Muscle car is a description used for a high-performance American car, by some definitions an intermediate sized car fitted with a large displacement V8 engine.Historically they were all rear-wheel drive, but that changed with technological advances.
The main prop for her B-Grade horror film is an American muscle car. Bambi loves muscle cars but she’s never owned one until now. She takes all her money from her savings account and buys the car telling her friend Kat, that even though she’s spending all her money on a car she’s not concerned because the money from the investor will be ...
- Brent Heber, Damien Kalinowski, Boris Sujdovic, Paul Vainickis, Shamus Baldwin
- November 2017
- Aaran Creece
- Jacinta Stapleton
- Cars Film
The definition of muscle car is subjective and frequently debated.Muscle cars often have many of the following characteristics: 1. A large V8 engine in the most powerful configuration offered for a particular model 2. Rear-wheel drive 3. Being manufactured in the United States in the 1960s or early 1970s (the specific year range of 1964–1973 is sometimes used) 4. A relatively lightweight two-door body (opinions vary as to whether high-performance full-size cars, compacts, and pony cars qualif...
Muscle cars were originally referred to as "Supercars" in the United States, often (though not always) spelled with a capital S." From the mid-1960s to the mid-1970s, "dragstrip bred" mid-size cars were equipped with large, powerful V8 engines and rear-wheel drive were referred to as Supercars more often than muscle cars. An early example is the 1957 Rambler Rebel, which was described as a "potent mill turned the lightweight Rambler into a veritable supercar." In 1966, the supercar became an...
1. 1949 Oldsmobile 88 2. 1955 Chrysler C-300 3. 1957 Rambler Rebel Opinions on the origin of the muscle car vary, but the 1949 Oldsmobile Rocket 88, is often cited as the first muscle car. The Rocket 88 was the first time a powerful V8 engine was available in a smaller and lighter body style (in this case the 304 cu in (5.0 L) engine from the larger Oldsmobile 98 with the body from the six-cylinder Oldsmobile 76).The Rocket 88 produced 135 hp (101 kW) at 3,600 rpm and 263 lb⋅ft (357 N⋅m) at 1...
Early 1960s: Drag racing influences
The popularity and performance of muscle cars grew in the early 1960s, as Mopar (Dodge, Plymouth, and Chrysler) and Ford battled for supremacy in drag racing. The 1961 Chevrolet Impala offered an SS package for $53.80, which consisted of a 409 cu in (6.7 L) V8 engine producing 425 hp (317 kW) and upgraded brakes, tires and suspension. The 1962 Dodge Dart 413 (nicknamed Max Wedge) had a 413 cu in (6.8 L) V8 which produced 420 hp (313 kW) and could cover the quarter mile in under 13 seconds. In...
1964–1970: Peak muscle car era
The Pontiac GTO, a car often considered to have strongly influenced the muscle car era, was introduced in 1964 as an optional package for the intermediate-size Pontiac Tempest. The GTO was developed by Pontiac division president John DeLorean and was initially powered by a 389 cu in (6.4 L) V8 engine producing 325 hp (242 kW). The success of the GTO led other GM divisions to develop muscle cars based on intermediate-sized platforms: the 1964 Oldsmobile 442, 1964 Chevrolet Chevelle SS and 1965...
The first Australian-designed car to be marketed as a performance model was the 1963 Holden EH S4 model, of which 120 road cars were produced so that the model could be eligible to compete at the 1963 Armstrong 500 motor race at Bathurst. The EH S4 was powered by an upgraded version of the standard six-cylinder engine, enlarged to 2.9 L (179 cu in) and producing 90 kW (121 bhp). In 1964, the Ford Falcon (XM)became available with an enlarged 3.3 L (200 cu in) "Super Persuit" version of the standard six-cylinder engine, which produced 90 kW (121 bhp). In 1965, the Chrysler Valiant AP6 became the first Australian car to be available with a V8 engine. This optional engine was the 4.5 L (273 cu in) version of the Chrysler LA engine, which produced 135 kW (181 bhp) and was imported from the United States. The first Australian-designed Ford to be available with a V8 was the 1966 Ford Falcon (XR), with a 4.7 L (289 cu in) version of the Ford Windsor engine (imported from the United States),...
