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  1. The Greek language is conventionally divided into the following periods: Proto-Greek: the unrecorded but assumed last ancestor of all known varieties of Greek. The unity of Proto-Greek would... Mycenaean Greek: the language of the Mycenaean civilization. It is recorded in the Linear B script on ...

  2. The Greek languageis an Indo-European language. It is the official languageof Greece(Hellas) and Cyprus. It was first spoken in Greece and was also once spoken along the coast of Asia Minor(now a part of Turkey) and in southern Italy. It was also widely used in Western Asia and Northern Africa at one time.

    • 13 million (2012)
    • [eliniˈka]
  3. The language may still be used by some elderly Romaniotes in Ioannina. Greek Sign Language. Greek Sign Language (Ελληνική Νοηματική Γλώσσα) is the sign language of the Greek deaf community. It has been legally recognised as the official language of the Deaf Community in Greece and is estimated to be used by about 42,000 ...

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    Greek has been spoken in the Balkan Peninsula since around the late 3rd millennium BC. The earliest written evidence is a Linear B clay tablet found in Messenia that dates to between 1450 and 1350 BC,[2] making Greek the world's oldest recorded living language. Among the Indo-European languages, its date of earliest written attestation is matched o...

    Greek is spoken by about 13 million people, mainly in Greece, Albania and Cyprus, but also worldwide by the large Greek diaspora. There are traditional Greek-speaking settlements and regions in the neighbouring countries of Albania, Bulgaria, and Turkey, as well as in several countries in the Black Sea area, such as Ukraine, Russia, Romania, Georgi...

    The phonology, morphology, syntax, and vocabularyof the language show both conservative and innovative tendencies across the entire attestation of the language from the ancient to the modern period. The division into conventional periods is, as with all such periodisations, relatively arbitrary, especially because at all periods, Ancient Greek has ...

    Greek is an independent branch of the Indo-European language family. The ancient language most closely related to it may be ancient Macedonian,[14] which many scholars suggest may have been a dialect of Greek itself, though it is so poorly attested that it is difficult to conclude anything about it.[15][16] Independently of the Macedonian question,...

    Robert Browning, Medieval and Modern Greek, Cambridge University Press, 2nd edition 1983, ISBN 0-521-29978-0. An excellent and concise historical account of the development of modern Greek from the...
    Crosby and Schaeffer, An Introduction to Greek, Allyn and Bacon, Inc. 1928. A school grammar of ancient Greek
    Dionysius of Thrace, "Art of Grammar", "Lua error in package.lua at line 80: module 'Module:Exponential search' not found.", c.100 BC
    • singular, dual, and plural
    • present, past, and future
    • first, second, and third
    • Overview
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    Ancient Greek includes the forms of the Greek language used in ancient Greece and the ancient world from around 1500 BC to 300 BC. It is often roughly divided into the following periods: Mycenaean Greek, Dark Ages, the Archaic period, and the Classical period. Ancient Greek was the language of Homer and of fifth-century Athenian historians, playwri...

    Ancient Greek was a pluricentric language, divided into many dialects. The main dialect groups are Attic and Ionic, Aeolic, Arcadocypriot, and Doric, many of them with several subdivisions. Some dialects are found in standardized literary forms used in literature, while others are attested only in inscriptions. There are also several historical for...

    Ancient Greek differs from Proto-Indo-European and other Indo-European languages in certain ways. In phonotactics, ancient Greek words could end only in a vowel or /n s r/; final stops were lost, as in γάλα "milk", compared with γάλακτος "of milk". Ancient Greek ...

    Greek, like all of the older Indo-European languages, is highly inflected. It is highly archaic in its preservation of Proto-Indo-European forms. In ancient Greek, nouns have five cases, three genders, and three numbers. Verbs have four moods and three voices, as well as three persons and various other forms. Verbs are conjugated through seven comb...

    The beginning of Homer's Iliad exemplifies the Archaic period of ancient Greek: Μῆνιν ἄειδε, θεά, Πηληϊάδεω Ἀχιλῆος οὐλομένην, ἣ μυρί' Ἀχαιοῖς ἄλγε' ἔθηκε, πολλὰς δ' ἰφθίμους ψυχὰς Ἄϊδι προΐαψεν ἡρώων, αὐτοὺς δὲ ἑλώρια τεῦχε κύνεσσιν οἰωνοῖσί τε πᾶσι· Διὸς δ' ἐτελείετο βουλή· ἐξ οὗ δὴ τὰ πρῶτα ...

  4. From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Ancient Greek was an Indo-European language spoken in Ancient Greece from about 1500 BC to about 300 BC. Ancient Greek and Latin are very important languages. Although they are no longer spoken, they influenced almost all modern European languages. Greek had many different dialects.

  5. Greek alphabet - Wikipedia Greek alphabet The Greek alphabet has been used to write the Greek language since the late 9th or early 8th century BCE. [3] [4] It is derived from the earlier Phoenician alphabet, [5] and was the earliest known alphabetic script to have distinct letters for vowels as well as consonants.

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