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    • Capital of Poland Krakow

      • Kraków, also spelled Cracow, city and capital of Małopolskie województwo (province), southern Poland, lying on both sides of the upper Vistula River. One of the largest cities in Poland, it is known primarily for its grand historic architecture and cultural leadership; UNESCO designated its old town area a World Heritage site in 1978.ów, also spelled Cracow, city and capital of,town area a World Heritage site in 1978.
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  2. Kraków - Wikipediaów

    Kraków was the official capital of Poland until 1596 and has traditionally been one of the leading centres of Polish academic, economic, cultural and artistic life. Cited as one of Europe's most beautiful cities, [7] its Old Town was declared the first UNESCO World Heritage Site in the world.

  3. Kraków, also spelled Cracow, city and capital of Małopolskie województwo (province), southern Poland, lying on both sides of the upper Vistula River. One of the largest cities in Poland, it is known primarily for its grand historic architecture and cultural leadership; UNESCO designated its old town area a World Heritage site in 1978.

  4. Kraków - Poland

    The former capital city of Poland and the seat of Polish Kings is more majestic today than it ever was. As one of the oldest cities in the country, the capital of Małopolska province is a veritable gem of national cultural heritage, which draws a multitude of tourists from all over the world… A Magical, Royal City

  5. Interesting facts about Kraków | Just Fun Facts

    Kraków also known as Cracow, is the second largest and one of the oldest cities in Poland. The official name of the city is Royal Capital City of Krakow. The city is situated in the southern part of Poland, on the Vistula River, in a valley at the foot of the Carpathian Mountains.

  6. Krakow (Kraków): ancient capital of Poland - Travel Guide

    Krakow (Kraków): ancient capital of Poland in Poland 20 Views Krakow (Kraków) (about 760,000 inhabitants), the ancient capital of Poland, is one of the most beautiful cities in the nation. This historic city is located in the south of the country, along the course of the Vistula River at the foot of the Tatra Mountains.

  7. History of Kraków - Wikipedia

    Situated on the Vistula river (Polish: Wisła) in the Lesser Poland region, the city dates back to the 7th century. It was the capital of Poland from 1038 to 1596, the capital of the Grand Duchy of Kraków from 1846 to 1918, and the capital of Kraków Voivodeship from the 14th century to 1999.

  8. History of Kraków - Past and present of Kraków
    • Origins
    • Kraków as Capital of Poland
    • Economic and Social Decline
    • Kraków During The Republic of Poland

    Archaeological records show that the site where Kraków is currently located, near Wawel Hill and Vistula River, was inhabited since the Stone Age. During the sixth century, the West Slavic tribe called Vistulans or Vistulanians settled on Wawel Hill. Three centuries later, in the ninth century, while Saint Methodius was converting the Slav population of the area, it is believed that the tribe of the Vistulans had a legendary ruler Krakus who is responsible for the foundation of Kraków. The first documented appearance of the city’s name dates from 966, when a Sephardi visitor described it as animportant commercial center. It is also believed that the Vistulans are the first Slav people in the area to form a state and that Poland as a country could also have been shaped by the Vistulans. What is for sure is that Kraków was part of Poland in the tenth century and was capital of a voivodeship, an area administered by a Governor. During the eleventh century, the focal point of Christiani...

    In 1038, Casimir I the Restorer moved the capital of Poland to Kraków. The Wawel Cathedralwas first constructed in the eleventh century. Krakow became capital of Poland in 1038 and remained the political front of the country until 1596. In 1596, Sigismund III Vasa, King of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania from 1587 to 1632, transferred the capital to Warsaw. During the thirteenth century, the city was destroyed by various Mongol invasions, the first in 1241 and then eighteen years later, in 1259. Kraków was rebuilt practically the same as it had been. Kraków was deeply influenced by the Germans during this period, and in 1257, the king gave the city internal autonomy based on the Magdeburg rights. A few decades later, in 1291, the Polish population elected Wenceslaus II as king of the country. He had been monarch of Bohemia since 1278 and was proclaimed king of Poland in 1300. Since then, Kraków depended on a Czech dynasty. Between 1311 and 1312, the inhabitants of Kraków rebelled...

    From 1648 to 1720, the Commonwealth was the setting of numerous riots for the distribution of land and power. Bohdan Khmelnytsky, a Ukrainian Hetman (Head of State) rose against the Lithuanian-Polish Commonwealth and the Vasa dynasty. He then created a state governed by the Cossacks of Ukraine. When the Vasa dynasty fell, a Russian army landed in Poland and the Cossacks accepted the supremacy of the Tsar. Then, the Swedish invaded the Commonwealthand pillaged Kraków and other cities, treating the citizens with violence and intolerance. After the numerous internal uprisings and the Russian and Swedish invasions, Poland was extremely weakened and reduced to ruins. Russia annexed Ukraine, which had been Polish until then. After Ukraine was conquered, there was a Polish national movement which led to the coronation of John III Sobieski in 1674. He is renowned for defeating the Turks at the Battle of Vienna in 1638. The Commonwealth stabilization did not last long and the kingdom was par...

    During World War I, Kraków was the political centre of Poland. The provisional government established a Provisional Council of State in the city. The Germans made the city their headquarters and created a pro-German Polish state. After World War I, during the negotiations at the Paris Peace Conference in 1919, Poland finally regained its independence. During World War II, Nazi Germany created the Kraków Ghetto. Nearly 80,000 Polish Jews had lived in Kraków since the thirteenth century. Kraków was freed by the Soviet troops at the end of World War II and would remain under Soviet control until the Soviet Union collapsed. Karol Wojtyla, Archbishop of Kraków, was made Pope in 1978 and would remain head of the Roman Catholic Church until 2005. Nowadays, the former capital of Poland is a pilgrimage site for the Polish citizens. Kraków is a modern metropolis and the second largest city in Poland. It is also one of the most-visited cities in Europe. Miraculously, it wasn’t gravely damaged...

  9. Kraków, Historic Capital of Poland - Rick Steves Classroom ...

    In the northeast corner of Europe, Poland is one of the largest countries on the Continent. We'll visit its historic capital, Kraków, side trip to a salt mine, and to a concentration camp, then head for Poland's modern capital, Warsaw.

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