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  1. Independent politician - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Independent_(politician)

    An independent or nonpartisan politician is a politician not affiliated with any political party. There are numerous reasons why someone may stand for office as an independent. Some politicians have political views that do not align with the platforms of any political party, and therefore choose not to affiliate with them.

  2. Independent politician - Simple English Wikipedia, the free ...

    simple.wikipedia.org/wiki/Independent_politician

    Also, there are some politicians who may choose to contest an election by themselves as an Independent candidate even if they used to be a member of a political party, because they do not want to follow their party's political ideology. Some Independents may create their own political party just to take part in an election.

  3. Category:Independent politicians - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Category:Independent...

    Pages in category "Independent politicians" The following 16 pages are in this category, out of 16 total. This list may not reflect recent changes ().

    • Australia
    • Brazil
    • Bulgaria
    • Canada
    • Croatia
    • France
    • Germany
    • Hong Kong
    • India
    • Ireland

    In­de­pen­dents are a re­cur­rent fea­ture of the fed­eral Par­lia­ment of Aus­tralia, and they are more com­monly elected to state par­lia­ments. There have been up time five in­de­pen­dents in every fed­eral par­lia­ment since 1990, and in­de­pen­dents have won twenty-eight times dur­ing na­tional elec­tions in that time. A large num­ber of in­de­pen­dents are for­mer mem­bers of one of Aus­tralia's four main par­ties, the Aus­tralian Labor Party, the Lib­eral Party of Aus­tralia, the Aus­tralian Greens, or the Na­tional Party of Aus­tralia. In 2013 a po­lit­i­cal party named the Aus­tralian In­de­pen­dents was reg­is­tered with the Aus­tralian Elec­toral Com­mis­sion. As at 2017, two in­de­pen­dents sit in the Aus­tralian House of Rep­re­sen­ta­tives, An­drew Wilkie from Deni­son in Tas­ma­nia (for­mer Greens can­di­date) and Cathy Mc­Gowan from Indi in Vic­to­ria. In­de­pen­dent Sen­a­tors are quite rare. In mod­ern pol­i­tics, in­de­pen­dent Brian Har­ra­dine served from 1975 t...

    The in­de­pen­dent politi­cians are not al­lowed to run for of­fices in Brazil. The Con­sti­tu­tion of 1988, in its Ar­ti­cle 14, §3rd, item V, says that "Are con­di­tions for eleg­i­bil­ity: V - party affiliation." How­ever, the Pro­posal Amend­ment to the Con­sti­tu­tion (PEC) no. 6/2015, au­thored by sen­a­tor José Reguffe, would allow the in­de­pen­dent can­di­dacy of in­di­vid­u­als who have the sup­port of at least 1% of the elec­tors able to vote in the re­gion (city, state or coun­try, de­pend­ing on the elec­tion) in which the can­di­date is running. Cur­rently, mem­bers of the leg­isla­tive and ex­ec­u­tive can leave their re­spec­tive par­ties after elected, as is the case of sen­a­tor Reguffe, who left the De­mo­c­ra­tic Labour Party(PDT) in 2016.

    The Pres­i­dent of Bul­garia Rumen Radev is an in­de­pen­dent with sup­port from the Bul­gar­ian So­cial­ist Party. Radev was elected in the Bul­gar­ian pres­i­den­tial elec­tion of 2016.

    In­de­pen­dent Mem­bers of Par­lia­ment were nu­mer­ous in the last decades of the 19th cen­tury but di­min­ished as the party sys­tem so­lid­i­fied. It re­mained com­mon, how­ever, to have a small num­ber of In­de­pen­dent Lib­eral or In­de­pen­dent Con­ser­v­a­tiveMPs into the 1950s. In­de­pen­dent politi­cians have held con­sid­er­able sway in the House of Com­mons of Canada in re­cent years as Canada has been gov­erned by suc­ces­sive mi­nor­ity gov­ern­ments with in­de­pen­dent Mem­bers of Par­lia­ment (MPs) some­times shar­ing in the bal­ance of power. In the 2004 fed­eral elec­tion, Chuck Cad­man was elected to fed­eral par­lia­ment as an in­de­pen­dent MP rep­re­sent­ing the British Co­lum­bia rid­ing of Sur­rey North. Cad­man had pre­vi­ously rep­re­sented that rid­ing on be­half of the Re­form Party of Canada and Cana­dian Al­liance, but after the Cana­dian Al­liance merged with the Pro­gres­sive Con­ser­v­a­tive Party of Canada to form the new Con­ser­v­a­tive Party of Ca...

    After an in­con­clu­sive elec­tion in 2015 Ti­homir Orešković was named the first non-par­ti­san Prime Min­is­ter of Croa­tia.

    In France, in­de­pen­dent politi­cians are fre­quently cat­e­gorised as sans étiquette ("with­out label") in mu­nic­i­pal or dis­trict elec­tions. How­ever, it is rare to have in­de­pen­dent politi­cians at na­tional level, e.g. José Bové in the 2007 pres­i­den­tial elec­tion. Em­manuel Macronwas an in­de­pen­dent politi­cian as Min­is­ter, but formed his own party to stand in the 2017 pres­i­den­tial elec­tion. In 1920, Alexan­dre Millerand was elected pres­i­dent of the Re­pub­licunder the ban­ner "with­out label". From 2001 to 2008 "with­out label" was no longer used in the nomen­cla­ture of the Min­istry of the In­te­rior. Can­di­dates and lists pre­sent­ing them­selves as "with­out label" are clas­si­fied in DVG (var­i­ous left), DVD (var­i­ous right), DVC (var­i­ous cen­ter) or AUT (other) ac­cord­ing to their po­lit­i­cal sen­si­tiv­ity. There­fore, from 2008 on­wards, the DIV (mis­cel­la­neous) or the LDIV code for the "mis­cel­la­neous" list has been cre­ated to group un­cl...

