Hamburg is a major international and domestic tourist destination. The Speicherstadt and Kontorhausviertel were declared World Heritage Sites by UNESCO in 2015. Hamburg's rivers and canals are crossed by around 2,500 bridges, making it the city with the highest number of bridges in Europe.
Hamburg or in full Free and Hanseatic City of Hamburg (German: Freie und Hansestadt Hamburg), is a city in the north of Germany on the banks of the River Elbe, 18 km away from the North Sea. It is both a city and one of the States of Germany .
The history of Hamburg begins with its foundation in the 9th century as a mission settlement to convert the Saxons. Since the Middle Ages , Hamburg was an important trading center in Europe. The convenient location of the port and its independence as a city and state for centuries strengthened this position.
Hamburg is located at (33.227369, -91.798472 According to the United States Census Bureau , the city has a total area of 3.4 square miles (8.8 km 2 ), all land. 
- 3.44 sq mi (8.90 km²)
- 161 ft (49 m)
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Hamburg ( [ˈhambʊʁk]; regional auch [ˈhambʊɪ̯ç]), amtlich Freie und Hansestadt Hamburg (niederdeutsch Friee un Hansestadt Hamborg, Ländercode: HH), ist als Stadtstaat ein Land der Bundesrepublik Deutschland. Der amtliche Name verweist auf die Geschichte Hamburgs als Freie Reichsstadt und als führendes Mitglied des Handelsbundes der Hanse.
Hamburg Süd also owns Brazilian operator Aliança. It has taken over many companies over the years including Ellerman, Kien Hung, South Seas Steamship, Deutsche-Nah-Ost-Linie, Royal Mail Line, Pacific Steam Navigation Company, Swedish Laser Lines, Rotterdam Zuid-America Lijn (RZAL), Havenlijn and the Inter-America services of Crowley American Transport.
The Battle of Hamburg, codenamed Operation Gomorrah, was a campaign of air raids which began on 24 July 1943 and lasted for 8 days and 7 nights.It was at the time the heaviest assault in the history of aerial warfare and was later called the Hiroshima of Germany by British officials.
Etymology and terminology. The term hamburger originally derives from Hamburg, Germany's second-largest city. Hamburger in German is the demonym of Hamburg, similar to frankfurter and wiener, names for other meat-based foods and demonyms of the cities of Frankfurt and Vienna (in German Wien) respectively.
The Hamburg European Open (formerly German Open Tennis Championships) is an annual tennis tournament for male professional players held in Hamburg, Germany and part of the Association of Tennis Professionals (ATP) Tour. The tournament is played on clay courts at the tennis center Am Rothenbaum.