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      • The Greek language is an Indo-European language. It is the official language of Greece (Hellas) and Cyprus. It was first spoken in Greece and was also once spoken along the coast of Asia Minor (now a part of Turkey) and in southern Italy.
      simple.wikipedia.org/wiki/Greek_language#:~:text=The Greek language is an Indo-European language. It,a part of Turkey) and in southern Italy.
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  2. Greek language - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Greek_language

    The Greek language is conventionally divided into the following periods: Proto-Greek: the unrecorded but assumed last ancestor of all known varieties of Greek. The unity of Proto-Greek would... Mycenaean Greek: the language of the Mycenaean civilization. It is recorded in the Linear B script on ...

  3. The Greek language is an Indo-European language. It is the official language of Greece (Hellas) and Cyprus. It was first spoken in Greece and was also once spoken along the coast of Asia Minor (now a part of Turkey) and in southern Italy. It was also widely used in Western Asia and Northern Africa at one time.

    • 13.4 million (2012)
    • [eliniˈka]
  4. Ancient Greek - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ancient_Greek_language

    Ancient Greek includes the forms of the Greek language used in ancient Greece and the ancient world from around the 9th century BC to the 6th century AD. It is often roughly divided into the Archaic period, Classical period, and Hellenistic period. It is preceded by Mycenaean Greek and succeeded by Medieval Greek. Koine is regarded as a separate historical stage although its earliest form closely resembles Attic Greek and its latest form approaches Medieval Greek. There were several regional dia

  5. Ancient Greek - Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

    simple.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ancient_Greek_language

    Ancient Greek was an Indo-European language spoken in Ancient Greece from the 9th to the 4th century BC. Ancient Greek and Latin are very important languages. Although they are no longer spoken, they influenced almost all modern European languages. Greek had many different dialects.

    • 9th century BC to the 4th century AD
    • eastern Mediterranean
  6. Greek language - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

    en.wikipedia.beta.wmflabs.org/wiki/Greek_language
    • History
    • Geographic Distribution
    • Characteristics
    • Classification
    • See Also
    • Sources

    Greek has been spoken in the Balkan Peninsula since around the late 3rd millennium BC. The earliest written evidence is a Linear B clay tablet found in Messenia that dates to between 1450 and 1350 BC,[2] making Greek the world's oldest recorded living language. Among the Indo-European languages, its date of earliest written attestation is matched only by the now extinct Anatolian languages.

    Greek is spoken by about 13 million people, mainly in Greece, Albania and Cyprus, but also worldwide by the large Greek diaspora. There are traditional Greek-speaking settlements and regions in the neighbouring countries of Albania, Bulgaria, and Turkey, as well as in several countries in the Black Sea area, such as Ukraine, Russia, Romania, Georgia, Armenia, and Azerbaijan, and around the Mediterranean Sea, Southern Italy, Syria, Israel, Egypt, Lebanon, and ancient coastal towns along the Levant. The language is also spoken by Greek emigrant communities in many countries in Western Europe, especially the United Kingdom and Germany, Canada, the United States, Australia, Argentina, Brazil, Chile, and others.[citation needed]

    The phonology, morphology, syntax, and vocabularyof the language show both conservative and innovative tendencies across the entire attestation of the language from the ancient to the modern period. The division into conventional periods is, as with all such periodisations, relatively arbitrary, especially because at all periods, Ancient Greek has enjoyed high prestige, and the literate borrowed heavily from it.

    Greek is an independent branch of the Indo-European language family. The ancient language most closely related to it may be ancient Macedonian,[14] which many scholars suggest may have been a dialect of Greek itself, though it is so poorly attested that it is difficult to conclude anything about it.[15][16] Independently of the Macedonian question, some scholars have grouped Greek into Graeco-Phrygian, as Greek and extinct Phrygian share features not found in other Indo-European languages.[17] Among living languages, some Indo-Europeanists suggest that Greek may be most closely related to Armenian (see Graeco-Armenian) or the Indo-Iranian languages (see Graeco-Aryan), but little definitive evidence has been found for grouping the living branches of the family.[18][19][20]

    W. Sidney Allen, Vox Graeca – a guide to the pronunciation of classical Greek. Cambridge University Press, 1968–74. ISBN 0-521-20626-X
    Robert Browning, Medieval and Modern Greek, Cambridge University Press, 2nd edition 1983, ISBN 0-521-29978-0. An excellent and concise historical account of the development of modern Greek from the...
    Crosby and Schaeffer, An Introduction to Greek, Allyn and Bacon, Inc. 1928. A school grammar of ancient Greek
    Dionysius of Thrace, "Art of Grammar", "Lua error in package.lua at line 80: module 'Module:Exponential search' not found.", c.100 BC
  7. Hellenic languages - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mariupolitan_Greek_language

    Hellenic is the branch of the Indo-European language family whose principal member is Greek. In most classifications, Hellenic consists of Greek alone, but some linguists use the term Hellenic to refer to a group consisting of Greek proper and other varieties thought to be related but different enough to be separate languages, either among ancient neighbouring languages or among modern spoken ...

  8. Proto-Greek language - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Proto-Greek_language

    The Proto-Greek language (also known as Proto-Hellenic) is the Indo-European language which was the last common ancestor of all varieties of Greek, including Mycenaean Greek, the subsequent ancient Greek dialects (i. e., Attic, Ionic, Aeolic, Doric, Ancient Macedonian and Arcadocypriot) and, ultimately, Koine, Byzantine and Modern Greek together with its variants.

    • 2.200-2.000 BCE - ca. 1700 BCE appearance in the Greek peninsula and later central-southern Greece
    • Proto-Indo-European
  9. Greek alphabet - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Greek_alphabet

    The Greek alphabet has been used to write the Greek language since the late ninth or early eighth century BC. [3] [4] It is derived from the earlier Phoenician alphabet , [5] and was the first alphabetic script in history to have distinct letters for vowels as well as consonants.

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