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  1. Old St. Peter's Basilica - Wikipedia's_Basilica

    Old St. Peter's Basilica was the building that stood, from the 4th to 16th centuries, where the new St. Peter's Basilica stands today in Vatican City. Construction of the basilica, built over the historical site of the Circus of Nero, began during the reign of Emperor Constantine I. The name "old St. Peter's Basilica" has been used since the construction of the current basilica to distinguish the two buildings. An early interpretation of the relative locations of the Circus of Nero, and the old

  2. St. Peter's Basilica - Wikipedia's_Basilica

    The Via Cornelia was a road which ran east-to-west along the north wall of the Circus on land now covered by the southern portions of the Basilica and St. Peter's Square. A shrine was built on this site some years later. Almost three hundred years later, Old St. Peter's Basilica was constructed over this site.

  3. Papal tombs in old St. Peter's Basilica - Wikipedia

    The papal tombs in old St. Peter's Basilica were the final resting places of the popes, most of which dated from the fifth to sixteenth centuries. The majority of these tombs were destroyed during the sixteenth through seventeenth century demolition of old St. Peter's Basilica, except for one which was destroyed during the Saracen Sack of the church in 846. The remainder were transferred in part to new St. Peter's Basilica, which stands on the site of the original basilica, and a handful of othe

    Common English name
    Leo I Saint Leo Leo the Great
    Tomb located in portico. First pope buried on the porch of Old Saint Peter's Basilica; translated multiple times, combined with Leos II, III, and IV circa 855; removed in the seventeenth century and placed under his own altar, below Algardi's relief, Fuga d'Attila (pictured) in the Chapel of the Madonna of Partorienti.
    Simplicius Saint Simplicius
    Tomb located in portico, near tomb of Leo I. Destroyed during the demolition.
    Gelasius I Saint Gelasius
    Tomb located in portico
    Tomb located in atrium. Destroyed during the demolition.
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  5. St. Peter's Basilica - Simple English Wikipedia, the free ...'s_Basilica

    St. Peter's Basilica, which is called "Basilica di San Pietro in Vaticano" in Italian, is a large church in the Vatican City, in Rome, Italy. It is often called "the greatest church in Christendom". In Catholic tradition, St. Peter's Basilica is believed to be the burial place of Saint Peter, who was one of the twelve apostles of Jesus.

  6. Old St. Peter's Basilica - WikiMili, The Best Wikipedia Reader's_Basilica

    Old St. Peter's Basilicawas the building that stood, from the 4th to 16th centuries, where the new St. Peter's Basilicastands today in Vatican City. Construction of the basilica, built over the historical site of the Circus of Nero, began during the reign of Emperor Constantine I.

  7. Talk:Old St. Peter's Basilica - Wikipedia's_Basilica

    Talk:Old St. Peter's Basilica. This article is within the scope of WikiProject Rome, a collaborative effort to improve the coverage of the city of Rome and ancient Roman history on Wikipedia. If you would like to participate, please visit the project page, where you can join the discussion and see a list of open tasks.

    • Overview
    • Status
    • History
    • Architecture
    • Bernini's Furnishings
    • St. Peter's Piazza
    • Treasures
    • See Also
    • External Links

    St. Peter's is a church in the Re­nais­sance style lo­cated in the Vat­i­can City west of the River Tiber and near the Jan­icu­lum Hill and Hadrian's Mau­soleum. Its cen­tral dome dom­i­nates the sky­line of Rome. The basil­ica is ap­proached via St. Peter's Square, a fore­court in two sec­tions, both sur­rounded by tall colon­nades. The first space is oval and the sec­ond trape­zoid. The façade of the basil­ica, with a giant order of columns, stretches across the end of the square and is ap­proached by steps on which stand two 5.55 me­tres (18.2 ft) stat­ues of the 1st-cen­tury apos­tles to Rome, Saints Peter and Paul. The basil­ica is cru­ci­form in shape, with an elon­gated nave in the Latin cross form but the early de­signs were for a cen­trally planned struc­ture and this is still in ev­i­dence in the ar­chi­tec­ture. The cen­tral space is dom­i­nated both ex­ter­nally and in­ter­nally by one of the largest domes in the world. The en­trance is through a narthex, or en­trance ha...

