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  1. Mount Royal - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Mount_Royal
    • Overview
    • Geology
    • History
    • Geography
    • Natural heritage
    • Mount Royal Cross

    Mount Royal is a large intrusive rock hill or small mountain in the city of Montreal, immediately west of Downtown Montreal, Quebec, Canada. The best-known hypothesis for the origin of the name Montreal is that the name is taken from Mount Royal. The hill is part of the Monteregian Hills situated between the Laurentians and the Appalachian Mountains. It gave its Latin name, Mons Regius, to the Monteregian chain. The hill consists of three peaks: Colline de la Croix at 233 m, Colline d'Outremont

    Mount Royal is the deep extension of a vastly eroded ancient volcanic complex, which was probably active about 125 million years ago. As a result, the tourist guidebook Michelin Guide to Montreal states wrongly that it is an extinct volcano, whereas the magma within the complex solidified underground and never led to the formation of lava. The mountain, along with the other mountains of the Monteregian Hills, was formed when the North American Plate moved westward over the New England hotspot. B

    The first European to scale the mountain was Jacques Cartier, guided there in 1535 by the people of the village of Hochelaga. He named it in honour of his patron, John Royal. He wrote in his journal: "And among these fields is situated and seated the said town of Hochelaga, near to and adjoining a mountain.... We named this mountain Mount Royal." One theory is that the name of the Island of Montréal derives from Mont Réal, as the mountain's name was spelled in Middle French. However ...

    Mount Royal is about 4 kilometers east to west and 2.5 kilometers north to south. The mountain emerges from the plains occupied by Montreal and neighboring regions.

    Two roads cross the territory: 1. The Camillien-Houde Way 2. Côte-des-Neiges Road

    Mount Royal is home to many animal species including: 1. Gray squirrel 2. Raccoon 3. Fox 4. Marmot 5. Skunk 6. Bee 7. Bird species

    From the point of view of the flora, the mountain shelters a set of natural spaces and semi-natural rich in trees, shrubs and herbaceous plants

    The first Mount Royal Cross was placed there in 1643 by Paul Chomedey de Maisonneuve, the founder of the city, in fulfillment of a vow he made to the Virgin Mary when praying to her to stop a disastrous flood. Today, the mountain is crowned by a 31.4-metre-high illuminated cross, installed in 1924 by the Société Saint-Jean-Baptiste and now owned by the city. It was converted to fibre-optic light in 1992, and then to LEDs in 2009. The cross is usually lit in white, but can now be changed ...

    • 233 m (764 ft)
    • Mont Royal (French)
  2. Mount Royal, Quebec - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Mount_Royal,_Quebec
    • Overview
    • History
    • Geography
    • Government
    • Education

    Mount Royal is an affluent on-island suburban town located on the northwest side of the eponymous Mount Royal, northwest of Downtown Montreal, on the Island of Montreal in southwestern Quebec, Canada. It is completely surrounded by Montreal. The population was 20,276 as of the Canada 2016 Census. In 2008, most of the Town of Mount Royal was designated a National Historic Site of Canada, as a " synthesis of urban renewal movements of the early 20th century, reflecting the influence of the City Be

    Town of Mount Royal, or TMR, was founded in 1912. It was created at the initiative of the Canadian Northern Railway. The town was designed by Frederick Todd, a planner who was heavily influenced by the likes of Ebenezer Howard and incorporated many aspects of the Garden City Movement as well some elements of the earlier City Beautiful movement into his design. The plan was to build a model city at the foot of Mount Royal. The company bought 4,800 acres of farmland, and then built a rail tunnel u

    Two main thoroughfares, Laird Boulevard and Graham Boulevard, cut across the borough diagonally and meet at Connaught Park, a green space located in the centre. Mount Royal Train Station, a commuter train station on the Exo Deux-Montagnes line is located to the east of this park. This line is now undergoing construction to upgrade it for the new REM network. Trains going through the Mount Royal Tunnel link the station to downtown Montreal in eight minutes. Both avenues end at Jean Talon Street a

    The first mayor of the town of Mount-Royal was Thomas S. Darling, who was elected in 1913.