American Muscle Car is a weekly television show on Speed, produced by Restoration Productions LLC., about muscle cars. Each episode provides a timeline of each vehicle's history beginning with its first year of production to its most recent year of production. The show was initially designed to showcase traditional muscle cars such as the Chevrolet Camaro, Ford Mustang, and Dodge Charger. It eventually added other performance vehicles such as the Shelby Cobra and the, and even began to focus on
In the episode "Bad boys: The Fastest Musclecar Engines", the show claimed that the vintage engines used were built to factory specs and tunings. This resulted in 1967 426 Hemi engine producing 820 hp and 689 lb-ft torque. However, Engine Systems Inc., the company that performed the dynamometer tests, reported that the motors were built as they would have been done in specialty dealers like Yenko, Mr. Norms, and so on. The parts used to build the replica engines came from specialty engine builde
In The Episode S02E01 - Pontiac Firebird Trans Am, The full name of Trans Am is given as "Trans American Sedan Racing Series". This is incorrect. The actual name of Trans Am is the "Trans American Sedan Championship".
- Speed Channel
- 30 minutes
People also ask
What kind of TV show is American muscle car?
Who are the actors in the movie MuscleCar?
What kind of muscle cars are made in Australia?
When did muscle cars start to be called Supercars?
Building upon the band's then-standard repertoire of swing and funk, Rapid City Muscle Car weaves between ska punk, rockabilly, country, psychedelia, big band and lounge. The album also makes extensive use of outside instruments, adding acoustic guitars , accordions , clarinets and vibraphones in addition to the band's keyboards and horn section .
- Industry Firsts
- Performance Figures
- Concept and Show Cars
The AMX name originates from the "American Motors experimental" code used on a concept vehicle and then on two prototypes shown on the company's "Project IV" automobile show tour in 1966.One was a fiberglass two-seat "AMX", and the other was a four-seat "AMX II". Both of these radically styled offerings reflected the company's strategy to shed its "economy car" image and appeal to a more youthful, performance-oriented market. The original AMX full-scale models were developed in 1965 by AMC's advanced styling studios under the direction of Charles Mashigan. The two-seat AMX was "big hit on the auto show circuit in 1966" and featured a rumble seat that opened out from the rear decklid for extra passengers called a "Ramble" seat. AMC executives saw the opportunity to change consumers' perceptions of the automaker from Romney's economy car image, to the realities of the new marketplace interested in sporty, performance-oriented vehicles. Robert B. Evansrequested a car like the AMX to be...
In January 1968, two specially-prepared AMXs set 106 world speed and endurance records at Goodyear's track in Texas driven by world land speed record holder Craig Breedlove, his wife Lee, and Ron Dykes. As a way to promote the new car, AMC's Performance activities manager, Carl Chakmakian, asked Breedlove to put the AMX through its paces before the new cars were even available for sale. Breedlove's "Spirit of America" crew and Traco Engineering had six weeks to prepare the cars before they were to be displayed at the Chicago Auto Showin February. The AMC V8 engines, such as the 290 cu in (4.8 L) engine in one car was bored out to 304 cu in (5.0 L) and the 390 cu in (6.4 L) in the other to 397 cu in (6.5 L). The shop installed exhaust headers, eight-quart oil pans, oil coolers, hi-rise intake manifolds, racing camshafts with solid lifters and stronger springs, and larger carburetors. The cars had engine and rear-end oil coolers, and 37 US gal (140 L; 31 imp gal) cell-type safety fuel...
The AMX was not only sporty and attractive, but it introduced many industry firsts. The American Society of Automotive Engineersnamed the AMX as the "best engineered car of the year" in 1969 and 1970. For its first year recognition, the reasons cited included the car's dashboard, which was injection-molded in one piece "for safety purposes, an industry first." The AMX's new 390 cu in (6.4 L) engine was developed to have a large displacement within its minimal external dimensions and moderate weight, while the use of common components and machining with AMC's 290 and 343 engines assured manufacturing economy.The 1968 models also included an innovative fiberglass safety padding, a "plastic" on the inside of the windshield posts that was first used on the AMC Javelins. For the following year's award, the citation included the 1970 AMXs (and Javelins) being the first production cars to use windshields that were safer, thinner, and lighter than ordinary laminated glass. Developed by Corn...
