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    • Is the Vatican its own country?

      • The Vatican is not a country, although it is an independent entity. The Bible doesn't condone the idea of the Church having its own sovereign nation. But other countries consider the Vatican to be its own sovereign nation, and many have ambassadors to the Vatican.
  1. Vatican City as we know it today is an independent state, albeit a tiny one, ruled by the Holy See. It was formed as an independent state in 1929, I believe by the Lateran Treaty. It is located in Rome, Italy, and its official language is Italian. (Latin is the language of the Holy See.)

  2. Sep 13, 2013 · No. It is surrounded by Italy but not part of Italy. Though the Vatican City is situated in Rome, Italy, it is a country in itself -- it even has it's own stamps!

    • Italy-France Border
    • History of Italy-France Border
    • Austria-Italy Border
    • Switzerland-Italy Border
    • History of Switzerland-Italy Border
    • Slovenia-Italy Border
    • Enclaves

    Italy and France share a land border that stretches 296 miles in length. The summit of Mont Dolent, which lies at the Switzerland-France-Italy tri-point, acts as the start of the border. From Mont Dolent, the border moves southwards towards the Mediterranean Sea where it ends near the towns of Menton and Ventimiglia in France and Italy respectively. Italy has four provinces that lie along the border; Imperia, Turin, Aosta, and Cuneo, while five France departments are found along the border and these are Hautes-Alpes, Alpes-Maritimes, Haute-Savoie, Alpes-de-Haute-Provence, and Savoie. The current border was established in 1947, according to provisions of the Treaty of Paris after the WWII. Most of the border lies on mountainous terrain, and therefore tunnels are the main cross-border points. Some of these tunnels include the Mont Blanc Tunnel, the Tende Tunnel, and the Frejus Road Tunnel. Other cross-border points include the Maddalena Pass, the Col Angel, the Olivetta San Michele, t...

    An earlier border that preceded the Italy-France international border was established in the 19thcentury. This border separated Empire of France and the Kingdom of Sardinia. The 1860 Treaty of Turin signed between the two kingdoms revised the border and provided that the County of Nice and Savoy be linked to France. The border would then stand for almost a century, until the outbreak of WWII when Italy invaded part of France’s territory in 1940. The territory would later be occupied by the Third Reich which was an ally to the Italians during the war. However, with the defeat of Italy and Germany in the war, the region along with La Brigue and Tende was annexed by France, as was provided for by the 1947 Treaty of Paris. Plebiscites conducted in these regions showed that majority of residents wished the region to be transferred to France.

    Austria shares a 251-mile long land border with Italy. The Austria-Italy border has undergone numerous revisions throughout its history. In the aftermath of the WWI, Austria was forced to surrender territories to Italy, with the two countries then signing a border treaty. The two countries have in recent years heightened border security, as a result of increased infiltration of illegal immigrants across the border in the European migrant crisis. Austria had in 2017 deployed its armored carriers along sections of the border to contain the illegal migrants crossing the border from Italy, a move that threatened the diplomatic relations between the two countries.

    Switzerland has the longest land border of all Italy’s bordering countries covering a distance of 434 miles long. The border starts at the Italy-Switzerland-France tri-point on the summit of Mont Dolent and runs eastwards to its end at the Austria-Switzerland-Italy tri-point situated near Piz Lad. The border passes over high altitude regions, such as the High Alps reaching a height of 15,000 feet in elevation. Low lying areas are also crossed by the border including Lago Maggiore that is 656 feet below sea level. The three cantons of Switzerland found along the border are the cantons of Ticino, Valais, and Grisons. The regions of Italy found along the border include Piedmont, Lombardy, South Tyrol and Aosta Valley.

    The earliest version of the border was established in 1798 according to the Helvetic Republic’s constitution. By then, Italy did not exist, and so the border only outlined the extent of Switzerland’s territory. Most of the border was unchanged during the establishment of the Kingdom of Italy in 1861. The few territorial disputes between Italy and Switzerland were solved in the signing of international treaties between the two states between 1863 and 1874. The modern border was established in the aftermath of the WWII, and has, for the most part, remained unrevised since 1946. The main change in the border to be made since was in the 1950s when the Lago de Lei barrage was transferred from Italy to Switzerland. Switzerland signed to become part of the Schengen Area in 2008 and proceeded to remove all border controls along the Italy-Switzerland border. The border controls were reinstituted in 2016 after increased illegal immigration was reported across the border as a result of the Eur...

    Slovenia is another country bordering Italy, with the two countries sharing a 135-mile long land border. The region of Trieste has been the source of territorial conflict between Italy and Slovenia. Originally, the region was part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire but was occupied by Italy after WWII. The two countries are signatories of the Schengen Agreement and have removed all border controls along the border, allowing cross-border movements. The border controls were temporarily reinstituted during the recent European migrant crisis.

