The spelling "Crimea" is the Italian form, i.e., la Crimea, since at least the 17th century and the "Crimean peninsula" becomes current during the 18th century, gradually replacing the classical name of Tauric Peninsula in the course of the 19th century.
Crimea, (Ukrainian: Крим) sometimes also called The Crimea, is a peninsula in the Black Sea. The peninsula separates the Black Sea from the Sea of Azov. Crimea has a surface of 26,081 square kilometres (10,070 sq mi). It is about 200 kilometres (120 mi) by 320 kilometres (200 mi).
The Crimean Peninsula north of the Crimean Mountains was occupied by Scythian tribes. Their center was the city of Scythian Neapolis on the outskirts of present-day Simferopol . The town ruled over a small kingdom covering the lands between the lower Dnieper River and northern Crimea .
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The Crimean Peninsula, north of the Black Sea in Eastern Europe, was annexed by the Russian Federation between February and March 2014 and since then has been administered as two Russian federal subjects—the Republic of Crimea and the federal city of Sevastopol.
- 20 February – 26 March 2014, (1 month and 6 days)
- Russian masked troops invade and occupy key Crimean locations, including airports and military bases, following Putin's orders., The head of Ukrainian Navy, Admiral Berezovsky, defects, followed later by half of the Ukrainian military stationed in the region., Russian forces seize the Supreme Council (Crimean parliament) on 27 February. The Council of Ministers of Crimea is dissolved and a new pro-Russian Prime Minister installed., The Supreme Council declares the Republic of Crimea to be an independent, self-governing entity, then holds a controversial referendum on the status of Crimea on 16 March, which results in a majority vote to join the Russian Federation., Treaty signed between the Republic of Crimea and the Russian Federation at the Kremlin on 18 March to formally initiate Crimea's accession to the Russian Federation., The Ukrainian Armed Forces are evicted from their bases on 19 March by Crimean protesters and Russian troops. Ukraine subsequently announces the withdrawal of its forces from Crimea., The Russian State Duma officially passed the Federal Law Admitting to the Russian Federation the Republic of Crimea on 21 March., Russia suspended from G8., International sanctions introduced on Russia.
In March 2014 Crimean GDP was estimated at $4.3 billion or 0.2% of Russia based on current prices and 0.5% based on purchasing power parity.  After annexation of the peninsula, Russia doubled payments to about 560,000 pensioners and 200,000 public workers (in Crimea). Those raises were cut back in April 2015.
The Crimean peninsula was Christianised at an early time, via Gothic Christianity, in the 4th century. In the 9th century, the Goths in Crimea turned to the Greek Orthodox Church, under the Metropolitanate of Gothia.
In a statement issued 1 March, Ministry of Foreign Affairs expressed concern about the situation on the Crimean Peninsula. The Ministry noted that the Visegrád Four Foreign Ministers had asked both the Kyiv government leaders and the Donetsk region's political leaders to abstain from provocative steps that may heighten tension and lead to ...
The Crimean War was a military conflict fought from October 1853 to February 1856 in which Russia lost to an alliance made up of France, the Ottoman Empire, the United Kingdom and Sardinia. The immediate cause of the war involved the rights of Christian minorities in the Holy Land , then a part of the Ottoman Empire.
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