    Philippe Roy was elected mayor by acclamation in a by-election in 2010, then again in a general election in 2013. TMR is divided into six electoral districts. Only the Town mayor sits on the agglomeration council of Montreal. 1. Joseph Daoura 2. Minh-Diem Le Thi 3. Erin Kennedy 4

    The entire borough is located within the federal riding of Mount Royal, whose best-known MP for nearly 20 years was Pierre Trudeau, and within the smaller provincial electoral district of Mount Royal.

    The Commission scolaire Marguerite-Bourgeoys operates Francophone public schools. Secondary schools: 1. École secondaire Mont-Royal 2. École secondaire Pierre-Laporte Primary schools: École primaire Académie Saint-Clément École primaire Saint-Clément Ouest École primaire Saint-Clément Est The English Montreal School Board operates Anglophone public schools in the town. Carlyle Elementary School Dunrae Gardens Elementary School The Town has its own library, Reginald J. P. Dawson ...

    • Canada
    • Quebec
  3. People also ask

    Where did Mount Royal in Montreal get its name?

    Where is the Mount Royal Chalet in Montreal?

    How did Les Cours Mont Royal get its name?

    Where is the Mount Royal Tunnel in Montreal?

  4. Mont-Royal (provincial electoral district) - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Mont-Royal_(provincial

    Mont-Royal is a provincial electoral district in Quebec, Canada that elects members to the National Assembly of Quebec.It is located within the island of Montreal, and comprises the city of Mount Royal and part of the Côte-des-Neiges–Notre-Dame-de-Grâce borough of Montreal.

    • 1972
    • 2014
  5. Mont Royal — Wikipédia

    fr.wikipedia.org › wiki › Mont_Royal
    • Toponymie
    • Géographie
    • Histoire
    • Parc Du Mont-Royal
    • Quartiers résidentiels et Institutions
    • Site Patrimonial Du Mont-Royal
    • Galerie de Photos
    • Voir aussi

    Cette colline appelée mont Royal par Jacques Cartier en 1535-1536 donna, par déformation attestée quarante ans plus tard, son nom à la ville et à l'île sur laquelle elle était sise : Montréal. Il s'explique par la variante mont réal, dont l'adjectif réal est une forme archaïque de « royal » dans le français du XVIe siècle[2]. Sous l'initiative du géologue Frank Dawson Adams, les collines de la plaine du Saint-Laurent entourant le mont Royal prirent le nom « montagnes royales », soit mont Regii, version latine de mont Royal. Aujourd'hui, le terme Montérégiennes désigne tout le groupe de collines marquant la plaine du Saint-Laurent. Le toponyme Montérégiedésigne également une région sise au sud-ouest de la province de Québec et marquée de la présence des Montérégiennes.

    Topographie

    La colline possède trois sommets ou collines : la Grosse Montagne ou colline Mont-Royal (234 mètres), l’Outremont, jadis sous le régime français appelée Pain de Sucre (211 mètres) et la Petite Montagne ou mont Westmount (201 mètres)[3],[4]. Le mont Royal fait environ quatre kilomètres d'est en ouest et 2,5 kilomètres du nord au sud. La montagne émerge des plaines qu'occupent la métropole et les régions avoisinantes[4].

    Réseau routier

    Deux routes traversent le territoire[4]: 1. la voie Camillien-Houde (nommée chemin Remembrancesur une partie de son parcours) ; 2. le chemin de la Côte-des-Neiges.

    Géologie

    Le mont Royal s'est formé il y a environ 125 millions d’années lors d’une intrusion souterraine de magma. Ce magma n’a pas atteint la surface terrestre et a été figé en profondeur. La colline est apparue lors de l’érosion par les glaciers des roches sédimentaires avoisinantes, plus fragiles que la roche métamorphiqueformée par le contact du magma et de la roche sédimentaire.