    The country has two enclaves; the Vatican and San Marino, both of which are the world’s smallest and third-smallest states, respectively. The border between San Marino and Italy is 23 miles in length. Italy has two of its regions lying along the border; the Le Marche and Emilia-Romagna regions. Cross-border movement on the Italy-San Marino border is only done via road, as San Marino neither has airports nor railways. The Italian towns of Rimini and Pesaro are located near the border. The Vatican-Italy border is the among the shortest land borders in the world shared between two countries, with a length of about 2.1 miles. Vatican City is surrounded entirely by the Italian city of Rome.

    • Joseph Kiprop
  3. The Kingdom of Italy (Italian: Regno d'Italia) was a state that existed from 1861—when King Victor Emmanuel II of Sardinia was proclaimed King of Italy—until 1946, when civil discontent led an institutional referendum to abandon the monarchy and form the modern Italian Republic.

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    • Democratic Republic of The Congo
    • Spain
    • Poland
    • Colombia
    • France
    • Italy
    • United States
    • Phillipines
    • Mexico
    • Brazil

    The Democratic Republic of the Congo gained independence from Belgium in 1960 and has been filled with much civil unrest since then. The Catholic Church has played a significant role in the country's politics and social structures as it has set up many schools as well as hospitals. Sometimes people turn to them when they feel that they can no longer trust the government. The church has often been an important mediator between the government and oppositional parties because it was the group that the local population believed was fighting for them. Today, over 28 million peoplein the DRC are Catholic.

    Throughout Spain's history, the country has been a battleground between Muslims and Catholics and this led to an aggressive Christian effort once it gained ground after the conquest of Granada in the 15th century. The Inquisition in Spain was active as late as the beginning of the 19th century. Now Catholicism has changed and the contemporary population does not adhere to the strict regulations that it used to. Onlyabout 15% of Spanish Catholicsgo to mass every week even though there is a multitude of churches built over the centuries scattered throughout the country.

    Poland is a deeply religious country, with 85.8% of the population citing their religion as Catholic. Pope John Paul II, the pope famous for renewing widespread faith in the Catholic church, remains a powerful symbol in Poland today. Unlike many other European countries, in Poland Catholicism remains the most popular religion by a wide margin.

    Catholicism was brought to Colombia in 1508 and the first diocese was established in 1534. After Colombia declared its independence from Spain in 1819, there was some persecution of the religion but it persisted and to be the main religion of the population. There are 52 diocese in the country and over 120 religious organizations.

    Like Italy, France also has a long history of Catholicism. In the middle ages, kings referred to the authority of the Pope and it was of upmost importance that they were in his favor while they were reigning. There are 40,000,000 million Catholics living in France.

    Italy has a very long history of Christianity, with the religion first coming to the nation in the 1st century. The church has always been highly influential in Italy and the capital city, Rome, is a popular place for pilgrimage. Furthermore, the Vatican is located within Italy, even though it does function as a separate entity. The 50,474,000 million Italian Catholicshave a long history backing their religious values as well as the leadership of the pope.

    The United States is one of the largest countries in the world by population. In the 16th century, the Spanish brought Catholicism to the land that is now known as Florida, George, California, and Texas. The French came to Louisiana, Alabama, Arkansas, Illinois, and Michigan in the 18th century, where they set up their own missions. After the United States gained independence, its influx of European immigrants also increased the Catholic population.

    The Philippines are the only predominately Catholic country in Asia, with 81.4% of the population identifying as part of the religion. Just as in Mexico, the Spanish spread Catholicism to the Philippines as part of their divine mission to "educate" the natives. The explorers saw the native religion of the area as a form of devil worship and therefore forebid it. Missionaries came and set up schools and hospitals to educate Filipinos. The Philippines gained independence in 1898 after being traded to the United States a few years before by the Spaniards but they did not return to their native religion. The Catholic conquest has lasted up to this day.

    Catholicism was also brought to Mexico by conquistadors. The Spanish explorers brought Catholic missionaries with them when they took over Mexico in 1519. It remains highly influentialto this day, with 98.8 million residents identifying as Catholic.

    126.8 million people in Brazil are Catholics, which makes up 61% of the population. The Portuguese brought over the religion and the first diocese was created in 1551. During colonial rule, Catholicism was enforced but it remained the official religion of the country even after independence. Officially, the government is secular but the church still carries a strong influence even to the present day.

    • Kasia Jurczak
    • Population of Italy
    • Languages of Italy
    • Family Life in Italy
    • Religion in Italy
    • Art and Architecture in Italy
    • Italian Cuisine
    • Doing Business in Italy
    • Italian Holidays

    About 96 percentof the population of Italy is Italian, though there are many other ethnicities that live in this country. North African Arab, Italo-Albanian, Albanian, German, Austrian and some other European groups fill out the remainder of the population. Bordering countries of France, Switzerland, Austria, and Slovenia to the north have influenced Italian culture, as have the Mediterranean islands of Sardinia and Sicily and Sardinia.

