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  1. Saddam Hussein - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Saddam_Hussein

    Saddam Hussein Abd al-Majid al-Tikriti (/ h ʊ ˈ s eɪ n /; Arabic: صدام حسين عبد المجيد التكريتي Ṣaddām Ḥusayn ʿAbd al-Majīd al-Tikrītī; 28 April 1937 – 30 December 2006) was an Iraqi politician who served as the fifth President of Iraq from 16 July 1979 until 9 April 2003.

    • Raghad Hussein

      Biography. Raghad Hussein was married in 1983 to Hussein...

    • Ties to al-Qaeda

      Saddam Hussein and al-Qaeda link allegations were made by...

  2. Saddam Hussein - Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

    simple.wikipedia.org › wiki › Saddam_Hussein
    • Childhood
    • Rise in The Ba'ath Party
    • Gaining Power
    • The Iran-Iraq War
    • After The War: Tensions with Kuwait
    • The Gulf War
    • 1991-2003
    • 2003 Invasion of Iraq
    • Pursuit and Capture
    • Personal

    Saddam Hussein was born in the village of Al-Awja, in the Tikrit in Iraq. He never knew his father, Hussein 'Abd al-Majid, who disappeared five months before Saddam was born. Shortly before Saddam was born, Saddam's twelve-year-old brother died of cancer, leaving his mother very depressed in the final months of the pregnancy. She tried to kill herself near the end of the pregnancy and did not want to care for Saddam when he was born. Saddam was sent to the family of an uncle, Khairallah Tulfah, until he was three. At 10, Saddam ran away from the family to return to live with his uncle, who was a devout Sunni Muslim, in Baghdad. According to Saddam, in 1957, at the age of 20, Saddam became part of the Ba'ath Party. The Ba'ath party is an Arab political party that supports socialism. In 1958, Hussein was arrested for killing his brother-in-law because he was a communist activist. He spent six months in prison.

    A year after Saddam had joined the Ba'ath party, army officers led by General Abdul Karim Qassim got rid of Faisal II of Iraq. The Baathists were against the new regime, and in 1959, Saddam was involved in the attempted murder of Prime Minister Qassim. Saddam was shot in the leg, but managed to get away to Syria. Later, he moved to Egypt. He was sentenced to death. In exile, he attended the University of Cairo law school. Army officers, including some with the Ba'ath party, came to power in Iraq in a military coup in 1963. However, the new regime was kicked out quickly. Saddam returned to Iraq, but was imprisoned in 1964 when an anti-Ba'ath group led by Abdul Rahman Arif took power. He escaped from jail in 1967and became one of the leading members of the party.

    In 1976, Saddam was made a general in the Iraqi army. He quickly became the most important person of the regime. He slowly began to gain more power over Iraq's government and the Ba'ath party. As Iraq's weak, old President, Ahmed Hassan al-Bakr, became more unable to do the duties of his office, Saddam began to take on an more important role as the head of the Iraqi government. He soon became the creator of Iraq's foreign policy and represented the nation in all diplomaticsituations.

    After Khomeini gained power, small battles between Iraq and revolutionary Iran happened for ten months. The two countries were fighting over who controlled the Shatt al-Arab waterway, which divides Iran and Iraq. Iraq and Iran officially went to war with each other on September 22, 1980. Saddam used the disagreement over the waterway as an excuse to go to war with Iran. However, the war was more likely an attempt by Saddam - supported by both the United States and the Soviet Union- to have Iraq stop radical revolutions like the one in Iran from spreading any further. In the first days of the war, there was heavy ground fighting around major ports as Iraq launched an attack on Iran's oil-rich, Arab-populated province of Khuzestan. After making some gains, Iraq's troops began to suffer losses from human-wave attacks by Iran. By 1982, Iraq was looking to end the war.

