- John of Bohemia From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia John the Blind (Luxembourgish: Jang; German: Johann; Czech: Jan; 10 August 1296 – 26 August 1346) was the count of Luxembourg from 1313 and king of Bohemia from 1310 and titular king of Poland.
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John was considered to be an "alien king" and gave up the administration of Bohemia after a while and embarked on a life of travel. He parted ways with his wife and left the Czech country to be ruled by the barons while spending time in Luxembourg and the French court. 
- Early life
John was the eldest son of the Holy Roman Emperor Henry VII...
- Problems with nobility
Like his predecessor Henry, he was disliked by much of the...
- International politics
Foreign politics, rather than Czech, appealed to John, as he...
- Early life
May 14, 2017 · John of Bohemia (10 August 1296 – 26 August 1346), also called John of Luxembourg and John the Blind, was the Count of Luxembourg from 1309, King of Bohemia from 1310, and titular King of Poland. He was the eldest son of the Holy Roman Emperor Henry VII and his wife Margaret of Brabant.
The result of the proposal was move to John of Bohemia. This follows the discussion here and point 2 at Wikipedia:NCNT#Monarchical_titles , as well as the current naming pattern of Bohemian monarchs.
His reign brought Bohemia to its peak both politically and in total area, resulting in his being the first King of Bohemia to also be elected as Holy Roman Emperor. Under his rule the Bohemian crown controlled such diverse lands as Moravia , Silesia , Upper Lusatia and Lower Lusatia , Brandenburg, an area around Nuremberg called New Bohemia, Luxembourg , and several small towns scattered around Germany.
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Raised in Paris, John was French by education, but deeply involved in the politics of Germany. In 1310 his father arranged the marriage of the 14-year-old to Elisabeth from the Přemyslid dynasty, sister of the deceased King Wenceslaus III of Bohemia. The wedding took place in Speyer, after which the newly weds made their way to Prague accompanied by a group led by the experienced diplomat and expert on Czech issues, Peter of Aspelt, Archbishop of Mainz. Because Henry had imperial regiments accompany and protect the couple from Nuremberg to Prague the Czech forces were able to gain control of Prague and depose the reigning King Henry of Carinthia on December 3, 1310. The Castle at Prague was uninhabitable so John made residence in one of the houses on the Old Town Square and with the help of his advisors he stabilized affairs in the Czech state. He thereby became one of the seven prince-electors of the Holy Roman Empire and – in succession of Wenceslaus III – claimant to the Polish a...
One of John of Luxembourg’s first steps as king was the re-establishment of authority and to secure peace within the country. In 1311 he was able to reach an agreement with the Bohemian and Moravian aristocracy which is referred to as the “inaugural diplomas” with which John restricted the relations of both the ruler and aristocracy. The aristocracy was however allowed to hold the right to elect the king, to decide the matter of extraordinary taxation, the right to their property, and the right to choose freely whether or not to offer military support to the king in foreign wars. Although the aristocracy was encouraged to raise armies when peace within the country was threatened. On the other hand the king’s right to appoint a foreign official to office was abolished. John structured these agreements in order to provide a basis for the consolidation of the ruler’s power within the Bohemian kingdom. The agreements weren’t as successful as John intended. The aristocracy did not intend...
The international spectrum was further broadened for John when his father named him Vicar General, his deputy for the governance of the Empire. This allowed for John to reach further and he was able to contribute to the imperial coronation along with helping with the conclusion of the Italian territorial wars. In 1313 Henry died suddenly bringing an end to this collaboration between him and John. However, through Henry’s death a spot for the imperial crown opened up making John a possible candidate. The other two candidates being Fredrick of the Hapsburgs and Ludwig of Bavaria. In attempts to not support Fredrick John voted for Ludwig at the diet of electors. In return for his support Ludwig, as the new imperial king, promised the support in territorial claims of the Czech state in Silesia and Meissen as well as the region of Cheb and the Upper Palatinate. Later in 1319, after the Brandenburg House of Ascania died out, John regained control over the Bautzen region and then the Görli...