    The official language of the country is Italian. About 93 percent of the Italian population speaks Italian as native language, according to the BBC. There are a number of dialects of the language spoken in the country, including Sardinian, Friulian, Neapolitan, Sicilian, Ligurian, Piedmontese, Venetian and Calabrian. Milanese is also spoken in Milan. Other languages spoken by native Italians include Albanian, Bavarian, Catalan, Cimbrian, Corsican, Croatian, French, German, Greek, Slovenian and Walser.

    "Family is an extremely important value within the Italian culture," Talia Wagner, a Los Angeles-based marriage and family therapist, told Live Science. Their family solidarity is focused on extended family rather than the West's idea of "the nuclear family" of just a mom, dad and kids, Wagner explained. Italians have frequent family gatherings and enjoy spending time with those in their family. "Children are reared to remain close to the family upon adulthood and incorporate their future family into the larger network," said Wagner.

    The major religion in Italy is Roman Catholicism. This is not surprising, as Vatican City, located in the heart of Rome, is the hub of Roman Catholicism and where the Pope resides. Roman Catholics and other Christians make up 80 percent of the population, though only one-third of those are practicing Catholics. The country also has a growing Muslim immigrant community, according to the University of Michigan. Muslim, agnostic and atheist make up the other 20 percent of the population, according to the Central Intelligence Agency.

    Italy has given rise to a number of architectural styles, including classical Roman, Renaissance, Baroque and Neoclassical. Italy is home to some of the most famous structures in the world, including the Colosseum and the Leaning Tower of Pisa. The concept of a basilica — which was originally used to describe an open public court building and evolved to mean a Catholic pilgrimage site — was born in Italy. The word, according to the Oxford Dictionary, is derived from Latin and meant "royal palace." The word is also from the Greek basilikē, which is the feminine of basilikos which means "royal" or basileus, which means "king." Italy also is home to many castles, such as the Valle d'Aosta Fort Bard, the Verrès Castle and the Ussel Castle. Florence, Venice and Rome are home to many museums, but art can be viewed in churches and public buildings. Most notable is the ceiling of the Sistine Chapelof the Vatican, painted by Michelangelo sometime between 1508 and 1512. Opera has its roots in...

    Italian cuisine has influenced food culture around the world and is viewed as a form of art by many. Wine, cheese and pasta are important part of Italian meals. Pasta comes in a wide range of shapes, widths and lengths, including penne, spaghetti, linguine, fusilli and lasagna. For Italians, food isn't just nourishment, it is life. "Family gatherings are frequent and often centered around food and the extended networks of families," said Wagner. No one area of Italy eats the same things as the next. Each region has its own spin on "Italian food," according to CNN. For example, most of the foods that Americans view as Italian, such as spaghetti and pizza, come from central Italy. In the North of Italy, fish, potatoes, rice, sausages, pork and different types of cheeses are the most common ingredients. Pasta dishes with tomatoes are popular, as are many kinds of stuffed pasta, polenta and risotto. In the South, tomatoes dominate dishes, and they are either served fresh or cooked into...

    Italy's official currency is the euro. Italians are known for their family-centric culture, and there are a number of small and mid-sized businesses. Even many of the larger companies such as Fiat and Benetton are still primarily controlled by single families. "Many families that immigrated from Italy are traditionalists by nature, with the parents holding traditional gender roles. This has become challenging for the younger generations, as gender roles have morphed in the American culture and today stand at odds with the father being the primary breadwinner and the undisputed head of the household and the mother being the primary caretaker of the home and children," said Wagner. Meetings are typically less formal than in countries such as Germany and Russia, and the familial structure can give way to a bit of chaos and animated exchanges. Italian business people tend to view information from outsiders with a bit of wariness, and prefer verbal exchanges with people that they know well.

    Italians celebrate most Christian holidays. The celebration of the Epiphany, celebrated on January 6, is much like Christmas. Belfana, an old lady who flies on her broomstick, delivers presents and goodies to good children, according to legend. Pasquetta, on the Monday after Easter, typically involves family picnics to mark the beginning of springtime. November 1 commemorates Saints Day, a religious holiday during which Italians typically decorate the graves of deceased relatives with flowers. Many Italian towns and villages celebrate the feast day of their patron saint. September 19, for example, is the feast of San Gennaro, the patron saint of Napoli. April 25 is the Liberation Day, marking the 1945 liberation ending World War II in Italy in 1945. Additional reporting by Alina Bradford, Live Science Contributor Additional resources 1. Italian Tourism Official Website 2. Discover Italy: The celebration of the Epiphany 3. Lonely Planet: Italy 4. Delish: Italian Food by Region

  5. Jul 24, 2021 · The Vatican has released information on its real estate holdings for the first time, revealing it owns more than 5,000 properties, as part of its most detailed financial disclosures ever.

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  4. Priority Access & Dedicated Entrance to St. Peter's Basilica. With Audio Guide.

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