    Saddam was pressuring Kuwaitto forgive its share of his debt, some $30 billion. (This would mean Iraq would not have to pay back Kuwait's $30 million.) Saddam argued that the struggle with Iran had been fought for the benefit of the other Persian Gulf Arab states as much as for Iraq. Because of this, he said, a share of Iraqi debt should be forgiven. Saddam had pushed oil-exporting countries to raise oil prices and cut back production. Not only did Kuwait refuse to do this; they also helped support OPEC's opposition to the production cuts that Saddam had requested. Kuwait was pumping large amounts of oil, and keeping prices low, when Iraq needed to sell high-priced oil from its wellsto pay off a huge debt. The fact that Kuwait had so much oil made the region even more tense. Even though Kuwait had fewer people, it had about as much oil in reserve as Iraq. Together, Iraq and Kuwait had 20 percent of the world's known oil reserves. The Kuwaiti monarchy made Saddam even angrier by dril...

    In August 2, 1990, Saddam invaded Kuwait, causing an international crisis. The invasion of Kuwait gave Iraq, with its own substantial oil fields, control of 20 percent of the Persian Gulf oil. The U.S. helped Saddam Hussein in the war with Iran, but with Iraq's take over of the oil-rich emirate of Kuwait in August of 1990, the United States led a United Nations force that drove Saddam from Kuwait in February 1991. Because the United States and the Soviet Union were cooperating in the United Nations Security Council, the Security Council was able to pass resolutions. These resolutions gave Iraq a deadlineto leave Kuwait. Saddam ignored the Security Council deadline. On January 16, 1991, coalition of U.S. and Security Council troops launched missile attacks on Iraq. The United States and a group of allies it had quickly gathered, including Egypt, Syria, and Saudi Arabia, made Saddam's army move from Kuwait in January 1991. Israel, though Saddam attacked it with Iraqi missiles, did not...

    Relations between the United States and Iraq remained tense after the Gulf War. In 1993, the United States decided to attack Iraq, because it thought evidence showed Iraq had sponsored a plan to kill former President George H.W. Bush. On June 26, 1993, the United States launched a missile attack aimed at Iraq's intelligence headquartersin Baghdad. The United Nations placed a trade embargo on Iraq, blocking Iraqi oil exports. This caused hardship in Iraq and almost destroyed the Iraqi economy and state infrastructure. Only smuggling across the Syrian border, and humanitarian aid kept Iraq from crisis. Later, limited amounts of income from the United Nations oil-for-food program started flowing into Iraq. On December 9, 1996, the United Nations allowed Baghdad to begin selling limited amounts of oil for food and medicine. U.S. officials continued to accuse Saddam of violating the Gulf War's cease-fire agreement, by developing weapons of mass destruction and other banned weapons, and b...

    In 2003, the United States led an invasion of Iraq. The main reason for the invasion was President George W. Bush's claim that Saddam had weapons of mass destruction. Bush argued that this made Saddam a major threat to Western allies, such as oil-rich Saudi Arabia and Israel; to Western oil supplies from the Persian Gulf states; and to Middle East stability in general. The President before Bush, Bill Clinton (1993-2001), maintained sanctions and made occasional air strikes in the "Iraqi no-fly zones" or other restrictions, in the hope that Saddam would be overthrown by his many political enemies. However, this never happened. Things changed in the United States after the September 11, 2001 attacks. In his January 2002 State of the Union Address to the United States Congress, President Bush said that Iraq, Iran, and North Korea were an "axis of evil." Bush also argued that Iraq had supported Al-Qaeda, the terrorists who attacked the United States on September 11. As the war was loomi...

    Even when Baghdad was taken over, and most of the fighting had stopped, people still did not know where Saddam was. For a few weeks, some people said they saw Saddam, and some videotapes of Saddam talking came out, but still nobody knows if they were true or not. Although Saddam was placed at the top of the "most-wanted list," he could not be found, even when the other leaders of the Iraqi regime were arrested. His sons and political heirs, Uday and Qusay, were killed in July 2003 in a clash with U.S. forces after a tip from an Iraqi. On 14 December 2003, the Islamic Republic News Agency (IRNA) of Iran first reported that Saddam Hussein had been arrested. These reports were soon confirmed by other members of the Governing Council, by U.S. military sources, and by British Prime Minister Tony Blair. Shortly afterwards, the U.S. Civil Administrator in Iraq, Paul Bremer, held a press conference in Baghdad. He officially announced Saddam's capture by saying, "Ladies and gentlemen, we got...