    Lors de son deuxième voyage en 1535, après s'être arrêté le 7 septembre à Québec, Jacques Cartier remonte le Saint-Laurent jusqu’à Hochelaga, maintenant la ville de Montréal. Le 3 octobre 1535, il est accueilli à Hochelaga qu'il visite, puis il monte sur la montagne située à proximité, qu'il nomme mont Royal en l'honneur du roi de France François Ier : « Et au parmy d'icelles champaignes, est scituée et assise ladicte ville de Hochelaga, près et joignant une montaigne... Nous nommasmes icelle montaigne le mont Royal. » Vingt et un ans plus tard, en 1556, le livre du Vénitien Giovanni Battista Ramusio Delle Navigationi et Viaggi comprend, outre un récit du voyage de Cartier, une carte de Giacomo Gastaldi intitulée La Terra De Hochelaga Nella Nova Francia, où les trois sommets du mont Royal sont fidèlement reproduits[7]. Cartier revient ensuite à Stadaconé le 2 octobre et y passe l’hiver. Lors de son troisième voyage, en 1541, Jacques Cartier, devenu subalterne de Roberval, fonde la c...

    Quelque 350 ans après la visite de l'explorateur Jacques Cartier sur le mont Royal, c'est-à-dire vers 1875, la ville de Montréal y crée un espace vert, le parc du Mont-Royal, inauguré le 24 mai 1876, jour de la fête de la reine Victoria. Le parc du Mont-Royal constitue l'un des espaces verts les plus importants de Montréal. Boisé en grande partie, ce parc fut aménagé en 1876 par Frederick Law Olmsted, paysagiste du Central Park à New York.

    Hors du parc, la colline accueille sur ses pentes des institutions importantes telles les cimetières Notre-Dame-des-Neiges et Mont-Royal ; l'oratoire Saint-Joseph, la plus grande église du Canada ; l'université McGill et l'université de Montréal ; l'hôpital Royal Victoria ; et des districts résidentiels bien nantis tels Westmount et Outremont.

    Depuis le 9 mars 2005[15], le mont Royal est protégé par un décret du gouvernement du Québec[16]. « Ce décret permet de protéger un territoire urbain et naturel qui s'étend, dans sa partie la plus large, sur environ 4 km d’est en ouest et sur 2,2 km du nord au sud[17]. » Dans la municipalité de Montréal, aucun édifice ne peut dépasser la hauteur du mont Royal. Le mont Royal doit rester le plus haut point de la ville[18].

    Versant est du mont Royal, avec le stade Percival-Molson de l'Université McGillau premier plan
    Une vue prise en infrarougede Montréal depuis le mont Royal.
    Flanc nord du mont Royal

    Articles connexes

    1. Croix du Mont-Royal 2. Parc du Mont-Royal 3. Parc Westmount

    Liens externes

    1. Notice dans un dictionnaire ou une encyclopédie généraliste : Encyclopædia Britannica[archive] 2. Ressource relative à la géographie : 2.1. Banque de noms de lieux du Québec[archive] 3. Les amis de la montagne[archive] 4. Site patrimonial du Mont-Royal[archive] 5. Bureau du mont Royal[archive] 6. L'intrusion magmatique du Mont Royal, Montréal (Québec, Canada)[archive] 1. Portail de Montréal 2. Portail de la montagne

  6. Le Plateau-Mont-Royal - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Le_Plateau-Mont-Royal
    • Overview
    • History
    • Geography
    • Arts and culture
    • Government

    Le Plateau-Mont-Royal is a borough of the city of Montreal, Quebec, Canada. The Plateau-Mont-Royal takes its name from its location on relatively flat terrain north of Sherbrooke Street and downtown, and east of Mont-Royal. The borough is bordered to the north and north-east by the Canadian Pacific Railway tracks; to the west by Hutchison, Park Avenue and University Street; and to the south by Sherbrooke Street. It is the most densely populated borough in Canada, with 101,054 people living in an

    Starting in 1745, the urbanized area of Montreal began to extend beyond its fortifications. The Plateau Mont-Royal was born when the Faubourg Saint-Laurent to the north became the main area of development. In 1792, Montreal expanded, with new official limits about two kilometres beyond the original fortifications. Mount Royal and Duluth Street formed its new boundaries. Farther from the centre, especially to the west, English-speaking families of the era owned large houses surrounded by gardens,

    The borough is located northeast of downtown, and was part of the City of Montreal prior to the 2002 municipal mergers. It is bordered to the south by Ville-Marie, to the west by Outremont, and to the north and east by Rosemont–La Petite-Patrie. Clockwise from the south, it is bounded by Sherbrooke St., University St., Pine Ave., Park Ave., the southward projection of Hutchison St., Hutchison St., and the CP railroad tracks.

