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  1. en.wikipedia.org › wiki › CrimeaCrimea - Wikipedia

    Crimea [a] ( / kraɪˈmiːə / ( listen) kry-MEE-ə) is a peninsula in Eastern Europe. It is situated along the northern coast of the Black Sea, and has a population of 2.4 million, [1] made up mostly of ethnic Russians with significant Ukrainian and Crimean Tatar minorities, [2] among others.

    • 27,000 km² (10,000 sq mi)
    • 2,416,856 (2021)
    • 1,545 m (5069 ft)
    • Roman-Kosh
  2. The text proclaims the Republic of Crimea is a democratic, legal state within the Russian Federation and an equal subject of the Russian Federation. The source of power in the Crimean Republic is its people, which constitutes to the multinational nation of the Russian Federation.

    • 26,100 km² (10,100 sq mi)
    • Simferopol
    • Prehistory
    • Antiquity
    • Middle Ages
    • Crimean Khanate
    • Russian Empire
    • Russian Civil War
    • Soviet Union
    • Ukrainian Sovereignty Over Crimea
    • Russian Annexation and Aftermath
    • See Also

    Archaeological evidence of human settlement in Crimea dates back to the Middle Paleolithic. Neanderthal remains found at Kiyik-Koba Cave have been dated to about 80,000 BP.Late Neanderthal occupations have also been found at Starosele (c. 46,000 BP) and Buran Kaya III (c. 30,000 BP). Archaeologists have found some of the earliest anatomically moder...

    Tauri and Scythians

    In the early Iron Age, Crimea was settled by two groups: the Tauri in southern Crimea, and the East Iranian-speaking Scythians north of the Crimean Mountains. Taurians intermixed with the Scythians starting from the end of 3rd century BC were mentioned as "Tauroscythians" and "Scythotaurians" in the works of ancient Greek writers. In Geographica, Strabo refers to the Tauri as a Scythian tribe. However, Herodotus states that the Tauri tribes were geographically inhabited by the Scythians, but...

    Greek settlement

    The ancient Greeks were the first to name the region Taurica after the Tauri. As the Tauri inhabited only mountainous regions of southern Crimea, at first the name Taurica was used only to this southern part, but later it was extended to name the whole peninsula. Greek city-states began establishing colonies along the Black Sea coast of Crimea in the 7th or 6th century BC. Theodosia and Panticapaeum were established by Milesians. In the 5th century BC, Dorians from Heraclea Pontica founded th...

    Roman Empire

    In the 2nd century BC, the eastern part of Taurica became part of the Bosporan Kingdom, before becoming a client kingdom of the Roman Empirein the 1st century BC. During the AD 1st, 2nd and 3rd centuries, Taurica was host to Roman legions and colonists in Charax, Crimea. The Charax colony was founded under Vespasian with the intention of protecting Chersonesos and other Bosporean trade emporiums from the Scythians. The Roman colony was protected by a vexillatio of the Legio I Italica; it also...

    Rus' and Byzantium

    In the 9th century CE, Byzantium established the Theme of Cherson to defend against incursions by the Rus' Khaganate. The Crimean peninsula from this time was contested between Byzantium, Rus' and Khazaria. The area remained the site of overlapping interests and contact between the early medieval Slavic, Turkic and Greek spheres. It became a center of slave trade. Slavs were sold to Byzantium and other places in Anatolia and the Middle-East during this period.[citation needed] In the mid-10th...

    The Crimean Steppe

    Throughout the ancient and medieval period the interior and north of Crimea was occupied by a changing cast of invading steppe nomads, such as the Tauri, Cimmerians, Scythians, Sarmatians, Crimean Goths, Alans, Bulgars, Huns, Khazars, Kipchaks and Mongols. The Bosporan Kingdom had exercised some control of the majority of the peninsula at the height of its power, with Kievan Rus'also having some control of the interior of Crimea after the tenth century.

    Mongol invasion and later medieval period

    The overseas territories of Trebizond, Perateia, had already been subjected to pressure from the Genoese and Kipchaks by the time Alexios I of Trebizond died in 1222, before the Mongol invasions began its western sweep through Volga Bulgariain 1223. Kiev lost its hold on the Crimean interior in the early 13th century due to the Mongol invasions. In the summer of 1238 Batu Khan devastated the Crimean peninsula and pacified Mordovia, reaching Kiev by 1240. The Crimean interior came under the co...

