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  1. Interwar period - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Interbellum

    In the context of the history of the 20th century, the interwar period was the period between the end of the First World War on November 11, 1918 and the beginning of the Second World War on September 1, 1939. This period is also colloquially referred to as Between the Wars.

  2. The interwar period was a time in history between the two world wars, World War I and World War II, which was between 1918–1939. This period began many changes internationally. During this time the League of Nations was created, which was made to bring peace to the World, however this league did a bad job in preventing problems with Nazi ...

  3. Category:Interwar period - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Category:Interwar_period

    The Interwar period (c.1920s−1930s) — between World War I and World War II See also the preceding Category:World War I and the succeeding Category:World War II The main article for this category is Interwar period .

  4. Tanks of the interwar period - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tanks_of_the_interwar_period

    This article discusses tanks of the interwar period. World War I established the validity of the tank concept and between the two world wars, many nations needed to have tanks, but only a few had the industrial resources to design and build them. During and after World War I, Britain and France were the intellectual leaders in tank design, with ...

    • Turmoil in Europe
    • International Relations
    • Roaring Twenties
    • Great Depression
    • Britain and Its Empire
    • French Empire
    • Germany
    • Italy
    • Regional Patterns
    • End of An Era

    Fol­low­ing the Armistice of 11 No­vem­ber 1918 that ended World War I, the years 1919–24 were marked by tur­moil as af­fected re­gions strug­gled to re­cover from the dev­as­ta­tion of the First World War and the desta­bil­is­ing ef­fects of the loss of four large his­toric em­pires: the Ger­man Em­pire, Aus­tro-Hun­gar­ian Em­pire, Russ­ian Em­pire and the Ot­toman Em­pire. There were nu­mer­ous new na­tions in East­ern Eu­rope, most of them small in size. The United States gained dom­i­nance in world fi­nance. Thus, when Ger­many could no longer af­ford war repa­ra­tions to Britain, France and other Al­lies, the Amer­i­cans came up with the Dawes Plan and Wall Street in­vested heav­ily in Ger­many, which re­paid its repa­ra­tions to na­tions that, in turn, used the dol­lars to pay off their war debts to Wash­ing­ton. By the mid­dle of the decade, pros­per­ity was wide­spread, with the sec­ond half of the decade known, es­pe­cially in Ger­many, as the "Golden Twen­ties".

    The im­por­tant stages of in­ter­war diplo­macy and in­ter­na­tional re­la­tions in­cluded res­o­lu­tions of wartime is­sues, such as repa­ra­tions owed by Ger­many and bound­aries; Amer­i­can in­volve­ment in Eu­ro­pean fi­nances and dis­ar­ma­ment pro­jects; the ex­pec­ta­tions and fail­ures of the League of Na­tions; the re­la­tion­ships of the new coun­tries to the old; the dis­trust­ful re­la­tions of the So­viet Union to the cap­i­tal­ist world; peace and dis­ar­ma­ment ef­forts; re­sponses to the Great De­pres­sion start­ing in 1929; the col­lapse of world trade; the col­lapse of de­mo­c­ra­tic regimes one by one; the growth of eco­nomic au­tarky; Japan­ese ag­gres­sive­ness to­ward China; Fas­cist diplo­macy, in­clud­ing the ag­gres­sive moves by Mus­solini's Italy and Hitler's Ger­many; the Span­ish Civil War; the ap­pease­mentof Ger­many's ex­pan­sion­ist moves to­ward the Rhineland, Aus­tria, and Czecho­slo­va­kia, and the last, des­per­ate stages of rear­ma­ment as the s...

    The "Roar­ing Twen­ties" high­lighted novel and highly vis­i­ble so­cial and cul­tural trends and in­no­va­tions. These trends, made pos­si­ble by sus­tained eco­nomic pros­per­ity, were most vis­i­ble in major cities like New York, Chicago, Paris, Berlin, and Lon­don. The Jazz Age began and Art Deco peaked. For women, knee-length skirts and dresses be­came so­cially ac­cept­able, as did bobbed hair with a mar­cel wave. The young women who pi­o­neered these trends were called "flap­pers". Not all was new: “nor­malcy” re­turned to pol­i­tics in the wake of hy­per-emo­tional wartime pas­sions in the United States, France, and Germany. The left­ist rev­o­lu­tions in Fin­land, Poland, Ger­many, Aus­tria, Hun­gary, and Spain were de­feated by con­ser­v­a­tives, but suc­ceeded in Rus­sia, which be­came the base for So­viet Communism. In Italy the fas­cists came to power under Mus­solini after threat­en­ing a March on Romein 1922. Most in­de­pen­dent coun­tries en­acted women's suf­frage i...