    Joachim Gauck, Pres­i­dent of Ger­many from March 2012 to March 2017 and the first Fed­eral Pres­i­dent with­out party af­fil­i­a­tion, was to date the most promi­nent In­de­pen­dent politi­cian. In the Ger­man pres­i­den­tial elec­tion of 2010 he was the can­di­date of the So­cial De­moc­rats and Greens, in 2012 the can­di­date of all major par­ties ex­cept The Left. His pres­i­dency—though his pow­ers are lim­ited—con­sti­tutes an ex­cep­tion, as In­de­pen­dent politi­cians have rarely held high of­fice in Ger­man his­tory, at least not since World War II. It has nev­er­the­less hap­pened that a pres­i­den­tial can­di­date with­out any chances of elec­tion by the Fed­eral Con­ven­tion was not a party mem­ber: for ex­am­ple, when in 1984 the Greens came up with the writer Luise Rinser. In the Bun­destag par­lia­ment nearly all deputies be­long to a po­lit­i­cal party. The vot­ing sys­tem of per­son­al­ized pro­por­tional rep­re­sen­ta­tion (since 1949) al­lows any in­di­vid­ual hol...

    More than half of Hong Kong's Leg­isla­tive Coun­cil is made up of in­de­pen­dents, or mem­bers whose po­lit­i­cal groups are rep­re­sented by one sole mem­ber in the leg­is­la­ture. They are com­mon in func­tional con­stituen­cies, and are not rare among ge­o­graph­i­cal con­stituen­cies.

    In­de­pen­dent can­di­date con­test elec­tions on the basis of their per­sonal ap­peal or to pro­mote an ide­ol­ogy dif­fer­ent from any party. Some are also run as in­de­pen­dent can­di­dates after being side­lined by po­lit­i­cal ri­vals within their own party, or to en­sure that a rival can­di­date is not elected. While some are gen­uine can­di­dates, oth­ers have been crit­i­cised as dummy can­di­dates put for­ward by po­lit­i­cal par­ties to get around the spend­ing ceil­ing im­posed by the Elec­tion Com­mis­sion, or to con­fuse vot­ers by using party names sim­i­lar to those of an­other candidate.[citation needed]

    After the Irish gen­eral elec­tion in 2016, there were 19 in­de­pen­dent TDs (Mem­bers of Par­lia­ment) in the Dáil (the lower house of the Irish par­lia­ment), rep­re­sent­ing 12% of the total. 4 TDs also sit for a reg­is­tered party called In­de­pen­dents4Change. A group­ing of in­de­pen­dents, the In­de­pen­dent Al­liancehas agreed to sup­port the mi­nor­ity Gov­ern­ment with a num­ber of other in­di­vid­ual in­de­pen­dents sim­i­larly agree­ing and re­ceiv­ing cab­i­net po­si­tions. There are four­teen in­de­pen­dent sen­a­tors in the 25th Seanad (the upper house of the Irish par­lia­ment), rep­re­sent­ing 23% of the total. Three of these are elected by the grad­u­ates of the Na­tional Uni­ver­sity of Ire­land and two from Dublin Uni­ver­sity. There are also five in­de­pen­dent sen­a­tors who were nom­i­nated by the Taoiseachand four elected by the tech­ni­cal pan­els. Both of these are record highs for in­de­pen­dents

  4. Independent politicians in Australia - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Independent_politicians_in...

    An independent politician is an individual politician not affiliated to any political party. There are numerous reasons why someone may stand for office as an independent. Independents may hold a centrist viewpoint between those of major political parties. Sometimes they hold a viewpoint more extreme than any major party, have an ideology ...

  5. American Independent Party - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/American_Independent_Party

    The American Independent Party (AIP) is a far-right political party in the United States that was established in 1967. The AIP is best known for its nomination of former Governor George Wallace of Alabama, who carried five states in the 1968 presidential election running on a segregationist "law and order" platform against Richard M. Nixon and Hubert H. Humphrey.

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  7. Independent voter - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Independent_(voter)

    An independent voter, often also called an unaffiliated voter in the United States, is a voter who does not align themselves with a political party.An independent is variously defined as a voter who votes for candidates on issues rather than on the basis of a political ideology or partisanship; a voter who does not have long-standing loyalty to, or identification with, a political party; a ...

  8. István Tarlós - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/István_Tarlós

    István Tarlós (pronounced [ˈiʃtvaːn ˈtɒrloːʃ]; 26 May 1948 in Budapest) is a Hungarian politician, who served as the Mayor of Budapest from 2010 to 2019. Previously he served as the Mayor of the Third District (Óbuda-Békásmegyer) of the city between 1990 and 2006 (as an independent candidate).

  9. Martin Bell - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Martin_Bell

    Martin Bell, OBE (born 31 August 1938) is a British UNICEF Ambassador, a former broadcast war reporter and former independent politician who became the Member of Parliament (MP) for Tatton from 1997 to 2001. He is sometimes known as "the man in the white suit".

  10. Ron Paul - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ron_Paul

    Ron Paul Paul in 2011 Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Texas In office January 3, 1997 – January 3, 2013 Preceded by Greg Laughlin Succeeded by Randy Weber Constituency 14th district In office January 3, 1979 – January 3, 1985 Preceded by Bob Gammage Succeeded by Tom DeLay Constituency 22nd district In office April 3, 1976 – January 3, 1977 Preceded by Bob Casey Succeeded ...

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