The body of John the Blind was moved to Kloster Altmünster ("Old-Minster Abbey") in Luxembourg. When the abbey was destroyed in 1543 the corpse was moved to Kloster Neumünster ("New-Minster Abbey") in Luxembourg. During the confusion of the French Revolution the mortal remains were salvaged by the Boch industrialist family (founders of Villeroy & Boch, ennobled in 1892) and hidden in an attic room in Mettlachon the Saar River. The legend has it that the monks of the abbey asked Pierre-Joseph Boch for this favor. His son Jean-François Boch met with Prince Frederick William of Prussia on his voyage through the Rhineland in 1833 offering the remains as a gift. As Prince Frederick considered John the Blind to be one of his ancestors he ordered Karl Friedrich Schinkel to construct a funeral chapel. The chapel was built in 1834 and 1835 near Kastel-Staadton a rock above the town. In 1838 on the anniversary of his death John the Blind was laid in a black marble Sarcophagus in a public cere...
According to the Cronica ecclesiae pragensis Benesii Krabice de Weitmile, before he died at the Battle of Crécy, he said: "With God's help it will never be that a Bohemian king would run from a fight!"
He was married twice: First, to Elisabeth of Bohemia (1292–1330). In this marriage he had the following children: 1. Margaret of Bohemia (8 July 1313 – 11 July 1341, Prague), married in Straubing 12 August 1328 to Henry XIV, Duke of Bavaria. 2. Bonne (21 May 1315 – 11 September 1349, Maubuisson), married in Melun6 August 1332 to King John II of France. 3. Charles IV(14 May 1316 – 29 November 1378), King of Bohemia and Holy Roman Emperor. 4. Ottokar ("Otto") (22 November 1318 – 20 April 1320), Prince of Bohemia. 5. John Henry (Jan Jindřich) (12 February 1322, Mělník – 12 November 1375), Margraveof Moravia. 6. Anna (1323 – 3 September 1338), twin of Elizabeth, married 16 February 1335 to Otto, Duke of Austria. 7. Elizabeth (1323–1324), twin of Anna. Second (December 1334), to Beatrice of Bourbon, daughter of Louis I, Duke of Bourbon. This marriage produced one son: 1. Wenceslaus I of Luxembourg (25 February 1337 – 7 December 1383), Duke of Luxembourg and Brabant. His illegitimate son...↑ Nowakowski Tomasz Tadeusz: Kazimierz Wielki a Bydgoszcz. Toruń: Wydawnictwo Adam Marszałek, 2003. ISBN 83-7322-527-7. , pp. 73–74, 76, 79, 83, 165–171, 176
Agnew, Hugh L. The Czechs and the Lands of the Bohemian Crown. Stanford: Hoover Institution Press, 2004. 30-33. Print. Neillands, Robin. The Hundred Years' War. London: Routledge, 1990. 100. Print. Teich, Mikuláš. Bohemia in History. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1998. 53-55. Print. Pánek, Jaroslav, and Oldřich Tůma. A History Of The Czech Lands. Prague: Karolinum Press, 2009. 121-25. Print.
John the Blind was the count of Luxembourg from 1313 and king of Bohemia from 1310 and titular king of Poland. He is well known for having died while fighting in the Battle of Crécy at age 50, after having been blind for a decade.
History 13th century (growth) Although some former rulers of Bohemia had enjoyed a non-hereditary royal title during the 11th and 12th centuries (Vratislaus II, Vladislaus II), the kingdom was formally established in 1198 by Přemysl Ottokar I, who had his status acknowledged by Philip of Swabia, elected King of the Romans, in return for his support against the rival Emperor Otto IV.
John of Bohemia, Herzog von Görlitz, was born 22 June 1370 in Prague, Czech Republic to Charles IV of Bohemia (1316-1378) and Elisabeth von Pommern (c1345-1393) and died 1 March 1396 of unspecified causes. He married Richardis zu Mecklenburg (c1370-1400) 10 February 1388 JL in Prague, Czech Republic.
- 22 June 1370 Prague, Czech Republic
- Richardis zu Mecklenburg (c1370-1400)
- Elisabeth von Pommern (c1345-1393)
- Herzog von Görlitz