    The Great De­pres­sion was a se­vere world­wide eco­nomic de­pres­sion that took place after 1929. The tim­ing var­ied across na­tions; in most coun­tries it started in 1929 and lasted until the late 1930s. It was the longest, deep­est, and most wide­spread de­pres­sion of the 20th century. The de­pres­sion orig­i­nated in the United States and be­came world­wide news with the stock mar­ket crash of Oc­to­ber 29, 1929 (known as Black Tues­day). Be­tween 1929 and 1932, world­wide GDP fell by an es­ti­mated 15%. By com­par­i­son, world­wide GDP fell by less than 1% from 2008 to 2009 dur­ing the Great Re­ces­sion.Some economies started to re­cover by the mid-1930s. How­ever, in many coun­tries, the neg­a­tive ef­fects of the Great De­pres­sion lasted until the be­gin­ning of World War II. The Great De­pres­sion had dev­as­tat­ing ef­fects in coun­tries both rich and poor. Per­sonal in­come, tax rev­enue, prof­its, and prices dropped, while in­ter­na­tional trade plunged by more than 50...

    The chang­ing world order that the war had brought about, in par­tic­u­lar the growth of the United States and Japan as naval pow­ers, and the rise of in­de­pen­dence move­ments in India and Ire­land, caused a major re­assess­ment of British im­pe­r­ial policy. Forced to choose be­tween align­ment with the United States or Japan, Britain opted not to renew its Japan­ese al­liance and in­stead signed the 1922 Wash­ing­ton Naval Treaty, where Britain ac­cepted naval par­ity with the United States. The issue of the em­pire's se­cu­rity was a se­ri­ous con­cern in Britain, as it was vital to the British pride, its fi­nance, and its trade-ori­ented economy. India strongly sup­ported the Em­pire in the First World War. It ex­pected a re­ward, but failed to get home rule as the Raj kept con­trol in British hands and feared an­other re­bel­lion like that of 1857. The Gov­ern­ment of India Act 1919 failed to sat­isfy de­mand for in­de­pen­dence. Mount­ing ten­sion, par­tic­u­larly in the Pun...

    French cen­sus sta­tis­tics from 1931 show an im­pe­r­ial pop­u­la­tion, out­side of France it­self, of 64.3 mil­lion peo­ple liv­ing on 11.9 mil­lion square kilo­me­ters. Of the total pop­u­la­tion, 39.1 mil­lion lived in Africa and 24.5 mil­lion lived in Asia; 700,000 lived in the Caribbean area or is­lands in the South Pa­cific. The largest colonies were In­dochina with 21.5 mil­lion (in five sep­a­rate colonies), Al­ge­ria with 6.6 mil­lion, Mo­rocco, with 5.4 mil­lion, and West Africa with 14.6 mil­lion in nine colonies. The total in­cludes 1.9 mil­lion Eu­ro­peans, and 350,000 "as­sim­i­lated" natives. A hall­mark of the French colo­nial pro­ject from the late 19th cen­tury to the post-World War Two era was the civil­is­ing mis­sion (mis­sion civilisatrice). The prin­ci­ple was that it was France's duty to bring civil­i­sa­tion to be­nighted peoples. As such, colo­nial of­fi­cials un­der­took a pol­icy of Franco-Eu­ro­peani­sa­tion in French colonies, most no­tably French West...

    Weimar Republic

    The hu­mil­i­at­ing peace terms in the Treaty of Ver­sailles pro­voked bit­ter in­dig­na­tion through­out Ger­many, and se­ri­ously weak­ened the new de­mo­c­ra­tic regime. That Treaty stripped Ger­many of all of its over­seas colonies, of Al­sace and Lor­raine, and of pre­dom­i­nantly Pol­ish dis­tricts. The Al­lied armies oc­cu­pied in­dus­trial sec­tors in west­ern Ger­many in­clud­ing the Rhineland, and Ger­many was not al­lowed to have a real army, navy, or air force. Repa­ra­tions were...