    After Timur destroyed a Mongol Golden Horde army in 1399,[citation needed] the Crimean Tatars founded an independent Crimean Khanate under Hacı I Giray (a descendant of Genghis Khan) by 1443. Hacı I Giray and his successors reigned first at Qırq Yer, then - from the beginning of the 15th century - at Bakhchisaray. The Crimean Tatars controlled the ...

    The Taurida Oblast was created by a decree of Catherine the Great on 2 February 1784. The center of the oblast was first in Karasubazar but was moved to Simferopol later in 1784. The establishment decree divided the oblast into 7 uyezds. However, by a decree of Paul I on 12 December 1796, the oblast was abolished and the territory, divided into 2 u...

    Following the Russian Revolution of 1917, the military and political situation in Crimea was chaotic like that in much of Russia. During the ensuing Russian Civil War, Crimea changed hands numerous times and was for a time a stronghold of the anti-Bolshevik White Army. It was in Crimea that the White Russians led by General Wrangel made their last ...

    Interbellum

    On 18 October 1921, the Crimean Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic was created as part of the Russian SFSR which, in turn, became part of the new Soviet Union. However, this did not protect the Crimean Tatars, who constituted about 25% of the Crimean population, from Joseph Stalin's repressions of the 1930s. The Greeks were another cultural group that suffered. Their lands were lost during the process of collectivisation, in which farmers were not compensated with wages. Schools which taugh...

    World War II

    During World War II, Crimea was a scene of some of the bloodiest battles. The leaders of the Third Reich were anxious to conquer and colonize the fertile and beautiful peninsula as part of their policy of resettling the Germans in Eastern Europe at the expense of the Slavs. The Germans suffered heavy casualties in the summer of 1941 as they tried to advance through the narrow Isthmus of Perekop linking Crimea to the Soviet mainland. Once the German army broke through (Operation Trappenjagd),...

    Deportation of Crimean Tatars

    On 18 May 1944, the entire population of the Crimean Tatars were forcibly deported in the "Sürgün" (Crimean Tatar for exile) to Central Asia by Joseph Stalin's Soviet government as a form of collective punishment on the grounds that they allegedly had collaborated with the Nazi occupation forces and formed pro-German Tatar Legions.: 483 On 26 June of the same year Armenian, Bulgarian and Greek population was also deported to Central Asia, and partially to Ufa and its surroundings in the Ural...

    With the collapse of the Soviet Union, Crimea became part of the newly independent Ukraine. A referendum in Crimea in January 1991 overwhelmingly voted for Crimea to be a sovereign Soviet Republic independent of Ukraine. Ukrainian Independence was supported by a referendum in all regions of the Ukrainian SSR, including Crimea (although Crimea's res...

    On 23 February, Russian President Vladimir Putin tasked the security agencies with starting work on the return of Crimea. Within days, on 26 February 2014, hundreds of pro-Russia and pro-Ukraine protesters clashed in front of the parliament building in Simferopol. The previous day, 300–500 pro-Russia protesters chanting "Russia" had replaced the fl...

    • Historia
    • Política Y Administración
    • Código Penal de Rusia
    • Geografía
    • Demografía
    • Economía
    • Infraestructura
    • Cultura
    • Véase también

    Orígenes

    Antiguamente, Crimea era conocida por los griegos como Chersónesos Taurikí (Χερσόνησος Ταυρική), nombre que se latinizó a Chersonesus Táurica. La denominación griega refiere a los tauros, una tribu que descendía de los cimerios cuyo nombre deriva de Kymeria o Cimeria (país de los cimerios). Entre los siglos VII y s. V a. C. también fue denominada Bósforo Cimerio. Los griegos milesios colonizaron el territorio y fundaron muchas ciudades y pueblos, que se unieron en el año 438 a. C. para formar...

