France ( French: [fʁɑ̃s] ), officially the French Republic (French: République française) is a transcontinental country spanning Western Europe and overseas regions and territories in South America and the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian Oceans. Including all of its territories, France has twelve time zones, the most of any country.
France is a developed country and has the fifth largest economy in the world, according to nominal GDP figures. It is the most visited country in the world, with 82 million foreign visitors every year. France was one of the first members of the European Union, and has the largest land area of all members.
With the death in 1477 of Charles the Bold, France and the Habsburgs began a long process of dividing his rich Burgundian lands, leading to numerous wars. In 1532, Brittany was incorporated into the Kingdom of France. France engaged in the long Italian Wars (1494–1559), which marked the beginning of early modern France.
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La France (), en forme longue depuis 1875 la République française (), est un État souverain transcontinental dont le territoire métropolitain est situé en Europe de l'Ouest et dont le territoire ultramarin est situé dans les océans Indien, Atlantique et Pacifique ainsi qu'en Amérique du Sud.
- Overseas regions
Region of France Région française Also known as: Rannvroioù Bro-C'hall, Règion Francêsa, Region Francesa, Regió Francesa Hauts-de- France Normandy Île-de- France Grand Est Bourgogne- Franche- Comté Centre- Val de Loire Pays de la Loire Brittany Nouvelle- Aquitaine Auvergne- Rhône-Alpes Occitanie Provence- Alpes- Côte d'Azur Corsica French Guiana Guadeloupe Martinique Mayotte Réunion Belgium Luxembourg Germany Switzerland Italy United Kingdom Andorra Brazil Suriname Spain Channel...
Regions lack separate legislative authority and therefore cannot write their own statutory law. They levy their own taxes and, in return, receive a decreasing part of their budget from the central government, which gives them a portion of the taxes it levies. They also have considerable budgets managed by a regional council made up of representatives voted into office in regional elections. A region's primary responsibility is to build and furnish high schools. In March 2004, the French central
Overseas region is a recent designation, given to the overseas departments that have similar powers to those of the regions of metropolitan France. As integral parts of the French Republic, they are represented in the National Assembly, Senate and Economic and Social Council, elect a Member of the European Parliament and use the euro as their currency. Although these territories have had these political powers since 1982, when France's decentralisation policy dictated that they be given elected
- Administrative Divisions
- Duusra Websites
France, Western Europe me hae. France ke merr (border) Belgium, Luxembourg, Germany, Switzerland, Italy, Monaco, Andorra, aur Spain se hae. France me dui pahaarr hae jiske naam hae the Alps aur Pyrenees. France me dher naddi hae, jaise ki Seine aur Loire. France ke north aur west me chota pahaarr aur naddi ke valley hae. France me dher rakam ke mausam rahe hae. Atlanticnorth and west ke mausam ke bahut affect kare hae. Iske matlab ii hae ki temperature sab time lg hag ek rakam rahe hae. East me winter bahut thanda rhae hae. Summer me bahut garam rahe aur tuufan bhi aae hae. South me summer me garam aur jhuura rahe hae aur winter me thanda aur bhiija rahe hae.
"France" ke naam Latin Francia se aais hae, jiske matlab hae "land of the Franks" nai to "Frankland". France ke abhi ke border purana Gaul ke border ke rakam hae. Purana Gaul me Celtic Gauls log rahat rahin. Gaul ke 1st century BC me Rome, jiske leader Julius Caesar rahaa, capture kar liis rahaa. Dhire dhire, Eventually, Gauls log Roman bhasa (Latin, jisme se French bhasaaais hae) aur Roman ke rahan. Christianity 2nd aur 3rd century me France me faila aur fourth aur fifth century me ekdam tagrraa hoe gais. 4th century AD, me Germanic tribes, jisme jaada kar ke Franks rahin Gaul ke invade kar diin aur ii rakam se france ke naam milaa. Abhi ke “France” ke naam Capetian France ke Raja logan jon ki Paris ke rahin, se aais hae. Roman Empire ke gire ke baad, Franks logan Europe ke pahila tribe rahin jon ki CatholicChristianity banin. French logan apne aap ke “the Most Christian Kingdom of France” bole hae. Treaty of Verdun (843), Charlemagne ke Empire ke tiin bhaag me baat diis. Isme se s...
France ke (administrative) regions me baata gais hae jisme se 22 Metropolitan France me hae: 1. Corsica ke alag ke status hae aur iske collectivité territorialebola jaae hae. France ke 4 overseas regionshae: France ke 100 departments me baata gais hae. Ii departments ke 342 arrondissements me baata gais hae. arrondissements ke fir se 4,032 cantons me baata gais hae. Sab se chhota subdivision commune hae. 1 January 2008, me INSEE 36,781 communes ke gini jisme se 36,569 metropolitan France aur 212 overseas France me hae . This is more than in any other European country.
France ke sarkar semi-presidential system hae jaise ki French fifth Republic ke Constitution ke likha hae. Ii des apne ke "an indivisible, secular, democratic, aur social Republic" bole hae.
France ke armed forceske chaar branches me baata gais hae: 1. The Armée de Terre(Army) 2. The Marine Nationale(Navy) 3. The Armée de l'Air(Air Force) 4. The Gendarmerie Nationale(Ek military jon ki National Rural Police ke rakam rahe hae) France me 359,000 military personnel hae.. France, aapan GDP ke 2.6% defence pe kharchaa kare hae. Ii European Union me sab se jaada hae. France aur UK, EU 40% defence budget spend kare hae. France's ke defence budget ke 10% nuclear weaponsme kharchaa karaa jaae hae.