pen­dent Er­itrean gov­ern­ment ap­pealed to Pope Shenouda III of Alexan­dria for Er­itrean Or­tho­dox au­to­cephaly. In 1994, Pope Shenouda or­dained Abune Philli­pos as first Arch­bishop of Er­itrea. The Er­itrean Or­tho­dox Tewa­hedo Church ob­tained au­to­cephaly on 7 May 1998, and Abune Philli­pos was sub­se­quently con­se­crated as first Pa­tri­arch of Er­itrea. The two churches re­main in full com­mu­nio...

    There are sev­eral Cop­tic Or­tho­dox churches and in­sti­tu­tions out­side Egypt, in­clud­ing churches and in­sti­tu­tions in: 1. Africa: see Coptic Orthodox Church in Africa 2. Asia: see Coptic Orthodox Church in Asia 3. Australia and Oceania: see Coptic Orthodox Church in Australia 4. Europe: see Coptic Orthodox Church in Europe 4.1. Britain and Ireland:see Coptic Orthodox Church in Britain and Ireland 4.2. France: see French Coptic Orthodox Church(autonomous) 5. North America: see Coptic Orthodox Church in North America 5.1. United States: see Coptic Orthodox Church in the United States 5.2. Canada: see Coptic Orthodox Church in Canada 5.3. Mexico: see Coptic Orthodox Church in Mexico 6. South America see Coptic Orthodox Church in South America

    Episcopal titles

    1. The leader of the Coptic Orthodox Church of Alexandria is known as Pope of Alexandria and Patriarch of all Africa on the Holy See of St. Mark the Apostle. 2. His full title is Patriarch and Lord Archbishop of the Great City of Alexandria on the Holy Orthodox and Apostolic Throne of Saint Mark the Evangelist and Holy Apostle that is, in Egypt, Pentapolis, Libya, Nubia, Sudan, Ethiopia, Eritreaand all Africa. 3. The Successor of St. Mark the Evangelist, Holy Apostle and Martyr, on the Holy A...

    Honorary titles

    1. The Dean of the Great Catechetical School of Theology of Alexandria. 2. The Ecumenical (Universal) Judge (Arbitrator) of the Holy Apostolic and Catholic (Universal) Church. 3. The 13th among the Holy Apostles. 4. The Pillar and Defender of the Holy, Catholic (Universal), Apostolic Church and of the OrthodoxDoctrine.

    Historical evolution of the ecclesiastical title

    The pa­tri­arch of Alexan­dria was orig­i­nally known merely as bishop of Alexan­dria. How­ever, this title con­tin­ued to evolve as the Church grew under Theophilus and his nephew and suc­ces­sor Cyril (a.d.376–444), and es­pe­cially in the 5th cen­tury when the Church de­vel­oped its hi­er­ar­chy. The bishop of Alexan­dria, being the suc­ces­sor of the first bishop in Roman Egypt con­se­crated by Saint Mark, was hon­ored by the other bish­ops as first among equals primus inter pares. Under...

    The Cop­tic Or­tho­dox pa­tri­ar­chate of Alexan­dria is gov­erned by its Holy Synod, which is headed by the Pa­tri­arch of Alexan­dria. Under his au­thor­ity are the met­ro­pol­i­tan arch­bish­ops, met­ro­pol­i­tan bish­ops, dioce­san bish­ops, pa­tri­ar­chal exarchs, mis­sion­ary bish­ops, aux­il­iary bish­ops, suf­fra­gan bish­ops, as­sis­tant bish­ops, chor­bish­ops and the pa­tri­ar­chal vic­arsfor the Church of Alexan­dria. They are or­ga­nized as fol­lows: 1. 11 metropolitanates, out of which 8 metropolitanates are in Egypt, 1 metropolitanate in the Near East, 1 in Europe, 1 in the USA; served by 2 metropolitan archbishops and 9 metropolitan bishops; out of the 11 hierarchs, 1 metropolitan archbishop is in the Near East, 1 metropolitan archbishop in Egypt, while 7 metropolitan bishops are in Egypt, 1 metropolitan bishops are in Europe, and 1 metropolitan bishop in the USA. 2. 65 dioceseswith 44 diocesan bishops are in Egypt, 9 diocesan bishops are in Europe, 4 diocesan bishop...

    Saint Mark's Coptic Orthodox Cathedral, Alexandria
    Saint Mark's Coptic Orthodox Cathedral, Abbassia, Cairo
    Saint Mark's Coptic Orthodox Cathedral, Azbakeya, Cairo
    Saint Mark's Coptic Orthodox Cathedral Markham, Ontario, Canada
  8. Coptic Church - Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

    simple.wikipedia.org › wiki › Coptic_Orthodox_Church

    The Coptic Orthodox Church of Alexandria is the name for the largest Christian church in Egypt. Its churches can be found worldwide, where it serves Coptic believers who have emigrated to other countries.

  9. Athanasius of Alexandria - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Athanasius_of_Alexandria

    Athanasius of Alexandria (c. 296–298 – 2 May 373), also called Athanasius the Great, Athanasius the Confessor or, primarily in the Coptic Orthodox Church, Athanasius the Apostolic, was the 20th bishop of Alexandria (as Athanasius I).

  10. Coptic Orthodox Church of Alexandria - Wikimedia Commons

    commons.wikimedia.org › wiki › Coptic_Orthodox

    Saint Mark Church, Bellaire, Texas, United States Saint Georges & Saint Shenouda Church , Jersey City , New Jersey , United States Archangel Michael & Saint Mina Church, Great Kills, Staten Island , New York, United States

  11. Alexander of Alexandria - OrthodoxWiki

    orthodoxwiki.org › Alexander_of_Alexandria

    Feb 28, 2015 · Our father among the saints Alexander of Alexandria was the Pope of Alexandria and leader of the Church of Alexandria during the early part of the fourth century. During his reign he had to deal with major issues that confronted the Church as it gained its freedom from Roman persecutions, including the rise of Arianism and the dating of Pascha.