    Saddam had been married three times. His first marriage was to his first cousin, Sajida Talfah. She was the oldest daughter of Saddam's uncle, Khairallah Talfah. Together, Saddam and Sajida had two sons, Uday Saddam Hussein and Qusay Hussein, and three daughters, Rana, Raghad and Hala. In early 1997, Sajida was put under house arrest, along with her daughters Raghad and Rana, because they were suspected of being involved in an attempted assassination on Uday on 12 December 1996. General Adnan Khairallah Tuffah, who was Sajida's brother and Saddam Hussein's boyhood friend, was allegedly executedbecause of his growing popularity. Saddam Hussein also married two other women. The second was Samira Shahbandar, whom he married in 1986 after forcing her husband to divorceher. She was said to have been his favorite wife. His third wife was Nidal al-Hamdani, the general manager of the Solar Energy Research Center in the Council of Scientific Research, whose husband apparently was also persua...

  3. Trial of Saddam Hussein - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Trial_of_Saddam_Hussein
    • Overview
    • First hearing: 1 July 2004
    • Pre-trial events
    • Al-Dujail trial: 19 October 2005
    • Execution
    • Reactions

    Saddam was captured by U.S. forces on 13 December 2003. He remained in custody by United States forces at Camp Cropper in Baghdad, along with eleven senior Ba'athist officials. Particular attention was paid during the trial to activities in violent campaigns against the Kurds in the north during the Iran–Iraq War, against the Shiites in the south in 1991 and 1999 to put down revolts, and in Dujail after a failed assassination attempt on 8 July 1982, during the Iran–Iraq War. Saddam...

    The 67-year-old President, Saddam Hussein, appeared confident and defiant throughout the 46-minute hearing. Alternating between listening to and gesturing at the judge Rizgar Mohammed Amin, he questioned the legitimacy of the tribunal set up to try him. He called the court a "play" aimed at Bush's chances of winning the US presidential elections. He emphatically rejected charges against him. "This is all theater. The real criminal is Bush", he stated. When asked by the judge to identify himself

    In a leaked transcript of a February 2003 meeting between Bush and Spanish Prime Minister Jose Aznar, Bush expressed a willingness to have Saddam tried at the International Tribunal of Justice in The Hague. In December 2004, Clive Stafford Smith prepared a 50-page brief for the defense team arguing that Saddam Hussein should be tried in the US under US criminal law. The London-based Arab-language daily newspaper Al-Quds Al-Arabi reported in early May 2005 that during a meeting with Donald Rumsfe

    Iraqi authorities put Saddam and seven other former Iraqi officials on trial on 19 October 2005, four days after the 15 October 2005 referendum on the new Iraqi constitution. The tribunal specifically charged the defendants with the killing of 148 Shiites from Dujail, in retaliation for the failed assassination attempt of 8 July 1982. Supporters of Saddam protested against the trial in Tikrit. After the charges were read to them, all eight defendants pleaded not guilty. While initially open to t

    Saddam was executed by hanging after being convicted of crimes against humanity following his trial and conviction for the illegal killings of 148 Kurds in the town of Dujail in 1982. He was hanged on the first day of an important Islamic holiday, Eid ul-Adha, 30 December 2006, at approximately 06:05 AM local time. The execution was carried out at "Camp Justice," an Iraqi army base in Kazimain, a neighborhood of north-east Baghdad.

