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  1. en.wikipedia.org › wiki › HoustonHouston - Wikipedia

    Houston - Wikipedia Houston Houston ( / ˈhjuːstən / ( listen); HEW-stən) is the most populous city in Texas, the fourth-most populous city in the United States, the most populous city in the Southern United States, and the sixth-most populous in North America, with a population of 2,304,580 in 2020. [2]

    • 19%
    • Texas
  2. Houston Houston is the largest city in the state of Texas. It is the fourth-largest city in the United States. As of 2019, more than 2 million people lived there. Sylvester Turner became the mayor of Houston in 2015. Houston is named after Samuel Houston, who fought for Texas to leave Mexico in 1836. The Johnson Space Center of NASA is in Houston.

  3. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Greater Houston, designated by the United States Office of Management and Budget as Houston–The Woodlands–Sugar Land, [3] [4] [5] is the fifth-most populous metropolitan statistical area in the United States, encompassing nine counties along the Gulf Coast in Southeast Texas.

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    • Texas
    • Historia
    • Geografía
    • Geología
    • Clima
    • Demografía
    • Gobierno
    • Delincuencia
    • Cultura
    • Sanidad
    • Educación

    Después de que la capital Harrisburg fuera arrasada por Antonio López de Santa Anna el 16 de abril de 1836, los hermanos John Kirby Allen y Augustus Chapman Allen, dos empresarios de Nueva York, compraron 27 km² (6642 acres) de tierra a lo largo de Buffalo Bayou, a un precio de 344.4 dólares el km² (1.40 dólares el acre), con la intención de fundar...

    Houston se encuentra ubicada en las coordenadas 29°46′50″N 95°23′11″O / 29.78056, -95.38639. Según la Oficina del Censo de los Estados Unidos, Houston tiene una superficie total de 1625,2 km², de la cual 1552,92 km² corresponden a tierra firme y (4,45 %) 72,28 km² es agua.[12]​ La mayor parte de Houston está ubicada en la planicie costera del gol...

    Houston se asienta sobre estratos de arcilla no consolidada, pizarra arcillosa y arena con baja cementación que se extienden por varias millas de profundidad. La geología de la región desarrolló a partir de los depósitos de sedimentos fluviales formados por la erosión de las Montañas Rocosas. Estos sedimentos consisten en una serie de arenas y arci...

    Houston tiene un clima húmedo subtropical, clasificado como Cfa en el sistema de clasificación de Köppen. Las tormentas supercélula primaverales causan, a menudo, tornados en la zona. Los vientos predominantes son del sur y sureste durante la mayor parte del año, lo cual provoca calor en todo el continente procedente de los desiertos de México y la...

    Según el censo de 2010,[35]​ había 2.099.451 personas residiendo en Houston. La densidad de población era de 1.291,81 hab./km². De los 2.099.451 habitantes, Houston estaba compuesto por el 50,51% blancos, el 23,74% eran afroamericanos, el 0,71% eran amerindios, el 6,02% eran asiáticos, el 0,05% eran isleños del Pacífico, el 15,69% eran de otras raz...

    La ciudad de Houston tiene una fuerte forma de gobierno de alcaldía (ayuntamiento) municipal.[43]​ Houston es una ciudad basada en la devolución de poderes, donde las elecciones municipales en el estado de Texas son imparciales o no-partidistas.[43]​[44]​ Los funcionarios electos de la ciudad son el alcalde, un controlador financiero de la ciudad y...

    El Departamento de Policía de Houston presta sus servicios en la ciudad. La tasa de asesinatos en Houston es la 46ª en las ciudades de los Estados Unidos con una población de más de 250 000 habitantes en 2005 (tasa per cápita de 16,3 asesinatos por 100 000 habitantes).[52]​ La tasa de asesinatos en la ciudad, sin embargo, es la tercera en las ciuda...

    Houston es una ciudad multicultural con una extensa y creciente comunidad internacional.[58]​ El área metropolitana alberga a una cifra estimada de 1,1 millones (21,4%) de residentes nacidos fuera de los Estados Unidos, con casi dos tercios de la población extranjera de la zona del sur de la frontera de Estados Unidos y México.[59]​ Asimismo, más d...

    Houston es la sede del internacionalmente conocido Texas Medical Center, que contiene la mayor concentración del mundo de instituciones sanitarias y de investigación.[90]​ Las 47 instituciones miembros del Texas Medical Center son organizaciones sin ánimo de lucro. Proporcionan atenciones preventivas y pacientes, investigación, educación y bienesta...

    Universidades

    Houston cuenta con más de sesenta institutos, universidades y otras instituciones educativas con un total de aproximadamente 360 000 estudiantes.[94]​ Existen cuatro universidades públicas involucradas en la investigación y el desarrollo en Houston. La Universidad de Houston (UH) es la tercera universidad pública de investigación en Texas con más de 36 000 estudiantes de 130 países. Con más de 300 programas de licenciatura y 40 centros e institutos de investigación, UH es la institución insig...