American Motors promoted the mid-model year launch of the AMX to automotive journalists at Daytona to emphasize its sports car performance, as well as with a marketing agreement with Playboy Enterprises. To introduce the AMX to its dealers, AMC held meetings at nine Playboy Clubs. The AMX was introduced to the public on 24 February 1968, five months after the Javelin and other 1968 AMC cars. The AMX was promoted as "the only American sports car that costs less than $3500". American Motors advertisements also showed "a helmeted race driver revving up at the starting line in one of AMC's sporty AMX models, which it describes as ready to do 125 miles an hour." The two-seat AMX was "meant for a small, well-defined market niche, and it pulled young people into AMC dealer showrooms in never before seen numbers". Numerous road tests described the new AMX as a "handsome two-seater with American-style acceleration and European-style handling".Journalists gave it a real run workout on all kin...
The AMX's full second model year saw only slight changes, except for a $52 increase in its base price. The five-spoke Magnum 500 steel road wheels were no longer chrome plated, but now came with a stainless steel trim ring. The racing stripes were now available in five colors. The interior featured a revised instrumentation with the 0–8000 rpm tachometer moved to match the speedometer that was now calibrated to 140 mph (230 km/h). Interior door panels were revised, carpeting was upgraded, new leather upholstery was optional, and the gas pedal became suspended.Later production cars received a hood over the instruments in front of the driver. Trunk capacity was 9.7 cubic feet (275 l). Starting January 1969, all manual transmission AMXs came with a Hurstfloor shifter. The center console-mounted three-speed "Shift-Command" automatic remained optional with "1", "2", and "D" forward settings. The "D" mode was for fully automatic operation, but the driver could shift manually through all t...
American Motors 1970 AMX advertising headlined, "We made the AMX look tougher this year because it's tougher this year". They were mildly facelifted resembling the first two model years, but the changes were different enough to be a separate design for 1970. Featured was a new front end design with a longer hood that had a "power blister" with two large openings. These were a functional cold ram-air induction system with the popular "Go Package" available with the 360 and 390 engines. The new grille was flush and full-width incorporating the headlamps. The revised rear end also featured full-width taillamps and a single center mounted backup light. Side marker lights were now shared with several other AMC models. Riding on the same wheelbase97-inch (2,464 mm) as before, the changes increased the AMX's overall body length by about 2 in (50.8 mm) to 179 in (4,547 mm). American Motors also changed the AMX's engine lineup for 1970 with the introduction of a new 360 cu in (5.9 L) four-ba...
Original road test of a 390 AMX by Car and Driver(1968) 1. 0 to 60 mph (97 km/h)= 6.6 seconds 2. 0–100 mph = 16.3 seconds 3. Dragstrip 1⁄4 mile (402 m) acceleration= 14.8 seconds @ 95 mph (153 km/h) 4. Top speed = 122 mph (196 km/h) Original road test of a 390 AMX by Motor Trend(December 1969) 1. 0 to 60 mph (97 km/h) = 6.56 seconds 2. Dragstrip 1⁄4mile (402 m) acceleration = 14.68 seconds @ 92 mph (148 km/h) In 1969, the TV show Car and Track posted the following timeswith an AMX 390 cu in (6.4 L) running a standard 4-barrel carburetor and 10.2:1 compression ratio: 1. 0 to 60 mph (97 km/h) acceleration = 6.5 seconds 2. Dragstrip 1⁄4mile (402 m) acceleration = 14.1 seconds
The two-seat AMX was built for three model years following its debut as a mid-year model on 15 February 1968.The first 1968 model year cars were scheduled to appear in dealer showrooms on 19 March 1968. AMC AMX model year production totals in the U.S., by engine and transmission: In 1969, American Motors showed the next generation AMX/2 concept car in the automobile show circuit. As the two-seater AMX production ceased in 1970, AMC was developing a sophisticated European-engineered alternative, the AMX/3 for 1971 introduction.However, overall economic conditions changed with spiraling inflation pushing sales of smaller cars along with the insurance companies' decision to penalize high-powered automobiles resulting in decreasing the sports-type car market segment, and the AMX was made into a high-performance model of the 4-seat Javelin starting in 1971.