    Nazi era, 1933–39

    Hitler came to power in Jan­u­ary 1933, and in­au­gu­rated an ag­gres­sive power de­signed to give Ger­many eco­nomic and po­lit­i­cal dom­i­na­tion across cen­tral Eu­rope. He did not at­tempt to re­cover the lost colonies. Until Au­gust 1939, the Nazis de­nounced Com­mu­nists and the So­viet Union as the great­est enemy, along with the Jews. Hitler's diplo­matic strat­egy in the 1930s was to make seem­ingly rea­son­able de­mands, threat­en­ing war if they were not met. When op­po­nents trie...

    In 1922, the leader of the Ital­ian fas­cist move­ment, Ben­ito Mus­solini, be­came Prime Min­is­ter of Italy after the March on Rome. Mus­solini re­solved the ques­tion of sov­er­eignty over the Do­de­canese at the 1923 Treaty of Lau­sanne, which for­mal­ized Ital­ian ad­min­is­tra­tion of both Libya and the Do­de­canese Is­lands, in re­turn for a pay­ment to Turkey, the suc­ces­sor state to the Ot­toman Em­pire, though he failed in an at­tempt to ex­tract a man­date of a por­tion of Iraq from Britain. The month fol­low­ing the rat­i­fi­ca­tion of the Lau­sanne treaty, Mus­solini or­dered the in­va­sion of the Greek is­land of Corfu after the Corfu in­ci­dent. The Ital­ian press sup­ported the move, not­ing that Corfu had been a Venet­ian pos­ses­sion for four hun­dred years. The mat­ter was taken by Greece to the League of Na­tions, where Mus­solini was con­vinced by Britain to evac­u­ate Ital­ian troops, in re­turn for repa­ra­tions from Greece. The con­fronta­tion led Britain an...

    East Asia: Japanese dominance

    The Japan­ese mod­elled their in­dus­trial econ­omy closely on the most ad­vanced Eu­ro­pean mod­els. They started with tex­tiles, rail­ways, and ship­ping, ex­pand­ing to elec­tric­ity and ma­chin­ery. the most se­ri­ous weak­ness was a short­age of raw ma­te­ri­als. In­dus­try ran short of cop­per and coal be­came a net im­porter. A deep flaw in the ag­gres­sive mil­i­tary strat­egy was a heavy de­pen­dence on im­ports in­clud­ing 100 per­cent of the alu­minum, 85 per­cent of the iron ore,...

    Latin America

    The Great De­pres­sion posed a great chal­lenge to the re­gion. The col­lapse of the world econ­omy meant that the de­mand for raw ma­te­ri­als dras­ti­cally de­clined, un­der­min­ing many of the economies of Latin Amer­ica. In­tel­lec­tu­als and gov­ern­ment lead­ers in Latin Amer­ica turned their backs on the older eco­nomic poli­cies and turned to­ward im­port sub­sti­tu­tion in­dus­tri­al­iza­tion. The goal was to cre­ate self-suf­fi­cient economies, which would have their own in­dus­tria...

    The in­ter­war pe­riod ended in Sep­tem­ber 1939 with the Ger­man in­va­sion of Poland and the start of World War II.

  5. Talk:Interwar period - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Talk:Interwar_period

    This article should be renamed, because while it's true that "inter-war period" may refer to any period between two wars, the Interwar is the one between 1918 and 1939. walk victor falk talk 14:20, 14 July 2014 (UTC) Very poor article. For god sake, "interwar period" is just a convenient expression to denote the 20-year period between the two WWs.

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  7. Interwar Britain - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Interwar_Britain

    Interwar Britain (1918–1939) was a period of peace and relative economic stagnation. In politics the Liberal Party collapsed and the Labour Party became the main challenger to the dominant Conservative Party throughout the period.

  8. Chetniks in the interwar period - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chetniks_in_the_Interwar...

    In the Interwar period in Yugoslavia (1918–41), there were several veteran associations of Serbian guerrillas (known as "Chetniks") that had fought in Ottoman Macedonia (1903–12), Balkan Wars (1912–13) and World War I (1914–18).

  9. Second Polish Republic - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Second_Polish_Republic

    The Second Polish Republic, commonly known as interwar Poland, refers to the country of Poland in the period between the two World Wars (1918–1939). Officially known as the Republic of Poland (Polish: Rzeczpospolita Polska), the Polish state was re-established in 1918, in the aftermath of World War I.

  10. History of Belgium - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Belgium_(interwar_period)

    (Redirected from Belgium (interwar period)) The history of Belgium extends before the founding of the modern state of that name in 1830, and is intertwined with those of its neighbors: the Netherlands , Germany , France and Luxembourg .