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    What countries are parliamentary republic?

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  2. Parliamentary republic - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Parliamentary_republic

    A parliamentary republic is a republic that operates under a parliamentary system of government where the executive branch derives its legitimacy from and is accountable to the legislature. There are a number of variations of parliamentary republics. Most have a clear differentiation between the head of government and the head of state, with the head of government holding real power, much like constitutional monarchies. Some have combined the roles of head of state and head of government, much l

    • Powers

      In contrast to republics operating under either the...

  3. Parliamentary republic - Simple English Wikipedia, the free ...

    simple.wikipedia.org/wiki/Parliamentary_republic

    In a parliamentary system, the legislature is the part of government that makes laws. The legislature also gives power to the executive (the part of government that enforces laws). This is the basic form of a parliamentary republic .

    Country
    Parliamentary republic adopted
    Albania
    1991
    Bangladesh
    1991
    Bosnia and Herzegovina
    1991
    Botswana
    1966
  4. Unitary parliamentary republic - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Unitary_parliamentary_republic

    A unitary parliamentary republic refers to a unitary state with a republican form of government in which the political power is vested in and entrusted to the parliament with confidence [clarification needed] by its electorate

    Country
    Formerly
    Parliamentary republic adopted
    Head of state elected by
    Albania
    One-party state
    1991
    Parliament, by majority
    Armenia
    Semi-presidential republic
    2018
    Parliament, by majority
    Bangladesh
    Presidential republic
    1991
    Parliament
    Botswana
    British protectorate (Bechuanaland Protectorate)
    1966
    Parliament, by majority
  5. Federal parliamentary republic - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Federal_parliamentary_republic

    A federal parliamentary republic refers to a federation of states with a republican form of government that is, more or less, dependent upon the confidence of parliaments at both the national and sub-national levels. It is a combination of the government republic and the parliamentary republic.

  6. A parliamentary republic is a republic that operates under a parliamentary system of government where the executive branch (the government) derives its legitimacy from and is accountable to the legislature (the parliament). There are a number of variations of parliamentary republics.

  7. Parliamentary system - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Parliamentary_system
    • Overview
    • History
    • Characteristics
    • Advantages
    • Disadvantages and criticisms

    A parliamentary system or parliamentary democracy is a system of democratic governance of a state where the executive derives its democratic legitimacy from its ability to command the confidence of the legislature, typically a parliament, and is also held accountable to that parliament. In a parliamentary system, the head of state is usually a person distinct from the head of government. This is in contrast to a presidential system, where the head of state often is also the head of government an

    Since ancient times, when societies were tribal, there were councils or a headman whose decisions were assessed by village elders. Eventually, these councils have slowly evolved into the modern parliamentary system. The first parliaments date back to Europe in the Middle Ages: specifically in 1188 Alfonso IX, King of Leon convened the three states in the Cortes of León. An early example of parliamentary government developed in today's Netherlands and Belgium during the Dutch revolt, when ...

    A parliamentary system may be either bicameral, with two chambers of parliament or unicameral, with just one parliamentary chamber. A bicameral parliament usually consists of a directly elected lower house with the power to determine the executive government, and an upper house which may be appointed or elected through a different mechanism from the lower house. Scholars of democracy such as Arend Lijphart distinguish two types of parliamentary democracies: the Westminster and Consensus systems.

    Supporters generally claim three basic advantages for parliamentary systems: 1. Adaptability 2. Scrutiny and accountability 3. Distribution of power

    Critics of parliamentarianism, namely proponents of anti-parliamentarianism or anti-parliamentarism, generally claim these basic disadvantages for parliamentary systems: 1. Legislative flip-flopping 2. Party fragmentation

  8. Talk:Parliamentary republic - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Talk:Parliamentary_republic

    A parliamentary republic is a republic that operates under a parliamentary system of government where the executive branch (the government) derives its legitimacy from and is accountable to the legislature (the parliament).

  9. What does parliamentary republic mean? - definitions

    www.definitions.net/.../parliamentary+republic

    A parliamentary republic is a republic that operates under a parliamentary system of government where the executive branch (the government) derives its legitimacy from and is accountable to the legislature (the parliament). There are a number of variations of parliamentary republics.

  10. Semi-presidential system - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Semi-presidential_republic

    In such systems, the president has genuine executive authority, unlike in a parliamentary republic, but the role of a head of government may be exercised by the prime minister. Italics indicate states with limited recognition.

  11. สาธารณรัฐแบบรัฐสภา คือ สาธารณรัฐซึ่งบริหารภายใต้ระบบการปกครองแบบรัฐสภา โดยฝ่ายบริหาร (รัฐบาล) ได้รับความชอบธรรมจากและรับผิดชอบต่อสภานิติ ...