It is the world's second-largest religion with 1.9 billion followers or 24.5% of the world's population, known as Muslims. Muslims make up a majority of the population in 49 countries. Islam teaches that God is merciful, all-powerful, and unique, and has guided mankind through prophets, revealed scriptures, and natural signs.
Most historians accept that Islam originated in Mecca and Medina at the start of the 7th century CE. Muslims regard Islam as a return to the original faith of the prophets, such as Jesus, Solomon, David, Moses, Abraham, Noah and Adam, with the submission (islam) to the will of God.
Muslims are people who follow or practice Islam, a monotheistic Abrahamic religion. Muslims consider the Quran, their holy book, to be the verbatim word of God as revealed to the Islamic prophet and messenger Muhammad.
The most common is Sunni Islam (75–90% of all Muslims are Sunni Muslims). The second is Shia Islam (10–20% of all Muslims are Shias – also called Shiites). But there are many more groups like the Alevis in Turkey. With about 1.75 billion followers (24% of the world's population), Islam is the second-largest religion in the world.
Islamism is a concept whose meaning has been debated in both public and academic contexts. The term can refer to diverse forms of social and political activism advocating that public and political life should be guided by Islamic principles or more specifically to movements which call for full implementation of sharia (Islamic order or law).
The religious, social, and political tenets that Muhammad established with the Quran became the foundation of Islam and the Muslim world. Born about 570 into a respected Qurashi family of Mecca, Muhammad earned the title " al-Amin " (اَلْأَمِينُ, meaning "the Trustworthy").
In Islam, the term mukhannathun is used to describe gender-variant people, usually male-to-female transgender. Neither this term nor the equivalent for "eunuch" occurs in the Quran, but the term does appear in the Hadith, the sayings of Muhammad, which have a secondary status to the central text.
Islam (bahasa Arab: الإسلام, translit. al-islām , dengarkan) adalah salah satu agama dari kelompok agama yang diterima oleh seorang nabi (agama samawi) yang mengajarkan monoteisme tanpa kompromi, iman terhadap wahyu, iman terhadap akhir zaman, dan tanggung jawab.
Islam - religia islamică sau musulmană; Ummah - comunitatea islamică formată din totalitatea musulmanilor ; Islamism - termen inventat de Voltaire , care, în definiția sa contemporană, se referă la versiunea radical extremistă a islamului politic.
Islam sa nestal iba kultom alebo etickou normou ľudí odmietajúcich žiť v pomeroch svojej doby, ale bol zároveň právnym kódexom, ktorý obsahoval čoraz presnejšiu a zložitejšiu predstavu o každodennom živote, medziľudských vzťahov, trestnom práve, štátoprávnom usporiadaní a vzťahu k nemoslimskému okoliu.