A concept car with a folding exposed rear seat was introduced by AMC at the 1966 Society of Automotive Engineers convention in Detroit. This was the first "AMX" (American Motors Experimental) named car. The sports car design features a rumble seat for two additional passengers that was described as a "Ramble Seat" in homage to the automaker's predecessor Rambler models. This back seat folds into the trunk space and the rear window flips down, but these are not fully weatherproofed designs. Th...
A fiberglass-bodied AMX I concept car was made in 1966 to be part of AMC's "Project IV" exhibit. Built by Smith Inland of Ionia, Michigan, one of the two fiberglass-bodied concept cars was reportedly destroyed in a crash test convincing AMC's engineers and designers to use a traditional steel body.The remaining domestic-built fiberglass prototype features round headlamps. American Motors' president Roy Abernethy sanctioned the Turin coachbuilder Vignale to construct an operational car in stee...
Vince Gardner, an outside consultant, designed the fiberglass-bodied AMX II, a less radical two-door for the "Project IV" exhibit. This four-passenger hardtop (no B-pillar) notchback coupe had little in common with the AMX I. This car featured a longer wheelbase and an overall length of 187 in (4,750 mm). The windshield wiper blades were concealed by a panel which raises when wipers are activated and the grille that was surrounded by a massive bumper had horizontal multi-bars with hidden head...
Automotive historian and author, Richard M. Langworthnoted that the AMX has "all the right sports-car stuff" and that the "little machine that can only go up in value over the long haul." Prior to 2004 the AMX had been under-appreciated from an investment standpoint, according to CNN. In 2004, there was considerable variation between the values of two-seat AMXs and four-seat Javelin AMXs. Craig Fitzgerald mentioned "the satisfaction in owning a car that you don't see every single day, or on the cover of every single magazine," and favored the two-seater, on the grounds of its rarity; but he noted that parts for either car were extremely expensive. In 2006, the editors of Hemmings Muscle Machines magazine said that AMCs had "experienced notable value increases over the last few years – especially AMXs..." The book Keith Martin's Guide to Car Collecting, in collaboration with the editors of the monthly Sports Car Market, lists the 1970 AMX as one of the picks under $40,000 among "Nine...
The Holden Monaro four-seater convertible, codenamed Marilyn, was a fully operational one-off concept car, it was never intended to reach production. It was built in 2002 in left hand drive by TWR Engineering at a reported cost of A$2 million and shown at the 2004 Sydney Motor Show .
En Argentina, las marcas Chevrolet y Dodge produjeron dos modelos muy aclamados de muscle cars. La primera, fue productora de la tercera generación americana del Chevrolet Nova, que en este país fu...En Australia, las marcas históricas Ford y Holden (GM) produjeron diferentes generaciones de los modelos Falcon y Commodore respectivamente, siendo estos producidos en la actualidad como dos sedane...En Brasil, los llamados «Tres Grandes de Detroit» producirían localmente modelos de Muscle Car, que también fueran utilizados para competiciones deportivas. En el caso de Dodge, la filial brasileña...
- Muscle Cars en El Mundo
- Coches considerados Muscle Cars
- Origen de Los Muscle Cars
- Política para Los Muscle Cars
- Después de La Era Muscle Car
- Los Muscle Cars Hoy en Día
- Véase también
- Enlaces Externos
Si bien no todos los autos son considerados muscle cars marcas como Cadillac y Lincoln o modelos como Ford LTD, excepto el Ford LTD LX 5.0, Dodge Monaco y Chrysler Imperial contaban con motores grandes y de alta potencia pero eran autos muy lujosos y caros que no estaban al alcance de cualquiera en su época por lo que no son considerados muscle carspuros. Los muscle carsse pueden ubicar dividiéndolos en 6 bloques.
La producción regular de coches se suspendió por varios años durante la década de 1940 debido a la segunda guerra mundial, y no fue hasta la década de 1950 que se dio un nuevo avance en la industria automotriz. Esto, junto con la nueva revolución juvenil de la década de los 60 abrió el camino de los muscle cars. Los jóvenes de aquellas épocas querían coches diferentes a los que tenían sus padres, que representaran su libertad y estilo. Pero por ser jóvenes, no disponían del dinero suficiente para un auto de alto rendimiento (por ejemplo, el Chevrolet Corvette, o el Ford Thunderbird). A principios de los sesenta los automóviles baratos eran los Ford Falcon y los Rambler American, que no ofrecían motores y carrocerías deportivas. En cuanto a los automóviles medianos que apenas habían comenzado a surgir, también carecían de prestaciones y versiones deportivas. Un Ford Fairlane o un Rambler Classic eran más vistos como aptos para ser el segundo coche familiar. Y por su parte, los automó...