    St. Peter's Basil­ica is one of the Papal Basil­i­cas (pre­vi­ously styled "pa­tri­ar­chal basilicas") and one of the four Major Basil­i­cas of Rome, the other Major Basil­i­cas (all of which are also Papal Basil­i­cas) being the Basil­i­cas of St. John Lat­eran, St. Mary Major, and St. Paul out­side the Walls. The rank of major basil­ica con­fers on St. Peter's Basil­ica prece­dence be­fore all minor basil­i­cas world­wide. How­ever, un­like all the other Papal Major Basil­i­cas, it is wholly within the ter­ri­tory, and thus the sov­er­eign ju­ris­dic­tion, of the Vat­i­can City State, and not that of Italy. It is the most promi­nent build­ing in the Vat­i­can City. Its dome is a dom­i­nant fea­ture of the sky­line of Rome. Prob­a­bly the largest church in Chris­ten­dom, it cov­ers an area of 2.3 hectares (5.7 acres). One of the holi­est sites of Chris­tian­ity and Catholic Tra­di­tion, it is tra­di­tion­ally the bur­ial site of its tit­u­lar, St. Peter, who was the head of the twe...

    Saint Peter's burial site

    After the cru­ci­fix­ion of Jesus on Fri­day 7 April, AD 30, it is recorded in the Bib­li­cal book of the Acts of the Apos­tles that one of his twelve dis­ci­ples, Simon known as Saint Peter, a fish­er­man from Galilee, took a lead­er­ship po­si­tion among Jesus' fol­low­ers and was of great im­por­tance in the found­ing of the Chris­t­ian Church. The name Peter is "Petrus" in Latin and "Pet­ros" in Greek, de­riv­ing from "petra" which means "stone" or "rock" in Greek, and is the lit­eral tra...

    Old St. Peter's Basilica

    Old St. Peter's Basil­ica was the 4th-cen­tury church begun by the Em­peror Con­stan­tine the Great be­tween 319 and 333 AD. It was of typ­i­cal basil­i­cal form, a wide nave and two aisles on each side and an ap­si­dal end, with the ad­di­tion of a transept or bema, giv­ing the build­ing the shape of a tau cross. It was over 103.6 me­tres (340 ft) long, and the en­trance was pre­ceded by a large colon­naded atrium. This church had been built over the small shrine be­lieved to mark the bur­ia...

    The plan to rebuild

    By the end of the 15th cen­tury, hav­ing been ne­glected dur­ing the pe­riod of the Avi­gnon Pa­pacy, the old basil­ica had fallen into dis­re­pair. It ap­pears that the first pope to con­sider re­build­ing, or at least mak­ing rad­i­cal changes was Pope Nicholas V (1447–55). He com­mis­sioned work on the old build­ing from Leone Bat­tista Al­berti and Bernardo Rossellino and also had Rossellino de­sign a plan for an en­tirely new basil­ica, or an ex­treme mod­i­fi­ca­tion of the old. His rei...

    Successive plans

    Pope Julius' scheme for the grand­est build­ing in Christendom was the sub­ject of a com­pe­ti­tion for which a num­ber of en­tries re­main in­tact in the Uf­fizi Gallery, Flo­rence. It was the de­sign of Do­nato Bra­mante that was se­lected, and for which the foun­da­tion stone was laid in 1506. This plan was in the form of an enor­mous Greek Cross with a dome in­spired by that of the huge cir­cu­lar Roman tem­ple, the Pan­theon. The main dif­fer­ence be­tween Bra­mante's de­sign and that of...