    Iraq: President Jalal Talabani said in a statement, "I think this trial was fair", and "I must respect the independence of the Iraqi judiciary. Until the end I must be silent." Prime Minister Nouri Maliki said the sentence may "help alleviate the pain of the widows and the orphan

    Critics, including Saddam's legal counsel Khalil al-Dulaimi, alleged that American officials had a heavy influence on the court. In a statement, Khalil said, "this court is a creature of the US military occupation, and the Iraqi court is just a tool and rubber stamp of the invade

    • 19 October 2005 – 21 December 2006
    • Saddam Hussein found guilty of crimes against humanity and was subsequently sentenced to death; he was executed on 30 December 2006.
  4. Category:Saddam Hussein - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Category:Saddam_Hussein

    S. Saddam Beach. Saddam Hussein and al-Qaeda link allegations. Saddam Hussein Nagar, Sri Lanka. Saddam Hussein's novels. Saddam: The Secret Life. Saddam's family.

  5. Saddam Hussein - Wikipedia

    sco.wikipedia.org › wiki › Saddam_Hussein

    Saddam Hussein Abd al-Majid al-Tikriti ( Arabic: صدام حسين التكريتي Ṣaddām Ḥusayn ʿAbd al-Maǧīd al-Tikrītī; 28 Aprile 1937 – 30 December 2006) wis the fift Preses o Iraq frae 16 Julie 1979 till 9 Januari 2005. A leadin member o the revolutionary Ba'ath Pairty, an later, the Baghdad-based Ba'ath Pairty an its regional ...

  6. Saddam Hussein - Wikipedia bahasa Indonesia, ensiklopedia bebas

    id.wikipedia.org › wiki › Saddam_Hussein
    • Masa Kecil
    • Invasi Irak 2003
    • Lihat Pula
    • Referensi

    Saddam Hussein dilahirkan di kota Al-Awja, 13 km dari kota Tikrit di Segitiga Sunni, dalam sebuah keluarga gembala. Ibunya, Subha Tulfah al-Mussallat, menamai anaknya yang baru lahir itu "Saddam", yang dalam bahasa Arab berarti "Dia yang menantang". Saddam tak pernah mengenal ayahnya, Hussein 'Abd al-Majid, yang menghilang enam bulan sebelum Saddam dilahirkan. Tak lama kemudian, kakak Saddam yang berusia 13 tahun meninggal dunia karena kanker, sehingga ibunya mengalami depresi hebat pada bulan-bulan terakhir kehamilannya. Ibunda Saddam berusaha membatalkan kehamilannya dengan mencoba melakukan bunuh diri. Bayi Saddam kemudian dikirim ke keluarga paman ibunya, Khairallah Talfah, hingga ia berusia tiga tahun.

    Saddam disingkirkan oleh Inggris dan Amerika Serikat lewat sebuah invasi pada tahun 2003. Invasi ini dilakukan dengan alasan bahwa Saddam mengembangkan senjata pemusnah massal, dan karenanya dianggap tergolong pihak yang melakukan serangan pada 11 September 2001 ke Gedung World Trade Center (WTC) New York. Ketika itu, menara kembar WTC runtuh akibat ditabrak dua pesawat, sementara sebuah pesawat lain menerjang Departemen Pertahan Amerika Serikat (Pentagon). Kemarahan Presiden George W Bush dilampiaskan dengan menginvasi Afganistan dan Irak. Rezim Taliban di Afganistan jatuh, pun demikian dengan Saddam Hussein di Irak. Keduanya dianggap sebagai sponsor teroris global. Sistem pemerintahan di Afganistan berganti, demikian juga di Irak. Saddam yang bersembunyi di bunker bawah tanah ditangkap pasukan gabungan Amerika Serikat pada 13 Desember 2003 dan sistem pemerintahan juga berganti. Pemerintahan interim (sementara) dipimpin Ibrahim al-Jaafari. Jalal Talabani dari suku Kurdi dipilih seb...