La construcción de los muscle cars se volvió rápidamente una responsabilidad durante este período. El Grupo de Seguridad Automotriz, liderado por Ralph Nader, criticó la idea de ofrecer coches tan potentes, sobre todo al público más joven. La gran potencia de los muscle cars hizo latente la pobre seguridad de muchos coches contemporáneos, así como la severa limitación de sus neumáticos. En respuesta, la industria de la seguridad automovilística empezó a imponer excesivos recargos en los modelos más potentes, elevando el precio y sacando a muchos muscle cars de las posibilidades de sus compradores. Por otro lado, y casi simultáneamente, la preocupación por la contaminación atmosférica, orientó el interés de Detroit de la potencia al control de emisiones. El problema se volvió más complicado en 1973, cuando la OPEPempezó a racionar y a aumentar el precio de la gasolina.
En 1970 la mayoría de los muscle cars vivían su último año en el mercado. Algunos se despedían y otros se preparaban para reenfocarse en otro segmento. En 1973 comenzó la decadencia del muscle cary el ocaso de esta era. La mayoría de los motores tuvieron que reducir drásticamente su potencia (un ejemplo es el Chrysler 440, que si en su máximo esplendor alcanzó 390 hp (440 Six-Pack), en sus últimos años solo producía cerca de 225 hp) debido a las estrictas leyes anticontaminantes y la crisis de petróleo, así que la mayoría de las compañías optaron por dejar de fabricar sus motores grandes y utilizar motores de bloque pequeño. En 1974 los muscle car entraban en su recta final. Los que se basaban en autos de producción regular con opción deportiva pudieron sobrevivir, pero los deportivos puros no sobrevivieron más allá de ese año. Desaparecieron del mercado la mayoría de los pony cars como el Plymouth Barracuda y el Dodge Challenger. El Mercury Cougar dejó el segmento de los pony carsp...
Hoy en día, conocemos los muscle cars como coches de la época en la que la gasolina usaba plomo como antidetonante, y que tenían casi el mismo poder que un auto de carreras de la época. Un muscle carbien cuidado o restaurado íntegramente puede llegar a costar hasta el triple o el cuádruple de su precio dependiendo del modelo, marca y época. En EE. UU. los muscle cars ganaron mayor cota de mercado al convertirse en sedanes de cuatro puertas realmente potente. Como ejemplos de esta tendencia tenemos al Chevrolet Impala SS, Chevrolet Camaro, Pontiac Firebird y Mercury Marauder, autos que en su breve periodo de comercialización ganaron adeptos como los iniciadores de los muscle carsde nueva generación, siendo la semilla para generar otros como el Chrysler 300 y el nuevo Dodge Charger entre otros. Entre ellos estaba el Ford Crown Victoria Police Interceptor, el cual labró su leyenda gracias a su prestigio mundial como vehículo policial De igual manera, el desarrollo del muscle car al top...
- Equus Bass 770. The Equus Bass 770 is unusual as it is not actually a production model right now. Equus is a luxury car manufacturer that prides itself on not having assembly lines, and they produce bespoke cars.
- Dodge Challenger. We would remiss not include the Challenger on this list, having already spoken about the Dodge Charger. The Charger is rated higher on the reliability scores over the Challenger, and the ultimate models have a 425bhp Hemi V8 powering them, and the engine is so good many say reliability is simply the cars middle name.
- Plymouth Road Runner. The Plymouth Road Runner was very much a “back to the basics” style of muscle car for the company. Despite this though, Cars Direct lists it as one of the classic muscle cars you should consider buying as an old-school muscle car.
- Pontiac Firebird. The Pontiac Firebird was launched in March 1969, after a difficult two years initially it was transformed after it was heavily revised with the Trans Am Performance and Appearance Package, which helped out with the reliability of the car as well.