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  1. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Caligula (Italian: Caligola) is a 1979 erotic historical drama film focusing on the rise and fall of the eponymous Roman Emperor Caligula. The film stars Malcolm McDowell in the title role, alongside Teresa Ann Savoy, Helen Mirren, Peter O'Toole, John Steiner and John Gielgud.

    Caligula (film) - Wikipedia
  2. Malcolm McDowell - Wikipedia › wiki › Malcolm_McDowell

    Malcolm McDowell (born Malcolm John Taylor; 13 June 1942) is a British actor, best known for his boisterous villainous and charismatic roles.He was born in the Horsforth suburb of Leeds and raised in Liverpool.

    • Early life

      McDowell was born Malcolm John Taylor on 13 June 1942 in...

    • Career

      McDowell initially secured work as an extra with the Royal...

    • Personal life

      McDowell first met actress and publicist Margot Bennett in...

    • I Spy

      Game. I spy, a guessing game; Books. I-Spy (Michelin), a...

    • O Lucky Man

      O Lucky Man! is a 1973 British comedy-drama fantasy film,...

  3. Malcolm McDowell - Simple English Wikipedia, the free ... › wiki › Malcolm_McDowell

    From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Malcolm McDowell (born 13 June 1943) is an English actor. He has been in many movies, including: A Clockwork Orange, O Lucky Man! and Caligula. McDowell resides in Ojai, California.

  4. Malcolm McDowell - Wikipedia, la enciclopedia libre › wiki › Malcolm_McDowell

    Malcolm McDowell Malcolm John Taylor (Horsforth, Yorkshire, 13 de junio de 1943), más conocido como Malcolm McDowell, es un actor de televisión y cine británico. A lo largo de una trayectoria de más de cincuenta años, ha interpretado toda clase de papeles como actor de carácter.

    • Mick
    • Ojai
  5. Malcolm McDowell - Wikipedia › wiki › Malcolm_McDowell

    Malcolm McDowell Frae Wikipedia, the free beuk o knawledge Malcolm McDowell (Malcolm John Taylor, 1943) wis an actor. He wis known for his role as Alex DeLarge in A Clockwork Orange.

  6. Malcolm McDowell - Wikipedia › wiki › Malcolm_McDowell
    • Biografie
    • Filmografie
    • Prijzen en Nominaties

    Jonge jaren

    McDowell werd geboren in Horsforth, Yorkshire als de zoon van Edna McDowell en Charles Taylor. Hij was de oudste van de drie kinderen in het gezin. Na hem werden zijn zusjes Gloria en Judy geboren. Vader Taylor maakte deel uit van de RAF en verhuisde met zijn gezin naar Bridlington. Malcolm McDowell ging vanaf zijn elfde naar een privéschool in Engeland. Hij had later baantjes als kelner in de pub van zijn moeder en was een tijdje actief als vertegenwoordiger in koffie. Toen besloot hij dat h...

    Eerste filmrollen

    Ervaring als acteur deed McDowell als figurant bij de Royal Shakespeare Company. Zijn eerste rol had hij met Poor Cow in 1967, maar zijn scène werd uiteindelijk uit de film geknipt. Hierna selecteerde regisseur Lindsay Anderson hem voor de hoofdrol in de film if.... in 1968. In deze film speelt McDowell de rol van de rebel Mick Travis die uiteindelijk samen met twee medestudenten de ouders en de leraren van zijn kostschool onder vuur neemt met automatische wapens. Terwijl McDowell rollen spee...


    In 1979 speelde hij in Time After Time de rol van de Britse schrijver H.G. Wells, zijn eerste Amerikaanse film. Tijdens deze productie leerde hij zijn tweede vrouw kennen, actrice Mary Steenburgen. Hij scheidde in 1980 van zijn eerste vrouw, Margot Bennett, en trouwde met Steenburgen. In 1979 speelde hij ook de rol van de Romeinse keizer Caligula in de gelijknamige film. In de jaren tachtig begon McDowell zijn jongensachtige uiterlijke te verliezen en werd hij steeds vaker gecast als de schur...

    1972 - Golden Globe
    1980 - Saturn Award
    2005 - Prijs voor Artistieke Carrière
    • Malcolm Mc Dowell, Malcolm MacDowell, Malcom McDowell, Malcolm Mcdowell
    • Horsforth, 13 juni 1943
  7. Caligula (film) - Wikipedia › wiki › Caligula_(film)

    From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Caligula (Italian: Caligola) is a 1979 erotic historical drama film focusing on the rise and fall of the eponymous Roman Emperor Caligula. The film stars Malcolm McDowell in the title role, alongside Teresa Ann Savoy, Helen Mirren, Peter O'Toole, John Steiner and John Gielgud.

