Federalism is a mixed or compound mode of government that combines a general government (the central or "federal" government) with regional governments (provincial, state, cantonal, territorial or other sub-unit governments) in a single political system.
Federalism in the United States is the constitutional division of power between U.S. state governments and the federal government of the United States. Since the founding of the country, and particularly with the end of the American Civil War, power shifted away from the states and toward the national government.
Federalism in the United States is the relationship between the state governments and the federal government. This relationship is set out in the United States Constitution. The Constitution says which powers the federal government has, and which powers belong to the states.
- General perspectives
- Ethnic federalism in specific countries
Ethnic federalism is a federal system of national government in which the federated units are defined according to ethnicity. Related terms are multi-ethnic federalism and ethnofederalism. This type of federation is identified above all with the governance of Meles Zenawi from the 1990s in Ethiopia, where it has sometimes been known as Zenawism. Meles Zenawi and his government adopted ethnic federalism to establish the equality of all ethnic groups in present day Ethiopia. Features of ethnic fed
In an ethnic federation some or all of the federated units are constructed as far as possible to follow ethnic boundaries, providing ethnic communities with a measure of autonomy. Because the federation remains one state, this is distinguished from outright partition. Such a syst
One of the main motivations for introducing ethnic federalism is to reduce conflict among the groups within the state, by granting each group local self-government and guaranteed representation at the centre. Thus an ethnic federal system may have particular appeal where serious
Ethnic federalism as an institutional choice to alleviate ethnic tensions within a country has often been criticised, both on conceptual and empirical grounds. At the theoretical level the difficulties include::16 1. The problematic concept of "ethnicity" as an ordering principle
Ethiopia has over 80 ethno-linguistic groups and a long history of ethnic conflict. After 17 years of armed struggle, in 1991 Meles Zenawi's party replaced the Derg. Zenawi, up to then leader of the Tigrayan People's Liberation Front and the Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democ
The ethnic aspect of a new federal structure in Nepal has been a source of contention through the constitution-building process of recent years. Multiparty democracy was introduced in Nepal in 1990 after a popular uprising led by the Congress party and the United Left Front, a co
Following the secession in 1971 of East Pakistan to become Bangladesh, the Pakistani government sought ways to accommodate the ethno-nationalist demands of the different groups within what had been West Pakistan. The 1973 Constitution imposed a federal structure giving autonomy t
Federalism in the United Kingdom refers to the distribution of power between countries and regions of the United Kingdom.
New Federalism is a political philosophy of devolution, or the transfer of certain powers from the United States federal government back to the states.The primary objective of New Federalism, unlike that of the eighteenth-century political philosophy of Federalism, is the restoration to the states of some of the autonomy and power which they lost to the federal government as a consequence of ...
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Asymmetric federalism or asymmetrical federalism is found in a federation or confederation in which different constituent states possess different powers: one or more of the substates has considerably more autonomy than the other substates, although they have the same constitutional status.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia For the political ideology that favours Quebec remaining within the Canadian federation rather than pursuing independence, see Federalism in Quebec. Not to be confused with Canadian nationalism. This article has multiple issues.
Anti-Federalism was a late-18th century movement that opposed the creation of a stronger U.S. federal government and which later opposed the ratification of the 1787 Constitution. The previous constitution, called the Articles of Confederation and Perpetual Union, gave state governments more authority.
Federalism är ett politiskt system där makten är uppdelad på olika nivåer. Enheter på lokal eller regional nivå har beslutanderätt på central nivå genom en parlamentarisk församling, detta till skillnad från en enhetsstat där parlamentet har beslutanderätt över de regionala/lokala enheterna.