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  1. Greek alphabet - Wikipedia › wiki › Greek_alphabet

    From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia The Greek alphabet has been used to write the Greek language since the late ninth or early eighth century BC. It is derived from the earlier Phoenician alphabet, and was the first alphabetic script in history to have distinct letters for vowels as well as consonants.

    • Delta

      Delta / ˈ d ɛ l t ə / (uppercase Δ, lowercase δ or 𝛿; Greek:...

    • Epsilon

      Epsilon (UK: / ɛ p ˈ s aɪ l ə n /, US: / ˈ ɛ p s ɪ l ɒ n /;...

    • Kappa

      Kappa / ˈ k æ p ə / (uppercase Κ, lowercase κ or cursive ϰ;...

    • Talk

      The Greek alphabet consists of three sets of nine letters...

    • Alpha

      Alpha / ˈ æ l f ə / (uppercase Α, lowercase α; Ancient...

    • Phoenician Alphabet

      The Phoenician alphabet is an alphabet (more specifically,...

  2. History of the Greek alphabet - Wikipedia › wiki › History_of_the_Greek_alphabet

    The Greek alphabet was developed by a Greek with first-hand experience of contemporary Phoenician script. Almost as quickly as it was established in the Greek mainland, it was rapidly re-exported, eastwards to Phrygia, where a similar script was devised.

  3. Greek alphabet - Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia › wiki › Greek_alphabet

    From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia The modern Greek alphabet has 24 letters. It is used to write the Greek language. The Greek alphabet is also frequently used in science and mathematics to represent various entities.

    • c. 800 BC – present
    • Greek
  4. Greek spelling alphabet - Wikipedia › wiki › Greek_spelling_alphabet

    From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia The Greek spelling alphabet is a spelling alphabet (or "phonetic alphabet") for Greek, i.e. a set of names given to the alphabet letters for the purpose of spelling out words. It is used mostly on radio voice channels by the Greek army, the navy and the police.

    letter name
    spelling name
    meaning of word
    Α, α
    astír ('star')
    Β, β
    Výron (' Byron ')
    Γ, γ
    galí ('cat')
    Δ, δ
    dóxa ('glory')
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  6. Archaic Greek alphabets - Wikipedia › wiki › Archaic_Greek_alphabets
    • Overview
    • Archaic letters
    • Innovative letters
    • Glyph shapes

    Many local variants of the Greek alphabet were employed in ancient Greece during the archaic and early classical periods, until they were replaced by the classical 24-letter alphabet that is the standard today, around 400 BC. All forms of the Greek alphabet were originally based on the shared inventory of the 22 symbols of the Phoenician alphabet, with the exception of the letter Samekh, whose Greek counterpart Xi was used only in a sub-group of Greek alphabets, and with the common addition of U

    The letter Digamma for the sound /w/ was generally used only in those local scripts where the sound was still in use in the spoken dialect. During the archaic period, this includes most of mainland Greece, as well as Euboea and Crete. In Athens and in Naxos it was apparently used

    Some local scripts used the M-shaped letter San instead of standard Sigma to denote the sound /s/. It is unclear whether the distinction between the two letters originally corresponded to different phonetic realizations of the /s/ phoneme in different dialects. Epigrapher Lilian

    The archaic letter Koppa or Qoppa, used for the back allophone of /k/ before back vowels [o, u], was originally common to most epichoric alphabets. It began to drop out of use from the middle of the 6th century BC. Some of the Doric regions, notably Corinth, Argos, Crete and Rhod

    A few letters have arisen from innovative letter distinctions, most of them for local alphabets.

    Many of the letters familiar from the classical Greek alphabet displayed additional variation in shapes, with some of the variant forms being characteristic of specific local alphabets. The form of Ζ generally had a straight stem () in all local alphabets in the archaic period. Θ was mostly crossed. Ξ typically had a vertical stem (), and Φ was most often. Υ and Ψ had frequent variants where the strokes branched out from the bottom of the character, resulting in and respectively. Η ...

  7. Category:Greek alphabet - Wikimedia Commons › wiki › Category:Greek_alphabet

    Nov 13, 2018 · Greek-calligraphic-alphabet-(upper-case)-animated.gif 579 × 390; 258 KB Here a "chemist" is what we in the US call a "pharmacist". It makes sense, but I have to concentrate to use the right noun.

  8. Greek language - Wikipedia › wiki › Greek_language

    Greek has been spoken in the Balkan peninsula since around the 3rd millennium BC, or possibly earlier. The earliest written evidence is a Linear B clay tablet found in Messenia that dates to between 1450 and 1350 BC, making Greek the world's oldest recorded living language.

  9. Greek alphabet - Wiktionary › wiki › Greek_alphabet

    Sep 12, 2020 · Greek alphabet (plural Greek alphabets) The 24- letter alphabet of the Greek language, first adopted by Athens in 403 BC and now consisting of the following upper- (majuscule) and lower-case (minuscule) pairs :

  10. Phi - Wikipedia › wiki › Phi
    • Use as A Symbol
    • Computing
    • See Also

    The lowercase letter φ (or often its variant, ϕ) is often used to represent the following: 1. Magnetic flux in physics 2. The letter phi is commonly used in physics to represent wave functions in quantum mechanics, such as in the Schrödinger equation and bra–ket notation: ⟨ ϕ | ψ ⟩ {\\displaystyle \\langle \\phi |\\psi \\rangle } . 3. The golden ratio 1 + 5 2 ≈ {\\displaystyle {\\tfrac {1+{\\sqrt {5}}}{2}}\\approx } 1.618033988749894848204586834... in mathematics,art, and architecture. 4. Euler's totient function φ(n) in number theory; also called Euler's phi function. 5. The cyclotomic polynomial functions Φn(x) of algebra. 6. In algebra, group or ring homomorphisms 7. In probability theory, ϕ(x) = (2π)−1⁄2e−x2/2 is the probability density function of the standard normal distribution. 8. In probability theory, φX(t) = E[eitX] is the characteristic function of a random variable X. 9. An angle, typically the second angle mentioned, after θ (theta). It can denote: 9.1. The argument of a comple...

    In Unicode, there are multiple forms of the phi letter: In ordinary Greek text, the character U+03C6 φ is used exclusively, although this character has considerable glyphic variation, sometimes represented with a glyph more like the representative glyph shown for U+03C6 (φ, the "loopy" or "open" form), and less often with a glyph more like the representative glyph shown for U+03D5 (ϕ, the "stroked" or "closed" form). Unicode makes an effort to distinguish the two by generally calling the loopy form "small letter phi" or "small phi", and by calling the stroked form "phi symbol", but this is not exclusively true on all variants. Because Unicode represents a character in an abstract way, the choice between glyphs is purely a matter of font design. While some Greek typefaces, most notably those in the Porson family (used widely in editions of classical Greek texts), have a "stroked" glyph in this position (), most other typefaces have "loopy" glyphs. This also applies to the "Didot" (or...

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