    Kesalahan pengutipan: Ditemukan tag untuk kelompok bernama "lower-alpha", tapi tidak ditemukan tag yang berkaitan

  7. Saddam Hussein – Wikipédia, a enciclopédia livre

    pt.wikipedia.org › wiki › Saddam_Hussein
    • Infância E Juventude
    • Ascensão Ao Poder
    • Sucessão
    • Relações Internacionais
    • Captura E Prisão
    • Julgamento
    • Morte
    • Mausoléu
    • Família
    • Literatura

    Saddam Hussein nasceu na aldeia Al-Awja, pertencente à cidade muçulmana sunita de Ticrite, situada a 150 quilômetros de Bagdá. Nascido em uma família de pastores pobres do grupo tribal al-Begat, um sub-grupo da tribo Al-Bu Nasir (البو ناصر); sua mãe, Subha Tulfah al-Mussallat, nomeou seu filho recém-nascido como "Saddam", que em árabe significa "aquele que confronta". Nunca conheceu seu pai, Hussein 'Abid al-Majid, que desapareceu seis meses antes de Saddam nascer. Pouco depois, o irmão de Saddam de 13 anos de idade, morreu de câncer. O Saddam ainda bebê foi enviado para a família de seu tio materno, Khairallah Talfah, até completar três anos.[11] Sua mãe se casou novamente, e Saddam ganhou três meio-irmãos por este casamento (Barzan Ibrahim al-Tikriti, Sabawi Ibrahim al-Tikriti e Watban Ibrahim al-Tikriti). Seu padrasto, Ibrahim al-Hassan, passou a tratar duramente seu enteado após seu retorno. Com cerca de 10 anos, Saddam fugiu da família e voltou a viver em Bagdá com seu tio Khar...

    Alguns oficiais do exército com ligações com o Partido Baath derrubaram Qasim em um golpe em 1963. Os líderes do partido Ba'ath foram nomeados para o gabinete e Abdul Salam Arif tornou-se presidente. Arif demitiu e prendeu os líderes do partido Ba'ath no final daquele ano. Saddam retornou ao Iraque, mas foi preso em 1964. Pouco antes de sua prisão e até 1968, Saddam ocupou o cargo de secretário do partido Ba'ath.[17] Escapou da prisão em 1967 e rapidamente se tornou um dos principais membros do partido. Em 1968, Saddam participou de um golpe de Estado liderado por Ahmad Hassan al-Bakr, que derrubou Abdul Rahman Arif(irmão de Abdul Salam Arif). Al-Bakr foi nomeado presidente e Saddam foi nomeado seu vice-presidente e presidente adjunto do Conselho de Comando Revolucionário do partido Ba'ath. De acordo com biógrafos, nunca Saddam se esqueceu das tensões dentro do primeiro governo do partido Ba'ath que formaram a base para suas medidas para promover a unidade do Ba'ath, assim como sua...

    Em 1976, Saddam subiu para a posição de general nas forças armadas iraquianas, e rapidamente se tornou o homem forte do governo. Como o doente e idoso al-Bakr tornou-se incapaz de executar suas funções, Saddam assumiu um papel cada vez mais proeminente como a face do governo, tanto interna como externamente. Ele logo se tornou o arquiteto da política externa do Iraque e representou o país em todas as situações diplomáticas. Foi o líder de factodo Iraque alguns anos antes de formalmente chegar ao poder em 1979. Lentamente começou a consolidar seu poder sobre o governo do Iraque e do partido Ba'ath. Em 1979, al-Bakr começou a fazer acordos com a Síria, também sob a liderança do partido Ba'ath, que levaria a unificação entre os dois países. O presidente sírio, Hafez al-Assadse tornaria vice-líder de uma união, e isso levaria Saddam à obscuridade. Saddam agiu para garantir sua permanência no poder. Ele forçou o doente al-Bakr a renunciar em 16 de julho de 1979, e assumiu formalmente a p...

    Conflito com o Irã

    Em 1979, o Xá do Irã Mohammad Reza Pahlavi foi derrubado pela Revolução Islâmica, dando lugar a uma república islâmica liderada pelo Aiatolá Khomeini. A influência do Islão xiita revolucionário cresceu deste modo de forma abrupta, particularmente em países com grandes populações xiitas, em especial o Iraque. Saddam receava que as ideias radicais islâmicas, hostis ao seu domínio secular pudessem alastrar no seu país, entre a população xiita (a maioria da população do Iraque). Havia também o an...