    Independencia y anexión a Rusia

    Como resultado de la victoria rusa sobre los turcos en la guerra ruso-turca, el 21 de julio de 1774 Rusia y Turquía firmaron el Tratado de Küçük Kaynarca, por el que el Imperio otomano reconocía la independencia de un reducido Kanato de Crimea. Sin embargo, la vida de este Estado satélite fue efímera, y en 1783, aprovechando la excusa de la guerra civil, la zarina Catalina II destituyó al último kan, Şahin Giray, por lo que Crimea pasó a formar parte del Imperio ruso como provincia de Táurida...

    Tras la Revolución de 1917

    Con la Revolución rusa los tártaros de Crimea proclamaron su independencia del Imperio ruso, aunque en los años sucesivos y mientras duró la guerra civil rusa (1917-1920) el control político y militar del territorio cambió de manos en diversas ocasiones, sucediéndose gobiernos y administraciones de distinta índole y denominación, todos ellos efímeros. En los años finales de la guerra Crimea se convirtió en el último bastión del Ejército Blanco en el sur de Rusia.

    Crimea es un territorio disputado por dos gobiernos. Ucrania considera que la península de Crimea está bajo su completa jurisdicción y soberanía. Según su constitución, Crimea está organizada por dos entidades territoriales: la República Autónoma de Crimea establecida en 1995 y con capital en Simferópol, y la ciudad de Sebastopol, administrada dire...

    El 9 de mayo de 2014 entró en vigor una enmienda del Código Penal de Rusia promulgada en diciembre de 2013 que dice que «todas las llamadas para incitar la violación de la integridad territorial rusa»,[45]​ incluyendo la secesión de Crimea de la Federación de Rusia, serán un delito penal.[46]​ La condena será una multa de 300.000 rublos o prisión h...

    Crimea es, geográficamente, una península ubicada entre el mar Negro y el mar de Azov. Hace frontera con la región del Quersoneso (óblast de Jersón, Ucrania) al norte, con el mar Negro al sur y al oeste y con el mar de Azov al este. Crimea se conecta con Ucrania por el istmo de Perekop, de una anchura de 5 a 7 km. En el extremo oriental se encuentr...

    En el censo de 2001, la población de Crimea alcanzó los 2 033 700 habitantes,[76]​ distribuidos por grupo étnico de la siguiente forma: rusos 58,32 %; ucranianos 24,32 %; tártaros de Crimea 12,1 %; bielorrusos 1,44 %; tártaros 0,54 %; armenios 0,43 %; judíos 0,22 %; y otros (polacos, moldavos, azerís, uzbecos, coreanos[cita requerida], griegos, ale...

    El subdirector del Banco de Rusia anunció que hacia finales de abril de 2014 habría más de 200 sucursales de bancos rusos en Crimea, que realizarán operaciones con el rublo ruso. Además, el 21 de abril fueron suspendidas las operaciones de cuatro bancos ucranianos.[79]​ Los principales sectores de la economía de Crimea son el turismo y la agricultu...

    En cuanto a gastos por infraestructura, el gobierno de Moscú se ha comprometido a construir escuelas, hospitales, carreteras, aeropuertos y una Universidad. El 13 de agosto de 2014, Vladímir Putin arribó a Sebastopol para una visita de dos días, el la que también participaron el primer ministro, Dmitri Medvédev, el jefe de la Cámara baja, Serguéi N...

    Hay quince museos estatales y reservas en la República Autónoma de Crimea y en la ciudad de Sebastopol.

  3. People also ask

    Is Crimea rightfully Russian or Ukrainian?

    Is Crimea ethnically Russian?

    Does Crimea want to become part of Russia?

    Was Crimea always Russian?

  4. From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Satellite picture of Crimea. Crimea. Crimea ( Russian: Крым, Ukrainian: Крим) is a peninsula in the Black Sea that separates it from the Sea of Azov. Crimea has a surface of 26,081 square kilometres (10,070 sq mi). It is about 200 kilometres (120 mi) by 320 kilometres (200 mi).

  5. in Ukraine (light yellow) Location of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea (light yellow) in the Crimean Peninsula Status Government in exile Capital and largest city Simferopol Official languages Ukrainian, Russian, Crimean Tatar Ethnic groups (2001) 60.12% Russians 25.78% Ukrainians 14.1% Crimean Tatars Country Ukraine (maintained) Government Autonomous republic • Presidential Representative ...

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