    Michelangelo's contribution

    Michelan­gelo took over a build­ing site at which four piers, enor­mous be­yond any con­structed since an­cient Roman times, were ris­ing be­hind the re­main­ing nave of the old basil­ica. He also in­her­ited the nu­mer­ous schemes de­signed and re­designed by some of the great­est ar­chi­tec­tural and en­gi­neer­ing minds of the 16th cen­tury. There were cer­tain com­mon el­e­ments in these schemes. They all called for a dome to equal that en­gi­neered by Brunelleschi a cen­tury ear­lier and...

    Dome: successive and final designs

    The dome of St. Peter's rises to a total height of 136.57 me­tres (448.1 ft) from the floor of the basil­ica to the top of the ex­ter­nal cross. It is the tallest dome in the world. Its in­ter­nal di­am­e­ter is 41.47 me­tres (136.1 ft), slightly smaller than two of the three other huge domes that pre­ceded it, those of the Pan­theon of An­cient Rome, 43.3 me­tres (142 ft), and Flo­rence Cathe­dral of the Early Re­nais­sance, 44 me­tres (144 ft). It has a greater di­am­e­ter by ap­prox­i­mate...

    Pope Urban VIII and Bernini

    As a young boy Gian Lorenzo Bernini (1598–1680) vis­ited St. Peter's with the painter An­ni­bale Car­racci and stated his wish to build "a mighty throne for the apos­tle". His wish came true. As a young man, in 1626, he re­ceived the pa­tron­age of Pope Urban VIII and worked on the em­bell­ish­ment of the Basil­ica for 50 years. Ap­pointed as Maderno's suc­ces­sor in 1629, he was to be­come re­garded as the great­est ar­chi­tect and sculp­tor of the Baroque pe­riod. Bernini's works at St. Pet...

    To the east of the basil­ica is the Pi­azza di San Pietro, (St. Peter's Square). The pre­sent arrange­ment, con­structed be­tween 1656 and 1667, is the Baroque in­spi­ra­tion of Bernini who in­her­ited a lo­ca­tion al­ready oc­cu­pied by an Egypt­ian obelisk which was cen­trally placed, (with some con­trivance) to Maderno's facade. The obelisk, known as "The Wit­ness", at 25.5 me­tres (84 ft) and a total height, in­clud­ing base and the cross on top, of 40 me­tres (130 ft), is the sec­ond largest stand­ing obelisk, and the only one to re­main stand­ing since its re­moval from Egypt and re-erec­tion at the Cir­cus of Nero in 37 AD, where it is thought to have stood wit­ness to the cru­ci­fix­ion of St Peter. Its re­moval to its pre­sent lo­ca­tion by order of Pope Six­tus V and en­gi­neered by Domenico Fontana on 28 Sep­tem­ber 1586, was an op­er­a­tion fraught with dif­fi­cul­ties and nearly end­ing in dis­as­ter when the ropes hold­ing the obelisk began to smoke from the fric­tion....

    Tombs and relics

    There are over 100 tombs within St. Peter's Basil­ica (ex­tant to var­i­ous ex­tents), many lo­cated be­neath the Basil­ica. These in­clude 91 popes, St. Ig­natius of An­ti­och, Holy Roman Em­peror Otto II, and the com­poser Gio­vanni Pier­luigi da Palest­rina. Ex­iled Catholic British roy­alty James Fran­cis Ed­ward Stu­art and his two sons, Charles Ed­ward Stu­art and Henry Bene­dict Stu­art, Car­di­nal Bishop of Fras­cati, are buried here, hav­ing been granted asy­lum by Pope Clement XI. A...

  8. St. Peter's Basilica - Wikipedia's_Basilica

    St. Peter's Basilica has many treasures. These include Christian relics, the tombs of popes and many other important people, famous artworks which are mostly sculpture and other interesting things. The Egyptian obelisk stands in the centre of the piazza. The fountains of Maderna and Bernini are lit up at night.

  9. St. Peter's Basilica, also called the Vatican Basilica, is a major pilgrimage site, being built over the burial place of Saint Peter. It is used for most of the main religious ceremonies in which the Pope takes part. The Basilica of St. Paul outside the Walls, is also known as the Ostian Basilica, because it is on the road that led to Ostia. It is built over the burial place of Saint Paul.

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