    Primeira Guerra do Golfo: Kuwait

    Em 2 de agosto de 1990, apenas dois anos depois do fim da disputa, tropas iraquianas, seguindo ordens de Saddam Hussein, invadiram e anexaram ao território iraquiano o vizinho emirado do Kuwait, país que mais ajudou financeiramente o Iraque durante a guerra com o Irã. Mas nesse período, o Kuwait frustrava os desejos iraquianos na Organização dos Países Exportadores de Petróleo (Opep) de diminuir a produção para que o preço do barril no mercado aumentasse. No início de 1991, uma coligação inte...

    Período pós-Guerra

    Vencido pelos aliados ocidentais, Hussein teve que aceitar o embargo econômico imposto a seu país pela ONU, organismo que, ao mesmo tempo, fez um acordo para inspecionar e desmantelar o programa armamentista (biológico e químico, especialmente) do país. Foi criado o programa "Oil for food" ("Petróleo por Comida") para tentar aliviar a dura situação humanitária do país que estava deteriorada após duas guerras, anos de pesadas sanções econômicas e má administração governamental.[30] Terminada a...

    O paradeiro de Saddam foi desconhecido durante vários meses até que, em 4 de abril de 2003, a televisão iraquiana mostrou o ex-ditador, cercado de aliados seus, passeando pelas ruas da cidade. Em 8 de abril, um dia antes de as forças americanas atingirem o coração de Bagdá, um bombardeiro B-1 lançou quatro bombas de perfuração de bunkerscontra um edifício da capital iraquiana, onde se acreditava que Saddam Hussein estivesse reunido com outros hierarcas do regime com o deliberado objetivo de assassiná-lo. Mas ele conseguiu desaparecer depois que as forças da coalizão invadiram Bagdá, em 9 de abril. Escondido, continuou tentando motivar seus antigos combatentes, que se mostraram mais frágeis do que se imaginava e não resistiram ao poderio militar dos Estados Unidos — nem tampouco usaram as supostas armas químicas que motivaram o ataque. Em 13 de dezembro de 2003, Saddam Hussein foi localizado, militando na resistência à ocupação, e preso num porão de uma fazenda da cidade de Adwar, pr...

    Saddam foi formalmente acusado de genocídio cometido em 1982, sendo acusado de ter ordenado o massacre de 148 iraquianos xiitas em Dujail, após ter sido alvo de um atentado fracassado à sua vida.[36] O julgamento iniciou-se em em 19 de outubro de 2005 pelo Supremo Tribunal Criminal Iraquiano, em uma sala com segurança reforçada, em uma espécie de quartel dentro da chamada Zona Verde de Bagdá.[36] A organização dos julgamentos seguiu a legislação civil iraquiana, baseada nos modelos francês e egípcio, no qual o juiz é o principal investigador e não há um júri, enquanto os procedimentos se basearam em leis internacionais, mas divergiram, em alguns pontos, de outros julgamentos por crimes de guerra ou crimes contra a humanidade, exemplo de que Saddam Hussein ter sido julgado por seus compatriotas.[36] Em 5 de novembro de 2006, após um julgamento conturbado, o tribunal iraquiano condenou Saddam à pena de morte por enforcamento por crimes contra a humanidade. No dia 26 de dezembro de 200...