  8. Malcolm McDowell – Wikipédia, a enciclopédia livre › wiki › Malcolm_McDowell
    • Primeiros Anos
    • Vida Pessoal
    • Prêmios E Indicações
    • Ligações Externas

    McDowell nasceu Malcolm John Taylor em 13 de junho de 1943 em Horsforth, Leeds, filho da hoteleira Edna e do oficial da Força Aérea Real (e mais tarde proprietário de um pub) Charles Taylor. Ele tem uma irmã mais velha chamada Gloria e uma mais nova chamada Judy.[1][2][3] Gloria teve um filho, o ator Alexander Siddig, que apareceria junto de McDowell no filme Doomsday (2008). A família se mudou para Bridlington, East Riding of Yorkshire, onde o pai de McDowell trabalhava próximo a RAF Carnaby. Eles então se mudaram para Liverpool, onde McDowell cresceu e conseguiu um emprego em uma fábrica de nozes da Planters na vizinha Aintree quando era adolescente, além de trabalhar no pub de seu pai em Burscough, Lancashire.[4] Ele começou a ter aulas de atuação enquanto estava na escola, e mais tarde se mudou para Londres a fim de estudar atuação na London Academy of Music and Dramatic Art (LAMDA).[5]

    McDowell conheceu a atriz e publicitária britânica Margot Bennett em março de 1969,[6] com quem ficou casado entre abril de 1975 e setembro de 1980.[7] Ele conheceu a atriz Mary Steenburgen em 1978 durante as gravações de Time After Time, com quem se casou em setembro de 1980. Eles tiveram dois filhos, Lilly (nascida em 22 de janeiro de 1981) e Charlie McDowell (nascido em 10 de julho de 1983), antes de se divorciarem em 1990.[7][8] Ele casou com Kelley Kuhr em 1991. Eles vivem em Ojai, Califórnia, e têm três filhos juntos.[9] McDowell tornou-se torcedor do Liverpool Football Club após se mudar ainda criança para Liverpool, passando muito tempo de sua infância no Estádio Anfield.[10][11]

    McDowell recusou tornar-se comandante da Ordem do Império Britânico (CBE) em 1984 e novamente em se tornar cavaleiro em 1995.[12] Ele recebeu uma estrela na Calçada da Fama de Hollywood em 2012.[13]

    Malcolm McDowell no Twitter
    Malcolm McDowell (em inglês) no IMDb
    Malcolm McDowell (em inglês) no Allmovie
  9. if.... - Wikipedia › wiki › If

    if.... is a 1968 British drama film produced and directed by Lindsay Anderson, and starring Malcolm McDowell as Mick Travis, and also starring Richard Warwick, Christine Noonan, David Wood, and Robert Swann. A satire of English public school life, the film follows a group of students who stage a savage insurrection at a boys' boarding school.

  10. The Raging Moon - Wikipedia › wiki › The_Raging_Moon

    Bruce Pritchard (Malcolm McDowell) is a 24-year-old working-class man and amateur football player with a passion for life. All this changes when he finds himself struck down by an incurable degenerative disease which means he'll need to use a wheelchair for the rest of his life.

  11. A Clockwork Orange (film) - Wikipedia › wiki › A_Clockwork_Orange_(film)
    • Plot
    • Themes
    • Production
    • Reception
    • Differences Between The Film and The Novel
    • Home Media
    • Legacy and Influence
    • See Also
    • Further Reading
    • External Links

    In a futuristic Britain, Alex DeLarge is the leader of a gang of "droogs": Georgie, Dim and Pete. One night, after getting intoxicated on drug-laden "milk-plus", they engage in an evening of "ultra-violence", which includes a fight with a rival gang. They drive to the country home of writer Frank Alexander and trick his wife into letting them inside. They beat Alexander to the point of crippling him, and Alex rapes Alexander's wife while singing "Singin' in the Rain". The next day, while truant from school, Alex is approached by his probation officer, PR Deltoid, who is aware of Alex's activities and cautions him. Alex's droogs express discontent with petty crime and want more equality and high-yield thefts, but Alex asserts his authority by attacking them. Later, Alex invades the home of a wealthy "cat-lady" and bludgeons her with a phallic sculpture while his droogs remain outside. On hearing sirens, Alex tries to flee but Dim smashes a bottle in his face, stunning Alex and leavin...


    The film's central moral question (as in many of Burgess's novels) is the definition of "goodness" and whether it makes sense to use aversion therapy to stop immoral behaviour. Stanley Kubrick, writing in Saturday Review, described the film as: Similarly, on the film production's call sheet, Kubrick wrote: After aversion therapy, Alex behaves like a good member of society, though not through choice. His goodness is involuntary; he has become the titular clockwork orange—organic on the outside...


    Another target of criticism is the behaviourism or "behavioural psychology" propounded by psychologists John B. Watson and B. F. Skinner. Burgess disapproved of behaviourism, calling Skinner's book Beyond Freedom and Dignity (1971) "one of the most dangerous books ever written". Although behaviourism's limitations were conceded by its principal founder, Watson, Skinner argued that behaviour modification—specifically, operant conditioning (learned behaviours via systematic reward-and-punishmen...