    The Plateau began as a bourgeois community with parts of its extensions as working-class developing around the beginning of the 20th century; the Eastern part being largely Québécois, and the Western part primarily European with a total visible minority estimated at 17%. The neighbourhood was the childhood home of Quebec writers Michel Tremblay and Mordecai Richler and both have set many stories in the Plateau of the 1950s and 60s. The Plateau is currently a creative family oriented upper ...

    The borough is divided among the following federal ridings

  7. Mount Royal Tunnel - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Mount_Royal_Tunnel

    The Mount Royal Tunnel (French: Tunnel sous le mont Royal, Tunnel du mont Royal) is a railway tunnel in Montreal, Quebec, Canada.The tunnel is the third longest in Canada, after the Mount Macdonald Tunnel and the Connaught Tunnel, and connects the city's Central Station, in Downtown Montreal, with the north side of Montreal Island and Laval and passes through Mount Royal.

  8. Les Fusiliers Mont-Royal - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Les_Fusiliers_Mont-Royal
    • Overview
    • Lineage
    • Perpetuations
    • Operational history
    • Battle honours
    • Regimental associations

    Les Fusiliers Mont-Royal is a Primary Reserve infantry regiment of the Canadian Army.

    Les Fusiliers Mont-Royal originated in Montreal, Quebec on 18 June 1869 as The Mount Royal Rifles. It was redesignated as the 65th Battalion, Mount Royal Rifles on 5 November 1869, as the 65th Regiment "Mount Royal Rifles" on 8 May 1900 as the 65th Regiment "Carabiniers Mont-Royal" on 1 August 1902, as Les Carabiniers Mont-Royal on 29 March 1920, as Les Fusiliers Mont-Royal on 15 April 1931, as the 2nd Battalion, Les Fusiliers Mont-Royal on 7 November 1940 and finally as Les Fusiliers Mont-Royal

    Les Fusiliers Mont-Royal perpetuate the 2nd and 3rd Battalions, Longue-Pointe and Pointe-Claire Divisions, the 69th Battalion, CEF and the 150th Battalion, CEF.

    The battalion was mobilized for active service, under the designation 65th Mounted Rifles, "Mount Royal Rifles" on 10 April 1885. It served in the Alberta Column of the North West-Field Force. The battalion was removed from active service on 24 July 1885.

    Details of the regiment were placed on active service on 6 August 1914 for local protective duty. The 69th Battalion, CEF was authorized on 10 July 1915 and embarked for Britain on 17 April 1916. The battalion provided reinforcements to the Canadian Corps in the field until 4 Jan

    The regiment mobilized the Les Fusiliers Mont-Royal, CASF for active service on 1 September 1939. It was redesignated as the 1st Battalion, Les Fusiliers Mont-Royal, CASF on 7 November 1940. It embarked for garrison duty in Iceland with "Z" Force on 1 July 1940. On 31 October 194

    In the list below, battle honours in capitals were awarded for participation in large operations and campaigns, while those in lowercase indicate honours granted for more specific battles. Battle honours in bold type are emblazoned on the regimental colour. 1. War of 1812 Defence of Canada – 1812–1815 – Défense du Canada Non-emblazonable honorary distinction Defence of Canada – 1812–1815 – Défense du Canada 2. North West Rebellion North-West Canada, 1885. 3. First World War ...

    Former members may join the active associations from the Officers Mess and the Sergents Mess. L'Association les Anciens Sergents Les Fusiliers Mont-Royal accepts retired members of the Junior Ranks Mess as associate members.

  9. Montreal - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Montreal

    According to one theory, the name derives from mont Réal, (Mont Royal in modern French, although in 16th-century French the forms réal and royal were used interchangeably); Cartier's 1535 diary entry, naming the mountain, refers to le mont Royal.

    • Canada
    • 1832
  10. Mount Royal Chalet - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Mount_Royal_Chalet

    Mount Royal Chalet (French: Chalet du Mont-Royal) is a building located near the summit of Mount Royal in Montreal, Quebec, Canada.The chalet was constructed in 1932 under the mayoralty of Camillien Houde as a make-work project during the Great Depression.

    • Beaux-Arts
    • Ville de Montreal
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