    Saddam Hussein foi entregue aos seus executores iraquianos pelas forças americanas que o custodiavam alguns minutos antes de seu enforcamento no início do dia 30 de dezembro, em Bagdá, gerando posições contrárias de várias instituições internacionais, como a Anistia Internacional, o Vaticano, bem como de vários países. A televisão estatal iraquiana levou ao ar imagens de Saddam Hussein, aparentando estar calmo, conversando com o carrasco que ajeitava a corda em volta de seu pescoço e o encaminhava para o cadafalso. Saddam se recusou a usar o capuz preto na hora da execução, tendo preferido ser enforcado com o rosto à mostra. Segundo o conselheiro da Segurança Nacional do Iraque, Mouwafak al-Rubai, durante a execução estiveram presentes um juiz do Tribunal de Apelação iraquiano, um representante da Promotoria, outro do Governo e "um grupo de testemunhas". Através de um celular foram ilegalmente filmados os instantes finais de Saddam em que se comprova outra versão de que sua execução...

    Saddam foi sepultado, no dia 31 de dezembro de 2006, em um mausoléu no vilarejo de Awja, aldeia onde nasceu, perto de Ticrite, em uma propriedade de sua família, perto dos túmulos de seus dois filhos, Uday e Qusay, mortos pelas tropas de coalizão em julho 2003, vendidos pela recompensa de US$ 15 milhões oferecida por cada um deles, juntamente com seu neto. Anos após a morte de Saddam, o local ainda era visitado por admiradores.[38][39] Em 2014, seu corpo foi removido por apoiadores devido ao temor de que poderia ser profanado, sendo sua localização posterior desconhecida. Em 2015, o local foi destruído em combates contra o EIIL.[40]

    Saddam casou com sua primeira esposa e prima Sajida Talfah (ou Tulfah / Tilfah)[41] em 1958[42] em um casamento arranjado. Sajida é filha de Khairallah Talfah, tio e mentor de Saddam. O casamento foi arranjado para Hussein aos cinco anos quando Sajida tinha sete anos. Casaram-se no Egito durante o seu exílio. O casal teve cinco filhos.[41] 1. Uday Hussein (18 de junho de 1964 – 22 de julho de 2003), era o filho mais velho de Saddam, que dirigia a Associação de Futebol do Iraque, o Fedayin Saddam, e várias empresas de mídia no Iraque, incluindo a televisão iraquiana e o jornal Babel. Uday, enquanto originalmente filho favorito de Saddam e seu provável sucessor, finalmente caiu em desgraça com o pai devido ao seu comportamento errático; ele foi responsável por acidentes de carro e muitos estupros ao redor de Bagdá, brigas constantes com outros membros de sua família, e o assassinato do criado favorito e provador de comida de seu pai, Kamel Hana Gegeo, em uma festa no Egito em homenage...

    Saddam Hussein dedicou-se também à literatura, o primeiro romance, Zabibah e o Rei de 2001, foi um sucesso de vendas e foi igualmente transposto para um musical no Iraque. Mais tarde, terá editado A Fortaleza Inexpugnável, que também a ele é atribuída.[46] Em 2003 foi publicada a biografia política de Saddam Hussein intitulada Saddam Hussein: A Political Biographyescrito por Efraim Karsh e Inari Rautsi.

  8. Saddam Hussein – Wikipedija

    hr.wikipedia.org › wiki › Saddam_Hussein
    • Mladost
    • Politički Uspon
    • Dolazak Na Vlast
    • Propast Huseinove vladavine I Smrt

    Sadam Husein rođen je 28. travnja 1937. godine u malom selu Alaw-Awjaba u blizini grada Tikrita, u plemenu Bani al-Nasiri. Svoje rano djetinstvo proveo je u blatnjavoj kolibi u većinom sunitskom djelu Iraka. Husseinov otac - Hussein 'Abd al-Majid, umro je ili napustio obitelj (ovisno o izvoru) nedugo nakon njegova rođenja. Točno podatke teško je dobiti u zemlji gdje se Husseinov rođendan slavi kao nacionalni praznik. Dok se nije udala za drugog muža, Ibrahima al-Hassana, Saddamova majka Subha sama ga je odgajala. Ibrahim al-Hassan bio je nasilan prema svojoj obitelji, što možda i nije čudno za osobu koja je u svome kraju bila poznata kao lopov. Naime, bivši osobni Saddamov tajnik tvrdi kako je Saddamov poočim zlostavljao Saddama te ga prisiljavao na krađu kokošiju i ovaca, koje bi kasnije prodavao. To je potrajalo sve do Saddamove desete godine kada mu je bilo dopušteno preseliti se kod majčinog brata Khayrallah Tulfaha u Bagdad. U Bagdadu Hussein je potpao pod utjecaj majčinog brat...