    Primaria y secundaria

    Una encuesta de la revista Money en 2007 indicó que el 91,1% de los alumnos que asisten a escuelas dentro del límite de la ciudad va a escuelas públicas y el 8,9% a escuelas privadas.[101]​ Todos los sistemas de escuelas públicas en Texas son administrados por la Agencia de Educación de Texas (TEA). El mayor distrito escolar del estado es el Distrito Escolar Independiente de Houston, que atiende a una gran mayoría de la zona dentro de los límites de la ciudad. Una parte del oeste de Houston p...

    Bibliotecas

    Houston cuenta con la Biblioteca Pública de Houston y la Biblioteca Pública del Condado de Harris. La Biblioteca Pública de Houston goza de 36 sucursales en toda la ciudad, además de la Biblioteca Central, que se encuentra el centro de la ciudad. La Biblioteca Pública del Condado de Harris tiene 26 sucursales (3 de ellos en Houston), principalmente en zonas situadas fuera de los límites de la ciudad de Houston.

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    • Before 1836
    • Republic of Texas, 1836–1845
    • Early Statehood, 1845–1861
    • The Civil War, 1861–1865
    • Post-Civil War, 1866–1900
    • Progressive Era, 1901–1928
    • The Great Depression, 1929–1941
    • World War II, 1941–1945
    • 1950s
    • 1960s

    The region known as Houston is located on land that was once home of the Karankawa (kə rang′kə wä′,-wô′,-wə) and the Atakapa (əˈtɑːkəpə) indigenous peoples for at least 2,000 years before the first known settlers arrived.However, the land remained largely uninhabited until settlement in the 1830s.

    On the heels of the Texas Revolution, two real estate promoters who had arrived in Texas in 1832, John Kirby Allen and Augustus Chapman Allen, were seeking a new town site within the Galveston Bay navigation system. They had invested in Galveston already, but they continued to make offers for other tracts in the region. They bid on land at Morgan's...

    In the early statehood era, historian Harold Platt notes the emergence of "commercial-civic elites," a term borrowed from Blaine A. Brownell. Commercial leaders blurred sharp distinctions between economic activity and social relationships. One example was the business partnership of Thomas W. Houseand Charles Shearn. House started in Houston as a j...

    In 1860, most Houstonians supported John C. Breckinridge, the Southern Democratic candidate for president. As the Civil Warbegan, there was tension between supporters of the Confederacy and the few Union sympathizers. There are no voting tallies for Houston and there are inconsistencies in the records of the secession vote, yet, Harris County voted...

    Reconstruction

    The end of the Civil War and news of emancipation spurred an influx of former slaves from the countryside into Houston. The town's incumbent black residents organized groups to help these newcomers obtain housing and employment. In the short term, however, many of these new citizens resided in abandoned buildings and tent communities. Houston added the Fifth Ward in 1866, and the Sixth Ward in 1877.Each ward was represented by two aldermen, though by 1870, local representation was unequal bas...

    Gilded Age

    Houston continued its rapid population growth which started in the 1860s. Houston, like many other cities, attracted many Americans seeking job opportunities. In 1870, Houston counted 9,382 residents and grew by rates of 77 percent, 67 percent, and 62 percent in the following three decades. The percentage of foreign-born Houstonians declined from 17 percent in 1870 to 11 percent in 1890, but the percentage of African-American residents held steady. Houston City Streetway Company (HCSC) began...

    On September 8, the Galveston Hurricane of 1900 savagely tore apart the city of Galveston, Texas. Houston suffered mainly property damage from high winds and four inches of rainfall, though one death was reported. The city mobilized to convey fresh water, food, medical supplies, and clothing to Galveston via steamboat and repaired damaged railroads...

    In May 1929, a flood caused millions of damage to Houston property. Houston's population in 1930 was 292,352. Despite the stock market crash, Houston was still building. The Sterling Building was one of a dozen skyscrapers completed in 1930. Yet unemployment was still high and a cause for concern to Mayor Walter Monteith. Modernization of downtown ...

    When World War II started, tonnage levels fell at the port and five shipping lines ended service. April 1940 saw streetcar service replaced by buses. Robertson Stadium, then known as Houston Public School Stadium, was erected from March 1941 to September 1942. Also that year, Pan Am started air service. World War II sparked the reopening of Ellingt...

    Texas Medical Center became operational in the 1950s. The Galveston Freeway and the International Terminal at Houston International Airport (nowadays Hobby Airport) were signs of increasing wealth in the area. Millions of dollars were spent replacing aging infrastructure. In 1951, the Texas Children's Hospital and the Shriner's Hospital were built....

    In the year 1960, Houston International Airport was deemed inadequate for the needs of the city. This airport could not be expanded, so Houston Intercontinental Airport (now George Bush Intercontinental Airport) was built north of the city. September 1961 saw Hurricane Carla, a very destructive hurricane, hit the city. On July 4, 1962, NASA opened ...

  5. sco.wikipedia.org › wiki › HoustonHouston - Wikipedia

    Houston - Wikipedia Houston Houston ( i / ˈhjuːstən /) is the fowert-lairgest ceety in the Unitit States o Americae an the lairgest ceety in the state o Texas. As o the 2009 U.S. Census estimate, the ceety haed a population o 2.3 million athin an aurie o 579 square mile (1,500 km2).

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