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  1. Romani language - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Romani_language

    In Romania, a country with a sizable Romani minority (3.3% of the total population), there is a unified teaching system of the Romani language for all dialects spoken in the country. This is primarily a result of the work of Gheorghe Sarău, who made Romani textbooks for

  2. Romanian language - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Romanian_language

    Daco-Romanian (the official language of Romania and Moldova) and Istro-Romanian (a language spoken by no more than 2,000 people in Istria) descended from the northern dialect. Two other languages, Aromanian and Megleno-Romanian, developed from the southern version of Common Romanian.

  3. Romani language - Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

    simple.wikipedia.org › wiki › Romani_language

    Romani language From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Romani or Romany (native name: romani ćhib) is the language of the Roma and Sinti, once spoken in the Indo-Greek Kingdom.

  4. Vlax Romani language - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Vlax_Romani_language
    • Overview
    • Name
    • Writing systems

    Vlax Romani is a dialect group of the Romani language. Vlax Romani varieties are spoken mainly in Southeastern Europe by the Romani people. Vlax Romani can also be referred to as an independent language or as one dialect of the Romani language. Vlax Romani is the second most widely spoken dialect subgroup of the Romani language worldwide, after Balkan Romani.

    The language's name Vlax Romani was coined by British scholar Bernard Gilliat-Smith in his 1915 study on Bulgarian Romani, in which he first divided Romani dialects into Vlax and non-Vlax. The name derives from the ethnologically unrelated "Vlachs", as all the Vlax dialects have had an extensive, lexical, phonological and morphological influence from the Romanian language. There have been multiple waves of migration of Romani out of Romania, some of them being connected to the 19th century aboli

    Vlax Romani is written using the Romani orthography, predominantly using the Latin alphabet with several additional characters. In the area of the former Soviet Union, however, it can also be written in the Cyrillic script.

  5. Romani alphabets - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Romani_alphabets

    From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia The Romani language has for most of its history been an entirely oral language, with no written form in common use. Although the first example of written Romani dates from 1542, it is not until the twentieth century that vernacular writing by native Romani people arose.

  6. Welsh Romani language - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Welsh-Romani_language

    For the Roma of Wales, see Kale (Welsh Roma). Welsh Romani (or Welsh Kalá) is a variety of the Romani language which was spoken fluently in Wales until at least 1950. It was spoken by the Kale group of the Romani people who arrived in Britain during the 16th century.

  7. Romania - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Romania

    Romania (/ r oʊ ˈ m eɪ n i ə / ro-MAY-nee-ə; Romanian: România [r o m ɨ ˈ n i. a] ()) is a country located at the crossroads of Central, Eastern, and Southeastern Europe.It shares land borders with Bulgaria to the south, Ukraine to the north, Hungary to the west, Serbia to the southwest, and Moldova to the east, and has its opening to the Black Sea.

  8. Balkan Romani - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Balkan_Romani_language
    • Overview
    • Classification
    • History
    • Dialects
    • Phonology

    Balkan Romani is a specific dialect, spoken by groups within the Balkans, which include countries such as Albania, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Greece, Kosovo, North Macedonia, Serbia, Slovenia, Turkey, Romania etc. The Balkan Romani language is typically an oral language. Balkan Romani Native toBulgaria, Greece, Kosovo, North Macedonia, Russia, Slovenia, Serbia, Croatia, Turkey EthnicityRomani, Jerlídes. Native speakers 563,670 200,000 L2 speakers Language family Indo-European Indo...

    Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Indo-Aryan, Intermediate Divisions, Western, Romani, Balkan

    Most of the people who speak Balkan Romani are Romani themselves. Another meaning of the prefix rom is someone belonging to the Romani ethnicity. The Romani people are ultimately of Indian origin. Speakers of the Balkan Romani language have constantly migrated throughout the years into all parts of Europe. Since these speakers have migrated to different parts of Europe, new dialects have formed. Although the Romani people originated in India, they are now widespread throughout all of Europe.

    Balkan dialects, also known as Balkan I, are spoken in Albania, Bulgaria, Greece, Iran, North Macedonia, Moldova, Romania, Serbia, Turkey and Ukraine. This group includes inter alia Arli Romani, Sepečides-Romani, Ursari Romani and Crimean Romani.

    The sound inventory of Romani does not differ significantly from that of other European languages, most of which belong to the Indo-European family. The consonant system of Balkan Romani differs in one significant aspect from those of other European languages: it has the aspirated plosives characteristic of Indian languages. In the case of Romani, these are the voiceless aspirated plosives /ph, th, kh/, which in the majority of Romani variants, at least at the beginning of a word, have a semanti

    • Romani, Jerlídes (North Macedonia, southern Serbia).
    • 563,670 (2013), 200,000 L2 speakers
  9. Angloromani language - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Angloromani_language

    Angloromani or Anglo-Romani (literally "English Romani"; also known as Angloromany, Rummaness, or Pogadi Chib) is a mixed language involving the presence of Romani vocabulary and syntax in the English used by descendants of Romanichal Travellers in the United Kingdom, Australia, Canada, New Zealand, United States, and South Africa.

    No.
    English
    Angloromani Rummanes
    1
    I
    mandi
    2
    you (singular)
    tutti
    3
    he
    lesti/latti
    4
    we
    us
    • Angloromani words still used among some of the UK's 100,000 Romanichal Travellers
    • Mixed RomaniEnglish
  10. Scandoromani language - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Scandoromani_language

    In Sweden, Scandoromani is referred to as resande rommani (Traveller Romani) or svensk rommani (Swedish Romani), while in Norway the same language is known as norsk romani (Norwegian Romani). Like Angloromani in Britain and Caló in Spain, Scandoromani draws upon a (now extinct) vocabulary of inflected Romani.

    • c. 100–150 (2014), Speakers mostly elderly. More people speak Swedish with some Roma vocabulary.
    • Norway
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