    Nakon uspostave nove vlasti, Saddam se brzo probijao unutar stranačke strukture, prvenstveno zahvaljujući svojim nadasve uspješnim metodama mučenja. Godine 1963. dolazi do raskola u stranci Baath, a Saddam se priklanja pobjedničkoj struji. U novoj stranačkoj preraspodjeli imenovan je članom Baatističkog regionalnog zapovjedništva. No, već godinu kasnije (1964.) Husseina pritvaraju vojni časnici koji su se protivili tome da Baath stranka preuzme vlast. Međutim Husseinu pomaže njegov bratić, general Ahmed Hassan al-Bakr, zahvaljujući kojem postaje zamjenik glavnog tajnika Baath stranke 1966. godine. Godine 1966. Hussein bježi iz zatvora i utemeljuje internu baatističku sigurnosnu organizaciju zvanu Jihaz Haneen. Nešto kasnije, godine 1968.novi politički potres Husseinu daje najveću priliku za dalje napredovanje, njegov mentor general Bakr i baatisti preuzimaju vlast. Hussein je odmah imenovan zamjenikom predsjednika Revolucionarnog vijeća, zadužen za unutarnju sigurnost. U dobi od 31...

    Dana 16. srpnja 1979. godine predsjednik Bakr podnio je ostavku. Službeno, zbog zdravstvenih problema. Neslužbeno, on je bio žrtva Husseinove borbe za vlast. Nakon Bakra na mjesto predsjednika došao je Saddam Hussein koji je brzo počeo učvršćivati svoju vlast. Tako je sazvao glavešine Baath stranke 22. srpnja iste godine na sastanak. Na tom sastanku okupili su se članovi različitih obitelji i tada je Saddam Hussein iznio svoj stav kako stranka mora biti očišćena. Hussein je tada pročitao listu imena osoba koje su zamoljene da odstupe sa svojih položaja. Cijeli događaj snimale su tv kamere, a nakon što su prozvani odmah su odvođeni u pritvor, a potom su svi poubijani. Ali Saddam Hussein nije se zaustavio samo na tome da poubija potpuno nevine ljude. Visoko pozicionirani član Revolucionarnog vijeća i šef radničkih sindikata te vodeći šijitski član vijeća zajedno s dvadeset drugih visokih državnih dužnosnika sustavno su i osobno ubili Saddam Hussein i njegovi visoki stranački dužnosnic...

    U ožujku 2003. godine Sjedinjene Države i Velika Britanija pokrenule su jednostranu vojnu akciju(bez dopuštenja Ujedinjenih naroda) protiv Iraka. Glavni cilj vojne akcije - svrgavanje Saddama Husseina s vlasti - postignut je nakon tri tjedna ratovanja. Dana 13. prosinca 2003. godine američke snage uhitile su Saddama Husseina blizu grada Tikrita. U srpnju 2004. godine počinje prvo sudsko saslušanje, a u listopadu 2005. godine započelo je suđenje za zločine koje je Saddam Hussein počinio nad Kurdima i Šijitima tijekom osamdesetih i devedesetih godina dvadesetog stoljeća. Dana 5. studenog 2006. godine Saddam Hussein osuđen je na smrt vješanjem. Irački prizivni sud potvrdio je dana 26. prosinca 2006. godine odluku prvostupanjskog suda kojom je Saddam Hussein osuđen na smrtnu kaznu. Iračke vlasti su dana 28. prosinca 2006. godine uputile američkoj vojsci, koja ga drži u svojem zarobljeništvu, zahtjev za njegovom predajom, što se smatra prvim korakom ka izvršenju smrtne kazne. Dana 30. pr...

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