    Anthony Burgess sold the film rights of his novel for $500, shortly after its publication in 1962. Originally, the film was projected to star the rock band The Rolling Stones, with the band's lead singer Mick Jagger expressing interest in playing the lead role of Alex, and British filmmaker Ken Russell attached to direct. However, this never came to fruition due to problems with the British Board of Film Classification(BBFC), and the rights ultimately fell to Kubrick. McDowell was chosen for the role of Alex after Kubrick saw him in the film if.... (1968). He also helped Kubrick on the uniform of Alex's gang, when he showed Kubrick the cricket whites he had. Kubrick asked him to put the box (jockstrap)not under but on top of the costume. During the filming of the Ludovico technique scene, McDowell scratched a cornea, and was temporarily blinded. The doctor standing next to him in the scene, dropping saline solution into Alex's forced-open eyes, was a real physician present to preven...

    Critical reception

    On release, A Clockwork Orange was met with mixed reviews. In a positive review, Vincent Canby of The New York Timespraised the film saying: The following year, after the film won the New York Film Critics Award, he called it "a brilliant and dangerous work, but it is dangerous in a way that brilliant things sometimes are". The film also had notable detractors. Film critic Stanley Kauffmann commented, "Inexplicably, the script leaves out Burgess' reference to the title". Roger Ebert gave A Cl...

    Box office

    The film was a box-office success grossing $41 million in the United States and about $73 million overseas for a worldwide total of $114 million on a budget of $1.3 million. The film was also successful in the United Kingdom, playing for over a year at the Warner West End in London. After two years of release, the film had earned Warner Bros. rentals of $2.5 million in the United Kingdom and was the number three film for 1973 behind Live and Let Die and The Godfather. The film was the most po...

    Kubrick's film is relatively faithful to the Burgess novel, omitting only the final, positive chapter, in which Alex matures and outgrows sociopathy. While the film ends with Alex being offered an open-ended government job, implying he remains a sociopath at heart, the novel ends with Alex's positive change in character. This plot discrepancy occurred because Kubrick based his screenplay on the novel's American edition, in which the final chapter had been deleted on the insistence of its American publisher. He claimed not to have read the complete, original version of the novel until he had almost finished writing the screenplay, and that he never considered using it. The introduction to the 1996 edition of A Clockwork Orangesays that Kubrick found the end of the original edition too blandly optimistic and unrealistic. 1. In the novel, Alex's last name was never revealed, while in the film, his surname is 'DeLarge', due to Alex's calling himself "Alexander the Large" in the novel. 2...

    In 2000, the film was released on VHS and DVD, both individually and as part of The Stanley Kubrick CollectionDVD set. Due to negative comments from fans, Warner Bros re-released the film, its image digitally restored and its soundtrack remastered. A limited-edition collector's set with a soundtrack disc, film poster, booklet and film strip followed, but later was discontinued. In 2005, a British re-release, packaged as an "Iconic Film" in a limited-edition slipcase was published, identical to the remastered DVD set, except for different package cover art. In 2006, Warner Bros announced the September publication of a two-disc special edition featuring a Malcolm McDowell commentary, and the releases of other two-disc sets of Stanley Kubrick films. Several British retailers had set the release date as 6 November 2006; the release was delayed and re-announced for 2007 Holiday Season. An HD DVD, Blu-ray, and DVD re-release version of the film was released on 23 October 2007. The release...

    Along with Bonnie and Clyde (1967), Night of the Living Dead (1968), The Wild Bunch (1969), Soldier Blue (1970), Dirty Harry (1971), and Straw Dogs(1971), the film is considered a landmark in the relaxation of control on violence in the cinema. A Clockwork Orange remains an influential work in cinema and other media. The film is frequently referenced in popular culture, which Adam Chandler of The Atlanticattributes to Kubrick's "genre-less" directing techniques that brought novel innovation in filming, music, and production that had not been seen at the time of the film's original release. A Clockwork Orange appears several times on the American Film Institute's (AFI) top movie lists. The film was listed at No. 46 in the 1998 AFI's 100 Years... 100 Movies, at No. 70 in the 2007 second listing. "Alex DeLarge" is listed 12th in the villains section of the AFI's 100 Years... 100 Heroes and Villains. In 2008, the AFI's 10 Top 10 rated A Clockwork Orange as the 4th greatest science-ficti...

    Burgess, Anthony (2000). Stanley Kubrick's a Clockwork Orange: Based on the Novel by Anthony Burgess. ScreenPress Books. ISBN 978-1-901680-47-8.
    Heide, Thomas von der (1 June 2006). A Clockwork Orange - The presentation and the impact of violence in the novel and in the film. GRIN Verlag. ISBN 978-3-638-50681-6.
    Volkmann, Maren (16 October 2006). "A Clockwork Orange" in the Context of Subculture. GRIN Verlag. ISBN 978-3-638-55498-5.
    A Clockwork Orange at IMDb
    A Clockwork Orange at Rotten Tomatoes
    A Clockwork Orange at Metacritic
    A Clockwork Orange at the BFI's Screenonline
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